Could Work Be a Source of Behavioural Disorders? A Study in Horses
Publication Date
October 28, 2009
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Martine Hausberger, Emmanuel Gautier, Véronique Biquand, Christophe Lunel, et al
Volume
4
Issue
10
Pages
e7625
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007625
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0007625
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19862328
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2763287
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/19862328
Web of Science
000271194600014
Scopus
70449568935
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/work-source-behavioural-disorders-study-horses
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/878237"], "description"=>"<p>Time spent performing different types of stereotypies (stereotypic horses only) according to type of work (% of scans, N = 120 scans per horses) (Mean±standard deviation).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spent", "performing", "types", "stereotypies", "horses", "scans"], "article_id"=>548690, "categories"=>["Mental Health", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Martine Hausberger", "Emmanuel Gautier", "Véronique Biquand", "Christophe Lunel", "Patrick Jégo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007625.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Time_spent_performing_different_types_of_stereotypies_stereotypic_horses_only_according_to_type_of_work_of_scans_N_8202_8202_120_scans_per_horses_Mean_177_standard_deviation_/548690", "title"=>"Time spent performing different types of stereotypies (stereotypic horses only) according to type of work (% of scans, N = 120 scans per horses) (Mean±standard deviation).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2009-10-28 02:24:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/435018"], "description"=>"<div><p>Stress at work, as shown by a number of human studies, may lead to a variety of negative and durable effects, such as impaired psychological functioning (anxiety, depression…). Horses share with humans this characteristic of working on a daily basis and are submitted then to work stressors related to physical constraints and/or more “psychological” conflicts, such as potential controversial orders from the riders or the requirement to suppress emotions. On another hand, horses may perform abnormal repetitive behaviour (“stereotypies”) in response to adverse life conditions. In the present study, we investigated whether the type of work the horses are used for may have an impact on their tendency to show stereotypic behaviour (and its type) outside work. Observations in their box of 76 horses all living in the same conditions, belonging to one breed and one sex, revealed that the prevalence and types of stereotypies performed strongly depended upon the type of work they were used for. The stereotypies observed involved mostly mouth movements and head tossing/nodding. Work constraints probably added to unfavourable living conditions, favouring the emergence of chronic abnormal behaviours. This is especially remarkable as the 23 hours spent in the box were influenced by the one hour work performed every day. To our knowledge, this is the first evidence of potential effects of work stressors on the emergence of abnormal behaviours in an animal species. It raises an important line of thought on the chronic impact of the work situation on the daily life of individuals.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["behavioural", "horses"], "article_id"=>145812, "categories"=>["Mental Health", "Neuroscience", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Martine Hausberger", "Emmanuel Gautier", "Véronique Biquand", "Christophe Lunel", "Patrick Jégo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007625", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Could_Work_Be_a_Source_of_Behavioural_Disorders_A_Study_in_Horses/145812", "title"=>"Could Work Be a Source of Behavioural Disorders? A Study in Horses", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2009-10-28 01:36:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/878060"], "description"=>"<p>Category 1 (N = 28): dressage and high school horses. Category 2 (N = 33): eventing, jumping and advanced riding school. <i>*</i>: statistically significant difference between the two groups, P<0.05 Mann Whitney U test. Note that despite the large variations in the percentage of time spent performing stereotypic behaviours by individual horses (see also <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0007625#pone-0007625-t002\" target=\"_blank\">table 2</a>), differences between work categories are statistically significant, confirming its strong impact.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spent", "performing", "stereotypic", "behaviour"], "article_id"=>548519, "categories"=>["Mental Health", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Martine Hausberger", "Emmanuel Gautier", "Véronique Biquand", "Christophe Lunel", "Patrick Jégo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007625.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_177_standard_deviation_percentage_of_time_spent_performing_stereotypic_behaviour_in_the_box_according_to_working_category_/548519", "title"=>"Mean (±standard deviation) percentage of time spent performing stereotypic behaviour in the box according to working category:", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-10-28 02:21:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/878285"], "description"=>"<p>Factor loadings are the squared correlation coefficients between the variables and factors.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["loadings", "factorial", "correspondence", "performed", "ways", "contingency", "stereotypies", "crossed", "65", "horses", "types"], "article_id"=>548727, "categories"=>["Mental Health", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Martine Hausberger", "Emmanuel Gautier", "Véronique Biquand", "Christophe Lunel", "Patrick Jégo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007625.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Factor_loadings_of_the_Factorial_Correspondence_Analysis_FCA_performed_on_the_two_ways_contingency_tables_five_stereotypies_crossed_by_65_horses_from_seven_types_of_work_/548727", "title"=>"Factor loadings of the Factorial Correspondence Analysis (FCA) performed on the two ways contingency tables: five stereotypies crossed by 65 horses from seven types of work.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2009-10-28 02:25:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/878198"], "description"=>"<p>Distribution of stereotypic horses in relation to type of work.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stereotypic", "horses"], "article_id"=>548653, "categories"=>["Mental Health", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Martine Hausberger", "Emmanuel Gautier", "Véronique Biquand", "Christophe Lunel", "Patrick Jégo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007625.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_of_stereotypic_horses_in_relation_to_type_of_work_/548653", "title"=>"Distribution of stereotypic horses in relation to type of work.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2009-10-28 02:24:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/878002"], "description"=>"<p>Each type of work is plotted as the barycenter of the horses working in that type of work.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["axes", "fca", "performed", "ways", "contingency", "stereotypies", "crossed", "65", "horses", "types"], "article_id"=>548445, "categories"=>["Mental Health", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Martine Hausberger", "Emmanuel Gautier", "Véronique Biquand", "Christophe Lunel", "Patrick Jégo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007625.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Graphical_representation_of_the_first_two_axes_of_the_FCA_performed_on_the_two_ways_contingency_tables_five_stereotypies_crossed_by_65_horses_from_seven_types_of_work_/548445", "title"=>"Graphical representation of the first two axes of the FCA performed on the two ways contingency tables: five stereotypies crossed by 65 horses from seven types of work.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-10-28 02:20:45"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"10"}
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Relative Metric

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