Reducing Human-Tsetse Contact Significantly Enhances the Efficacy of Sleeping Sickness Active Screening Campaigns: A Promising Result in the Context of Elimination
Publication Date
August 12, 2015
Journal
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Authors
Fabrice Courtin, Mamadou Camara, Jean Baptiste Rayaisse, Moise Kagbadouno, et al
Volume
9
Issue
8
Pages
e0003727
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003727
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pntd.0003727
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26267667
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4534387
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/26267667
Web of Science
000360708200047
Scopus
84940661456
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/reducing-humantsetse-contact-significantly-enhances-efficacy-sleeping-sickness-active-screening-camp
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Reducing human-tsetse contact significantly enhances the efficacy of sleeping sickness active screening campaigns: A promising result in the context of elimination", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Fabrice", "last_name"=>"Courtin", "scopus_author_id"=>"9243696700"}, {"first_name"=>"Mamadou", "last_name"=>"Camara", "scopus_author_id"=>"15061112300"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean Baptiste", "last_name"=>"Rayaisse", "scopus_author_id"=>"26422606300"}, {"first_name"=>"Moise", "last_name"=>"Kagbadouno", "scopus_author_id"=>"15061325900"}, {"first_name"=>"Emilie", "last_name"=>"Dama", "scopus_author_id"=>"51663176900"}, {"first_name"=>"Oumou", "last_name"=>"Camara", "scopus_author_id"=>"36155166400"}, {"first_name"=>"Ibrahima S.", "last_name"=>"Traoré", "scopus_author_id"=>"56370699500"}, {"first_name"=>"Jérémi", "last_name"=>"Rouamba", "scopus_author_id"=>"23768506100"}, {"first_name"=>"Moana", "last_name"=>"Peylhard", "scopus_author_id"=>"56537065600"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin B.", "last_name"=>"Somda", "scopus_author_id"=>"55765606400"}, {"first_name"=>"Mamadou", "last_name"=>"Leno", "scopus_author_id"=>"51663680400"}, {"first_name"=>"Mike J.", "last_name"=>"Lehane", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005720726"}, {"first_name"=>"Steve J.", "last_name"=>"Torr", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004101045"}, {"first_name"=>"Philippe", "last_name"=>"Solano", "scopus_author_id"=>"55145769000"}, {"first_name"=>"Vincent", "last_name"=>"Jamonneau", "scopus_author_id"=>"56087213500"}, {"first_name"=>"Bruno", "last_name"=>"Bucheton", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602291037"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19352735", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84940661456", "sgr"=>"84940661456", "pui"=>"605833666", "isbn"=>"10.1371/journal.pntd.0003727", "pmid"=>"26267667", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pntd.0003727"}, "id"=>"ef77f391-bb49-3de4-bc86-6105f5b6fb07", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Control of gambiense sleeping sickness, a neglected tropical disease targeted for elimination by 2020, relies mainly on mass screening of populations at risk and treatment of cases. 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Medical surveys were performed in both areas in 2012 and 2013.\\n\\nFINDINGS: In the vector control area, there was an 80% decrease in tsetse density, resulting in a significant decrease of human tsetse contacts, and a decrease of disease prevalence (from 0.3% to 0.1%; p=0.01), and an almost nil incidence of new infections (<0.1%). In contrast, incidence was 10 times higher in the area without vector control (>1%, p<0.0001) with a disease prevalence increasing slightly (from 0.5 to 0.7%, p=0.34).\\n\\nINTERPRETATION: Combining medical and vector control was decisive in reducing T. b. gambiense transmission and in speeding up progress towards elimination. Similar strategies could be applied in other foci.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/reducing-humantsetse-contact-significantly-enhances-efficacy-sleeping-sickness-active-screening-camp", "reader_count"=>50, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. 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CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2210151"], "description"=>"<p>Distributions of anti Tsgf<sub>18-43</sub> Elisa optical densities obtained from 652 individuals in 2012 and 539 individuals in 2013 sampled in sentinel villages of the vector control area (Boffa East). Dashed lines represent the quartiles of the IgG response calculated in 2012.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Boffa disease focus", "vector control", "baseline entomological data", "vector control area", "survey", "disease burden.MethodsThe focus", "gambiense", "insecticide impregnated targets", "strategy", "elimination", "disease prevalence", "Rio Pongo river", "incidence", "tsetse"], "article_id"=>1509280, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fabrice Courtin", "Mamadou Camara", "Jean-Baptiste Rayaisse", "Moise Kagbadouno", "Emilie Dama", "Oumou Camara", "Ibrahima S. Traoré", "Jeremi Rouamba", "Moana Peylhard", "Martin B. Somda", "Mamadou Leno", "Mike J. Lehane", "Steve J. Torr", "Philippe Solano", "Vincent Jamonneau", "Bruno Bucheton"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003727.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Histogram_showing_the_changes_of_anti_Tsgf18_43_IgGs_responses_in_2012_and_2013_in_the_vector_control_area_Boffa_East_/1509280", "title"=>"Histogram showing the changes of anti Tsgf18-43 IgGs responses in 2012 and 2013 in the vector control area (Boffa East).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-08-12 03:36:35"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2210147"], "description"=>"<p>Flow chart showing the different activities implemented in the sleeping sickness focus of Boffa.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Boffa disease focus", "vector control", "baseline entomological data", "vector control area", "survey", "disease burden.MethodsThe focus", "gambiense", "insecticide impregnated targets", "strategy", "elimination", "disease prevalence", "Rio Pongo river", "incidence", "tsetse"], "article_id"=>1509275, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fabrice Courtin", "Mamadou Camara", "Jean-Baptiste Rayaisse", "Moise Kagbadouno", "Emilie Dama", "Oumou Camara", "Ibrahima S. Traoré", "Jeremi Rouamba", "Moana Peylhard", "Martin B. Somda", "Mamadou Leno", "Mike J. Lehane", "Steve J. Torr", "Philippe Solano", "Vincent Jamonneau", "Bruno Bucheton"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003727.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Flow_chart_showing_the_different_activities_implemented_in_the_sleeping_sickness_focus_of_Boffa_/1509275", "title"=>"Flow chart showing the different activities implemented in the sleeping sickness focus of Boffa.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-08-12 03:36:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2210159", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2210160"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Control of gambiense sleeping sickness, a neglected tropical disease targeted for elimination by 2020, relies mainly on mass screening of populations at risk and treatment of cases. This strategy is however challenged by the existence of undetected reservoirs of parasites that contribute to the maintenance of transmission. In this study, performed in the Boffa disease focus of Guinea, we evaluated the value of adding vector control to medical surveys and measured its impact on disease burden.</p><p>Methods</p><p>The focus was divided into two parts (screen and treat in the western part; screen and treat plus vector control in the eastern part) separated by the Rio Pongo river. Population census and baseline entomological data were collected from the entire focus at the beginning of the study and insecticide impregnated targets were deployed on the eastern bank only. Medical surveys were performed in both areas in 2012 and 2013.</p><p>Findings</p><p>In the vector control area, there was an 80% decrease in tsetse density, resulting in a significant decrease of human tsetse contacts, and a decrease of disease prevalence (from 0.3% to 0.1%; p=0.01), and an almost nil incidence of new infections (<0.1%). In contrast, incidence was 10 times higher in the area without vector control (>1%, p<0.0001) with a disease prevalence increasing slightly (from 0.5 to 0.7%, p=0.34).</p><p>Interpretation</p><p>Combining medical and vector control was decisive in reducing <i>T</i>. <i>b</i>. <i>gambiense</i> transmission and in speeding up progress towards elimination. Similar strategies could be applied in other foci.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Boffa disease focus", "vector control", "baseline entomological data", "vector control area", "survey", "disease burden.MethodsThe focus", "gambiense", "insecticide impregnated targets", "strategy", "elimination", "disease prevalence", "Rio Pongo river", "incidence", "tsetse"], "article_id"=>1509288, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fabrice Courtin", "Mamadou Camara", "Jean-Baptiste Rayaisse", "Moise Kagbadouno", "Emilie Dama", "Oumou Camara", "Ibrahima S. Traoré", "Jeremi Rouamba", "Moana Peylhard", "Martin B. Somda", "Mamadou Leno", "Mike J. Lehane", "Steve J. Torr", "Philippe Solano", "Vincent Jamonneau", "Bruno Bucheton"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003727.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003727.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Reducing_Human_Tsetse_Contact_Significantly_Enhances_the_Efficacy_of_Sleeping_Sickness_Active_Screening_Campaigns_A_Promising_Result_in_the_Context_of_Elimination_/1509288", "title"=>"Reducing Human-Tsetse Contact Significantly Enhances the Efficacy of Sleeping Sickness Active Screening Campaigns: A Promising Result in the Context of Elimination", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-08-12 03:36:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2210154"], "description"=>"<p>The incidence of new specific sero-conversion events and of confirmed HAT cases was calculated in Boffa West and Boffa East based on individuals that tested negative to the CATT in 2012 and who were seen again during the 2013 medical survey.</p><p><sup>1</sup> Positive to the CATT test and positive to the <i>T</i>. <i>b</i>. <i>gambiense</i> immune trypanolysis test</p><p><sup>2</sup> Trypanosomes were detected by direct microscopic examination of lymph node aspirates or by the mini-anion exchange centrifugation test performed on buffy coat.</p><p><sup>3</sup> P-value (Fisher exact test).</p><p>Incidence of new infection events.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Boffa disease focus", "vector control", "baseline entomological data", "vector control area", "survey", "disease burden.MethodsThe focus", "gambiense", "insecticide impregnated targets", "strategy", "elimination", "disease prevalence", "Rio Pongo river", "incidence", "tsetse"], "article_id"=>1509283, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fabrice Courtin", "Mamadou Camara", "Jean-Baptiste Rayaisse", "Moise Kagbadouno", "Emilie Dama", "Oumou Camara", "Ibrahima S. Traoré", "Jeremi Rouamba", "Moana Peylhard", "Martin B. Somda", "Mamadou Leno", "Mike J. Lehane", "Steve J. Torr", "Philippe Solano", "Vincent Jamonneau", "Bruno Bucheton"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003727.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Incidence_of_new_infection_events_/1509283", "title"=>"Incidence of new infection events.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-08-12 03:36:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2210153"], "description"=>"<p>Prevalence data (in brackets) were calculated according to the total population tested in each of the two areas in 2012 and 2013. Former HAT patients who were diagnosed and treated prior to the 2012 survey (14 and 11 in Boffa West and Boffa East respectively) and to the 2013 survey (26 and 28 in Boffa West and Boffa East respectively) were removed from this analysis.</p><p><sup>1</sup> Card Agglutination Test for Trypanosomiasis</p><p><sup>2</sup> Individuals that were both positive to the CATT and the <i>T</i>. <i>b</i>. <i>gambiense</i> immune trypanolysis test were considered to harbour a specific serology to <i>T</i>. <i>b</i>. <i>gambiense</i>.</p><p><sup>3</sup> Trypanosomes were detected by direct microscopic examination of lymph node aspirates or by the mini-anion exchange centrifugation test performed on buffy coat.</p><p><sup>4</sup> Pearson’s Chi-squared test P-value (2012–2013 comparison).</p><p>Evolution of seroprevalence and disease prevalence in the Boffa HAT focus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Boffa disease focus", "vector control", "baseline entomological data", "vector control area", "survey", "disease burden.MethodsThe focus", "gambiense", "insecticide impregnated targets", "strategy", "elimination", "disease prevalence", "Rio Pongo river", "incidence", "tsetse"], "article_id"=>1509282, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fabrice Courtin", "Mamadou Camara", "Jean-Baptiste Rayaisse", "Moise Kagbadouno", "Emilie Dama", "Oumou Camara", "Ibrahima S. Traoré", "Jeremi Rouamba", "Moana Peylhard", "Martin B. Somda", "Mamadou Leno", "Mike J. Lehane", "Steve J. Torr", "Philippe Solano", "Vincent Jamonneau", "Bruno Bucheton"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003727.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Evolution_of_seroprevalence_and_disease_prevalence_in_the_Boffa_HAT_focus_/1509282", "title"=>"Evolution of seroprevalence and disease prevalence in the Boffa HAT focus.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-08-12 03:36:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2210152"], "description"=>"<p>Mixed linear regression was used to model the response variable that was the mean number of catches/day/trap. The trapping site was included as a random effect and the period of sampling and deployment of impregnated targets as fixed effects.</p><p>Mixed linear regression model of the impact of target deployment on tsetse catches in the Boffa focus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Boffa disease focus", "vector control", "baseline entomological data", "vector control area", "survey", "disease burden.MethodsThe focus", "gambiense", "insecticide impregnated targets", "strategy", "elimination", "disease prevalence", "Rio Pongo river", "incidence", "tsetse"], "article_id"=>1509281, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fabrice Courtin", "Mamadou Camara", "Jean-Baptiste Rayaisse", "Moise Kagbadouno", "Emilie Dama", "Oumou Camara", "Ibrahima S. Traoré", "Jeremi Rouamba", "Moana Peylhard", "Martin B. Somda", "Mamadou Leno", "Mike J. Lehane", "Steve J. Torr", "Philippe Solano", "Vincent Jamonneau", "Bruno Bucheton"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003727.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mixed_linear_regression_model_of_the_impact_of_target_deployment_on_tsetse_catches_in_the_Boffa_focus_/1509281", "title"=>"Mixed linear regression model of the impact of target deployment on tsetse catches in the Boffa focus.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-08-12 03:36:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2210150"], "description"=>"<p>Box plots showing the median and 10<sup>th</sup>, 25<sup>th</sup>, 75<sup>th</sup> and 90<sup>th</sup> centiles of catches of tsetse from six sampling rounds (May 2011—November 2013) in Boffa West (a.) where no tsetse control intervention where initiated and Boffa East (b.) where insecticide-impregnated targets were deployed. Blue arrows indicate insecticide-impregnated target deployment/replacement. P-values of the difference between each monitoring round and pre-treatment data in May 2011 are indicated (Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank test).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Boffa disease focus", "vector control", "baseline entomological data", "vector control area", "survey", "disease burden.MethodsThe focus", "gambiense", "insecticide impregnated targets", "strategy", "elimination", "disease prevalence", "Rio Pongo river", "incidence", "tsetse"], "article_id"=>1509279, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fabrice Courtin", "Mamadou Camara", "Jean-Baptiste Rayaisse", "Moise Kagbadouno", "Emilie Dama", "Oumou Camara", "Ibrahima S. Traoré", "Jeremi Rouamba", "Moana Peylhard", "Martin B. Somda", "Mamadou Leno", "Mike J. Lehane", "Steve J. Torr", "Philippe Solano", "Vincent Jamonneau", "Bruno Bucheton"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003727.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>27, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Evolution_of_tsetse_densities_during_the_study_period_in_the_Boffa_focus_/1509279", "title"=>"Evolution of tsetse densities during the study period in the Boffa focus.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-08-12 03:36:35"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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