Inheritance of Acquired Behaviour Adaptations and Brain Gene Expression in Chickens
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{"title"=>"Inheritance of acquired behaviour adaptations and brain gene expression in chickens", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Daniel", "last_name"=>"Nätt", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190948409"}, {"first_name"=>"Niclas", "last_name"=>"Lindqvist", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603938408"}, {"first_name"=>"Henrik", "last_name"=>"Stranneheim", "scopus_author_id"=>"30567927300"}, {"first_name"=>"Joakim", "last_name"=>"Lundeberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004756744"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter A.", "last_name"=>"Torjesen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005142383"}, {"first_name"=>"Per", "last_name"=>"Jensen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402088701"}], "year"=>2009, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"355036144", "sgr"=>"68149159890", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"19636381", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-68149159890", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0006405", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"dcf516e7-b518-3e9b-b5b5-3177ed9d7442", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Environmental challenges may affect both the exposed individuals and their offspring. We investigated possible adaptive aspects of such cross-generation transmissions, and hypothesized that chronic unpredictable food access would cause chickens to show a more conservative feeding strategy and to be more dominant, and that these adaptations would be transmitted to the offspring.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Parents were raised in an unpredictable (UL) or in predictable diurnal light rhythm (PL, 12:12 h light:dark). In a foraging test, UL birds pecked more at freely available, rather than at hidden and more attractive food, compared to birds from the PL group. Female offspring of UL birds, raised in predictable light conditions without parental contact, showed a similar foraging behavior, differing from offspring of PL birds. Furthermore, adult offspring of UL birds performed more food pecks in a dominance test, showed a higher preference for high energy food, survived better, and were heavier than offspring of PL parents. Using cDNA microarrays, we found that the differential brain gene expression caused by the challenge was mirrored in the offspring. In particular, several immunoglobulin genes seemed to be affected similarly in both UL parents and their offspring. Estradiol levels were significantly higher in egg yolk from UL birds, suggesting one possible mechanism for these effects.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings suggest that unpredictable food access caused seemingly adaptive responses in feeding behavior, which may have been transmitted to the offspring by means of epigenetic mechanisms, including regulation of immune genes. This may have prepared the offspring for coping with an unpredictable environment.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/inheritance-acquired-behaviour-adaptations-brain-gene-expression-chickens", "reader_count"=>73, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>25, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>25, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>59, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Psychology"=>4, "Computer Science"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>59}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Sweden"=>1, "Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Australia"=>1, "Switzerland"=>3, "Spain"=>2}, "group_count"=>4}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/889801"], "description"=>"<p>Significant differences are indicated: * = p<0.05; ** = p<0.01.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["nrs", "directed", "ul", "pl", "respective", "foraging"], "article_id"=>560247, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Daniel Nätt", "Niclas Lindqvist", "Henrik Stranneheim", "Joakim Lundeberg", "Peter A. Torjesen", "Per Jensen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006405.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_nrs_of_pecks_177_SEM_directed_to_a_familiar_readily_available_food_resource_in_UL_and_PL_parents_and_their_respective_offspring_as_measured_in_a_Foraging_test_/560247", "title"=>"Average nrs of pecks±SEM directed to a familiar, readily available food resource in UL and PL parents, and their respective offspring, as measured in a Foraging test.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:11:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/889932"], "description"=>"<p>Numbers of pecks in the food are given in means±SEM. Significant differences are indicated: * = p<0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ul", "pl", "parents", "respective", "offspring", "dominance"], "article_id"=>560379, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Daniel Nätt", "Niclas Lindqvist", "Henrik Stranneheim", "Joakim Lundeberg", "Peter A. Torjesen", "Per Jensen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006405.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Food_competition_at_adult_age_in_UL_and_PL_parents_and_their_respective_offspring_as_measured_in_a_Dominance_test_/560379", "title"=>"Food competition at adult age in UL and PL parents and their respective offspring as measured in a Dominance test.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:12:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/890062"], "description"=>"<p>Time spent close to the food sources is given in means±SEM. Significant differences are indicated: * = p<0.05. Dashed bars indicate preference for low energy food.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["offspring", "ul", "pl"], "article_id"=>560515, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Daniel Nätt", "Niclas Lindqvist", "Henrik Stranneheim", "Joakim Lundeberg", "Peter A. Torjesen", "Per Jensen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006405.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Preference_for_high_energy_food_in_offspring_of_UL_and_PL_parents_/560515", "title"=>"Preference for high energy food in offspring of UL and PL parents.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:13:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/890166"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Growth in UL and PL parents; male UL, n = 4; male PL, n = 7; female UL, n = 11; female PL, n = 8. (B) Body weight in offspring of UL and PL parents. The difference between the offspring groups was significant (p<0.01) based on a repeated measure general linear model with parental treatment and sex as independent factors. There was an interaction between parental treatment and sex (p<0.05) illustrated by the small figure in the female diagram. (C) Growth in offspring of UL and PL parents; males with UL parents n = 10; males with PL parents, n = 9; females with UL parents n = 11; females with PL parents n = 10. All values are given as grams with means±SEM.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["surviving"], "article_id"=>560623, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Daniel Nätt", "Niclas Lindqvist", "Henrik Stranneheim", "Joakim Lundeberg", "Peter A. Torjesen", "Per Jensen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006405.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Weight_measurements_of_surviving_birds_/560623", "title"=>"Weight measurements of surviving birds.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:13:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/890222"], "description"=>"<p>Spearman rank correlations between the M-values of the two sexes within and between generations. All correlations coefficients were significant on at least p<0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["differential"], "article_id"=>560679, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Daniel Nätt", "Niclas Lindqvist", "Henrik Stranneheim", "Joakim Lundeberg", "Peter A. Torjesen", "Per Jensen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006405.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlations_of_differential_gene_expression_/560679", "title"=>"Correlations of differential gene expression.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:13:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/890292"], "description"=>"<p>M-fold value is the log2 of the difference in expression level, and B-value is the log odds ratio of expression levels; the B-value estimates the certainty of DE vs non-certainty of DE. The criterium used for significant expression was that B>0. Positive M-values indicate that the transcript is higher expressed in birds treated with Unpredictable Light.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["differentially", "transcripts", "parents", "treated", "unpredictable", "predictable", "microarray"], "article_id"=>560736, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Daniel Nätt", "Niclas Lindqvist", "Henrik Stranneheim", "Joakim Lundeberg", "Peter A. Torjesen", "Per Jensen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006405.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Significantly_differentially_expressed_gene_transcripts_between_parents_treated_with_Unpredictable_Light_or_Predictable_Light_based_on_microarray_analysis_/560736", "title"=>"Significantly differentially expressed gene transcripts between parents treated with Unpredictable Light or Predictable Light based on microarray analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:14:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/890338"], "description"=>"<p>The table shows the same values with same criteria as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0006405#pone-0006405-t003\" target=\"_blank\">table 3</a> for all transcripts included on the microarray from the two immune related genes Ig light chain, Ig heavy chain. Also included are three MHC-transcripts, which were only top ranked in the parents. If not stated otherwise, all transcripts were down-regulated in parents treated with Unpredictable Light (UL) or offspring of UL parents in relation to parents in Predictable Light or their offspring.</p>*<p>Up-regulated.</p>1<p>Annotation was done using Chicken Discovery System.</p>§<p>NA indicate genes filtered away during analysis as low quality spot on microarray. Filtration is dependent on joint properties on all the arrays in the group, hence could fall out differently in relation to which arrays are included.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["transcripts", "had", "highest", "m-values"], "article_id"=>560788, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Daniel Nätt", "Niclas Lindqvist", "Henrik Stranneheim", "Joakim Lundeberg", "Peter A. Torjesen", "Per Jensen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006405.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Immune_gene_transcripts_which_had_among_the_2_5_highest_absolute_M_values_in_each_sex_and_generation_/560788", "title"=>"Immune gene transcripts which had among the 2.5% highest absolute M-values in each sex and generation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:14:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/890372"], "description"=>"<p>The table shows the rank position of the M-value of a gene in a particular data set (for example, female parents). The highest rank is assigned to the gene with the highest absolute M-value, and the lowest possible M-value is equal to the total nrs of genes on the list after filtration. NA denotes genes filtered away during analysis as low quality spot on microarray. The criterion for a gene being listed in this table was that it belonged to the 2.5% highest ranked genes in at least one of the sexes in both generations.</p>*<p>These genes were represented by more than one transcript on the microarray.</p>**<p>All transcripts were top ranked in both generations, See <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0006405#pone-0006405-t003\" target=\"_blank\">table 3</a>.</p>A<p>Nrs of total genes on the list 9429.</p>B<p>Nrs of total genes on the list 9570.</p>C<p>Nrs of total genes on the list 9457.</p>D<p>Nrs of total genes on the list 9078.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["m-value", "ranked"], "article_id"=>560826, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Daniel Nätt", "Niclas Lindqvist", "Henrik Stranneheim", "Joakim Lundeberg", "Peter A. Torjesen", "Per Jensen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006405.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Genes_with_an_M_value_among_the_2_5_top_ranked_in_both_generations_and_sexes_/560826", "title"=>"Genes with an M-value among the 2.5% top ranked in both generations, and sexes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:14:42"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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