Transmission of Stress-Induced Learning Impairment and Associated Brain Gene Expression from Parents to Offspring in Chickens
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{"title"=>"Transmission of stress-induced learning impairment and associated brain gene expression from parents to offspring in chickens", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Christina", "last_name"=>"Lindqvist", "scopus_author_id"=>"8575018100"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew M.", "last_name"=>"Janczak", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603465993"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel", "last_name"=>"Nätt", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190948409"}, {"first_name"=>"Izabella", "last_name"=>"Baranowska", "scopus_author_id"=>"22949788900"}, {"first_name"=>"Niclas", "last_name"=>"Lindqvist", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603938408"}, {"first_name"=>"Anette", "last_name"=>"Wichman", "scopus_author_id"=>"14032306300"}, {"first_name"=>"Joakim", "last_name"=>"Lundeberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004756744"}, {"first_name"=>"Johan", "last_name"=>"Lindberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"14012660900"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter A.", "last_name"=>"Torjesen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005142383"}, {"first_name"=>"Per", "last_name"=>"Jensen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402088701"}], "year"=>2007, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-35549009579", "sgr"=>"35549009579", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0000364", "pmid"=>"17426812", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)", "pui"=>"352618174"}, "id"=>"4c216602-80f5-3a1c-b89a-4b2de0602338", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Stress influences many aspects of animal behaviour and is a major factor driving populations to adapt to changing living conditions, such as during domestication. Stress can affect offspring through non-genetic mechanisms, but recent research indicates that inherited epigenetic modifications of the genome could possibly also be involved. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Red junglefowl (RJF, ancestors of modern chickens) and domesticated White Leghorn (WL) chickens were raised in a stressful environment (unpredictable light-dark rhythm) and control animals in similar pens, but on a 12/12 h light-dark rhythm. WL in both treatments had poorer spatial learning ability than RJF, and in both populations, stress caused a reduced ability to solve a spatial learning task. Offspring of stressed WL, but not RJF, raised without parental contact, had a reduced spatial learning ability compared to offspring of non-stressed animals in a similar test as that used for their parents. Offspring of stressed WL were also more competitive and grew faster than offspring of non-stressed parents. Using a whole-genome cDNA microarray, we found that in WL, the same changes in hypothalamic gene expression profile caused by stress in the parents were also found in the offspring. In offspring of stressed WL, at least 31 genes were up- or down-regulated in the hypothalamus and pituitary compared to offspring of non-stressed parents. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our results suggest that, in WL the gene expression response to stress, as well as some behavioural stress responses, were transmitted across generations. The ability to transmit epigenetic information and behaviour modifications between generations may therefore have been favoured by domestication. The mechanisms involved remain to be investigated; epigenetic modifications could either have been inherited or acquired de novo in the specific egg environment. In both cases, this would offer a novel explanation to rapid evolutionary adaptation of a population.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/transmission-stressinduced-learning-impairment-associated-brain-gene-expression-parents-offspring-ch", "reader_count"=>83, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>29, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>29, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>68, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Psychology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>68}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Netherlands"=>1, "Sweden"=>2, "Austria"=>1, "United States"=>2, "Brazil"=>2, "Italy"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>3, "France"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/951205"], "description"=>"<p>M-value is the log<sub>2</sub> of the difference in expression level, and B-value is the log odds ratio of expression levels; the B-value estimates the certainty of DE vs non-certainty of DE. Common criteria for significant expression is that M>1 and B>0.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genes", "parents", "offspring", "brains", "differential", "caused", "applied"], "article_id"=>621515, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Christina Lindqvist", "Andrew M. Janczak", "Daniel Nätt", "Izabella Baranowska", "Niclas Lindqvist", "Anette Wichman", "Joakim Lundeberg", "Johan Lindberg", "Peter A. Torjesen", "Per Jensen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000364.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Numbers_of_genes_in_parents_and_offspring_brains_showing_differential_expression_caused_by_stress_applied_to_parents_/621515", "title"=>"Numbers of genes in parents and offspring brains showing differential expression caused by stress applied to parents.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 12:37:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/951269"], "description"=>"<p>Birds were weighed within an hour after hatching and at eight days of age. Food competition capacity was estimated as the percentage of time in which each individual occupied the feeder in a pair-wise competition test. The data were analysed with ANOVA, using breed and parental treatment as fixed independent variables. Data (LS Means±SEM) with different superscripts in the table differ significantly at p<0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["evolutionary biology/animal behavior", "evolutionary biology/genomics"], "article_id"=>621589, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Christina Lindqvist", "Andrew M. Janczak", "Daniel Nätt", "Izabella Baranowska", "Niclas Lindqvist", "Anette Wichman", "Joakim Lundeberg", "Johan Lindberg", "Peter A. Torjesen", "Per Jensen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000364.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Weight_and_food_competition_capacity_in_offspring_/621589", "title"=>"Weight and food competition capacity in offspring", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 12:37:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/951097"], "description"=>"<p>Correlations between magnitude of differential expression of genes between parents and offspring. Diagrams show M-values for the differential expression (comparing stressed vs control parents, and offspring of stressed vs offspring of control parents) of the 500 most differentially expressed genes (largest log<sub>2</sub> difference caused by stress in parents) in (a) red junglefowl, and (b) White Leghorns. Each point represents one spot on the microarray. Positive M-values indicate upregulation and negative downregulation by stress (or by having stressed parents). The average correlation line is shown in both comparisons.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["evolutionary biology/animal behavior", "evolutionary biology/genomics"], "article_id"=>621414, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Christina Lindqvist", "Andrew M. Janczak", "Daniel Nätt", "Izabella Baranowska", "Niclas Lindqvist", "Anette Wichman", "Joakim Lundeberg", "Johan Lindberg", "Peter A. Torjesen", "Per Jensen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000364.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Figure_2_/621414", "title"=>"Figure 2", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 12:36:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/951165"], "description"=>"<p>Because of the low number of biological replicates, no valid p-values could be estimated, so a gene with M>1 was considered to be differentially expressed in this analysis. All genes with M>1 showed the same direction of regulation (up or down-regulated by stress treatment) as on the microarray. The nine genes were selected based on their high M- and B-values in the microarray analysis. Relative expression levels (M-values) were estimated using β-actin as an internal control. Negative M-values indicate that the expression level was higher in control than in stress birds.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rt-pcr", "genes", "verification", "microarray"], "article_id"=>621475, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Christina Lindqvist", "Andrew M. Janczak", "Daniel Nätt", "Izabella Baranowska", "Niclas Lindqvist", "Anette Wichman", "Joakim Lundeberg", "Johan Lindberg", "Peter A. Torjesen", "Per Jensen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000364.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Real_time_RT_PCR_data_for_nine_genes_selected_for_verification_of_microarray_results_/621475", "title"=>"Real-time RT-PCR data for nine genes selected for verification of microarray results", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 12:36:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/950972"], "description"=>"<p>Spatial learning in White Leghorn parents and their non-stressed offspring. Each panel shows cumulative proportion of tested birds which had solved the spatial learning task at successive test instances; the criterion for solving the task was five correct choices out of six successive tests, so the smallest number of required tests was five. a, White Leghorn parents. b, Red junglefowl parents. c, White Leghorn offspring. d, Red junglefowl offspring. The differences in cumulative proportions of birds from different treatments solving the task were tested with χ<sup>2</sup> –analysis after five test rounds and onwards, and significant differences are indicated (p<0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["evolutionary biology/animal behavior", "evolutionary biology/genomics"], "article_id"=>621282, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Christina Lindqvist", "Andrew M. Janczak", "Daniel Nätt", "Izabella Baranowska", "Niclas Lindqvist", "Anette Wichman", "Joakim Lundeberg", "Johan Lindberg", "Peter A. Torjesen", "Per Jensen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000364.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Figure_1_/621282", "title"=>"Figure 1", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 12:35:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/951234"], "description"=>"<p>The table shows the 10 genes with highest differential expression in WL offspring, out of those which were among the 100 most differentially expressed genes in both WL parents and offspring. Negative M-values indicate that the expression level was higher in control than in stress birds.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["differentially", "leghorn", "parents"], "article_id"=>621547, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Christina Lindqvist", "Andrew M. Janczak", "Daniel Nätt", "Izabella Baranowska", "Niclas Lindqvist", "Anette Wichman", "Joakim Lundeberg", "Johan Lindberg", "Peter A. Torjesen", "Per Jensen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000364.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Genes_differentially_expressed_both_in_White_Leghorn_parents_and_offspring_/621547", "title"=>"Genes differentially expressed both in White Leghorn parents and offspring.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 12:37:19"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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