Antigen-Presenting Cells Represent Targets for R5 HIV-1 Infection in the First Trimester Pregnancy Uterine Mucosa
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Antigen-presenting cells represent targets for R5 HIV-1 infection in the first trimester pregnancy uterine mucosa", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Romain", "last_name"=>"Marlin", "scopus_author_id"=>"26967908100"}, {"first_name"=>"Marie Thérèse", "last_name"=>"Nugeyre", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602069736"}, {"first_name"=>"Claire", "last_name"=>"de Truchis", "scopus_author_id"=>"26967604600"}, {"first_name"=>"Nadia", "last_name"=>"Berkane", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004040403"}, {"first_name"=>"Amélie", "last_name"=>"Gervaise", "scopus_author_id"=>"56186917600"}, {"first_name"=>"Françoise", "last_name"=>"Barré-Sinoussi", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004591197"}, {"first_name"=>"Elisabeth", "last_name"=>"Menu", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006837320"}], "year"=>2009, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"67650099197", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0005971", "pui"=>"354877228", "pmid"=>"19543402", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-67650099197", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"9d4a3a9e-f399-3390-9d5a-9a64d2cbc8e0", "abstract"=>"During the first trimester of pregnancy, HIV-1 mother-to-child transmission is relatively rare despite the permissivity of placental cells to cell-to-cell HIV-1 infection. The placenta interacts directly with maternal uterine cells (decidual cells) but the physiological role of the decidua in the control of HIV-1 transmission and whether decidua could be a source of infected cells is unknown.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/antigenpresenting-cells-represent-targets-r5-hiv1-infection-first-trimester-pregnancy-uterine-mucosa", "reader_count"=>18, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8, "Psychology"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>3, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>3}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Belgium"=>1, "France"=>1, "Russia"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/442825"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>During the first trimester of pregnancy, HIV-1 mother-to-child transmission is relatively rare despite the permissivity of placental cells to cell-to-cell HIV-1 infection. The placenta interacts directly with maternal uterine cells (decidual cells) but the physiological role of the decidua in the control of HIV-1 transmission and whether decidua could be a source of infected cells is unknown.</p><h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>To answer to this question, decidual mononuclear cells were exposed to HIV-1 <em>in vitro</em>. Decidual cells were shown to be more susceptible to infection by an R5 HIV-1, as compared to an X4 HIV-1. Infected cells were identified by flow cytometry analysis. The results showed that CD14<sup>+</sup> cells were the main targets of HIV-1 infection in the decidua. These infected CD14<sup>+</sup> cells expressed DC-SIGN, CD11b, CD11c, the Fc gamma receptor CD16, CD32 and CD64, classical MHC class-I and class-II and maturation and activation molecules CD83, CD80 and CD86. The permissivity of decidual tissue was also evaluated by histoculture. Decidual tissue was not infected by X4 HIV-1 but was permissive to R5 HIV-1. Different profiles of infection were observed depending on tissue localization.</p><h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p>The presence of HIV-1 target cells in the decidua <em>in vitro</em> and the low rate of <em>in utero</em> mother-to-child transmission during the first trimester of pregnancy suggest that a natural control occurs <em>in vivo</em> limiting cell-to-cell infection of the placenta and consequently infection of the fetus.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["antigen-presenting", "cells", "targets", "r5", "hiv-1", "trimester", "uterine", "mucosa"], "article_id"=>147275, "categories"=>["Immunology", "Medicine", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Romain Marlin", "Marie-Thérèse Nugeyre", "Claire de Truchis", "Nadia Berkane", "Amélie Gervaise", "Françoise Barré-Sinoussi", "Elisabeth Menu"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005971"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Antigen_Presenting_Cells_Represent_Targets_for_R5_HIV_1_Infection_in_the_First_Trimester_Pregnancy_Uterine_Mucosa/147275", "title"=>"Antigen-Presenting Cells Represent Targets for R5 HIV-1 Infection in the First Trimester Pregnancy Uterine Mucosa", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-06-22 02:01:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/893099"], "description"=>"<p>Isolated mononuclear cells of decidua basalis were infected with HIV-1<sub>BaL</sub> (R5) and HIV-1<sub>LAI</sub> (X4) at 10<sup>−3</sup> MOI. (A) Results are expressed in pg/ml of HIV-1 p24 viral core antigen measured by ELISA during the time course experiment and represents the mean of p24 antigen detection in supernatant from twelve different donors. (B) Decidual cells were analyzed at 11 days post infection. Cells were gated on the leukocyte population (CD45<sup>+</sup>) and characterized by expression of CD14 and p24 antigen markers. (C) To evaluate the level of infection in each type of leukocytes, cells were also gated on CD14<sup>+</sup> cells (top), CD3<sup>+</sup> cells (middle) and CD56<sup>+</sup> cells (bottom). Each pink gate shows the p24 antigen positive cells. Pink gates also determine the background for non-infected condition. Flow cytometry pictures (B and C) show a representative of nine different donors.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cytometry", "analyses", "decidual", "infected"], "article_id"=>563549, "categories"=>["Immunology", "Medicine", "Virology"], "users"=>["Romain Marlin", "Marie-Thérèse Nugeyre", "Claire de Truchis", "Nadia Berkane", "Amélie Gervaise", "Françoise Barré-Sinoussi", "Elisabeth Menu"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005971.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Flow_cytometry_analyses_of_decidual_infected_cells_/563549", "title"=>"Flow cytometry analyses of decidual infected cells.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-06-22 00:59:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/893184"], "description"=>"<p>Purified decidual CD14<sup>+</sup> cells were infected by HIV-1<sub>BaL</sub> (R5) and HIV-1<sub>LAI</sub> (X4) strains (10<sup>−3</sup> MOI), and cultured up to 21 days. Infections were monitored by p24 antigen quantification over the course of the experiment. Each line represents a separate donor. CD14<sup>+</sup> cells were purified from deciduas from at least three different donors.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["purified", "decidual"], "article_id"=>563648, "categories"=>["Immunology", "Medicine", "Virology"], "users"=>["Romain Marlin", "Marie-Thérèse Nugeyre", "Claire de Truchis", "Nadia Berkane", "Amélie Gervaise", "Françoise Barré-Sinoussi", "Elisabeth Menu"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005971.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Infection_of_purified_decidual_CD14_cells_/563648", "title"=>"Infection of purified decidual CD14<sup>+</sup> cells.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-06-22 01:00:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/893249"], "description"=>"<p>Isolated mononuclear cells from decidua basalis were infected with HIV-1<sub>BaL</sub> (R5) at 10<sup>−3</sup> MOI. Cells were analyzed 11 days post infection. Cells were gated on leukocyte population (CD45<sup>+</sup>) and CD14<sup>+</sup> cells in non-infected cells or CD14<sup>+</sup>/p24<sup>+</sup> cells in infected cells. Results are represented in percentage of expression in CD14<sup>+</sup> cells (purple bars) or CD14<sup>+</sup>/p24<sup>+</sup> infected cells (checkered bars). Analyses of decidual cells from nine different donors are represented with standard error of the mean as error bars. (A) Expression of DC-SIGN, myeloid markers CD11b and CD11c, maturation marker CD83 and activation markers CD80 and CD86 were evaluated. (B) MHC-II and classical MHC-I molecules, CD4 HIV-1 receptor and HIV-1 co-receptors of entry expression were also measured. (C) Expression of Fc receptors.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["characterization", "infected", "decidual"], "article_id"=>563708, "categories"=>["Immunology", "Medicine", "Virology"], "users"=>["Romain Marlin", "Marie-Thérèse Nugeyre", "Claire de Truchis", "Nadia Berkane", "Amélie Gervaise", "Françoise Barré-Sinoussi", "Elisabeth Menu"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005971.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phenotypic_characterization_of_infected_decidual_CD14_cells_/563708", "title"=>"Phenotypic characterization of infected decidual CD14<sup>+</sup> cells.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-06-22 01:01:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/893410"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Histocultures of decidua basalis were infected with HIV-1<sub>BaL</sub> (R5) (left) and HIV-1<sub>LAI</sub> (X4) (right) virus at 1,800 TCID<sub>50</sub>/explant and cultured for 21 days following extensive washes. Each line represents a separate donor. Results are expressed in pg/ml of p24 antigen measured by ELISA. At least three different deciduas were tested for each series of infection. (B) Infected cells were identified and phenotyped on a decidua basalis section at day 10 post infection by HIV-1<sub>BaL</sub>. Frozen sections were stained with anti-CD14 (left) (brown cells) and anti-p24 antigen (middle) (red cells). Infected cells were characterized by co-expression of the two markers (right). Images were taken at ×600 magnification and black scale line represents 10 µm length. (C) Histocultures of decidua parietalis were infected with HIV-1<sub>BaL</sub> (left) and HIV-1<sub>LAI</sub> (right) HIV-1 with the same conditions of histocultures of decidua basalis. (D) Proportion of the main leukocytes population was evaluated by immunostaining in decidua parietalis and decidua basalis histocultures at day 0. CD56<sup>+</sup>, CD14<sup>+</sup>, MHC-II<sup>+</sup> and CD3<sup>+</sup> cells were quantified on tissue sections from at least 3 different deciduas. Minimums of 500 cells were evaluated on each decidua.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["decidua", "basalis", "parietalis"], "article_id"=>563865, "categories"=>["Immunology", "Medicine", "Virology"], "users"=>["Romain Marlin", "Marie-Thérèse Nugeyre", "Claire de Truchis", "Nadia Berkane", "Amélie Gervaise", "Françoise Barré-Sinoussi", "Elisabeth Menu"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005971.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Infection_of_decidua_basalis_and_decidua_parietalis_histocultures_/563865", "title"=>"Infection of decidua basalis and decidua parietalis histocultures.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-06-22 01:04:25"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"10"}
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Relative Metric

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