Human Resistin Is a Systemic Immune-Derived Proinflammatory Cytokine Targeting both Leukocytes and Adipocytes
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{"title"=>"Human resistin is a systemic immune-derived proinflammatory cytokine targeting both leukocytes and adipocytes", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Ivan", "last_name"=>"Nagaev", "scopus_author_id"=>"55394265200"}, {"first_name"=>"Maria", "last_name"=>"Bokarewa", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004270660"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrej", "last_name"=>"Tarkowski", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103120204"}, {"first_name"=>"Ulf", "last_name"=>"Smith", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103181011"}], "year"=>2006, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)", "pui"=>"352589005", "sgr"=>"34249695187", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0000031", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-34249695187", "pmid"=>"17183659"}, "id"=>"178a1282-2419-33c7-9c3d-45813febb7c8", "abstract"=>"The characteristics of human resistin (RETN) are unclear and controversial despite intensive adipose-focused research. Its transcriptional and functional similarity with the murine myeloid-specific and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein epsilon (Cebpe)-dependent gene, resistin-like gamma (Retnlg), is unexplored. We examined the human CEBPE-regulatory pathway by unbiased reference and custom gene expression assays. Real-time RT-PCR analysis demonstrated lack of both the transcriptional factor CEBPE and RETN expression in adipose and muscle cells. In contrast, primary myelocytic samples revealed a concerted CEBPE-RETN transcription that was significantly elevated in inflammatory synoviocytes relative to intact peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Mouse Cebpe and Retnlg were predictably expressed in macrophages, whereas Retn was abundant in adipocytes. Quite the opposite, a low and inconsistent RETN transcription was seen in some human white adipose tissue (WAT) biopsies without any relationship to body mass index, insulin sensitivity, or fat depot. However, in these cases, RETN was co-detected with CEBPE and the leukocyte-specific marker, EMR1, indicating the presence of inflammatory cells and their possible resistin-mediated effect on adipocytes. Indeed, addition of human resistin to WAT in culture induced, like in PBMC, the inflammatory cytokines IL6, IL8 and TNF. Importantly, the expression of the adipose-specific markers CEBPA, FABP4 and SLC2A4 was unchanged, while the expected inhibitory effect was seen with TNF. Both cytokines increased the mRNA level of CCL2 and MMP3, which may further promote inflammation in WAT. Thus, the myeloid-restricted nature of CEBPE precludes the expression of RETN in human adipocytes which, however, are targeted by this innate immune-derived proinflammatory cytokine.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/human-resistin-systemic-immunederived-proinflammatory-cytokine-targeting-both-leukocytes-adipocytes", "reader_count"=>51, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>17, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>18, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>18}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>17}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/954486"], "description"=>"<div><p>Human WAT explants were incubated with 10 ng/ml TNF, white bars, or 50 ng/ml resistin, grey bars, for 24 hrs and the fold change for several markers assessed by comparison with their level in basal cultures after 24 hrs.</p>\n <p>In <b><i>A</i></b> both gene (left) and protein (right) expressions of proinflammatory cytokines are shown, while <b><i>B</i></b> represents other inflammation-related effects in WAT.</p>\n <p>\n <b><i>C</i></b> demonstrates different effects of TNF and resistin on markers of adipocyte differentiation. *, <i>P</i><0.1; **, <i>P</i><0.01; ***, <i>P</i><0.001.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["preferentially", "inflammatory", "markers"], "article_id"=>624773, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Genetics", "Medicine", "Immunology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Virology"], "users"=>["Ivan Nagaev", "Maria Bokarewa", "Andrej Tarkowski", "Ulf Smith"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000031.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>31, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Resistin_Preferentially_Induces_Inflammatory_Markers_in_Human_WAT_/624773", "title"=>"Resistin Preferentially Induces Inflammatory Markers in Human WAT.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 12:59:06"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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