Evaluating the Potential Effectiveness of Compensatory Mitigation Strategies for Marine Bycatch
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{"title"=>"Evaluating the potential effectiveness of compensatory mitigation strategies for marine bycatch", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Myra", "last_name"=>"Finkelstein", "scopus_author_id"=>"13103709600"}, {"first_name"=>"Victoria", "last_name"=>"Bakker", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603005171"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel F.", "last_name"=>"Doak", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003874920"}, {"first_name"=>"Ben", "last_name"=>"Sullivan", "scopus_author_id"=>"55131983200"}, {"first_name"=>"Rebecca", "last_name"=>"Lewison", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603135119"}, {"first_name"=>"William H.", "last_name"=>"Satterthwaite", "scopus_author_id"=>"7801683205"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter B.", "last_name"=>"McIntyre", "scopus_author_id"=>"57200705834"}, {"first_name"=>"Shaye", "last_name"=>"Wolf", "scopus_author_id"=>"14421714300"}, {"first_name"=>"David", "last_name"=>"Priddel", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004059078"}, {"first_name"=>"Jennifer M.", "last_name"=>"Arnold", "scopus_author_id"=>"35478434400"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert W.", "last_name"=>"Henry", "scopus_author_id"=>"9241131500"}, {"first_name"=>"Paul", "last_name"=>"Sievert", "scopus_author_id"=>"10045358500"}, {"first_name"=>"John", "last_name"=>"Croxall", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004527404"}], "year"=>2008, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-49449086980", "sgr"=>"49449086980", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0002480", "pmid"=>"18560568", "isbn"=>"732613", "pui"=>"352155306"}, "id"=>"3990adc0-8f34-3f32-9b28-57ae86d9abe4", "abstract"=>"Conservationists are continually seeking new strategies to reverse population declines and safeguard against species extinctions. Here we evaluate the potential efficacy of a recently proposed approach to offset a major anthropogenic threat to many marine vertebrates: incidental bycatch in commercial fisheries operations. This new approach, compensatory mitigation for marine bycatch (CMMB), is conceived as a way to replace or reduce mandated restrictions on fishing activities with compensatory activities (e.g., removal of introduced predators from islands) funded by levies placed on fishers. While efforts are underway to bring CMMB into policy discussions, to date there has not been a detailed evaluation of CMMB's potential as a conservation tool, and in particular, a list of necessary and sufficient criteria that CMMB must meet to be an effective conservation strategy. Here we present a list of criteria to assess CMMB that are tied to critical ecological aspects of the species targeted for conservation, the range of possible mitigation activities, and the multi-species impact of fisheries bycatch. We conclude that, overall, CMMB has little potential for benefit and a substantial potential for harm if implemented to solve most fisheries bycatch problems. In particular, CMMB is likely to be effective only when applied to short-lived and highly-fecund species (not the characteristics of most bycatch-impacted species) and to fisheries that take few non-target species, and especially few non-seabird species (not the characteristics of most fisheries). Thus, CMMB appears to have limited application and should only be implemented after rigorous appraisal on a case-specific basis; otherwise it has the potential to accelerate declines of marine species currently threatened by fisheries bycatch.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/evaluating-potential-effectiveness-compensatory-mitigation-strategies-marine-bycatch", "reader_count"=>114, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>34, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>24, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Other"=>12, "Student > Master"=>16, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>34, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>24, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Other"=>12, "Student > Master"=>16, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>35, "Materials Science"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>69, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Decision Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>69}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>35}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Argentina"=>1, "Uruguay"=>1, "United States"=>6, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Portugal"=>1, "Spain"=>1, "New Zealand"=>1, "Canada"=>1, "Sweden"=>1, "Netherlands"=>1, "Mozambique"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "Chile"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>7}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/929260"], "description"=>"<p>The majority (>99%) of Laysan albatross breed on islands with no introduced predators (excluding the house mouse, <i>Mus musculus</i>) in the Hawaiian archipelago. Introduced predators (e.g., cats) affect Laysan albatross on a Guadalupe Island sub-colony as well as a few small (<500 pairs) colonies on the main Hawaiian Islands (data from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and R.W. Henry).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["laysan", "albatross", "breeding", "colonies"], "article_id"=>599693, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Myra Finkelstein", "Victoria Bakker", "Daniel F. Doak", "Ben Sullivan", "Rebecca Lewison", "William H. Satterthwaite", "Peter B. McIntyre", "Shaye Wolf", "David Priddel", "Jennifer M. Arnold", "Robert W. Henry", "Paul Sievert", "John Croxall"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002480.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Global_distribution_of_Laysan_albatross_Phoebastria_immutabilis_breeding_colonies_with_and_without_island_predators_/599693", "title"=>"Global distribution of Laysan albatross (<i>Phoebastria immutabilis</i>) breeding colonies with and without island predators.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-06-18 02:41:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/929426"], "description"=>"<p>Fishing methods are abbreviated as follows: ST = shrimp trawl; DFT = demersal finfish trawl; PPS = small pelagic purse seine; MT = midwater trawl; TPS = tuna purse seine; G = gillnet; TL = tuna and highly migratory species longline; DL = demersal longline; MM = multispecies or multigear; TP = mobile trap or pot; D = dredge. Data for handlines, tuna pole and line, hand collection, and squid jig methods are not shown, but their percentage of catch discarded is ≤2% of the annual bycatch biomass. Data from Kelleher <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002480#pone.0002480-Kelleher1\" target=\"_blank\">[68]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["discarded", "bycatch", "bony"], "article_id"=>599867, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Myra Finkelstein", "Victoria Bakker", "Daniel F. Doak", "Ben Sullivan", "Rebecca Lewison", "William H. Satterthwaite", "Peter B. McIntyre", "Shaye Wolf", "David Priddel", "Jennifer M. Arnold", "Robert W. Henry", "Paul Sievert", "John Croxall"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002480.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentage_of_harvest_discarded_as_bycatch_mammals_birds_turtles_sharks_bony_fish_and_invertebrates_for_each_major_marine_fishing_method_/599867", "title"=>"Percentage of harvest discarded as bycatch (mammals, birds, turtles, sharks, bony fish and invertebrates) for each major marine fishing method.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-06-18 02:44:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/928967"], "description"=>"<p>Percentage of IUCN listed Near Threatened and Threatened small (<600 g) and large (>600 g) seabird species impacted by non-native species (NNS, n = 21 for birds <600 g and 7 for birds >600 g) and fisheries bycatch (bycatch, n = 7 for birds <600 g and 18 for birds >600 g). Data on ‘Threat’ types classified by the IUCN Threats Authority File (see <a href=\"http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/major_threats\" target=\"_blank\">http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/major_threats</a>) and held in BirdLife International's World Bird Database. Only threats scored as High or Medium impact were considered, where impact of threats is calculated from the sum of scores assigned for timing (past, continuing, future), scope (proportion of total population affected), and severity (rate of declines caused by the threat within the scope; see <a href=\"http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/terms/threats.html\" target=\"_blank\">http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/terms/threats.html</a> for details).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["imperiled", "bodied"], "article_id"=>599401, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Myra Finkelstein", "Victoria Bakker", "Daniel F. Doak", "Ben Sullivan", "Rebecca Lewison", "William H. Satterthwaite", "Peter B. McIntyre", "Shaye Wolf", "David Priddel", "Jennifer M. Arnold", "Robert W. Henry", "Paul Sievert", "John Croxall"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002480.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bycatch_is_the_main_threat_to_imperiled_large_bodied_seabirds_/599401", "title"=>"Bycatch is the main threat to imperiled large bodied seabirds.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-06-18 02:36:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/457862"], "description"=>"<div><p>Conservationists are continually seeking new strategies to reverse population declines and safeguard against species extinctions. Here we evaluate the potential efficacy of a recently proposed approach to offset a major anthropogenic threat to many marine vertebrates: incidental bycatch in commercial fisheries operations. This new approach, compensatory mitigation for marine bycatch (CMMB), is conceived as a way to replace or reduce mandated restrictions on fishing activities with compensatory activities (e.g., removal of introduced predators from islands) funded by levies placed on fishers. While efforts are underway to bring CMMB into policy discussions, to date there has not been a detailed evaluation of CMMB's potential as a conservation tool, and in particular, a list of necessary and sufficient criteria that CMMB must meet to be an effective conservation strategy. Here we present a list of criteria to assess CMMB that are tied to critical ecological aspects of the species targeted for conservation, the range of possible mitigation activities, and the multi-species impact of fisheries bycatch. We conclude that, overall, CMMB has little potential for benefit and a substantial potential for harm if implemented to solve most fisheries bycatch problems. In particular, CMMB is likely to be effective only when applied to short-lived and highly-fecund species (not the characteristics of most bycatch-impacted species) and to fisheries that take few non-target species, and especially few non-seabird species (not the characteristics of most fisheries). Thus, CMMB appears to have limited application and should only be implemented after rigorous appraisal on a case-specific basis; otherwise it has the potential to accelerate declines of marine species currently threatened by fisheries bycatch.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["evaluating", "compensatory", "mitigation", "strategies", "bycatch"], "article_id"=>150191, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Myra Finkelstein", "Victoria Bakker", "Daniel F. Doak", "Ben Sullivan", "Rebecca Lewison", "William H. Satterthwaite", "Peter B. McIntyre", "Shaye Wolf", "David Priddel", "Jennifer M. Arnold", "Robert W. Henry", "Paul Sievert", "John Croxall"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002480", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Evaluating_the_Potential_Effectiveness_of_Compensatory_Mitigation_Strategies_for_Marine_Bycatch/150191", "title"=>"Evaluating the Potential Effectiveness of Compensatory Mitigation Strategies for Marine Bycatch", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2008-06-18 00:03:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/929095"], "description"=>"<p>A) Albatross and other seabird bycatch from a pelagic longline fishing vessel operating in South Africa for a period of one month in 2005. Photo: Peter Ryan. B) Adult black-browed albatrosses and giant-petrels scavenging discards behind a trawler in the Falkland Islands. Photo: Ben Sullivan – Falklands Conservation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["impacts", "seabird"], "article_id"=>599530, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Myra Finkelstein", "Victoria Bakker", "Daniel F. Doak", "Ben Sullivan", "Rebecca Lewison", "William H. Satterthwaite", "Peter B. McIntyre", "Shaye Wolf", "David Priddel", "Jennifer M. Arnold", "Robert W. Henry", "Paul Sievert", "John Croxall"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002480.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bycatch_impacts_multiple_seabird_species_/599530", "title"=>"Bycatch impacts multiple seabird species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-06-18 02:38:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/929359"], "description"=>"<p>A) Predicted asymptotic growth rate (λ) for flesh-footed shearwaters on Lord Howe Island under four management scenarios, using either Model 1, the model described by W&D <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002480#pone.0002480-Wilcox1\" target=\"_blank\">[6]</a> or Model 2, our corrected model. Values above bars give percentage increase in λ relative to the status quo. Dotted line is λ = 1 (a stable population). B) The percentage of 10,000 replicate matrices for which predicted λ exceeds 1.0 using our corrected model with the inclusion of uncertainty only in demographic rates (Model 3a) or in both demographic and bycatch rates (Model 3b). A λ>1.0 is necessary for a recovering population (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002480#pone.0002480.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Supplement S1</a> for detailed description of modeling assumptions, procedures, and results).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["elimination", "yielded", "flesh-footed", "shearwater", "viability", "reducing", "pre-fledging"], "article_id"=>599781, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Myra Finkelstein", "Victoria Bakker", "Daniel F. Doak", "Ben Sullivan", "Rebecca Lewison", "William H. Satterthwaite", "Peter B. McIntyre", "Shaye Wolf", "David Priddel", "Jennifer M. Arnold", "Robert W. Henry", "Paul Sievert", "John Croxall"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002480.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bycatch_elimination_consistently_yielded_greater_increases_in_flesh_footed_shearwater_Puffinus_carneipes_population_viability_than_reducing_pre_fledging_mortality_/599781", "title"=>"Bycatch elimination consistently yielded greater increases in flesh-footed shearwater (<i>Puffinus carneipes)</i> population viability than reducing pre-fledging mortality.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-06-18 02:43:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/928893"], "description"=>"<p>Total number of species of cetaceans, sharks, sea turtles, and seabirds in the IUCN red list database (<a href=\"http://www.iucnredlist.org/\" target=\"_blank\">http://www.iucnredlist.org/</a>) affected by the following threat categories: NNS = invasive non-native species; Habitat = habitat destruction and degradation; Harvest = harvesting; Bycatch = accidental mortality from fisheries bycatch; Pollution = pollution (land and water); Climate = pollution relating to the atmosphere and climate change; Disturb = human disturbance, persecution, noise pollution, and collisions (from Doak et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002480#pone.0002480-Doak3\" target=\"_blank\">[66]</a>). Although not listed as a primary threat in the IUCN database, non-native species are also known to impact sea turtles on their breeding grounds <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002480#pone.0002480-Witmer1\" target=\"_blank\">[67]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["at-risk"], "article_id"=>599332, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Myra Finkelstein", "Victoria Bakker", "Daniel F. Doak", "Ben Sullivan", "Rebecca Lewison", "William H. Satterthwaite", "Peter B. McIntyre", "Shaye Wolf", "David Priddel", "Jennifer M. Arnold", "Robert W. Henry", "Paul Sievert", "John Croxall"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002480.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bycatch_is_the_principal_threat_to_at_risk_marine_vertebrates_/599332", "title"=>"Bycatch is the principal threat to at-risk marine vertebrates.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-06-18 02:35:32"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
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Relative Metric

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