Evidence of Repeated and Independent Saltational Evolution in a Peculiar Genus of Sphinx Moths (Proserpinus: Sphingidae)
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{"title"=>"Evidence of repeated and independent saltational evolution in a peculiar genus of sphinx moths (Proserpinus: Sphingidae)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Daniel", "last_name"=>"Rubinoff", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602370528"}, {"first_name"=>"Johannes J.", "last_name"=>"Le Roux", "scopus_author_id"=>"15048207800"}], "year"=>2008, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-58149203248", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0004035", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"354030176", "sgr"=>"58149203248", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"19107205"}, "id"=>"b4104e79-d727-37cf-8ff3-1f208693939e", "abstract"=>"Background: Saltational evolution in which a particular lineage undergoes relatively rapid, significant, and unparalleled change as compared with its closest relatives is rarely invoked as an alternative model to the dominant paradigm of gradualistic evolution. Identifying saltational events is an important first-step in assessing the importance of this discontinuous model in generating evolutionary novelty. We offer evidence for three independent instances of saltational evolution in a charismatic moth genus with only eight species. Methodology/Principal Findings: Maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood and Bayesian search criteria offered congruent, well supported phylogenies based on 1,965 base pairs of DNA sequence using the mitochondrial gene cytochrome oxidase subunit I, and the nuclear genes elongation factor-1 alpha and wingless. Using a comparative methods approach, we examined three taxa exhibiting novelty in the form of Batesian mimicry, host plant shift, and dramatic physiological differences in light of the phylogenetic data. All three traits appear to have evolved relatively rapidly and independently in three different species of Proserpinus. Each saltational species exhibits a markedly different and discrete example of discontinuous trait evolution while remaining canalized for other typical traits shared by the rest of the genus. All three saltational taxa show insignificantly different levels of overall genetic change as compared with their congeners, implying that their divergence is targeted to particular traits and not genome-wide. Conclusions/Significance: Such rapid evolution of novel traits in individual species suggests that the pace of evolution can be quick, dramatic, and isolated-even on the species level. These results may be applicable to other groups in which specific taxa have generated pronounced evolutionary novelty. Genetic mechanisms and methods for assessing such relatively rapid changes are postulated.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/evidence-repeated-independent-saltational-evolution-peculiar-genus-sphinx-moths-proserpinus-sphingid", "reader_count"=>29, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>25, "Chemistry"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>25}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "Japan"=>1, "China"=>1, "Finland"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Estonia"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/913439"], "description"=>"<p>Branch support is given beneath branches as bootstrap values (1000 replicates). Numbers above branches indicate decay indices (MP) determined separately for COI, wingless and EF1 α, respectively. Accession location data are mapped onto the tree (MO, Missouri; CO, Colorado; CAN, AB, Alberta [Canada]; NB, New Brunswick [Canada]; SK, Saskatchewan [Canada]; FR, France; DE, Germany; CA, California; AZ, Arizona; NM, New Mexico). Saltational taxa are highlighted in green.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phylogram", "generated", "wingless", "dataset"], "article_id"=>583899, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Rubinoff", "Johannes J. Le Roux"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0004035.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_ML_phylogram_8722_ln_likelihood_8202_8202_899_956_generated_from_the_combined_COI_EF1_945_and_wingless_dataset_using_the_GTR_I_G_model_of_evolution_/583899", "title"=>"ML phylogram (−ln likelihood = 899.956) generated from the combined COI, EF1α, and wingless dataset using the GTR+I+G model of evolution.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 07:21:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/913562"], "description"=>"*<p>For all US specimen locations are given as state and county, all locations outside of the US are given as country and province.</p>§<p>Accession numbers for each specimen are given in the following order: CO1/EF1α/wingless.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology", "ecology/evolutionary ecology", "evolutionary biology/evolutionary ecology"], "article_id"=>584029, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Rubinoff", "Johannes J. Le Roux"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0004035.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Specimen_data_/584029", "title"=>"Specimen data.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 07:22:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/913108"], "description"=>"<p>The inserted map shows the distribution ranges of North American Proserpine species (excluding the outgroup genus <i>Euproserpinus</i> and the Paleoarctic <i>P. proserpina</i>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["included", "phylogenetic", "reconstructions"], "article_id"=>583567, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Rubinoff", "Johannes J. Le Roux"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0004035.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Illustrations_of_all_species_of_Proserpinus_Arctonotus_and_Euproserpinus_included_in_phylogenetic_reconstructions_in_this_study_/583567", "title"=>"Illustrations of all species of <i>Proserpinus</i>, <i>Arctonotus</i> and <i>Euproserpinus</i> included in phylogenetic reconstructions in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 07:19:44"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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