Lakeside Cemeteries in the Sahara: 5000 Years of Holocene Population and Environmental Change
Publication Date
August 14, 2008
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Paul C. Sereno, Elena A. A. Garcea, Hélène Jousse, Christopher M. Stojanowski, et al
Volume
3
Issue
8
Pages
e2995
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0002995
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18701936
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2515196
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/18701936
Web of Science
000264415000001
Scopus
52049104701
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/lakeside-cemeteries-sahara-5000-years-holocene-population-environmental-change
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Lakeside cemeteries in the Sahara: 5000 years of holocene population and environmental change", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Paul C.", "last_name"=>"Sereno", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003660079"}, {"first_name"=>"Elena A.A.", "last_name"=>"Garcea", "scopus_author_id"=>"8754218300"}, {"first_name"=>"Hélène", "last_name"=>"Jousse", "scopus_author_id"=>"13408031200"}, {"first_name"=>"Christopher M.", "last_name"=>"Stojanowski", "scopus_author_id"=>"6508303683"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean François", "last_name"=>"Saliège", "scopus_author_id"=>"6601985032"}, {"first_name"=>"Abdoulaye", "last_name"=>"Maga", "scopus_author_id"=>"57195508222"}, {"first_name"=>"Oumarou A.", "last_name"=>"Ide", "scopus_author_id"=>"8663141000"}, {"first_name"=>"Kelly J.", "last_name"=>"Knudson", "scopus_author_id"=>"35617354900"}, {"first_name"=>"Anna Maria", "last_name"=>"Mercuri", "scopus_author_id"=>"8768603300"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas W.", "last_name"=>"Stafford", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004919386"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas G.", "last_name"=>"Kaye", "scopus_author_id"=>"24764988900"}, {"first_name"=>"Carlo", "last_name"=>"Giraudi", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602679953"}, {"first_name"=>"Isabella Massamba", "last_name"=>"N'siala", "scopus_author_id"=>"24830593800"}, {"first_name"=>"Enzo", "last_name"=>"Cocca", "scopus_author_id"=>"24830449200"}, {"first_name"=>"Hannah M.", "last_name"=>"Moots", "scopus_author_id"=>"24830694500"}, {"first_name"=>"Didier B.", "last_name"=>"Dutheil", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602537517"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeffrey P.", "last_name"=>"Stivers", "scopus_author_id"=>"24831254400"}], "year"=>2008, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-52049104701", "pui"=>"352378295", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0002995", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"52049104701", "pmid"=>"18701936"}, "id"=>"9a4f79b5-4034-32d4-bca9-e71ae778bd18", "abstract"=>"<sec> <title>Background</title> <p>Approximately two hundred human burials were discovered on the edge of a paleolake in Niger that provide a uniquely preserved record of human occupation in the Sahara during the Holocene (∼8000 B.C.E. to the present). Called Gobero, this suite of closely spaced sites chronicles the rapid pace of biosocial change in the southern Sahara in response to severe climatic fluctuation.</p> </sec><sec> <title>Methodology/Principal Findings</title> <p>Two main occupational phases are identified that correspond with humid intervals in the early and mid-Holocene, based on 78 direct AMS radiocarbon dates on human remains, fauna and artifacts, as well as 9 OSL dates on paleodune sand. The older occupants have craniofacial dimensions that demonstrate similarities with mid-Holocene occupants of the southern Sahara and Late Pleistocene to early Holocene inhabitants of the Maghreb. Their hyperflexed burials compose the earliest cemetery in the Sahara dating to ∼7500 B.C.E. These early occupants abandon the area under arid conditions and, when humid conditions return ∼4600 B.C.E., are replaced by a more gracile people with elaborated grave goods including animal bone and ivory ornaments.</p> </sec><sec> <title>Conclusions/Significance</title> <p>The principal significance of Gobero lies in its extraordinary human, faunal, and archaeological record, from which we conclude the following:</p> <p> <list list-type=\"order\"><list-item> <p>The early Holocene occupants at Gobero (7700–6200 B.C.E.) were largely sedentary hunter-fisher-gatherers with lakeside funerary sites that include the earliest recorded cemetery in the Sahara.</p> </list-item><list-item> <p>Principal components analysis of craniometric variables closely allies the early Holocene occupants at Gobero with a skeletally robust, trans-Saharan assemblage of Late Pleistocene to mid-Holocene human populations from the Maghreb and southern Sahara.</p> </list-item><list-item> <p>Gobero was abandoned during a period of severe aridification possibly as long as one millennium (6200–5200 B.C.E).</p> </list-item><list-item> <p>More gracile humans arrived in the mid-Holocene (5200–2500 B.C.E.) employing a diversified subsistence economy based on clams, fish, and savanna vertebrates as well as some cattle husbandry.</p> </list-item><list-item> <p>Population replacement after a harsh arid hiatus is the most likely explanation for the occupational sequence at Gobero.</p> </list-item><list-item> <p>We are just beginning to understand the anatomical and cultural diversity that existed within the Sahara during the Holocene.</p> </list-item></list> </p> </sec>", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/lakeside-cemeteries-sahara-5000-years-holocene-population-environmental-change", "reader_count"=>118, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>36, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>11, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>36, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>11, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28, "Arts and Humanities"=>27, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemistry"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>17, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>6, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>22, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>22}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>6}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>27}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>17}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"New Zealand"=>1, "Canada"=>3, "Argentina"=>2, "Sweden"=>1, "United States"=>3, "Finland"=>1, "Brazil"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "Israel"=>1, "France"=>2, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/52049104701"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/52049104701?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=52049104701&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=52049104701&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/52049104701", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:52049104701", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-52049104701", "dc:title"=>"Lakeside cemeteries in the Sahara: 5000 years of holocene population and environmental change", "dc:creator"=>"Sereno P.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"3", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"8", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2008-08-14", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"14 August 2008", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0002995", "citedby-count"=>"74", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Department of Organismal Biology and Anatomy, The University of Chicago", "affiliation-city"=>"Chicago", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"18701936", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e2995", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0002995", "share_count"=>15, "like_count"=>12, "comment_count"=>9, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>36}

Journal Comments | Further Information

Twitter

Wikipedia | Further Information

Counter

  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2008", "pdf_views"=>"555", "xml_views"=>"32", "html_views"=>"22425"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2008", "pdf_views"=>"94", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"2152"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2008", "pdf_views"=>"81", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"622"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2008", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"856"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2008", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"758"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"547"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"352"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"322"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"153"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"196"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"238"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"220"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"210"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"214"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"257"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"249"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"233"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"245"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"358"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1159"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"198"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"241"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"203"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"269"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"221"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"242"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"213"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"212"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"217"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"292"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"247"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"169"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"319"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"104"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"163"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"263"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"200"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"242"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"165"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"156"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"165"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"157"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"133"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"129"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"130"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"144"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"176"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"190"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"192"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"274"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"249"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"292"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"262"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"226"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"264"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"305"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"193"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"171"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"197"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"723"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"468"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"291"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"206"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"300"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"318"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"573"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"366"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"342"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"458"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"305"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"318"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"306"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"369"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"360"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"245"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"218"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"254"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"178"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"439"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"257"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"344"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"165"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"209"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"376"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"288"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"262"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"264"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"150"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"257"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"179"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"178"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"219"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"157"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"159"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"70", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"266"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"77", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"252"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"177"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"59", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"173"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"63", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"213"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"48", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"179"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"51", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"174"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"50", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"229"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"153"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"437"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"459"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"41", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"615"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"514"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"521"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"511"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"120"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"53", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"47", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"108"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"47", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"60", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"56", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"69", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"98"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"39"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/924900"], "description"=>"<p>Convergence of multiple <sup>14</sup>C AMS dates based on bioapatite radiocarbon from different materials from the same individual.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ams", "dates", "bioapatite", "radiocarbon", "materials"], "article_id"=>595328, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Convergence_of_multiple_14_C_AMS_dates_based_on_bioapatite_radiocarbon_from_different_materials_from_the_same_individual_/595328", "title"=>"Convergence of multiple <sup>14</sup>C AMS dates based on bioapatite radiocarbon from different materials from the same individual.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:50:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/923622"], "description"=>"<p>Aerial view (facing north) of a portion of the Gobero site complex, first discovered in 2000, showing the raised paleodune sites G3 (bottom left, oval) and G2 (bottom right, ridge) situated on the peneplain of the Early Cretaceous (Aptian-Albian) Elrhaz Formation. The 2006 Expedition campsite (middle right) and a Recent barcan dune field are seen in the distance. The prominent edges of the paleodune sites are composed of calcrete (calcite-cemented aeolian sand). An excavation team is present on site G3. Near its right (east) margin, the pit for geologic section 3 is visible (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone-0002995-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1B</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gobero"], "article_id"=>594051, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Aerial_view_of_Gobero_sites_/594051", "title"=>"Aerial view of Gobero sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:42:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/924847"], "description"=>"<p>Measurement abbreviations as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone-0002995-t004\" target=\"_blank\">Table 4</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["loadings", "samples", "extracted", "matrix", "means", "african"], "article_id"=>595269, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.t007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Principal_component_loadings_for_human_samples_extracted_from_matrix_of_means_for_North_African_samples_/595269", "title"=>"Principal component loadings for human samples extracted from matrix of means for North African samples.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:49:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/925110"], "description"=>"<p><i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>ACL</i>, Archaeological Chemistry Laboratory, Arizona State University; <i>c</i>, deciduous canine; <i>L</i>, lower (or left); <i>M</i>, molar; <i>R</i>, right; <i>U</i>, upper.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["isotope", "enamel", "burials", "gobero", "baseline", "samples", "fauna"], "article_id"=>595532, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.t008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>28, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Strontium_isotope_87_Sr_86_Sr_results_from_human_enamel_in_burials_at_Gobero_and_baseline_samples_from_modern_fauna_and_soil_/595532", "title"=>"Strontium isotope (<sup>87</sup>Sr/<sup>86</sup>Sr) results from human enamel in burials at Gobero and baseline samples from modern fauna and soil.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:51:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/924781"], "description"=>"<p>Nine OSL dates on paleodune sand samples taken at varying depth from sites G1-4 at Gobero. OSL samples 2–4 are from a 3.0 m section on the north edge of site G1 (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone-0002995-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1F</a>). <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>BCE</i>, BP dates minus 2000 years to approximate BCE age; <i>BP</i>, before present; <i>UG</i>, Luminescence Dating Laboratory, University of Georgia.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stimulated", "luminescence", "dates", "paleodune"], "article_id"=>595215, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Optically_stimulated_luminescence_OSL_dates_for_paleodune_sand_/595215", "title"=>"Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dates for paleodune sand.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:49:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/924588"], "description"=>"<p>(A)-Percentage pollen spectra from three mid-Holocene burials on sites G1 and G3 showing low diversity vegetation and the prevalence of Sahelian phytogeographical character. (B)-Arboreal pollen. (C)-Non-arboreal pollen. Long distance transport is low, as indicated by the paucity of Mediterranean taxa <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone.0002995-Mercuri1\" target=\"_blank\">[15]</a>. Crushed or damaged pollen grains that could be identified were summed in the relevant taxa. Only pollen that could not be identified were included in the deteriorated sum. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>CONISS</i>, constrained incremental sum of squares; <i>p/g</i>, pollen per gram.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mid-holocene"], "article_id"=>595024, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.g010", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pollen_composition_in_mid_Holocene_burials_/595024", "title"=>"Pollen composition in mid-Holocene burials.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:48:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/923836"], "description"=>"<p>(A)-Gobero site G3 showing excavated burials (red dots). (B)-Enlarged map of the early Holocene cemetery showing the location of 17 undisturbed burials of skeletons with dark-stained bone (red dots). Five burials (red dot with outer ring) were directly dated to a narrow range of ∼7500±250 years B.C.E. (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone-0002995-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2</a>; <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone-0002995-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>). (C)-Skeleton (dark-stained) of an early Holocene adult male (G3B8; ∼7515 B.C.E.) buried in supine, hyperflexed posture with hands over the mouth and feet crossed. Computed-tomography cross-section (below) across the middle of the skeleton (red line) shows the tightly bundled configuration of major limb bones (within a 25 cm×12 cm rectangle) for an adult with stature approximately 2 m. (D)-Skull of early Holocene adult male (as in C) showing long, low calvarium, broad zygomatic width and relatively flat face. (E)-Skull of an early Holocene juvenile (G3B17b; ∼7630 B.C.E; estimated age 5 years) already showing long, low cranial proportions. Scale bar in C equals 13.3 cm for skeleton and 10 cm for CT scan; skull length (glabella-opisthocranion) in D and E equals 190.0 mm and 171.0 mm, respectively. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>f</i>, femur, <i>fi</i>, fibula; <i>h</i>, humerus; <i>r</i>, radius; <i>ti</i>, tibia; <i>ul</i>, ulna.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["holocene", "burials"], "article_id"=>594267, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Early_Holocene_cemetery_burials_and_skulls_/594267", "title"=>"Early Holocene cemetery, burials and skulls.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:43:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/925053"], "description"=>"<p>Pollen sampling for three mid-Holocene burials.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sampling", "mid-holocene"], "article_id"=>595484, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.t009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pollen_sampling_for_three_mid_Holocene_burials_/595484", "title"=>"Pollen sampling for three mid-Holocene burials.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:51:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/924484"], "description"=>"<p>Portion of a mid-Holocene midden (midden 4) with matrix removed showing stacking of the valves of the clam Mutela, articulated fish vertebrae, and potsherds (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone-0002995-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2, dates 42, 43</a>, average midpoint ∼4445 B.C.E.).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology", "evolutionary biology/evolutionary ecology", "evolutionary biology/paleontology"], "article_id"=>594917, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mid_Holocene_midden_/594917", "title"=>"Mid-Holocene midden.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:47:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/924743"], "description"=>"<p>Dates from the same specimen or feature are grouped together (shaded or unshaded). For some sherds recovered in burials with Kiffian decorative motifs, dates based on plant temper are older than 6000 B.C.E. (dates 26–28). Other sherds found in burials and middens with Kiffian decorative motifs and dates based on plant temper are younger than 6000 B.C.E. (dates 29, 32, 34, 45, 46, 52). Although these younger ages may be aberrant (EAAG), they are concordant with dates based on other materials when found in the same midden (dates 44–54; JFS). Likewise, two direct dates on bone harpoon points (dates 64, 65) are concordant with other dated material in refuse area 5 associated with the early Holocene occupational phase 2 (dates 64, 65). An additional pair of direct dates (dates 66, 68) on bone harpoon points found in situ in paleolake sediment, however, are more than 2 kyr younger and date to the middle of the mid-Holocene occupational phase 3. Additional testing of bone harpoon points is warranted to better understand these results.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["78", "radiocarbon", "ams", "graphically"], "article_id"=>595173, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ages_and_associated_data_for_78_radiocarbon_14_C_AMS_dates_which_are_shown_graphically_in_Figure_3_bottom_to_top_/595173", "title"=>"Ages and associated data for 78 radiocarbon <sup>14</sup>C AMS dates, which are shown graphically in Figure 3 (bottom to top).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:49:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/923716"], "description"=>"<p>Timelines and occupation phases 1–4 are shown at the bottom. Associated chronometric data are compiled in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone-0002995-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a> using current atmospheric standards <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone.0002995-Reimer1\" target=\"_blank\">[55]</a>. All of the burials that have been dated at Gobero fall within phases 2 and 3, which are shown as green to indicate favorable humid climate conditions; more arid intervals are shown as tan including occupation phases 1 and 4. Multiple dates on individual specimens or features are boxed. A dotted line separates early and mid-Holocene human burials. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>B.C.E.</i>, before current era (registered to calendar year zero); <i>B.P.</i>, before present (1950); <i>G1B8</i>, burial 8 on G1; <i>G1B11</i>, burial 11 on G1; <i>G3B8</i>, burial 8 on G3; <i>K</i>, Kiffian; <i>LT</i>, Late Tenerean; <i>T</i>, Tenerean.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dates", "artifacts"], "article_id"=>594154, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Radiocarbon_14_C_AMS_dates_for_human_skeletons_ceramics_charcoals_middens_fauna_artifacts_and_sediment_/594154", "title"=>"Radiocarbon (<sup>14</sup>C AMS) dates for human skeletons, ceramics, charcoals, middens, fauna, artifacts and sediment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:43:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/924695"], "description"=>"<p>Nine human populations sampled for craniometric analysis ranging in age from the Late Pleistocene (ca. 80,000 BP, Aterian) to the mid-Holocene (ca. 4000 BP) and in geographic distribution across the Maghreb to the southern Sahara <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone.0002995-Dutour1\" target=\"_blank\">[18]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone.0002995-Irish1\" target=\"_blank\">[19]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone.0002995-Chamla1\" target=\"_blank\">[26]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone.0002995-Mauny1\" target=\"_blank\">[27]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone.0002995-Lubell1\" target=\"_blank\">[54]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["populations", "sampled", "craniometric", "ranging", "pleistocene", "mid-holocene", "4000", "geographic", "maghreb", "sahara"], "article_id"=>595117, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Nine_human_populations_sampled_for_craniometric_analysis_ranging_in_age_from_the_Late_Pleistocene_ca_80_000_BP_Aterian_to_the_mid_Holocene_ca_4000_BP_and_in_geographic_distribution_across_the_Maghreb_to_the_southern_Sahara_18_19_26_27_54_/595117", "title"=>"Nine human populations sampled for craniometric analysis ranging in age from the Late Pleistocene (ca. 80,000 BP, Aterian) to the mid-Holocene (ca. 4000 BP) and in geographic distribution across the Maghreb to the southern Sahara [18], [19], [26], [27], [54].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:49:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/924234"], "description"=>"<p>(A)-Mid-Holocene adult male (G3B36; ∼3500 B.C.E.) buried with skull resting in a partial ceramic vessel (see B). (B)-Side and magnified view of ceramic vessel (G3-94) under skull (see A) showing rocker stamp decoration. Kiffian tool kit (C–F). (C)-Biserial bone harpoon point with perforated butt (GA154) made from a crocodile dentary. (D)-Uniserial fixed barbed point with notched butt (GA130) made from an artiodactyl long bone. (E)-Bone hook (GA31a). (F)-Crescent-shaped microlith (G1-71b) from site G1 (deflated). Tenerean tool kit (G-I). (G)-Felsite bifacial point (G3-1b) associated with an adult male burial (G3B4). (H)-One (G1-134) of four hollow-based points associated with a mid-Holocene adult female (G1B8; ∼3315 B.C.E.) in a triple burial (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone-0002995-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 3E, F</a>). (I)-Anterior and magnified view of a felsite adze (GA110c) showing the green color and vesicles common to this source rock. (J)-Amazonite pendant (GA124). (K)-Upper arm bracelet (G1-7) carved in hippo ivory near the distal end of the left humerus in a juvenile burial (G1B2; ∼2835 B.C.E.). (L)-Bead (G3-6 necklace, bead 9) made of hippo ivory showing the paired bite mark from the incisors of a rodent (top, arrow) on a divot removed from the bead margin (bottom). (M)-Anterior and magnified lateral views of a pendant (part of G3-6 necklace) carved in hippo ivory and found in situ on a mid-Holocene adult female (G3B41; ∼3620 B.C.E.). Scale bars equal 5 cm in B and 2 cm in L. Ages given above are from <sup>14</sup>C AMS dates on enamel bioapatite and represent the midpoint of the calibrated radiocarbon confidence interval (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone-0002995-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>). Maximum artifact length is 11.9 cm in C, 13.2 cm in D, 2.0 cm in E, 2.3 cm in F, 2.04 cm in G, 2.0 cm in H, 8.2 cm in I, 4.4 cm in J, 8.4 cm in K, and 8.8 cm in M.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hippo", "ivory", "artifacts"], "article_id"=>594671, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>43, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ceramic_lithic_bone_and_hippo_ivory_artifacts_and_ornaments_/594671", "title"=>"Ceramic, lithic, bone and hippo ivory artifacts and ornaments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:46:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/925007"], "description"=>"<p>Craniometric means for early and mid-Holocene skulls from Gobero and comparative samples elsewhere from northern Africa. <i>Measurement acronyms</i> (after <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone.0002995-Dutour1\" target=\"_blank\">[18]</a>): <i>LGO</i>, glabella-occipital length; <i>BPX</i>, maximum cranial breadth; <i>LBN</i>, basion-nasion; <i>HBB</i>, basion-bregma; <i>AFR</i>, frontal arc; <i>APA</i>, parietal arc; <i>AOC</i>, occipital arc; <i>CFR</i>, frontal chord; <i>COC</i>, occipital chord; <i>HNP</i>, nasion-prosthion; <i>HNZ</i>, nasion-nasospinale; <i>BNZ</i>, nasal breadth; <i>BZY</i>, bizygomtic breadth; <i>BFW</i>, minimum frontal breadth; <i>BFX</i>, maximum frontal breadth; <i>HORC</i>, horizontal circumference above the superciliary arches. <i>Sample acronyms and abbreviations</i>: <i>Ater</i>, Aterian; <i>EMI</i>, eastern Maghreb Iberomaurusian; <i>EMC</i>, eastern Maghreb Capsian; <i>Gob-e</i>, Gobero early Holocene; <i>Gob-m</i>, Gobero mid-Holocene; <i>Maur</i>, Mauritania; <i>Mali</i>, Hassi-el-Abiod, Mali; <i>WMI</i>, western Maghreb Iberomaurusian; <i>WMC</i>, western Maghreb Capsian.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["means"], "article_id"=>595440, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Craniometric_means_for_human_samples_/595440", "title"=>"Craniometric means for human samples.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:50:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/924957"], "description"=>"<p><i>Abbreviations</i>: +, species present; <b>x</b>, species very common.</p>1<p>As eggshell beads.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gobero", "taxa", "recorded", "archaeological", "sites", "mid-holocene", "middens", "paleolake", "deposits", "deflation"], "article_id"=>595378, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Faunal_list_at_Gobero_showing_taxa_recorded_at_archaeological_sites_G1_3_in_early_and_mid_Holocene_middens_middens_1_8211_4_refuse_area_5_and_in_the_Gobero_area_in_paleolake_deposits_or_on_deflation_surfaces_/595378", "title"=>"Faunal list at Gobero showing taxa recorded at archaeological sites (G1-3), in early and mid-Holocene middens (middens 1–4, refuse area 5), and in the Gobero area (in paleolake deposits or on deflation surfaces).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:50:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/923485"], "description"=>"<p>(A)-Map showing location of the Holocene archaeological site Gobero and the Holocene felsite quarry Alallaka on the border of the Aïr massif. (B)-Geologic map of main paleodune cemetery sites (G1-3) showing transect line connecting 13 geologic sections (see C, E, F) and a portion of a topographic transect (dashed line; see D). (C)-Stratigraphic profile across sites G1-3 based on 13 sections showing the Cretaceous peneplain of the Elrhaz Formation, the Late Pleistocene to early Holocene paleodune deposit, the early to mid-Holocene paleolake deposit, and Recent sand cover (15 times vertical exaggeration). (D)-Topographic transect (dashed line in B) between site G5 and a spillway on the Mazelet fault scarp located 1.3 km to the south (30 times vertical exaggeration). Habitation (3 m) and maximum (8 m) paleolake levels are shown, the latter resulting in inundation of archaeological sites G1-5. (E)-Stratigraphic section of paleolake deposit between sites G1 and G2 with fossiliferous zone limited to the uppermost 5 cm and location of sediment sample for <sup>14</sup>C AMS date 75 (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone-0002995-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>). (F)-Stratigraphic section of paleodune deposit at site G1 showing human skeletons limited to the uppermost 1 m and the location of three OSL samples (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone-0002995-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>, dates 2–4). <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>AMS 75</i>, <sup>14</sup>C AMS date 75; <i>OSL</i>, optically stimulated luminescence.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["maps", "geologic", "sites"], "article_id"=>593911, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Location_maps_and_geologic_section_across_principal_sites_at_Gobero_/593911", "title"=>"Location maps and geologic section across principal sites at Gobero.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:41:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/924124"], "description"=>"<p>Plot of first two principal components extracted from a mean matrix for 17 craniometric variables (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone-0002995-t004\" target=\"_blank\">Tables 4</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone-0002995-t007\" target=\"_blank\">7</a>) in 9 human populations (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone-0002995-t003\" target=\"_blank\">Table 3</a>) from the Late Pleistocene through the mid-Holocene from the Maghreb and southern Sahara. Seven trans-Saharan populations cluster together, whereas Late Pleistocene Aterians (Ater) and the mid-Holocene population at Gobero (Gob-m) are striking outliers. Axes are scaled by the square root of the corresponding eigenvalue for the principal component. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>Ater</i>, Aterian; <i>EMC</i>, eastern Maghreb Capsian; <i>EMI</i>, eastern Maghreb Iberomaurusian; <i>Gob-e</i>, Gobero early Holocene; <i>Gob-m</i>, Gobero mid-Holocene; <i>Mali</i>, Hassi-el-Abiod, Mali; <i>Maur</i>, Mauritania; <i>WMC</i>, western Maghreb Capsian; <i>WMI</i>, western Maghreb Iberomaurusian.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["components", "craniofacial", "dimensions", "pleistocene", "mid-holocene", "populations", "maghreb"], "article_id"=>594552, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Principal_components_analysis_of_craniofacial_dimensions_among_Late_Pleistocene_to_mid_Holocene_populations_from_the_Maghreb_and_southern_Sahara_/594552", "title"=>"Principal components analysis of craniofacial dimensions among Late Pleistocene to mid-Holocene populations from the Maghreb and southern Sahara.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:45:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/923989"], "description"=>"<p>(A)-Top view of mid-Holocene adult male (G1B11; ∼4645 B.C.E.) buried in a recumbent hyperflexed posture. (B)-Bottom view of burial in A showing a mud turtle carapace (<i>Pelusios adansonii</i>) in contact with the ventral aspect of the pelvic girdle. (C)-Skull from burial in A and B showing high calvarium, narrow zygomatic width and more prognathous face. (D)-Mid-Holocene juvenile (G1B2; ∼2835 B.C.E.) with upper arm bracelet of hippo ivory. (E)-Mid-Holocene triple burial involving an adult female (G1B8; ∼3315 B.C.E.) and two juveniles (G1B9, G1B10) with intertwined arms, hands and legs. (F)-Schematic showing skeletal positions in the triple burial with the adult female on right (tan, G1B8) facing juveniles with estimated ages of 8 years (black, G1B9) and 5 years (red, G1B8).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["burials"], "article_id"=>594425, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mid_Holocene_burials_and_skull_/594425", "title"=>"Mid-Holocene burials and skull.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:44:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/924383"], "description"=>"<p>(A)-An intrusion of green microcrystalline feldpar, or felsite <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone.0002995-Hermes1\" target=\"_blank\">[35]</a>, is exposed as an oval outcrop approximately 0.8 km in width and 2.5 km in length near the Alallaka wadi on the southeastern edge of the Air massif (an area known as Takolokouzet), situated 160 km north of the Gobero site complex <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995#pone-0002995-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1A</a>). The exposed rock shows the characteristic green hue, variable lamination, and vesicular texture common to many of the felsite lithics from Gobero. (B)-Abundant debitage as well as large groundstones attest to a longstanding knapping operation at Alallaka. Scale bar equals 3 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["felsite", "knapping"], "article_id"=>594810, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Paul C. Sereno", "Elena A. A. Garcea", "Hélène Jousse", "Christopher M. Stojanowski", "Jean-François Saliège", "Abdoulaye Maga", "Oumarou A. Ide", "Kelly J. Knudson", "Anna Maria Mercuri", "Thomas W. Stafford Jr.", "Thomas G. Kaye", "Carlo Giraudi", "Isabella Massamba N'siala", "Enzo Cocca", "Hannah M. Moots", "Didier B. Dutheil", "Jeffrey P. Stivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002995.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Alallaka_a_felsite_knapping_site_on_the_edge_of_the_A_255_r_massif_/594810", "title"=>"Alallaka, a felsite knapping site on the edge of the Aÿr massif.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:47:07"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"month"=>"1", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"16", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"16", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"14", "unique-ip"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"30", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"28", "figure"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"30", "unique-ip"=>"21", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"22", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"13", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"15", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"23", "unique-ip"=>"22", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"23", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"25", "figure"=>"16", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"11", "pdf"=>"7", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"14", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"14", "unique-ip"=>"26", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"10", "unique-ip"=>"11", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"13", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"13", "figure"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"8", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"11", "unique-ip"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"12", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"12", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"8", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"11", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"64", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"44", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"29", "unique-ip"=>"23", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"5", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"11", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"8", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"25", "month"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"75", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2008", "figure"=>"187", "scanned-summary"=>"87", "supp-data"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"41", "year"=>"2008", "pdf"=>"14", "unique-ip"=>"41", "figure"=>"14", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"4", "full-text"=>"49", "unique-ip"=>"44", "pdf"=>"19", "year"=>"2008", "figure"=>"21", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"21", "year"=>"2008", "pdf"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"24", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"31", "unique-ip"=>"28", "pdf"=>"10", "year"=>"2008", "figure"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"34", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"29", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"4", "full-text"=>"22", "unique-ip"=>"30", "pdf"=>"9", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"23", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"5", "unique-ip"=>"21", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"30", "unique-ip"=>"28", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"25", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"25", "figure"=>"14", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"29", "unique-ip"=>"28", "pdf"=>"10", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"4", "full-text"=>"19", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"18", "figure"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"13", "unique-ip"=>"13", "pdf"=>"7", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"29", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"18", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"21", "unique-ip"=>"18", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"51", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"46", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"21", "unique-ip"=>"20", "pdf"=>"1", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"10", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"15", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"15", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"23", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"17", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"15", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"18", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"53", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"59", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"75", "full-text"=>"95", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"72", "full-text"=>"87", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"68", "full-text"=>"88", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"94", "full-text"=>"113", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"101", "full-text"=>"109", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2008-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2008-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[324, 674, 863, 1015, 1146, 1259, 1360, 1452, 1540, 1621, 1704, 1776, 1843, 1905, 1968, 2029, 2097, 2162, 2233, 2289, 2352, 2412, 2476, 2538, 2601, 2655, 2714, 2777, 2841, 2894, 2946, 2998, 3047, 3103, 3151, 3201, 3258, 3317, 3369, 3424, 3471, 3521, 3583, 3625, 3687, 3743, 3788, 3838, 3896, 3953, 4015, 4075, 4148, 4201, 4275, 4347, 4420, 4486, 4535, 4592, 4660, 4731, 4792, 4845, 4901, 4971, 5027, 5089, 5148, 5200, 5261, 5318, 5374]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Atmospheric science", "average_usage"=>[458, 1301, 1440, 1533, 1657, 1723, 1778, 1813, 1844, 1878, 1905, 1955, 2013, 2080, 2164, 2247, 2336, 2395, 2441, 2492, 2547, 2604, 2686, 2740, 2823, 2858, 2947, 3047, 3149, 3255, 3325, 3382, 3465, 3564, 3610, 3650, 3704, 3742, 3803, 3858, 3889, 3932, 3984, 4025, 4088, 4166, 4270, 4338, 4390, 4460, 4528, 4609, 4689, 4758, 4845, 4911, 4940, 5002, 5074, 5105, 5153, 5195, 5285, 5320, 5374, 5505, 5571, 5615, 5675, 5740, 5800, 5876, 5918, 5990]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts