Common Garden Experiment Reveals Genetic Control of Phenotypic Divergence between Swamp Sparrow Subspecies That Lack Divergence in Neutral Genotypes
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{"title"=>"Common garden experiment reveals genetic control of phenotypic divergence between swamp sparrow subspecies that lack divergence in neutral genotypes", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Barbara", "last_name"=>"Ballentine", "scopus_author_id"=>"8118845300"}, {"first_name"=>"Russell", "last_name"=>"Greenberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402059515"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"77956335968", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0010229", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"359482264", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"20419104", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77956335968"}, "id"=>"73a926c5-3cb8-37e2-b5e4-0bfa4d311b83", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Adaptive divergence between populations in the face of strong selection on key traits can lead to morphological divergence between populations without concomitant divergence in neutral DNA. Thus, the practice of identifying genetically distinct populations based on divergence in neutral DNA may lead to a taxonomy that ignores evolutionarily important, rapidly evolving, locally-adapted populations. Providing evidence for a genetic basis of morphological divergence between rapidly evolving populations that lack divergence in selectively neutral DNA will not only inform conservation efforts but also provide insight into the mechanisms of the early processes of speciation. The coastal plain swamp sparrow, a recent colonist of tidal marsh habitat, differs from conspecific populations in a variety of phenotypic traits yet remains undifferentiated in neutral DNA.\\n\\nMETHODS AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we use an experimental approach to demonstrate that phenotypic divergence between ecologically separated populations of swamp sparrows is the result of local adaptation despite the lack of divergence in neutral DNA. We find that morphological (bill size and plumage coloration) and life history (reproductive effort) differences observed between wild populations were maintained in laboratory raised individuals suggesting genetic divergence of fitness related traits.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: Our results support the hypothesis that phenotypic divergence in swamps sparrows is the result of genetic differentiation, and demonstrate that adaptive traits have evolved more rapidly than neutral DNA in these ecologically divergent populations that may be in the early stages of speciation. Thus, identifying evolutionarily important populations based on divergence in selectively neutral DNA could miss an important level of biodiversity and mislead conservation efforts.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/common-garden-experiment-reveals-genetic-control-phenotypic-divergence-between-swamp-sparrow-subspec", "reader_count"=>83, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>27, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>21, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>27, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>21, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>66, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>66}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>7}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Romania"=>1, "United States"=>4, "Brazil"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Portugal"=>2, "Germany"=>1, "India"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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