A Postnatal Critical Period for Orientation Plasticity in the Cat Visual Cortex
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{"title"=>"A postnatal critical period for orientation plasticity in the cat visual cortex", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Shigeru", "last_name"=>"Tanaka", "scopus_author_id"=>"7405554952"}, {"first_name"=>"Toshiki", "last_name"=>"Tani", "scopus_author_id"=>"12789131800"}, {"first_name"=>"Jérôme", "last_name"=>"Ribot", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004586113"}, {"first_name"=>"Kazunori", "last_name"=>"O'Hashi", "scopus_author_id"=>"16245734400"}, {"first_name"=>"Kazuyuki", "last_name"=>"Imamura", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202591692"}], "year"=>2009, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"354572164", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0005380", "sgr"=>"65549127186", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-65549127186", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"19401781"}, "id"=>"acb06b73-eb8c-3304-8e22-9fb7a2ee133d", "abstract"=>"Orientation selectivity of primary visual cortical neurons is an important requisite for shape perception. Although numerous studies have been previously devoted to a question of how orientation selectivity is established and elaborated in early life, how the susceptibility of orientation plasticity to visual experience changes in time remains unclear. In the present study, we showed a postnatal sensitive period profile for the modifiability of orientation selectivity in the visual cortex of kittens reared with head-mounted goggles for stable single-orientation exposure. When goggle rearing (GR) started at P16-P30, 2 weeks of GR induced a marked over-representation of the exposed orientation, and 2 more weeks of GR consolidated the altered orientation maps. GR that started later than P50, in turn, induced the under-representation of the exposed orientation. Orientation plasticity in the most sensitive period was markedly suppressed by cortical infusion of NMDAR antagonist. The present study reveals that the plasticity and consolidation of orientation selectivity in an early life are dynamically regulated in an experience-dependent manner.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/postnatal-critical-period-orientation-plasticity-cat-visual-cortex", "reader_count"=>45, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>20, "Neuroscience"=>5, "Physics and Astronomy"=>3, "Psychology"=>5, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>3, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>5}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>5}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>20}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Israel"=>1, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/445499", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/445519", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/445565", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/445587"], "description"=>"<div><h3></h3><p>Orientation selectivity of primary visual cortical neurons is an important requisite for shape perception. Although numerous studies have been previously devoted to a question of how orientation selectivity is established and elaborated in early life, how the susceptibility of orientation plasticity to visual experience changes in time remains unclear. In the present study, we showed a postnatal sensitive period profile for the modifiability of orientation selectivity in the visual cortex of kittens reared with head-mounted goggles for stable single-orientation exposure. When goggle rearing (GR) started at P16-P30, 2 weeks of GR induced a marked over-representation of the exposed orientation, and 2 more weeks of GR consolidated the altered orientation maps. GR that started later than P50, in turn, induced the under-representation of the exposed orientation. Orientation plasticity in the most sensitive period was markedly suppressed by cortical infusion of NMDAR antagonist. The present study reveals that the plasticity and consolidation of orientation selectivity in an early life are dynamically regulated in an experience-dependent manner.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["postnatal", "plasticity", "cortex"], "article_id"=>147808, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Shigeru Tanaka", "Toshiki Tani", "Jérôme Ribot", "Kazunori O'Hashi", "Kazuyuki Imamura"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005380.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005380.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005380.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005380.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/A_Postnatal_Critical_Period_for_Orientation_Plasticity_in_the_Cat_Visual_Cortex/147808", "title"=>"A Postnatal Critical Period for Orientation Plasticity in the Cat Visual Cortex", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2009-04-29 02:10:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/900174"], "description"=>"<p>The relative size of cortical domains preferentially responding to the exposed orientation is plotted against the postnatal day of optical imaging. Symbols are indicated in the figure. Plots obtained from identical kittens are linked by solid lines. Numerical figures indicate onset ages of GR.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["duration"], "article_id"=>570637, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Shigeru Tanaka", "Toshiki Tani", "Jérôme Ribot", "Kazunori O'Hashi", "Kazuyuki Imamura"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005380.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_duration_and_timing_of_GR_/570637", "title"=>"Effects of duration and timing of GR.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-04-29 00:10:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/900097"], "description"=>"<p>Sensitivity profiles are shown for control and D-AP5-treated hemispheres, separately. For reference, we plot the sensitivity profile for 1-week GR without D-AP5 infusion obtained from 6 kittens. Symbols are defined in the figure.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["d-ap5", "infusion"], "article_id"=>570555, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Shigeru Tanaka", "Toshiki Tani", "Jérôme Ribot", "Kazunori O'Hashi", "Kazuyuki Imamura"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005380.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_D_AP5_infusion_on_the_sensitivity_profile_/570555", "title"=>"Effects of D-AP5 infusion on the sensitivity profile.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-04-29 00:09:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/899606"], "description"=>"<p>Data are shown for postnatal days indicated. (a), (c) and (e): orientation polar maps. Color and brightness indicate preferred orientation and orientation selectivity. White curves delineate functionally defined area 17. Scale bars, 2 mm. Color code is placed below e. (b), (d) and (f): orientation histograms. Height of bins indicates the relative size of cortical domains preferentially responding to stimulus orientations. Horizontal lines indicate the relative size of iso-orientation domains for a uniform orientation representation. The same bin is doubly depicted at 0° and 180° for symmetric representation. Cortical coordinate placed on c: A, anterior; P, posterior; R, right; and L, left. (g): the relative size of cortical domains preferentially responding to vertical orientation (red dots) and horizontal orientation (blue dots) plotted against the postnatal day of optical imaging repeated in 23 normally reared kittens. Two curves were obtained using Stineman's smoothing procedure.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["selectivity", "reared"], "article_id"=>570065, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Shigeru Tanaka", "Toshiki Tani", "Jérôme Ribot", "Kazunori O'Hashi", "Kazuyuki Imamura"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005380.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Orientation_selectivity_in_normally_reared_kittens_/570065", "title"=>"Orientation selectivity in normally reared kittens.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-04-29 00:01:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/899808"], "description"=>"<p>(a): single-orientation maps representing responses to 0° and 90°, constructed at P28 in a normally reared kitten (NR) and at P38 immediately after 1-week vertical-GR in the same animal (1-w GR). Darkness in the maps indicates the strength of responses to stimulus orientations. Horizontal lines drawn inside functionally defined area 17 are superimposed on the maps and placed on the corresponding cortical position. Length of the lines, 7.2 mm. (b): profiles of response strengths for 0° before and after GR along the horizontal lines (blue: before; red: after). (c): those for 90°. (d): profiles of changes in response strengths through GR (differences between the two curves in b and c). Orange: 90°; sky blue: 0°. We carefully calibrated the baseline level of responses so that the response strength averaged over the range of the 2.4-mm extension of the horizontal lines into functionally defined area 18, either before or after GR. Stimulus gratings of a 0.5 c.p.d. spatial frequency presently used do not evoke area 18 (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0005380#s4\" target=\"_blank\">Materials and Methods</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["selectivity"], "article_id"=>570274, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Shigeru Tanaka", "Toshiki Tani", "Jérôme Ribot", "Kazunori O'Hashi", "Kazuyuki Imamura"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005380.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_orientation_selectivity_before_and_after_GR_/570274", "title"=>"Comparison of orientation selectivity before and after GR.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-04-29 00:04:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/899710"], "description"=>"<p>Data obtained by starting/ending GR at the indicated postnatal days are illustrated similarly to <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0005380#pone-0005380-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 1a–f</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["selectivity", "kittens", "continuously", "exposed", "vertical-", "horizontal"], "article_id"=>570161, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Shigeru Tanaka", "Toshiki Tani", "Jérôme Ribot", "Kazunori O'Hashi", "Kazuyuki Imamura"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005380.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Orientation_selectivity_in_kittens_continuously_exposed_to_vertical_or_horizontal_orientation_for_2_weeks_/570161", "title"=>"Orientation selectivity in kittens continuously exposed to vertical- or horizontal orientation for 2 weeks.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-04-29 00:02:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/899997"], "description"=>"<p>(a), (e) and (i): orientation polar maps constructed immediately after concurrent GR and D-AP5 infusion for 1 week in three kittens for different onset ages of GR. (b), (f) and (j): response-strength maps constructed by summing all single-orientation maps in the respective animals. Brightness indicates response strength. White dots in a, e and i, and red dots in b, f, and j indicate locations of infusion centers of D-AP5 in the left-hemisphere or saline in the right hemisphere. (c), (g) and (k), and (d), (h) and (l) show orientation histograms for the D-AP5-treated visual cortex and for the control visual cortex, respectively. Other conventions are as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0005380#pone-0005380-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 1</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["nmda", "receptor", "antagonist"], "article_id"=>570456, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Shigeru Tanaka", "Toshiki Tani", "Jérôme Ribot", "Kazunori O'Hashi", "Kazuyuki Imamura"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005380.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_NMDA_receptor_antagonist_on_orientation_plasticity_/570456", "title"=>"Effect of NMDA receptor antagonist on orientation plasticity.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-04-29 00:07:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/899901"], "description"=>"<p>Ordinate: orientation sensitivity defined by (<i>x</i>-<i>y</i>)/(1-<i>y</i>), where <i>x</i> represents the relative size of cortical domains for the exposed orientation in a goggle-reared kitten, and <i>y</i> represents the value of the smoothed curves for normal kittens (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0005380#pone-0005380-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 1g</a>) for the same orientation. Red dots: vertical orientation; blue squares: horizontal orientation. Abscissa: postnatal day of 2-week GR onset.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["profiles"], "article_id"=>570358, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Shigeru Tanaka", "Toshiki Tani", "Jérôme Ribot", "Kazunori O'Hashi", "Kazuyuki Imamura"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005380.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sensitivity_profiles_for_orientation_plasticity_/570358", "title"=>"Sensitivity profiles for orientation plasticity.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-04-29 00:05:58"}

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