Ubiquitous Crossmodal Stochastic Resonance in Humans: Auditory Noise Facilitates Tactile, Visual and Proprioceptive Sensations
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{"title"=>"Ubiquitous crossmodal stochastic resonance in humans: Auditory noise facilitates tactile, visual and proprioceptive sensations", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Eduardo", "last_name"=>"Lugo", "scopus_author_id"=>"24776362800"}, {"first_name"=>"Rafael", "last_name"=>"Doti", "scopus_author_id"=>"24775799400"}, {"first_name"=>"Jocelyn", "last_name"=>"Faubert", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003902219"}], "year"=>2008, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"51349125686", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0002860", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"352311493", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"18682745", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-51349125686"}, "id"=>"9bb6b15c-f246-382d-a49e-c3491eb405e1", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Stochastic resonance is a nonlinear phenomenon whereby the addition of noise can improve the detection of weak stimuli. An optimal amount of added noise results in the maximum enhancement, whereas further increases in noise intensity only degrade detection or information content. The phenomenon does not occur in linear systems, where the addition of noise to either the system or the stimulus only degrades the signal quality. Stochastic Resonance (SR) has been extensively studied in different physical systems. It has been extended to human sensory systems where it can be classified as unimodal, central, behavioral and recently crossmodal. However what has not been explored is the extension of this crossmodal SR in humans. For instance, if under the same auditory noise conditions the crossmodal SR persists among different sensory systems. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Using physiological and psychophysical techniques we demonstrate that the same auditory noise can enhance the sensitivity of tactile, visual and propioceptive system responses to weak signals. Specifically, we show that the effective auditory noise significantly increased tactile sensations of the finger, decreased luminance and contrast visual thresholds and significantly changed EMG recordings of the leg muscles during posture maintenance. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: We conclude that crossmodal SR is a ubiquitous phenomenon in humans that can be interpreted within an energy and frequency model of multisensory neurons spontaneous activity. Initially the energy and frequency content of the multisensory neurons' activity (supplied by the weak signals) is not enough to be detected but when the auditory noise enters the brain, it generates a general activation among multisensory neurons of different regions, modifying their original activity. The result is an integrated activation that promotes sensitivity transitions and the signals are then perceived. A physiologically plausible model for crossmodal stochastic resonance is presented.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/ubiquitous-crossmodal-stochastic-resonance-humans-auditory-noise-facilitates-tactile-visual-proprioc", "reader_count"=>98, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>26, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>28, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>26, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>28, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>21, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>4, "Engineering"=>9, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Materials Science"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>9, "Design"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>9, "Sports and Recreations"=>4, "Physics and Astronomy"=>9, "Psychology"=>23, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>9}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>4}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>9}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>23}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>9}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>9}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>21}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>4}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "Netherlands"=>1, "Sweden"=>1, "United States"=>4, "China"=>1, "Poland"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "Germany"=>2, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/924429"], "description"=>"<p>(Left column) normalized tactile threshold changes with the noise level in three subjects. (Right column, top) normalized tactile thresholds of sixteen subjects when the 3D sound level was fixed at 69 dBSPL. (Right column, middle) normalized tactile thresholds of sixteen subjects when the noise level was fixed at 69 dBSPL. (Right column, bottom) Group average results for three conditions: baseline, 3D sound and noise. The average group threshold decreased significantly in the presence of noise (p<0.001) and no significant change was found for the 3D-like sound (p = 0.72). In all the graphs the no-noise condition is taken as baseline; the black dots indicate p-values (right y-axis) and the broken line represents the 5% significance level. Error bars correspond to one standard error.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interactions", "auditory", "tactile"], "article_id"=>594881, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Physics"], "users"=>["Eduardo Lugo", "Rafael Doti", "Jocelyn Faubert"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002860.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_SR_interactions_between_auditory_noise_and_tactile_signals_/594881", "title"=>"SR interactions between auditory noise and tactile signals.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:47:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/925553"], "description"=>"<p>Shows the averaged SR minima for the four experiments discussed. For our visual experiments the minima are localized (below the noise ceiling levels) at 6±1 dBc (first order) and 5±1 dBc (second order). In the proprioception experiments the minima happened around 6±1 dBc and for the tactile experiments at 8±1 dBc.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sr", "minima"], "article_id"=>596002, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Physics"], "users"=>["Eduardo Lugo", "Rafael Doti", "Jocelyn Faubert"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002860.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Crossmodal_SR_threshold_minima_in_ceiling_decibels_/596002", "title"=>"Crossmodal SR threshold minima in ceiling decibels.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:54:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/925035"], "description"=>"<p>(Top) Potential V(x); (middle) Phase plane diagram showing homoclinic orbits; (bottom) Melnikov scale factor for <i>α</i><sup>−</sup> = 1.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crossmodal"], "article_id"=>595483, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Physics"], "users"=>["Eduardo Lugo", "Rafael Doti", "Jocelyn Faubert"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002860.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Theoretical_model_for_crossmodal_SR_/595483", "title"=>"Theoretical model for crossmodal SR.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:51:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/925457"], "description"=>"<p>The scheme represents the physical paths through which the signals combine in the brain.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crossmodal", "sr"], "article_id"=>595910, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Physics"], "users"=>["Eduardo Lugo", "Rafael Doti", "Jocelyn Faubert"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002860.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Unimodal_and_crossmodal_SR_architecture_/595910", "title"=>"Unimodal and crossmodal SR architecture.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:53:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/924591"], "description"=>"<p>Normalized visual threshold changes with the noise level in sixth subjects for luminance modulated (first order) stimuli. In all the graphs the no-noise condition is taken as baseline; the black dots indicate p-values (right y-axis) and the broken line represents the 5% significance level. Error bars correspond to one standard error.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interactions", "auditory"], "article_id"=>595041, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Physics"], "users"=>["Eduardo Lugo", "Rafael Doti", "Jocelyn Faubert"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002860.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_SR_interactions_between_auditory_noise_and_first_order_visual_signals_/595041", "title"=>"SR interactions between auditory noise and first order visual signals.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:48:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/925775"], "description"=>"<p>(Top row) Gabor patch signal (left), and carrier consisting of Gaussian noise (right). (Middle row) the spatial representation for luminance modulated (first order) stimuli. (Bottom row) the spatial representation for contrast modulated (second order) stimuli.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stimuli"], "article_id"=>596233, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Physics"], "users"=>["Eduardo Lugo", "Rafael Doti", "Jocelyn Faubert"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002860.g011", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Visual_stimuli_representation_/596233", "title"=>"Visual stimuli representation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:55:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/924718"], "description"=>"<p>Normalized visual threshold changes with the noise level in sixth subjects for contrast modulated (second order) stimuli. In all the graphs the no-noise condition is taken as baseline; the black dots indicate p-values (right y-axis) and the broken line represents the 5% significance level. Error bars correspond to one standard error.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interactions", "auditory"], "article_id"=>595170, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Physics"], "users"=>["Eduardo Lugo", "Rafael Doti", "Jocelyn Faubert"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002860.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_SR_interactions_between_auditory_noise_and_second_order_visual_signals_/595170", "title"=>"SR interactions between auditory noise and second order visual signals.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:49:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/925150"], "description"=>"<p>(Left column) shows the neurons' spectrum amplitude as a function of the noise intensity <i>σ</i><sup>−</sup>. The insert (left column, middle row) shows the well-known SR inverted u-shape function. The maximum peak is found when <i>P</i> = 10 <i>dB</i>. Right column shows neuronal firing histograms with their corresponding time histories. T is the signal period and N means the probability to have certain neuronal activity levels.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["unimodal"], "article_id"=>595601, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Physics"], "users"=>["Eduardo Lugo", "Rafael Doti", "Jocelyn Faubert"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002860.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Theoretical_model_results_for_unimodal_SR_/595601", "title"=>"Theoretical model results for unimodal SR.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:51:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/925308"], "description"=>"<p>(Left column) shows the neurons' spectrum amplitude as a function of the noise intensity <i>σ</i><sup>−</sup>. The insert (left column, middle row) shows the well-known SR inverted u-shape function. The maximum peak is found when <i>P</i> = 70 <i>dB</i>. Right column shows neuronal firing histograms with their corresponding time histories. T is the signal period and N means the probability to have certain neuronal activity levels.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crossmodal"], "article_id"=>595768, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Physics"], "users"=>["Eduardo Lugo", "Rafael Doti", "Jocelyn Faubert"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002860.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Theoretical_model_results_for_crossmodal_SR_/595768", "title"=>"Theoretical model results for crossmodal SR.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:52:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/925669"], "description"=>"<p>Frequency-time representation of auditory noise (left) and the 3D sound (right).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stimuli"], "article_id"=>596123, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Physics"], "users"=>["Eduardo Lugo", "Rafael Doti", "Jocelyn Faubert"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002860.g010", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Auditory_stimuli_representation_/596123", "title"=>"Auditory stimuli representation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:54:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/924942"], "description"=>"<p>(Left column) average EMG power spectral densities as a function of noise level in four subjects for the tightrope posture position. For clarity only the baseline condition shows error bars (one standard error). (Right column) normalized power in four subjects. Again, the no-noise condition is taken as baseline; the black dots indicate p-values (right y-axis) and the broken line represents the 5% significance level. Error bars correspond to one standard error.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interactions", "auditory", "propioceptive"], "article_id"=>595391, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Physics"], "users"=>["Eduardo Lugo", "Rafael Doti", "Jocelyn Faubert"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002860.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_SR_interactions_between_auditory_noise_and_propioceptive_signals_/595391", "title"=>"SR interactions between auditory noise and propioceptive signals.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:50:36"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

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