Genetic Analysis of the Early Natural History of Epithelial Ovarian Carcinoma
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{"title"=>"Genetic analysis of the early natural history of epithelial ovarian carcinoma", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Bhavana", "last_name"=>"Pothuri", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506725368"}, {"first_name"=>"Mario M.", "last_name"=>"Leitao", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005996981"}, {"first_name"=>"Douglas A.", "last_name"=>"Levine", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403166090"}, {"first_name"=>"Agnès", "last_name"=>"Viale", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006429487"}, {"first_name"=>"Adam B.", "last_name"=>"Olshen", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602777491"}, {"first_name"=>"Crispinita", "last_name"=>"Arroyo", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004378917"}, {"first_name"=>"Faina", "last_name"=>"Bogomolniy", "scopus_author_id"=>"6508312667"}, {"first_name"=>"Narciso", "last_name"=>"Olvera", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603258350"}, {"first_name"=>"Oscar", "last_name"=>"Lin", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006650207"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert A.", "last_name"=>"Soslow", "scopus_author_id"=>"55050851900"}, {"first_name"=>"Mark E.", "last_name"=>"Robson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201605298"}, {"first_name"=>"Kenneth", "last_name"=>"Offit", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005067583"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard R.", "last_name"=>"Barakat", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101854642"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeff", "last_name"=>"Boyd", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402669217"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77956402618", "sgr"=>"77956402618", "pui"=>"359494197", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"20436685", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0010358"}, "id"=>"f03e810a-0a25-322c-a507-1fd9cc6f03c0", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: The high mortality rate associated with epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) reflects diagnosis commonly at an advanced stage, but improved early detection is hindered by uncertainty as to the histologic origin and early natural history of this malignancy.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we report combined molecular genetic and morphologic analyses of normal human ovarian tissues and early stage cancers, from both BRCA mutation carriers and the general population, indicating that EOCs frequently arise from dysplastic precursor lesions within epithelial inclusion cysts. In pathologically normal ovaries, molecular evidence of oncogenic stress was observed specifically within epithelial inclusion cysts. To further explore potential very early events in ovarian tumorigenesis, ovarian tissues from women not known to be at high risk for ovarian cancer were subjected to laser catapult microdissection and gene expression profiling. These studies revealed a quasi-neoplastic expression signature in benign ovarian cystic inclusion epithelium compared to surface epithelium, specifically with respect to genes affecting signal transduction, cell cycle control, and mitotic spindle formation. Consistent with this gene expression profile, a significantly higher cell proliferation index (increased cell proliferation and decreased apoptosis) was observed in histopathologically normal ovarian cystic compared to surface epithelium. Furthermore, aneuploidy was frequently identified in normal ovarian cystic epithelium but not in surface epithelium.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Together, these data indicate that EOC frequently arises in ovarian cystic inclusions, is preceded by an identifiable dysplastic precursor lesion, and that increased cell proliferation, decreased apoptosis, and aneuploidy are likely to represent very early aberrations in ovarian tumorigenesis.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/genetic-analysis-early-natural-history-epithelial-ovarian-carcinoma-2", "reader_count"=>21, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>6, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Greece"=>1, "United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/853019"], "description"=>"<p>All examples shown are from distinct ovarian specimens. (A) Cystic epithelial cell (arrow) from sample #112 (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358#pone-0010358-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>) with three copies of chromosomes 3 (red) and 11 (green). (B) Cystic epithelial cell from sample #84 with three copies of chromosomes 6 (blue) and 11 (green). (C) Cystic epithelial cell from sample #135 with three copies of chromosome 6 (blue). (D) Cystic epithelial cell from sample #59 with three copies of chromosome 8 (blue). (E) Surface epithelial cells from sample # 13 with two copies of chromosomes 3 (red), 6 (blue), and 11 (green). (F) Surface epithelial cell from sample #102 with two copies of chromosomes 3 (red) and 8 (blue).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["situ", "hybridization", "ploidy", "ovarian", "cystic"], "article_id"=>523457, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Genetics", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Bhavana Pothuri", "Mario M. Leitao", "Douglas A. Levine", "Agnes Viale", "Adam B. Olshen", "Crispinita Arroyo", "Faina Bogomolniy", "Narciso Olvera", "Oscar Lin", "Robert A. Soslow", "Mark E. Robson", "Kenneth Offit", "Richard R. Barakat", "Jeff Boyd"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fluorescence_in_situ_hybridization_analysis_of_ploidy_in_normal_ovarian_cystic_and_surface_epithelia_/523457", "title"=>"Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of ploidy in normal ovarian cystic and surface epithelia.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-04-26 00:57:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/852401"], "description"=>"<p>(A) p53 immunopositive cells from an epithelial inclusion cyst. (B) p53 immunonegative cells from a different epithelial inclusion cyst from the same ovary. (C) Sequence analysis of <i>TP53</i> in p53 immunopositive cells from inclusion cyst shown in panel (A). A missense mutation is evident at codon 185 (AGC→A<u>A</u>C; S185N). (D) Loss of the wild-type (wt) <i>BRCA2</i> allele in DNA derived from the inclusion cyst (IC) shown in panel (A), with retention of mutant (mut) and wild-type alleles in DNA derived from surface (S) epithelium from the same ovary.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["allelotype", "epithelial", "inclusion", "cysts", "ovary", "6174delt", "heterozygote", "po67", "supplemental"], "article_id"=>522786, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Genetics", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Bhavana Pothuri", "Mario M. Leitao", "Douglas A. Levine", "Agnes Viale", "Adam B. Olshen", "Crispinita Arroyo", "Faina Bogomolniy", "Narciso Olvera", "Oscar Lin", "Robert A. Soslow", "Mark E. Robson", "Kenneth Offit", "Richard R. Barakat", "Jeff Boyd"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Assessment_of_p53_TP53_status_and_BRCA2_allelotype_in_epithelial_inclusion_cysts_of_normal_ovary_from_a_BRCA2_6174delT_heterozygote_specimen_PO67_in_Supplemental_Table_S1_/522786", "title"=>"Assessment of p53/<i>TP53</i> status and <i>BRCA2</i> allelotype in epithelial inclusion cysts of normal ovary from a <i>BRCA2</i> 6174delT heterozygote (specimen PO67 in Supplemental Table S1).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-04-26 00:46:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/424357", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/424397", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/424428", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/424473", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/424495", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/424508", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/424525", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/424560", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/424585", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/424613", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/424636", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/424655", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/424686", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/424718"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>The high mortality rate associated with epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) reflects diagnosis commonly at an advanced stage, but improved early detection is hindered by uncertainty as to the histologic origin and early natural history of this malignancy.</p><h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>Here we report combined molecular genetic and morphologic analyses of normal human ovarian tissues and early stage cancers, from both <em>BRCA</em> mutation carriers and the general population, indicating that EOCs frequently arise from dysplastic precursor lesions within epithelial inclusion cysts. In pathologically normal ovaries, molecular evidence of oncogenic stress was observed specifically within epithelial inclusion cysts. To further explore potential very early events in ovarian tumorigenesis, ovarian tissues from women not known to be at high risk for ovarian cancer were subjected to laser catapult microdissection and gene expression profiling. These studies revealed a quasi-neoplastic expression signature in benign ovarian cystic inclusion epithelium compared to surface epithelium, specifically with respect to genes affecting signal transduction, cell cycle control, and mitotic spindle formation. Consistent with this gene expression profile, a significantly higher cell proliferation index (increased cell proliferation and decreased apoptosis) was observed in histopathologically normal ovarian cystic compared to surface epithelium. Furthermore, aneuploidy was frequently identified in normal ovarian cystic epithelium but not in surface epithelium.</p><h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p>Together, these data indicate that EOC frequently arises in ovarian cystic inclusions, is preceded by an identifiable dysplastic precursor lesion, and that increased cell proliferation, decreased apoptosis, and aneuploidy are likely to represent very early aberrations in ovarian tumorigenesis.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["epithelial", "ovarian", "carcinoma"], "article_id"=>143781, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Genetics", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Bhavana Pothuri", "Mario M. Leitao", "Douglas A. Levine", "Agnes Viale", "Adam B. Olshen", "Crispinita Arroyo", "Faina Bogomolniy", "Narciso Olvera", "Oscar Lin", "Robert A. Soslow", "Mark E. Robson", "Kenneth Offit", "Richard R. Barakat", "Jeff Boyd"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.s013", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.s014"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>31, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Genetic_Analysis_of_the_Early_Natural_History_of_Epithelial_Ovarian_Carcinoma/143781", "title"=>"Genetic Analysis of the Early Natural History of Epithelial Ovarian Carcinoma", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2010-04-26 01:03:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/853252"], "description"=>"<p>The CPI represents the ratio of cell proliferation to apoptosis for each cell type.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["proliferation"], "article_id"=>523689, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Genetics", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Bhavana Pothuri", "Mario M. Leitao", "Douglas A. Levine", "Agnes Viale", "Adam B. Olshen", "Crispinita Arroyo", "Faina Bogomolniy", "Narciso Olvera", "Oscar Lin", "Robert A. Soslow", "Mark E. Robson", "Kenneth Offit", "Richard R. Barakat", "Jeff Boyd"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cell_proliferation_index_CPI_/523689", "title"=>"Cell proliferation index (CPI).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-04-26 01:01:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/852826"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Normal ovarian surface epithelium displaying negative immunstaining for TOP2A. (B) Normal ovarian cystic epithelium displaying strong immunopositivity for TOP2A in two cells. (C) Normal ovarian surface epithelium displaying immunopositivity for FOS in all cells. (D) Normal ovarian cystic epithelium displaying negative immunostaining for FOS. Indicated under each pair of photomicrographs are the proportions of immunopositive and immunonegative cellular compartments for the indicated number of ovarian specimens, with the associated <i>P</i>-values.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["immunohistochemical", "analyses", "products", "differentially", "ovarian", "cystic", "epithelium", "carcinoma", "compared"], "article_id"=>523248, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Genetics", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Bhavana Pothuri", "Mario M. Leitao", "Douglas A. Levine", "Agnes Viale", "Adam B. Olshen", "Crispinita Arroyo", "Faina Bogomolniy", "Narciso Olvera", "Oscar Lin", "Robert A. Soslow", "Mark E. Robson", "Kenneth Offit", "Richard R. Barakat", "Jeff Boyd"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Semiquantitative_immunohistochemical_analyses_of_gene_products_differentially_expressed_in_normal_ovarian_cystic_epithelium_and_ovarian_carcinoma_compared_to_normal_ovarian_surface_epithelium_/523248", "title"=>"Semiquantitative immunohistochemical analyses of gene products differentially expressed in normal ovarian cystic epithelium and ovarian carcinoma compared to normal ovarian surface epithelium.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-04-26 00:54:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/853201"], "description"=>"<p>The number of surface epithelial cells and number of cystic epithelial cells available for quantitation for each ovarian specimen are listed, followed by the number (percentage) of nuclei showing triploidy or tetraploidy for at least one of the indicated number of probes. Statistical analysis of these data is described in the <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358#s4\" target=\"_blank\">Materials and Methods</a> section; the difference between total percentage of aneuploid cells in cyst vs. surface epithelial cells is significant at a value of <i>P</i><0.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ploidy", "fluorescence", "situ"], "article_id"=>523635, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Genetics", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Bhavana Pothuri", "Mario M. Leitao", "Douglas A. Levine", "Agnes Viale", "Adam B. Olshen", "Crispinita Arroyo", "Faina Bogomolniy", "Narciso Olvera", "Oscar Lin", "Robert A. Soslow", "Mark E. Robson", "Kenneth Offit", "Richard R. Barakat", "Jeff Boyd"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cell_ploidy_as_determined_by_fluorescence_in_situ_hybridization_/523635", "title"=>"Cell ploidy as determined by fluorescence in situ hybridization.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-04-26 01:00:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/852590"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Low-power photomicrograph of histologic progression of normal epithelium (N) to dysplastic epithelium (D) to invasive carcinoma (T) arising within an inclusion cyst. (B,C,D) High-power photpmicrographs of cellular regions of normal, dysplastic, and carcinoma, respectively, as shown in panel (A). The immunostain is for p53 in panels (A–D). (E) Sequence analysis of <i>TP53</i> representative of DNA samples from all three cellular components shown in panels (B–D). A missense mutation is evident at codon 282 (CGG→<u>T</u>GG; R282W). (F) Loss of the wild-type (wt) <i>BRCA1</i> allele in DNA derived from normal, dysplastic, and tumor cells shown in panels (B–D), with retention of mutant (mut) and wild-type alleles in surface epithelium from the same ovary.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["analyses", "ovarian", "carcinoma", "arising", "185delag", "heterozygote", "oc16", "supplementary"], "article_id"=>523002, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Genetics", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Bhavana Pothuri", "Mario M. Leitao", "Douglas A. Levine", "Agnes Viale", "Adam B. Olshen", "Crispinita Arroyo", "Faina Bogomolniy", "Narciso Olvera", "Oscar Lin", "Robert A. Soslow", "Mark E. Robson", "Kenneth Offit", "Richard R. Barakat", "Jeff Boyd"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Morphological_immunohistochemical_and_genetic_analyses_of_early_stage_ovarian_carcinoma_arising_in_a_BRCA1_185delAG_heterozygote_specimen_OC16_in_Supplementary_Table_S2_/523002", "title"=>"Morphological, immunohistochemical, and genetic analyses of early stage ovarian carcinoma arising in a <i>BRCA1</i> 185delAG heterozygote (specimen OC16 in Supplementary Table S2).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-04-26 00:50:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/853325"], "description"=>"<p>The “No. Samples” represents the number of independent ovarian tissues analyzed for each cell type. The tissues analyzed for apoptosis were a subset of those analyzed for cell proliferation. <i>P</i>-values apply to the comparison of values for cystic vs. surface epithelial cells.</p>a<p>Contained 159 inclusion cysts.</p>b<p>Contained 125 inclusion cysts.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["proliferation", "indices", "ovarian", "cystic", "epithelial"], "article_id"=>523749, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Genetics", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Bhavana Pothuri", "Mario M. Leitao", "Douglas A. Levine", "Agnes Viale", "Adam B. Olshen", "Crispinita Arroyo", "Faina Bogomolniy", "Narciso Olvera", "Oscar Lin", "Robert A. Soslow", "Mark E. Robson", "Kenneth Offit", "Richard R. Barakat", "Jeff Boyd"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010358.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cell_proliferation_indices_in_ovarian_cystic_vs_surface_epithelial_cells_/523749", "title"=>"Cell proliferation indices in ovarian cystic vs. surface epithelial cells.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-04-26 01:02:29"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"14", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
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Relative Metric

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