Wound-Induced Endogenous Jasmonates Stunt Plant Growth by Inhibiting Mitosis
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{"title"=>"Wound-induced endogenous jasmonates stunt plant growth by inhibiting mitosis", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Yi", "last_name"=>"Zhang", "scopus_author_id"=>"57196200475"}, {"first_name"=>"John G.", "last_name"=>"Turner", "scopus_author_id"=>"55553740606"}], "year"=>2008, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-58149177774", "pmid"=>"19002244", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0003699", "pui"=>"355609561", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"58149177774"}, "id"=>"a7050860-cfc9-3c36-87c9-6a8aa8da1c0a", "abstract"=>"When plants are repeatedly injured their growth is stunted and the size of organs such as leaves is greatly reduced. The basis of this effect is not well-understood however, even though it reduces yield of crops injured by herbivory, and produces dramatic effects exemplified in ornamental bonsai plants. We have investigated the genetic and physiological basis of this \"bonsai effect\" by repeatedly wounding leaves of the model plant Arabidopsis. This treatment stunted growth by 50% and increased the endogenous content of jasmonate (JA), a growth inhibitor, by seven-fold. Significantly, repeated wounding did not stunt the growth of the leaves of mutants unable to synthesise JA, or unable to respond to JA including coi1, jai3, myc2, but not jar1. The stunted growth did not result from reduced cell size, but resulted instead from reduced cell number, and was associated with reduced expression of CycB1;2. Wounding caused systemic disappearance of constitutively expressed JAZ1::GUS. Wounding also activates plant immunity. We show that a gene, 12-oxo-phytodienoate reductase, which catalyses a step in JA biosynthesis, and which we confirm is not required for defence, is however required for wound-induced stunting. Our data suggest that intermediates in the JA biosynthetic pathway activate defence, but a primary function of wound-induced JA is to stunt growth through the suppression of mitosis.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/woundinduced-endogenous-jasmonates-stunt-plant-growth-inhibiting-mitosis", "reader_count"=>146, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>11, "Researcher"=>34, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>51, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>14, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>11, "Researcher"=>34, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>51, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>14, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Environmental Science"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>11, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>118, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Chemistry"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>118}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>11}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Cuba"=>1, "Canada"=>1, "Argentina"=>1, "Czech Republic"=>1, "Belgium"=>1, "United States"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Switzerland"=>2, "Germany"=>2, "Spain"=>2}, "group_count"=>4}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/916623"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Thirty-one-day old wild type, <i>aos</i> (in <i>Col-gl</i> background), and <i>opr3</i> (in <i>Ws</i> background) plants after wounding. Controls are unwounded. (B) Leaf area of unwounded and wounded 31-day-old wild type plants and JA mutants (n≥10). Lines underneath the histogram indicate the same genetic background, <i>Col-0</i>, <i>Col-gl</i>, or <i>Ws</i>. (C) Effect of MeJA on root length and fresh weight of wild type <i>Col-0</i> and <i>jar1</i> plants (n≥25). (D) Leaf area of unwounded and wounded 31-day-old wild type <i>Ler</i> and quadruple-DELLA mutant plants (n≥10). (E) Growth rates of control and wounded <i>Col-gl</i> and <i>aos</i> plants. Wounding of plants started on day 21, indicated by the dotted line (n = 12).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wounding", "plants", "ja"], "article_id"=>587084, "categories"=>["Virology", "Cell Biology", "Plant Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Yi Zhang", "John G. Turner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003699.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_wounding_on_growth_of_wild_type_plants_and_JA_mutants_/587084", "title"=>"Effect of wounding on growth of wild type plants and JA mutants.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-11-11 01:58:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/916748"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Untreated plants as control. Inset is an enlarged part of the petiole to indicate the individually stained cells (arrow). (B) Plants wounded on ten successive days. (C) Plants sprayed three times over 10 days with MeJA (100 µM) Numbers indicate leaf number. Scale bar, 1 mm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["detection", "gus", "31-day-old", "plants", "containing"], "article_id"=>587203, "categories"=>["Virology", "Cell Biology", "Plant Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Yi Zhang", "John G. Turner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003699.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Histochemical_detection_of_GUS_in_31_day_old_wild_type_Col_0_plants_containing_the_CycB1_2_GUS_reporter_/587203", "title"=>"Histochemical detection of GUS in 31-day-old wild type <i>Col-0</i> plants containing the <i>CycB1;2</i>::<i>GUS</i> reporter.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-11-11 02:00:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/917368"], "description"=>"<p>Effect of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) on the rate of leaf emergence.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["methyl", "jasmonate"], "article_id"=>587828, "categories"=>["Virology", "Cell Biology", "Plant Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Yi Zhang", "John G. Turner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003699.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_methyl_jasmonate_MeJA_on_the_rate_of_leaf_emergence_/587828", "title"=>"Effect of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) on the rate of leaf emergence.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2008-11-11 02:10:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/452921", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/452941", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/452962"], "description"=>"<div><p>When plants are repeatedly injured their growth is stunted and the size of organs such as leaves is greatly reduced. The basis of this effect is not well-understood however, even though it reduces yield of crops injured by herbivory, and produces dramatic effects exemplified in ornamental bonsai plants. We have investigated the genetic and physiological basis of this “bonsai effect” by repeatedly wounding leaves of the model plant Arabidopsis. This treatment stunted growth by 50% and increased the endogenous content of jasmonate (JA), a growth inhibitor, by seven-fold. Significantly, repeated wounding did not stunt the growth of the leaves of mutants unable to synthesise JA, or unable to respond to JA including <em>coi1</em>, <em>jai3</em>, <em>myc2</em>, but not <em>jar1</em>. The stunted growth did not result from reduced cell size, but resulted instead from reduced cell number, and was associated with reduced expression of <em>CycB1;2</em>. Wounding caused systemic disappearance of constitutively expressed JAZ1::GUS. Wounding also activates plant immunity. We show that a gene, <em>12-oxo-phytodienoate reductase</em>, which catalyses a step in JA biosynthesis, and which we confirm is not required for defence, is however required for wound-induced stunting. Our data suggest that intermediates in the JA biosynthetic pathway activate defence, but a primary function of wound-induced JA is to stunt growth through the suppression of mitosis.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wound-induced", "endogenous", "jasmonates", "stunt", "inhibiting", "mitosis"], "article_id"=>149230, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Cell Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Yi Zhang", "John G. Turner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003699.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003699.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003699.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Wound_Induced_Endogenous_Jasmonates_Stunt_Plant_Growth_by_Inhibiting_Mitosis/149230", "title"=>"Wound-Induced Endogenous Jasmonates Stunt Plant Growth by Inhibiting Mitosis", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2008-11-11 02:33:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/917289"], "description"=>"<p>COI1, JAZ proteins and MYC2 -but not JAR1- are required for wound-induced growth inhibition. This model branches the signal pathway at JA.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wound-induced", "inhibition"], "article_id"=>587755, "categories"=>["Virology", "Cell Biology", "Plant Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Yi Zhang", "John G. Turner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003699.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_JA_and_the_wound_induced_growth_inhibition_pathway_/587755", "title"=>"JA and the wound-induced growth inhibition pathway.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-11-11 02:09:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/917343"], "description"=>"<p>Each value in the table is the mean±SE of the measurements. For each row, means with different superscript letters are significantly different, p<0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wounding"], "article_id"=>587804, "categories"=>["Virology", "Cell Biology", "Plant Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Yi Zhang", "John G. Turner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003699.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_wounding_on_the_size_of_leaf_8_and_cell_size_/587804", "title"=>"Effect of wounding on the size of leaf 8 and cell size.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2008-11-11 02:10:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/917141"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Survival of <i>Col-gl</i>, <i>aos</i>, <i>Ws</i> and <i>opr3</i> plants grown in soil infested with larvae of <i>Bradysia impatiens</i>. Adult flies were introduced at day 14 and survival was counted on day 46. (B) Survival of <i>aos</i> plants grown in soil infested with larvae of <i>Bradysia impatiens</i> as (A) and sprayed with MeJA (100 µM), or OPDA (100 µM), or water as a control at day 30, 32 and 35. (C) Quantitative RT-PCR was used to measure the expression of <i>AOS</i> in <i>Ws</i> and <i>opr3</i> plants untreated as control or wounded twice on two leaves. The <i>AOS</i> level was relative to <i>ACTIN2</i>. (D) OPDA (100 µM) or MeJA (100 µM) was applied to leaves of wild type and <i>opr3</i> plants at days 21, 23 and 25. Images are of plants at 31 days. (E) Leaf area of plants from (D). (F) Five-day-old wild type <i>Ws</i> and <i>opr3</i> plants were transferred to MS as control and MS containing 10 µM MeJA or 10 µM OPDA. Images were taken 7 days after transfer. (G) Length of roots of seedlings from (F) (n≥21).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["opda", "defence"], "article_id"=>587609, "categories"=>["Virology", "Cell Biology", "Plant Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Yi Zhang", "John G. Turner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003699.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_JA_and_OPDA_in_defence_against_Bradysia_impatiens_and_growth_inhibition_/587609", "title"=>"JA and OPDA in defence against <i>Bradysia impatiens</i>, and growth inhibition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-11-11 02:06:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/916404"], "description"=>"<p>Linolenic acid synthesised by fatty acid desaturases (FAD) is released from chloroplast lipid in response to a stress such as wounding or attack by pests and pathogens, and it serves as substrate for jasmonate (JA) biosynthesis. 12-oxophytodienoic acid (OPDA) is sufficient for defence against pests and pathogens. Key enzymes in JA synthesis are allene oxide synthase (AOS) and 12-oxophytodienoate reductase 3 (OPR3). Lower case gene symbols indicate mutants used in this study. JAR1 couples JA to an amino acid which activates a signal pathway, involving COI1, which also contributes to defence. Specific wound responses are activated by a COI1-dependent signal that removes JAZ proteins that suppress the transcription factor MYC2/JIN1, leading to its activation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["plant biology", "cell biology/cell signaling", "cell biology/plant cell biology", "plant biology/plant growth and development", "plant biology/plant-biotic interactions", "plant biology/plant-environment interactions"], "article_id"=>586858, "categories"=>["Virology", "Cell Biology", "Plant Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Yi Zhang", "John G. Turner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003699.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_JA_and_the_wound_signal_pathway_/586858", "title"=>"JA and the wound signal pathway.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-11-11 01:54:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/916494"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Leaves were wounded by applying pressure with forceps having serrated teeth, bruising the tissue. For JA determination (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0003699#pone-0003699-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2B</a>) and the wound-induced growth inhibition experiments (Figure and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0003699#pone-0003699-g004\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 4</a>), the largest leaf was wounded on each occasion. No leaf was wounded more than once. At the end of the experiment, plant usually had 14–16 leaves, of which 10 were wounded (the size of the wounded leaves varied). (B) JA content in control and wounded <i>Col-gl</i> and <i>aos</i> plants. (C) Quantitative RT-PCR was used to measure expression of <i>VSP1</i> in untreated controls and wounded <i>Col-gl</i> and <i>aos</i> plants. The <i>VSP1</i> level was relative to <i>ACTIN2</i>. (D) Eighteen-day-old wild type <i>Col-gl</i> and <i>coi1-1</i> seedlings containing the <i>35S</i>::<i>JAZ1</i>::<i>GUS</i> transgene were untreated as control or wounded on a single leaf. GUS activity was detected histochemically one hour afterwards. The wounded leaf is not shown in the images.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wounding", "arabidopsis"], "article_id"=>586955, "categories"=>["Virology", "Cell Biology", "Plant Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Yi Zhang", "John G. Turner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003699.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_wounding_on_Arabidopsis_plants_/586955", "title"=>"Effect of wounding on Arabidopsis plants.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-11-11 01:55:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/916953"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Four-day-old seedlings were transferred to MS as control or to MS containing MeJA (50 µM), IAA (2 µM), ACC (10 µM) or SA (50 µM) for 10 days. (B) Root length of 14 days old seedlings growing on media containing MeJA, IAA, ACC, and SA. (C) Cyclin index of control and MeJA treated plants from (A). (D) Histochemical detection of GUS in seedlings from (A). Scale bar, 0.5 mm. (E) Twelve-day-old seedlings grown on MS media were transferred to MS as control or to MS containing 50 µM MeJA. GUS was detected histochemically at the indicated intervals after transfer. (F) Twelve-day-old seedlings grown on soil were sprayed with water as control or 500 µM MeJA, and again at the intervals at which samples were taken. GUS activity in the samples was measured by the MUG assay. Data points are means of three samples of 60 seedlings each.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sa", "gus", "plants", "containing"], "article_id"=>587410, "categories"=>["Virology", "Cell Biology", "Plant Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Yi Zhang", "John G. Turner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003699.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_MeJA_IAA_ACC_and_SA_on_growth_and_GUS_expression_in_wild_type_Col_0_plants_containing_CycB1_2_GUS_transgene_/587410", "title"=>"Effect of MeJA, IAA, ACC, and SA on growth and GUS expression in wild type <i>Col-0</i> plants containing <i>CycB1;2</i>::<i>GUS</i> transgene.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-11-11 02:03:30"}

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Relative Metric

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