Constitutional Flavonoids Derived from Epimedium Dose-Dependently Reduce Incidence of Steroid-Associated Osteonecrosis Not via Direct Action by Themselves on Potential Cellular Targets
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{"title"=>"Constitutional flavonoids derived from Epimedium dose-dependently reduce incidence of steroid-associated osteonecrosis not via direct action by themselves on potential cellular targets", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Ge", "last_name"=>"Zhang", "scopus_author_id"=>"54394810100"}, {"first_name"=>"Xin Luan", "last_name"=>"Wang", "scopus_author_id"=>"9845836900"}, {"first_name"=>"Hui", "last_name"=>"Sheng", "scopus_author_id"=>"14325965800"}, {"first_name"=>"Xin Hui", "last_name"=>"Xie", "scopus_author_id"=>"21935476900"}, {"first_name"=>"Yi Xin", "last_name"=>"He", "scopus_author_id"=>"55377723100"}, {"first_name"=>"Xin Sheng", "last_name"=>"Yao", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402530417"}, {"first_name"=>"Zi Rong", "last_name"=>"Li", "scopus_author_id"=>"9238447800"}, {"first_name"=>"Kwong Man", "last_name"=>"Lee", "scopus_author_id"=>"7501496900"}, {"first_name"=>"Wei", "last_name"=>"He", "scopus_author_id"=>"57198465434"}, {"first_name"=>"Kwok Sui", "last_name"=>"Leung", "scopus_author_id"=>"24471603600"}, {"first_name"=>"Ling", "last_name"=>"Qin", "scopus_author_id"=>"24449633900"}], "year"=>2009, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-68149137220", "pmid"=>"19641620", "sgr"=>"68149137220", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0006419", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"355036405"}, "id"=>"9eafcb96-2d9e-33df-958c-431900d8c56c", "abstract"=>"Intravascular-thrombosis and extravascular-lipid-deposit are the two key pathogenic events considered to interrupt intraosseous blood supply during development of steroid-associated osteonecrosis (ON). However, there are no clinically employed agents capable of simultaneously targeting these two key pathogenic events. The present experimental study demonstrated that constitutional flavonoid glycosides derived from herb Epimedium (EF, composed of seven flavonoid compounds with common stem nuclear) exerted dose-dependent effect on inhibition of both thrombosis and lipid-deposition and accordingly reducing incidence of steroid-associated ON in rabbits, which was not via direct action by themselves rather by their common metabolite on potential cellular targets involved in the two pathogenic pathways. The underlying mechanism could be explained by counteracting endothelium injury and excessive adipogenesis. These findings encourage designing clinical trials to investigate potential of EF in prevention of steroid-associated ON.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/constitutional-flavonoids-derived-epimedium-dosedependently-reduce-incidence-steroidassociated-osteo", "reader_count"=>9, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>4, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>4, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Chemistry"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"China"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/889773"], "description"=>"<p>(A)∼(B) Compared with the blank sera, a peak shown in 38.1 min in the sera from L-EF, M-EF and H-EF group. (C) HPLC profile of standard Icaritin. (D) 391 (<i>m/z</i> [M+Na]<sup>+</sup>) for Icaritin selected for the subsequent selected ion chromatography (SIC), with a peak at 38.1 min. (E) The +MS showed the mass weight by 391 ion (<i>m/z</i> [M+Na]<sup>+</sup>) and the absence of 56 exhibited the existence of prenyl in the +MS<sup>2</sup> chromatography. (F) <i>Epimedium</i>-derived flavonoids with common stem nuclei intestinally metabolized to Icaritin.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ion", "chromatogram", "generated"], "article_id"=>560224, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Medicine", "Pharmacology"], "users"=>["Ge Zhang", "Xin-Luan Wang", "Hui Sheng", "Xin-Hui Xie", "Yi-Xin He", "Xin-Sheng Yao", "Zi-Rong Li", "Kwong-Man Lee", "Wei He", "Kwok-Sui Leung", "Ling Qin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006419.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_total_ion_chromatogram_in_full_scan_mode_generated_by_HPLC_UV_MS_MS_/560224", "title"=>"A total ion chromatogram in full scan mode generated by HPLC/UV/MS/MS.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:11:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/889906"], "description"=>"<p>However, no differences were found between the seven parent flavonoids in EF at the concentration of 10<sup>−14</sup> M and corresponding induction group both in supernate soluble TM (C) and optical density in destained oil red O staining (D). Note: * P<0.05 for comparison with the induction group. # P<0.05 for comparison with the low dose group.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["soluble", "tm", "endotoxin", "induction", "optical", "destained", "staining", "steroid", "was", "higher", "corresponding", "icaritin", "dose-dependently", "lowered", "supernate", "compared"], "article_id"=>560321, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Medicine", "Pharmacology"], "users"=>["Ge Zhang", "Xin-Luan Wang", "Hui Sheng", "Xin-Hui Xie", "Yi-Xin He", "Xin-Sheng Yao", "Zi-Rong Li", "Kwong-Man Lee", "Wei He", "Kwok-Sui Leung", "Ling Qin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006419.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Supernate_soluble_TM_in_endotoxin_induction_group_A_and_optical_density_in_destained_oil_red_O_staining_in_steroid_induction_group_B_was_significantly_higher_than_the_corresponding_control_group_respectively_whereas_Icaritin_dose_dependently_lowered_supe/560321", "title"=>"Supernate soluble TM in endotoxin induction group (A) and optical density in destained oil red O staining in steroid induction group (B) was significantly higher than the corresponding control group, respectively, whereas Icaritin dose-dependently lowered supernate soluble TM (A) and optical density in destained oil red O staining (B) when compared to the corresponding induction group, respectively.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:12:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/889556"], "description"=>"<p>There was no significant change from baseline in ALT (A) and AST (B) when compared to the CON group. Significantly increased TM (C) from baseline in the CON group was attenuated in the L-EF group or prevented in both the M-EF and H-EF group at week 1 post induction, and adipocyte positive colonies (D) in the CON group were attenuated in the L-EF group or prevented in both the M-EF and H-EF group after induction. In addition, the significantly decreased PEP (E) from baseline in the CON group was attenuated in the L-EF group or prevented in both the M-EF and H-EF group at week 1 post induction. Note: * P<0.05 for comparison with CON; # P<0.05 for comparison with baseline. • CON group; ⧫ L-EF group; ▪ M-EF group; ▴ H-EF group.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biochemistry/drug discovery", "chemical biology/small molecule chemistry", "pharmacology/drug development", "surgery/orthopedics and sports medicine"], "article_id"=>560003, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Medicine", "Pharmacology"], "users"=>["Ge Zhang", "Xin-Luan Wang", "Hui Sheng", "Xin-Hui Xie", "Yi-Xin He", "Xin-Sheng Yao", "Zi-Rong Li", "Kwong-Man Lee", "Wei He", "Kwok-Sui Leung", "Ling Qin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006419.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hematology_cytology_MRI_data_analysis_/560003", "title"=>"Hematology/cytology/MRI data analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:10:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/889458"], "description"=>"<p>The common structure is 8-prenylkaempferol. R1 and R2 are substituted by glucose, rhamnose, or xylose, and R3 is replaced by methyl.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["flavonoid", "compounds", "flavonoids"], "article_id"=>559901, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Medicine", "Pharmacology"], "users"=>["Ge Zhang", "Xin-Luan Wang", "Hui Sheng", "Xin-Hui Xie", "Yi-Xin He", "Xin-Sheng Yao", "Zi-Rong Li", "Kwong-Man Lee", "Wei He", "Kwok-Sui Leung", "Ling Qin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006419.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Seven_major_flavonoid_compounds_are_identified_in_Epimedium_derived_Flavonoids_EF_/559901", "title"=>"Seven major flavonoid compounds are identified in <i>Epimedium</i>-derived Flavonoids (EF).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:09:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/889671"], "description"=>"<p>ON lesion was found with trabecular bone containing considerable empty lacunae and lack of marrow cells (B) when compared to normal bone (A). In ON<sup>+</sup> rabbits, thrombi were predominantly found in small marrow vessels with lack of angiographic particles (C), and marrow was predominantly occupied by a numerous fat cells (B, C). (D) Incidence of ON in each group: CON (13/14, 93%), L-EF (9/16, 56%), M-EF (2/16, 13%), H-EF (1/16, 6%). (E) There was no significant difference in ON Extent among all the groups. (F) Thrombotic Vessel Counts, and (G) Fat Cell Area Fraction presented similarities in changing patter over time, i.e. either attenuated in the L-EF group or prevented in both the M-EF and H-EF group when compared to that in the CON group. Note: Arrow pointed particle was angiographic substance during microCT-based angiography (data not shown). • CON group; ⧫ L-EF group; ▪ M-EF group; ▴ H-EF group; * P<0.05</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["characteristics", "histopathological"], "article_id"=>560119, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Medicine", "Pharmacology"], "users"=>["Ge Zhang", "Xin-Luan Wang", "Hui Sheng", "Xin-Hui Xie", "Yi-Xin He", "Xin-Sheng Yao", "Zi-Rong Li", "Kwong-Man Lee", "Wei He", "Kwok-Sui Leung", "Ling Qin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006419.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Key_characteristics_for_histopathological_identification_and_histopathological_data_analysis_/560119", "title"=>"Key characteristics for histopathological identification and histopathological data analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:10:57"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"12"}
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Relative Metric

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