The Secret World of Shrimps: Polarisation Vision at Its Best
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The secret world of shrimps: Polarisation vision at its best", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Sonja", "last_name"=>"Kleinlogel", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507541840"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew G.", "last_name"=>"White", "scopus_author_id"=>"56962712000"}], "year"=>2008, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"18478095", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0002190", "arxiv"=>"0804.2162", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-48249113343", "pui"=>"352068472", "sgr"=>"48249113343"}, "id"=>"a3aedef8-b7c9-3193-87ee-6aa30df1a792", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Animal vision spans a great range of complexity, with systems evolving to detect variations in light intensity, distribution, colour, and polarisation. Polarisation vision systems studied to date detect one to four channels of linear polarisation, combining them in opponent pairs to provide intensity-independent operation. Circular polarisation vision has never been seen, and is widely believed to play no part in animal vision. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Polarisation is fully measured via Stokes' parameters--obtained by combined linear and circular polarisation measurements. Optimal polarisation vision is the ability to see Stokes' parameters: here we show that the crustacean Gonodactylus smithii measures the exact components required. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This vision provides optimal contrast-enhancement and precise determination of polarisation with no confusion states or neutral points--significant advantages. Linear and circular polarisation each give partial information about the polarisation of light--but the combination of the two, as we will show here, results in optimal polarisation vision. We suggest that linear and circular polarisation vision not be regarded as different modalities, since both are necessary for optimal polarisation vision; their combination renders polarisation vision independent of strongly linearly or circularly polarised features in the animal's environment.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/secret-world-shrimps-polarisation-vision-best", "reader_count"=>72, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>22, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Other"=>4, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>22, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Other"=>4, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>30, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemistry"=>5, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4, "Engineering"=>8, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Materials Science"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Design"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>12, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>3}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>12}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>8}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>5}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>30}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Austria"=>1, "United States"=>3, "Norway"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Australia"=>3}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/48249113343"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/48249113343?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=48249113343&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=48249113343&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/48249113343", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:48249113343", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-48249113343", "dc:title"=>"The secret world of shrimps: Polarisation vision at its best", "dc:creator"=>"Kleinlogel S.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"3", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"5", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2008-05-14", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"14 May 2008", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0002190", "citedby-count"=>"24", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Queensland", "affiliation-city"=>"Brisbane", "affiliation-country"=>"Australia"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Max Planck Institute of Biophysics", "affiliation-city"=>"Frankfurt am Main", "affiliation-country"=>"Germany"}], "pubmed-id"=>"18478095", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e2190", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0002190", "share_count"=>1, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>1}

Journal Comments | Further Information

Counter

  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2008", "pdf_views"=>"357", "xml_views"=>"119", "html_views"=>"2835"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2008", "pdf_views"=>"52", "xml_views"=>"203", "html_views"=>"602"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2008", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"122", "html_views"=>"235"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2008", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"69", "html_views"=>"154"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2008", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"135"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2008", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"140"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2008", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"124"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2008", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"106"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"132"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"142"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"117"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"154"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"162"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"222"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"178"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"123"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"159"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"100"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"129"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"122"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"135"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"126"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"135"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"122"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"131"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"159"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"184"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"123"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"141"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"168"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"173"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"97"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"128"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"108"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"97"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"259"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"177"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"136"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"104"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"159"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"171"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"128"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"145"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"117"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"106"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"132"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"131"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"119"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"132"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"157"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"129"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"116"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"144"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"124"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"107"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"110"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"113"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"119"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"134"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"116"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"97"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"97"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/459150", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/459199", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/459249"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Animal vision spans a great range of complexity, with systems evolving to detect variations in light intensity, distribution, colour, and polarisation. Polarisation vision systems studied to date detect one to four channels of linear polarisation, combining them in opponent pairs to provide intensity-independent operation. Circular polarisation vision has never been seen, and is widely believed to play no part in animal vision.</p><h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>Polarisation is fully measured via Stokes' parameters—obtained by combined linear and circular polarisation measurements. Optimal polarisation vision is the ability to see Stokes' parameters: here we show that the crustacean <em>Gonodactylus smithii</em> measures the exact components required.</p><h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p>This vision provides optimal contrast-enhancement and precise determination of polarisation with no confusion states or neutral points—significant advantages. Linear and circular polarisation each give partial information about the polarisation of light—but the combination of the two, as we will show here, results in optimal polarisation vision. We suggest that linear and circular polarisation vision not be regarded as different modalities, since both are necessary for optimal polarisation vision; their combination renders polarisation vision independent of strongly linearly or circularly polarised features in the animal's environment.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["polarisation"], "article_id"=>150468, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Medicine", "Biophysics", "Biological Sciences", "Physics"], "users"=>["Sonja Kleinlogel", "Andrew G. White"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002190.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002190.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002190.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Secret_World_of_Shrimps_Polarisation_Vision_at_Its_Best/150468", "title"=>"The Secret World of Shrimps: Polarisation Vision at Its Best", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2008-05-14 00:07:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/932210"], "description"=>"<p>A) Adult <i>Gonodactylus smithii</i>, or mantis shrimp, ∼7 cm long. The stalked apposition compound eyes are divided into a dorsal and a ventral hemisphere by an equatorial mid-band of enlarged and structurally specialised ommatidia. <i>Inset</i>. Mid-band position indicated by curved dark lines. The three pseudopupils (dark spots) visible within each eye indicate that the visual fields of the two hemispheres and the mid-band almost completely overlap at the equator of the eye, so that the three eye regions view the equatorial strip simultaneously. <i>Photograph by R.L. Caldwell</i>. B) Frontal view of the right eye to illustrate the division of the eye into a dorsal hemisphere (DH) and a ventral hemisphere (VH) by the equatorial mid-band formed by six rows of enlarged ommatidia, numbered row 1 to row 6 from dorsal to ventral. Mid-band rows 1–4 contain spectral photoreceptors; mid-band rows 5 and 6 are specialised for circular polarisation vision; the dorsal and ventral hemispheres for linear polarisation vision, as described in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002190#pone-0002190-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2A</a>. Recording electrodes were lowered through corneal holes cut in the lateral half of the dorsal hemisphere, where the mid-band is ∼15° relative to the equator of the eye. The black scale bar is 1 mm, the axes refer to Dorsal, Medial, Ventral and Lateral. C) Electron micrograph of a longitudinal section through a mid-band row 6 rhabdom. The alternating layers of microvilli are highly ordered and in thinner layers than in hemispheric rhabdoms. The polarisation discrimination <i>D</i> of mid-band rows 5 and 6 retinular cells is twice as high as that of hemispheric cells due to a more crystalline microvillar structure: c.f. <i>D</i>̅<sub>mid</sub> = 0.340±0.061 with <i>D</i>̅<sub>hemi</sub> = 0.145±0.035 (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002190#pone-0002190-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Tables 1</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002190#pone.0002190.s001\" target=\"_blank\">S1</a> Supporting Information). The white scale bar indicates 1 µm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mantis"], "article_id"=>602662, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Medicine", "Biophysics", "Biological Sciences", "Physics"], "users"=>["Sonja Kleinlogel", "Andrew G. White"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002190.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_mantis_shrimp_s_eye_/602662", "title"=>"The mantis shrimp's eye.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-05-14 00:44:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/932568"], "description"=>"<p>The Stokes' parameters, {<i>S</i><sub>1</sub>,<i>S</i><sub>2</sub>,<i>S</i><sub>3</sub>}, are the rectangular coordinates of the Stokes' vector in the Poincaré sphere, see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002190#pone-0002190-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1</a> (unity radius for normalized Stokes' vectors). The length of the vector is the degree of polarisation, , the spherical coordinates and indicate the type of polarisation. For linearly polarised light, φ = 0°; for circularly polarised light φ = 90°. The R1 cells act as partially polarising detectors, with mid-band cells being better polarisers than hemispheric cells. The ability of each cell to distinguish along one of the Stokes' axes is given by the discrimination, <i>D</i> = (<i>S<sub>i</sub></i>/<i>P</i>)<sup>2</sup>, where <i>i</i>∈{1,2,3}. Dorsal photoreceptor cells respond most strongly to diagonal/anti-diagonal linear polarisation; ventral photoreceptors to horizontal/vertical linear polarisation; and mid-band photoreceptors to right/left circular polarisation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parameter", "responses", "r1", "cells", "dorsal", "ventral", "hemispheres"], "article_id"=>603015, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Medicine", "Biophysics", "Biological Sciences", "Physics"], "users"=>["Sonja Kleinlogel", "Andrew G. White"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002190.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stokes_parameter_responses_for_individual_R1_cells_measured_in_the_dorsal_and_ventral_hemispheres_and_row_5_of_the_mid_band_/603015", "title"=>"Stokes' parameter responses for individual R1 cells measured in the dorsal and ventral hemispheres and row 5 of the mid-band.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2008-05-14 00:50:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/932064"], "description"=>"<p>A) <i>left</i>. Diagram of a longitudinal section through an ommatidium (visual unit) in the hemispheres and mid-band rows 5 and 6 of the eye. The main rhabdom is formed by seven photoreceptors (R1–7), overlaid by a small, four-lobed ultraviolet sensitive photoreceptor, R8. <i>right</i>. The arrows indicate the microvillar directions within each retinal region as if looking into the eye (frontal view). The R1–7 cells are divided into group I cells (R1, R4, R5) and group II cells (R2, R3, R6, R7), which form layers of orthogonal microvilli throughout the rhabdom, see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002190#pone-0002190-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 3C</a>, and thus are sensitive to orthogonal polarisations. The overlying R8 cells in rows 5 and 6 are extraordinarily long and they produce parallel microvilli, whereas the R8 cells in the remainder of the retina produce microvilli that are both orthogonal and interdigitating (crossed arrows). {<i>r</i>,<i>l</i>} indicates sensitivity to right- and left-circularly polarised light, {<i>a</i>,<i>d</i>,<i>h</i>,<i>v</i>} indicates sensitivity to anti-diagonal, diagonal, horizontal and vertical linearly polarised light. All directions indicated in the text and subsequent figures refer to a frontal view of a right eye with the mid-band arranged horizontally. B)–D) Frontal diagrams of the R1–7 (numbered 1–7) cell body arrangement around the central light guide (rhabdom); and examples of dye-injected cells shown in the photomicrographs (scale bars 50 µm). B) The dorsal hemisphere, which analyses {<i>d</i>,<i>a</i>}, C) the ventral hemisphere, which analyses {<i>h</i>,<i>v</i>} and D), mid-band row 5, which analyses {<i>r</i>,<i>l</i>}. Group I retinular cells are stippled and group II retinular cells are plain. Bold numbers in the diagrams indicate the stained cell(s) in the accompanying photomicrographs. Arrows indicate microvillar axes, and thus the directions of linearly polarised light to which the photoreceptors respond maximally (φ<sub>max</sub>). Grey and black arrows indicate group I and II receptors, respectively. The cell arrangement in mid-band row 6 (not shown) is rotated 90° counter-clockwise compared to row 5. Circular polarisation sensitivity is not innate to the R1–7 cells, but arises from the quarter-wave retardance of the overlying four-lobed R8 cell (D <i>top</i>). Quarter-wave retardance is realised by increased photoreceptor length and by the formation of unidirectional microvilli, the axis of which is indicated by the black arrow. The R8 microvilli are arranged at 45° to the underlying orthogonal microvillar sets formed by the R1–7 cells (D bottom): R8 converts circularly polarised to linearly polarised light at ±45° to the R8 microvillar axis, depending on the handedness of the circular polarisation. Both dye-filled photoreceptors (row 5 R3 and row 6 R6) belong to group II receptors. The angle between the microvillar (optical) axes of the R8 cells and the microvillar directions of group II photoreceptors is −45° in both mid-band rows 5 and 6. Both stained retinular cells are therefore more sensitive to <i>l</i>; similarly the group I photoreceptors are more sensitive to <i>r</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biophysics", "Computational biology", "neuroscience/animal cognition", "neuroscience/sensory systems", "neuroscience/theoretical neuroscience", "physics/elementary particles and fields", "physics/interdisciplinary physics", "physiology/sensory systems"], "article_id"=>602504, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Medicine", "Biophysics", "Biological Sciences", "Physics"], "users"=>["Sonja Kleinlogel", "Andrew G. White"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002190.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Photoreceptor_anatomy_/602504", "title"=>"Photoreceptor anatomy.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-05-14 00:41:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/931940"], "description"=>"<p>Any polarisation state of light can be represented by a Stokes' vector, <i>red</i>, lying on (fully-polarised) or in (partially-polarised) the sphere. The cartesian co-ordinates of the vector are given by Stokes' parameters <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002190#pone.0002190-Stokes1\" target=\"_blank\">[1]</a>, {<i>S</i><sub>1</sub>,<i>S</i><sub>2</sub>,<i>S</i><sub>3</sub>}, <i>purple</i>; the end points of the axes are the horizontal/vertical {<i>h</i>,<i>v</i>}, diagonal/anti-diagonal {<i>d</i>,<i>a</i>} and right/left-circular {<i>r</i>,<i>l</i>}, polarised states, respectively. Alternatively, the vector can be represented in spherical co-ordinates by a length, <i>P</i>, and two angles, θ, φ, <i>green</i>. The vector length is the degree of polarisation, ; θ is the longitude, and φ is the latitude. For linearly polarised light, φ = 0°; for circularly polarised light. φ = 90°.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biophysics", "Computational biology", "neuroscience/animal cognition", "neuroscience/sensory systems", "neuroscience/theoretical neuroscience", "physics/elementary particles and fields", "physics/interdisciplinary physics", "physiology/sensory systems"], "article_id"=>602381, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Medicine", "Biophysics", "Biological Sciences", "Physics"], "users"=>["Sonja Kleinlogel", "Andrew G. White"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002190.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Poincar_233_sphere_/602381", "title"=>"Poincaré sphere.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-05-14 00:39:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/932391"], "description"=>"<p>A) Normalised spectral responses averaged over: <i>top</i>) 12 hemispheric cells and bottom) 14 mid-band cells, rows 5 and 6. B) Response vs. time for a row 5 R3 photoreceptor when illuminated with a 50 ms spectrally-filtered light pulse: <i>left</i>) left-circular, <i>l</i>; <i>right</i>) right-circular, <i>r</i>, polarisation. This cell responds more strongly to <i>l</i>. C), D), Peak response vs. polariser angle for R1 cells in the C) dorsal and D) ventral hemispheres. These act as anti-diagonal and horizontal polarising photoreceptors, respectively. The smooth pink lines are logarithmic cosine-squared curves with 4 fit parameters (phase, cosine amplitude, response offset, and logarithmic amplitude). E), F), Peak response versus relative light intensity for the C) and D) cells. Top curves are measured at the maximum response angle, φ<sub>max</sub>; bottom at φ<sub>min</sub>. The smooth lines are sigmoidal curves fitted to a Naka-Rushton function using least-squares approximation in Origin 6.1. The polarisation sensitivity, , is measured by taking the difference between intensities in the linear part of the curves, δ<i><sub>i</sub></i>. G), H), Peak response versus relative light intensity for a row 5 R1 cell. G) Response to left (top curve) and right (bottom curve) circularly polarised light. H) Response to linearly polarised light ±45° from the vertical—to within error there is zero linear polarisation sensitivity.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["recordings", "polarisation"], "article_id"=>602845, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Medicine", "Biophysics", "Biological Sciences", "Physics"], "users"=>["Sonja Kleinlogel", "Andrew G. White"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002190.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Electrophysiological_recordings_from_polarisation_sensitive_photoreceptors_/602845", "title"=>"Electrophysiological recordings from polarisation sensitive photoreceptors.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-05-14 00:47:25"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"12", "unique-ip"=>"14", "pdf"=>"8", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"4", "full-text"=>"11", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"13", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"12", "unique-ip"=>"12", "pdf"=>"6", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"7", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"7", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"4", "full-text"=>"9", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"13", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"13", "unique-ip"=>"19", "pdf"=>"10", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"9", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"11", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"23", "unique-ip"=>"22", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"13", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"17", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"12", "unique-ip"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"25", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"5", "unique-ip"=>"29", "figure"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"16", "unique-ip"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"21", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"15", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"15", "unique-ip"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"19", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"15", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"15", "unique-ip"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"6", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"9", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"10", "unique-ip"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"17", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"14", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"17", "unique-ip"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"6", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"15", "unique-ip"=>"15", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"14", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"12", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"33", "unique-ip"=>"15", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"48", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"17", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"27", "unique-ip"=>"19", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"2", "year"=>"2008", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"1", "figure"=>"39", "scanned-summary"=>"28", "supp-data"=>"30"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"4", "full-text"=>"25", "unique-ip"=>"32", "pdf"=>"9", "year"=>"2008", "figure"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"16", "year"=>"2008", "pdf"=>"5", "unique-ip"=>"11", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"2", "month"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2008", "figure"=>"18", "scanned-summary"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"10", "year"=>"2008", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"13", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"25", "unique-ip"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2008", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"12", "year"=>"2008", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"14", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"11", "unique-ip"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2008", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"31", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"25", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"10", "unique-ip"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"26", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"16", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"35", "unique-ip"=>"15", "pdf"=>"6", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"19", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"17", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"16", "unique-ip"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"7", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"5", "unique-ip"=>"9", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"11", "unique-ip"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"8", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"8", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"17", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"15", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"18", "unique-ip"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"42", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"5", "unique-ip"=>"19", "figure"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2008-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2008-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Neuroscience", "average_usage"=>[338, 679, 872, 1005, 1108, 1244, 1356, 1421, 1484, 1546, 1628, 1707, 1775, 1859, 1916, 1976, 2044, 2114, 2190, 2253, 2325, 2374, 2408, 2458, 2513, 2573, 2623, 2682, 2718, 2777, 2837, 2876, 2922, 2968, 3010, 3058, 3099, 3147, 3181, 3235, 3333, 3392, 3454, 3507, 3559, 3616, 3668, 3724, 3787, 3845, 3883, 3933, 3989, 4046, 4100, 4161, 4251, 4285, 4355, 4437, 4483, 4538, 4572, 4632, 4687, 4738, 4785, 4834, 4905, 4967, 5035, 5102, 5163, 5198]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[315, 639, 821, 971, 1112, 1232, 1325, 1418, 1500, 1571, 1652, 1728, 1800, 1864, 1925, 1992, 2063, 2124, 2180, 2234, 2291, 2353, 2413, 2475, 2532, 2583, 2648, 2702, 2750, 2813, 2864, 2932, 2977, 3033, 3086, 3130, 3178, 3243, 3295, 3356, 3417, 3461, 3517, 3571, 3620, 3678, 3726, 3786, 3854, 3924, 3994, 4069, 4123, 4183, 4261, 4330, 4424, 4484, 4533, 4578, 4631, 4687, 4742, 4811, 4883, 4955, 5019, 5095, 5157, 5211, 5270, 5324, 5379]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences", "average_usage"=>[316, 648, 828, 974, 1107, 1224, 1324, 1403, 1481, 1567, 1645, 1736, 1798, 1846, 1908, 1967, 2031, 2088, 2149, 2201, 2260, 2305, 2376, 2434, 2491, 2538, 2598, 2657, 2710, 2757, 2815, 2860, 2907, 2972, 3022, 3070, 3113, 3157, 3213, 3267, 3326, 3388, 3427, 3493, 3550, 3612, 3666, 3715, 3775, 3836, 3900, 3978, 4042, 4105, 4156, 4235, 4314, 4370, 4441, 4511, 4615, 4676, 4744, 4791, 4849, 4915, 4982, 5035, 5099, 5173, 5228, 5303, 5352]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[340, 737, 959, 1129, 1262, 1394, 1513, 1582, 1669, 1714, 1825, 1880, 1942, 2002, 2072, 2191, 2264, 2326, 2393, 2427, 2506, 2596, 2666, 2738, 2817, 2889, 2943, 2989, 3036, 3107, 3159, 3194, 3240, 3284, 3322, 3378, 3405, 3458, 3507, 3537, 3574, 3625, 3685, 3755, 3819, 3872, 3941, 3988, 4042, 4100, 4149, 4244, 4300, 4349, 4397, 4460, 4542, 4617, 4680, 4742, 4807, 4864, 4924, 4974, 5030, 5069, 5113, 5136, 5168, 5241, 5292, 5335, 5399]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts