Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 Preferentially Grows as Aggregates in Liquid Batch Cultures and Disperses upon Starvation
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{"title"=>"Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 preferentially grows as aggregates in liquid batch cultures and disperses upon starvation", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"David", "last_name"=>"Schleheck", "scopus_author_id"=>"6505816285"}, {"first_name"=>"Nicolas", "last_name"=>"Barraud", "scopus_author_id"=>"15047415100"}, {"first_name"=>"Janosch", "last_name"=>"Klebensberger", "scopus_author_id"=>"55970952300"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeremy S.", "last_name"=>"Webb", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403217640"}, {"first_name"=>"Diane", "last_name"=>"McDougald", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602669136"}, {"first_name"=>"Scott A.", "last_name"=>"Rice", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202334322"}, {"first_name"=>"Staffan", "last_name"=>"Kjelleberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"35478805900"}], "year"=>2009, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"65849315814", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0005513", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"354613493", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"19436737", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-65849315814"}, "id"=>"363248e7-fca2-37e4-847c-28eb6d36297d", "abstract"=>"In both natural and artificial environments, bacteria predominantly grow in biofilms, and bacteria often disperse from biofilms as freely suspended single-cells. In the present study, the formation and dispersal of planktonic cellular aggregates, or 'suspended biofilms', by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in liquid batch cultures were closely examined, and compared to biofilm formation on a matrix of polyester (PE) fibers as solid surface in batch cultures. Plankton samples were analyzed by laser-diffraction particle-size scanning (LDA) and microscopy of aggregates. Interestingly, LDA indicated that up to 90% of the total planktonic biomass consisted of cellular aggregates in the size range of 10-400 microm in diameter during the growth phase, as opposed to individual cells. In cultures with PE surfaces, P. aeruginosa preferred to grow in biofilms, as opposed to planktonicly. However, upon carbon, nitrogen or oxygen limitation, the planktonic aggregates and PE-attached biofilms dispersed into single cells, resulting in an increase in optical density (OD) independent of cellular growth. During growth, planktonic aggregates and PE-attached biofilms contained densely packed viable cells and extracellular DNA (eDNA), and starvation resulted in a loss of viable cells, and an increase in dead cells and eDNA. Furthermore, a release of metabolites and infective bacteriophage into the culture supernatant, and a marked decrease in intracellular concentration of the second messenger cyclic di-GMP, was observed in dispersing cultures. Thus, what traditionally has been described as planktonic, individual cell cultures of P. aeruginosa, are in fact suspended biofilms, and such aggregates have behaviors and responses (e.g. dispersal) similar to surface associated biofilms. In addition, we suggest that this planktonic biofilm model system can provide the basis for a detailed analysis of the synchronized biofilm life cycle of P. aeruginosa.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pao1-preferentially-grows-aggregates-liquid-batch-cultures-disperses-upon-sta", "reader_count"=>175, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Researcher"=>42, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>14, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>43, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>26, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>23, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Researcher"=>42, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>14, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>43, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>26, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>23, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>4, "Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>6, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>23, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>109, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>7, "Physics and Astronomy"=>4, "Chemistry"=>6, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>13, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>4}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>7}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>6}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>4}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>13}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>109}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>23}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>6}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Republic of Singapore"=>1, "United States"=>4, "United Kingdom"=>1, "France"=>2, "Switzerland"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>7}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/898376"], "description"=>"<p>The OD in identically incubated batch cultures of aggregating <i>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</i> PAO1 (panel A), and of non-aggregating strain <i>Comamonas testosteroni</i> KF-1 <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0005513#pone.0005513-Schleheck3\" target=\"_blank\">[42]</a> for comparison (panel B), were monitored in 10-min intervals (solid circles) in a flow-through OD photometric system (see inset in panel B). At longer time intervals, growth was also followed by manual sampling and determination of standard OD (open circles) and carbon substrate concentration (open squares; succinate). Time points of starvation are indicated by dashed lines.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["curves", "established", "automated", "od"], "article_id"=>568830, "categories"=>["Microbiology"], "users"=>["David Schleheck", "Nicolas Barraud", "Janosch Klebensberger", "Jeremy S. Webb", "Diane McDougald", "Scott A. Rice", "Staffan Kjelleberg"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005513.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Detailed_growth_curves_established_by_automated_OD_determination_/568830", "title"=>"Detailed growth curves established by automated OD determination.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:58:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/898271"], "description"=>"<p>Aggregates and aggregate dispersion after glucose depletion (dashed line) was monitored by OD (open circle) and glucose determination (solid circle), and the release of active bacteriophage into the culture supernatant (square) determined as plaque formation units (pfu) after drop-plating serial dilutions of cell-free culture supernatant onto soft-agar plates with <i>P. aeruginosa</i> PAO1 ΔPf4 lawn, indicative of infective phage production.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bacteriophage", "carbon"], "article_id"=>568723, "categories"=>["Microbiology"], "users"=>["David Schleheck", "Nicolas Barraud", "Janosch Klebensberger", "Jeremy S. Webb", "Diane McDougald", "Scott A. Rice", "Staffan Kjelleberg"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005513.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlation_of_increased_release_of_active_bacteriophage_with_carbon_starvation_/568723", "title"=>"Correlation of increased release of active bacteriophage with carbon starvation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:58:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/898205"], "description"=>"<p>Aggregated growth and aggregate dispersion after glucose depletion (panel A) was monitored by OD (open circle), cellular protein (solid square), and glucose determination (solid circle). Cells collected from plankton samples were extracted, and extracts analyzed for its content in cyclic di-GMP by HPLC-MS<sup>2</sup>, and data plotted (panel B) as total cyclic di-GMP concentration (open circle), and cyclic di-GMP concentration relative to total cellular protein content (solid square).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["levels", "intracellular", "messenger", "cyclic", "di-gmp", "carbon", "starvation", "aggregate"], "article_id"=>568642, "categories"=>["Microbiology"], "users"=>["David Schleheck", "Nicolas Barraud", "Janosch Klebensberger", "Jeremy S. Webb", "Diane McDougald", "Scott A. Rice", "Staffan Kjelleberg"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005513.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlation_of_decrease_of_levels_of_intracellular_second_messenger_cyclic_di_GMP_with_carbon_starvation_and_aggregate_dispersion_/568642", "title"=>"Correlation of decrease of levels of intracellular second messenger cyclic di-GMP with carbon starvation and aggregate dispersion.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:57:46"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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