Using Auditory Steady State Responses to Outline the Functional Connectivity in the Tinnitus Brain
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{"title"=>"Using auditory steady state responses to outline the functional connectivity in the tinnitus brain", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Winfried", "last_name"=>"Schlee", "scopus_author_id"=>"22836015100"}, {"first_name"=>"Nathan", "last_name"=>"Weisz", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602346810"}, {"first_name"=>"Olivier", "last_name"=>"Bertrand", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006736613"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Hartmann", "scopus_author_id"=>"55684408700"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Elbert", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006641802"}], "year"=>2008, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-56649103587", "pmid"=>"19005566", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0003720", "pui"=>"352721909", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)", "sgr"=>"56649103587"}, "id"=>"9d3673d9-8483-36df-a480-8edf81f3b2b8", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is an auditory phantom perception that is most likely generated in the central nervous system. Most of the tinnitus research has concentrated on the auditory system. However, it was suggested recently that also non-auditory structures are involved in a global network that encodes subjective tinnitus. We tested this assumption using auditory steady state responses to entrain the tinnitus network and investigated long-range functional connectivity across various non-auditory brain regions. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using whole-head magnetoencephalography we investigated cortical connectivity by means of phase synchronization in tinnitus subjects and healthy controls. We found evidence for a deviating pattern of long-range functional connectivity in tinnitus that was strongly correlated with individual ratings of the tinnitus percept. Phase couplings between the anterior cingulum and the right frontal lobe and phase couplings between the anterior cingulum and the right parietal lobe showed significant condition x group interactions and were correlated with the individual tinnitus distress ratings only in the tinnitus condition and not in the control conditions. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge this is the first study that demonstrates existence of a global tinnitus network of long-range cortical connections outside the central auditory system. This result extends the current knowledge of how tinnitus is generated in the brain. We propose that this global extend of the tinnitus network is crucial for the continuos perception of the tinnitus tone and a therapeutical intervention that is able to change this network should result in relief of tinnitus.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/using-auditory-steady-state-responses-outline-functional-connectivity-tinnitus-brain", "reader_count"=>79, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Researcher"=>27, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Researcher"=>27, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>3, "Unspecified"=>8, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>4, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>19, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14, "Neuroscience"=>11, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Psychology"=>16, "Computer Science"=>1, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>19}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>11}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>16}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>4}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>8}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Greece"=>1, "United States"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Trinidad and Tobago"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/915466"], "description"=>"<p>Illustration of the design and the expected responses.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neuroscience/neurobiology of disease and regeneration", "neuroscience/psychology"], "article_id"=>585920, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Winfried Schlee", "Nathan Weisz", "Olivier Bertrand", "Thomas Hartmann", "Thomas Elbert"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003720.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Illustration_of_the_design_and_the_expected_responses_/585920", "title"=>"Illustration of the design and the expected responses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2008-11-13 01:38:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/915488"], "description"=>"<p>Patient Information of the Tinnitus Sample.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tinnitus"], "article_id"=>585952, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Winfried Schlee", "Nathan Weisz", "Olivier Bertrand", "Thomas Hartmann", "Thomas Elbert"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003720.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Patient_Information_of_the_Tinnitus_Sample_/585952", "title"=>"Patient Information of the Tinnitus Sample.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2008-11-13 01:39:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/915323"], "description"=>"<p>The data are presented in top view showing frontal, temporal and parietal sources in both hemispheres as well as one source at the anterior cingulate cortex and one posterior source. Line colours represent the strength of the interaction.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["connectivities"], "article_id"=>585782, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Winfried Schlee", "Nathan Weisz", "Olivier Bertrand", "Thomas Hartmann", "Thomas Elbert"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003720.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Long_range_connectivities_with_a_significant_interaction_effect_group_x_condition_/585782", "title"=>"Long-range connectivities with a significant interaction effect <i>group x condition</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-11-13 01:36:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/452838", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/452881"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Tinnitus is an auditory phantom perception that is most likely generated in the central nervous system. Most of the tinnitus research has concentrated on the auditory system. However, it was suggested recently that also non-auditory structures are involved in a global network that encodes subjective tinnitus. We tested this assumption using auditory steady state responses to entrain the tinnitus network and investigated long-range functional connectivity across various non-auditory brain regions.</p><h3>Methods and Findings</h3><p>Using whole-head magnetoencephalography we investigated cortical connectivity by means of phase synchronization in tinnitus subjects and healthy controls. We found evidence for a deviating pattern of long-range functional connectivity in tinnitus that was strongly correlated with individual ratings of the tinnitus percept. Phase couplings between the anterior cingulum and the right frontal lobe and phase couplings between the anterior cingulum and the right parietal lobe showed significant <em>condition x group</em> interactions and were correlated with the individual tinnitus distress ratings only in the tinnitus condition and not in the control conditions.</p><h3>Conclusions</h3><p>To the best of our knowledge this is the first study that demonstrates existence of a global tinnitus network of long-range cortical connections outside the central auditory system. This result extends the current knowledge of how tinnitus is generated in the brain. We propose that this global extend of the tinnitus network is crucial for the continuos perception of the tinnitus tone and a therapeutical intervention that is able to change this network should result in relief of tinnitus.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["auditory", "responses", "connectivity", "tinnitus"], "article_id"=>149211, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Winfried Schlee", "Nathan Weisz", "Olivier Bertrand", "Thomas Hartmann", "Thomas Elbert"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003720.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003720.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Using_Auditory_Steady_State_Responses_to_Outline_the_Functional_Connectivity_in_the_Tinnitus_Brain/149211", "title"=>"Using Auditory Steady State Responses to Outline the Functional Connectivity in the Tinnitus Brain", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2008-11-13 02:33:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/915385"], "description"=>"<p>The first row shows the scatterplots of the inter-regional connectivity between the right parietal and the anterior cingulate cortex across all stimulation conditions. Subjective ratings were positively correlated with the inter-regional phase synchronization when stimulated with the tinnitus tone. There was no correlation when the control tones were played. The second row depicts the same plots for the connectivity between right frontal and anterior cingulate cortex. The correlation between tinnitus intrusiveness and phase synchrony was negative. Again, there was no significant correlation between the two control conditions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["connectivities", "tinnitus", "intrusiveness"], "article_id"=>585839, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Winfried Schlee", "Nathan Weisz", "Olivier Bertrand", "Thomas Hartmann", "Thomas Elbert"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003720.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Inter_regional_connectivities_with_an_association_between_tinnitus_intrusiveness_and_phase_synchronization_/585839", "title"=>"Inter-regional connectivities with an association between tinnitus intrusiveness and phase synchronization.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-11-13 01:37:19"}

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