Low Frequency Groans Indicate Larger and More Dominant Fallow Deer (Dama dama) Males
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{"title"=>"Low frequency groans indicate larger and more dominant fallow deer (Dama dama) males", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Elisabetta", "last_name"=>"Vannoni", "scopus_author_id"=>"14623582000"}, {"first_name"=>"Alan G.", "last_name"=>"McElligott", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701399660"}], "year"=>2008, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"18769619", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0003113", "pui"=>"352399767", "issn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"52349098096", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-52349098096"}, "id"=>"ac37d253-5be1-33e2-bca9-6301fca7238e", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Models of honest advertisement predict that sexually selected calls should signal male quality. In most vertebrates, high quality males have larger body sizes that determine higher social status and in turn higher reproductive success. Previous research has emphasised the importance of vocal tract resonances or formant frequencies of calls as cues to body size in mammals. However, the role of the acoustic features of vocalisations as cues to other quality-related phenotypic characteristics of callers has rarely been investigated.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We examined whether the acoustic structure of fallow deer groans provides reliable information on the quality of the caller, by exploring the relationships between male quality (body size, dominance rank, and mating success) and the frequency components of calls (fundamental frequency, formant frequencies, and formant dispersion). We found that body size was not related to the fundamental frequency of groans, whereas larger males produced groans with lower formant frequencies and lower formant dispersion. Groans of high-ranking males were characterised by lower minimum fundamental frequencies and to a lesser extent, by lower formant dispersions. Dominance rank was the factor most strongly related to mating success, with higher-ranking males having higher mating success. The minimum fundamental frequency and the minimum formant dispersion were indirectly related to male mating success (through dominance rank).\\n\\nCONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Our study is the first to show that sexually selected vocalisations can signal social dominance in mammals other than primates, and reveals that independent acoustic components encode accurate information on different phenotypic aspects of male quality.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/low-frequency-groans-indicate-larger-more-dominant-fallow-deer-dama-dama-males", "reader_count"=>72, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>21, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>4, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>21, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>4, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Environmental Science"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>47, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Psychology"=>3, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Computer Science"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>3}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>47}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Hungary"=>1, "United States"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>4, "South Africa"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "Chile"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/922561"], "description"=>"<p>Lower values of dominance rank indicate higher ranking males. Higher ranking males produced groans with lower minimum fundamental frequency.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["f0min", "dominance"], "article_id"=>593011, "categories"=>["Infectious Diseases", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Elisabetta Vannoni", "Alan G. McElligott"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003113.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_negative_relationship_between_F0min_and_dominance_rank_log_transformed_/593011", "title"=>"The negative relationship between F0min and dominance rank (log-transformed).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:36:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/922417"], "description"=>"<p>Bigger males emit groans characterised by lower minimum formant dispersion.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["relationships", "formant", "dispersion"], "article_id"=>592871, "categories"=>["Infectious Diseases", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Elisabetta Vannoni", "Alan G. McElligott"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003113.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_negative_relationships_between_body_size_and_minimum_formant_dispersion_Dfmin_/592871", "title"=>"The negative relationships between body size and minimum formant dispersion (Dfmin).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 09:35:40"}

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