A Computational Study on the Role of Gap Junctions and Rod Ih Conductance in the Enhancement of the Dynamic Range of the Retina
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{"title"=>"A computational study on the role of gap junctions and rod Ih conductance in the enhancement of the dynamic range of the retina", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Rodrigo", "last_name"=>"Publio", "scopus_author_id"=>"13102806300"}, {"first_name"=>"Rodrigo F.", "last_name"=>"Oliveira", "scopus_author_id"=>"55939201300"}, {"first_name"=>"Antonio C.", "last_name"=>"Roque", "scopus_author_id"=>"35614678100"}], "year"=>2009, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"355344560", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0006970", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"19777063", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-70349498521", "sgr"=>"70349498521"}, "id"=>"4efbbac3-591e-3e85-949e-dbb0dce2852b", "abstract"=>"Recent works suggest that one of the roles of gap junctions in sensory systems is to enhance their dynamic range by avoiding early saturation in the first processing stages. In this work, we use a minimal conductance-based model of the ON rod pathways in the vertebrate retina to study the effects of electrical synaptic coupling via gap junctions among rods and among AII amacrine cells on the dynamic range of the retina. The model is also used to study the effects of the maximum conductance of rod hyperpolarization activated current I(h) on the dynamic range of the retina, allowing a study of the interrelations between this intrinsic membrane parameter with those two retina connectivity characteristics. Our results show that for realistic values of I(h) conductance the dynamic range is enhanced by rod-rod coupling, and that AII-AII coupling is less relevant to dynamic range amplification in comparison with receptor coupling. Furthermore, a plot of the retina output response versus input intensity for the optimal parameter configuration is well fitted by a power law with exponent approximately 0.5. The results are consistent with predictions of more theoretical works and suggest that the earliest expression of gap junctions along the rod pathways, together with appropriate values of rod I(h) conductance, has the highest impact on vertebrate retina dynamic range enhancement.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/computational-study-role-gap-junctions-rod-ih-conductance-enhancement-dynamic-range-retina", "reader_count"=>58, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>9, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>18, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>7, "Student > Master"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>9, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>18, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>7, "Student > Master"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>8, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Mathematics"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>21, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>10, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>7, "Computer Science"=>3, "Energy"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>8}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>10}, "Energy"=>{"Energy"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>7}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>21}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Malaysia"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "India"=>1, "Russia"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/882373"], "description"=>"<p>Line-averaged dynamic range percent variation in relation to its maximum as a function of the connectivity index for the R layer (A) and the AII layer (B).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["percent", "connectivity", "aii"], "article_id"=>552834, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Rodrigo Publio", "Rodrigo F. Oliveira", "Antonio C. Roque"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006970.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Line_averaged_dynamic_range_percent_variation_in_relation_to_its_maximum_as_a_function_of_the_connectivity_index_for_the_R_layer_A_and_the_AII_layer_B_/552834", "title"=>"Line-averaged dynamic range percent variation in relation to its maximum as a function of the connectivity index for the R layer (A) and the AII layer (B).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-09-24 00:47:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/437712", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/437800", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/437814", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/437830", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/437843", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/437861"], "description"=>"<div><p>Recent works suggest that one of the roles of gap junctions in sensory systems is to enhance their dynamic range by avoiding early saturation in the first processing stages. In this work, we use a minimal conductance-based model of the ON rod pathways in the vertebrate retina to study the effects of electrical synaptic coupling via gap junctions among rods and among AII amacrine cells on the dynamic range of the retina. The model is also used to study the effects of the maximum conductance of rod hyperpolarization activated current I<em><sub>h</sub></em> on the dynamic range of the retina, allowing a study of the interrelations between this intrinsic membrane parameter with those two retina connectivity characteristics. Our results show that for realistic values of I<em><sub>h</sub></em> conductance the dynamic range is enhanced by rod-rod coupling, and that AII-AII coupling is less relevant to dynamic range amplification in comparison with receptor coupling. Furthermore, a plot of the retina output response <em>versus</em> input intensity for the optimal parameter configuration is well fitted by a power law with exponent . The results are consistent with predictions of more theoretical works and suggest that the earliest expression of gap junctions along the rod pathways, together with appropriate values of rod I<em><sub>h</sub></em> conductance, has the highest impact on vertebrate retina dynamic range enhancement.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["computational", "junctions", "conductance", "enhancement", "retina"], "article_id"=>146276, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Rodrigo Publio", "Rodrigo F. Oliveira", "Antonio C. Roque"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006970.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006970.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006970.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006970.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006970.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006970.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>42, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/A_Computational_Study_on_the_Role_of_Gap_Junctions_and_Rod_I_Conductance_in_the_Enhancement_of_the_Dynamic_Range_of_the_Retina/146276", "title"=>"A Computational Study on the Role of Gap Junctions and Rod I<em></em> Conductance in the Enhancement of the Dynamic Range of the Retina", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2009-09-24 01:44:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/882248"], "description"=>"<p>A gray scale was used to indicate the dynamic range in decibels.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["retina", "combinations"], "article_id"=>552712, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Rodrigo Publio", "Rodrigo F. Oliveira", "Antonio C. Roque"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006970.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dynamic_range_of_the_retina_model_for_different_combinations_of_and_of_the_rod_In_this_case_/552712", "title"=>"Dynamic range of the retina model for different combinations of and of the rod. In this case, .", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-09-24 00:45:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/882315"], "description"=>"<p>In this case, . The gray scale gives the dynamic range in decibels.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["retina", "combinations"], "article_id"=>552777, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Rodrigo Publio", "Rodrigo F. Oliveira", "Antonio C. Roque"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006970.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dynamic_range_of_the_retina_model_for_different_combinations_of_and_/552777", "title"=>"Dynamic range of the retina model for different combinations of and .", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-09-24 00:46:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/882422"], "description"=>"<p>Ionic channels parameters of the neuron models. is the maximum conductance in nS for a specific ionic channel and E<sub>x</sub> is the reversal potential in mV for this channel.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["channels", "parameters", "neuron", "conductance", "ns", "ionic", "reversal", "mv"], "article_id"=>552874, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Rodrigo Publio", "Rodrigo F. Oliveira", "Antonio C. Roque"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006970.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ionic_channels_parameters_of_the_neuron_models_is_the_maximum_conductance_in_nS_for_a_specific_ionic_channel_and_E_x_is_the_reversal_potential_in_mV_for_this_channel_/552874", "title"=>"Ionic channels parameters of the neuron models. is the maximum conductance in nS for a specific ionic channel and E<sub>x</sub> is the reversal potential in mV for this channel.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2009-09-24 00:47:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/882137"], "description"=>"<p>Rod bipolar cells in the RB layer are connected by chemical synapses with AII amacrine cells in the AII layer. AII amacrine cells in the AII layer are connected among themselves by electrical synapses and with cone bipolar cells in the CB layer. Cone bipolar cells in the CB layer receive chemical synapses from cones in the C layer and send chemical synapses to the ganglion cell.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["retina", "rods", "connected", "synapses", "cones", "bipolar", "cells", "rb"], "article_id"=>552584, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Rodrigo Publio", "Rodrigo F. Oliveira", "Antonio C. Roque"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006970.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_scheme_of_the_retina_network_model_Rods_in_the_R_layer_are_connected_by_electrical_synapses_both_among_themselves_and_with_cones_in_the_C_layer_and_by_chemical_synapses_with_rod_bipolar_cells_in_the_RB_layer_/552584", "title"=>"A scheme of the retina network model. Rods in the R layer are connected by electrical synapses both among themselves and with cones in the C layer, and by chemical synapses with rod bipolar cells in the RB layer.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-09-24 00:43:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/882490"], "description"=>"<p>Passive parameters of the neuron models. C<i><sub>m</sub></i> is the membrane capacitance and C<i><sub>rest</sub></i> is the membrane resting potential.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parameters", "neuron", "membrane", "capacitance", "resting"], "article_id"=>552944, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Rodrigo Publio", "Rodrigo F. Oliveira", "Antonio C. Roque"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006970.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Passive_parameters_of_the_neuron_models_C_m_is_the_membrane_capacitance_and_C_rest_is_the_membrane_resting_potential_/552944", "title"=>"Passive parameters of the neuron models. C<i><sub>m</sub></i> is the membrane capacitance and C<i><sub>rest</sub></i> is the membrane resting potential.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2009-09-24 00:49:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/882201"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Linear-log plot. The dots correspond to the experimental measures and the straight lines were included only to guide the eyes. (B) Log-log plot. The gray line shows the best-fit power law curve with exponent . The root mean square error (RMSE) for the fit is 1.698 Hz.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ganglion", "photocurrent", "amplitudes", "stimuli"], "article_id"=>552657, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Rodrigo Publio", "Rodrigo F. Oliveira", "Antonio C. Roque"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006970.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Firing_frequency_of_the_ganglion_cell_as_a_function_of_the_photocurrent_amplitudes_used_as_stimuli_for_the_case_with_and_/552657", "title"=>"Firing frequency of the ganglion cell as a function of the photocurrent amplitudes used as stimuli for the case with and .", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-09-24 00:44:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/882072"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Rod responses to the five simulated photocurrents. From top to bottom, traces correspond to photocurrents from 10 pA to 50 pA. (B) Photocurrent time course for five different photocurrent amplitudes, from bottom to top: 10 pA, 20 pA, 30 pA, 40 pA and 50 pA.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["photocurrents", "respective", "responses"], "article_id"=>552531, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Rodrigo Publio", "Rodrigo F. Oliveira", "Antonio C. Roque"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006970.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Simulated_photocurrents_used_as_rod_input_B_and_the_respective_rod_responses_A_/552531", "title"=>"Simulated photocurrents used as rod input (B) and the respective rod responses (A).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-09-24 00:42:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/882458"], "description"=>"<p>Parameters of the graded chemical synapse model.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["graded", "synapse"], "article_id"=>552915, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Rodrigo Publio", "Rodrigo F. Oliveira", "Antonio C. Roque"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006970.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Parameters_of_the_graded_chemical_synapse_model_/552915", "title"=>"Parameters of the graded chemical synapse model.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2009-09-24 00:48:35"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
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Relative Metric

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