Ecosystem Carbon Stock Influenced by Plantation Practice: Implications for Planting Forests as a Measure of Climate Change Mitigation
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{"title"=>"Ecosystem Carbon Stock Influenced by Plantation Practice: Implications for Planting Forests as a Measure of Climate change mitigation", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Chengzhang", "last_name"=>"Liao", "scopus_author_id"=>"36458887600"}, {"first_name"=>"Yiqi", "last_name"=>"Luo", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404331975"}, {"first_name"=>"Changming", "last_name"=>"Fang", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403269784"}, {"first_name"=>"Bo", "last_name"=>"Li", "scopus_author_id"=>"36917278500"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77956289551", "pui"=>"359515705", "pmid"=>"20523733", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0010867", "sgr"=>"77956289551"}, "id"=>"e2d8f412-b5c1-3bb5-a882-af98810f1094", "abstract"=>"Uncertainties remain in the potential of forest plantations to sequestrate carbon (C). We synthesized 86 experimental studies with paired-site design, using a meta-analysis approach, to quantify the differences in ecosystem C pools between plantations and their corresponding adjacent primary and secondary forests (natural forests). Totaled ecosystem C stock in plant and soil pools was 284 Mg C ha−1 in natural forests and decreased by 28% in plantations. In comparison with natural forests, plantations decreased aboveground net primary production, litterfall, and rate of soil respiration by 11, 34, and 32%, respectively. Fine root biomass, soil C concentration, and soil microbial C concentration decreased respectively by 66, 32, and 29% in plantations relative to natural forests. Soil available N, P and K concentrations were lower by 22, 20 and 26%, respectively, in plantations than in natural forests. The general pattern of decreased ecosystem C pools did not change between two different groups in relation to various factors: stand age (<25 years vs. ≥25 years), stand types (broadleaved vs. coniferous and deciduous vs. evergreen), tree species origin (native vs. exotic) of plantations, land-use history (afforestation vs. reforestation) and site preparation for plantations (unburnt vs. burnt), and study regions (tropic vs. temperate). The pattern also held true across geographic regions. Our findings argued against the replacement of natural forests by the plantations as a measure of climate change mitigation.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/ecosystem-carbon-stock-influenced-plantation-practice-implications-planting-forests-measure-climate", "reader_count"=>141, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>39, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>26, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>24, "Other"=>12, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>11}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>39, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>26, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>24, "Other"=>12, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>11}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>67, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>43, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>13, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>13}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>43}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>67}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Kenya"=>1, "Spain"=>1, "India"=>2, "Canada"=>2, "Netherlands"=>1, "Sweden"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "Italy"=>2, "Mexico"=>1, "Australia"=>2, "France"=>3, "Germany"=>2}, "group_count"=>6}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/421661", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/421758"], "description"=>"<div><p>Uncertainties remain in the potential of forest plantations to sequestrate carbon (C). We synthesized 86 experimental studies with paired-site design, using a meta-analysis approach, to quantify the differences in ecosystem C pools between plantations and their corresponding adjacent primary and secondary forests (natural forests). Totaled ecosystem C stock in plant and soil pools was 284 Mg C ha<sup>−1</sup> in natural forests and decreased by 28% in plantations. In comparison with natural forests, plantations decreased aboveground net primary production, litterfall, and rate of soil respiration by 11, 34, and 32%, respectively. Fine root biomass, soil C concentration, and soil microbial C concentration decreased respectively by 66, 32, and 29% in plantations relative to natural forests. Soil available N, P and K concentrations were lower by 22, 20 and 26%, respectively, in plantations than in natural forests. The general pattern of decreased ecosystem C pools did not change between two different groups in relation to various factors: stand age (<25 years vs. ≥25 years), stand types (broadleaved vs. coniferous and deciduous vs. evergreen), tree species origin (native vs. exotic) of plantations, land-use history (afforestation vs. reforestation) and site preparation for plantations (unburnt vs. burnt), and study regions (tropic vs. temperate). The pattern also held true across geographic regions. Our findings argued against the replacement of natural forests by the plantations as a measure of climate change mitigation.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["carbon", "influenced", "plantation", "implications", "planting", "forests", "mitigation"], "article_id"=>143282, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Chengzhang Liao", "Yiqi Luo", "Changming Fang", "Bo Li"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010867.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010867.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Ecosystem_Carbon_Stock_Influenced_by_Plantation_Practice_Implications_for_Planting_Forests_as_a_Measure_of_Climate_Change_Mitigation/143282", "title"=>"Ecosystem Carbon Stock Influenced by Plantation Practice: Implications for Planting Forests as a Measure of Climate Change Mitigation", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2010-05-27 00:54:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/847604"], "description"=>"<p>Note: Ecosystem C pools were given as mean±1SE.</p><p>†: Sampling depth up to a range from 0 to 30–120 cm where the large proportion of belowground biomass had been harvested <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0010867#pone.0010867-Nihlgrd1\" target=\"_blank\">[13]</a>.</p><p>‡: Soil C stock within the depth of 100 cm was calculated by a simple model: <i>Y</i> = <i>a</i> [1−exp (−b/x)] (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0010867#s4\" target=\"_blank\">Materials and Methods</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pools", "plantations"], "article_id"=>518059, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Chengzhang Liao", "Yiqi Luo", "Changming Fang", "Bo Li"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010867.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>31, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ecosystem_C_pools_Mg_C_ha_8722_1_in_plantations_and_natural_forests_/518059", "title"=>"Ecosystem C pools (Mg C ha<sup>−1</sup>) in plantations and natural forests.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-05-27 02:14:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/847401"], "description"=>"<p>Bars represented mean±95% CI. Values near each bar indicates the number of cases synthesized. Note: open bar- (a) <25 years, (b) broadleaved, (c) deciduous, and (d) native; hatched bar- (a) ≥25 years, (b) coniferous, (c) evergreen, and (d) exotic.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pools", "forests", "plantations", "groups"], "article_id"=>517862, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Chengzhang Liao", "Yiqi Luo", "Changming Fang", "Bo Li"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010867.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percent_change_of_ecosystem_C_pools_from_natural_forests_to_plantations_with_two_different_groups_in_relation_to_stand_age_a_stand_type_b_and_c_and_tree_origin_d_/517862", "title"=>"Percent change of ecosystem C pools from natural forests to plantations with two different groups in relation to stand age (a), stand type (b and c), and tree origin (d).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-05-27 02:11:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/847457"], "description"=>"<p>Bars represented mean±95% CI. Values near each bar indicated the number of cases synthesized. Note: open bar- (a) afforestation, (b) unburnt, and (c) tropic; hatched bars- (a) reforestation, (b) burnt, and (c) temperate.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pools", "forests", "plantations", "groups", "land-use", "regions"], "article_id"=>517907, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Chengzhang Liao", "Yiqi Luo", "Changming Fang", "Bo Li"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010867.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percent_change_of_ecosystem_C_pools_from_natural_forests_to_plantations_with_two_different_groups_in_relation_to_land_use_history_a_site_preparation_b_for_plantations_and_study_regions_c_/517907", "title"=>"Percent change of ecosystem C pools from natural forests to plantations with two different groups in relation to land-use history (a), site preparation (b) for plantations, and study regions (c).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-05-27 02:11:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/847577"], "description"=>"<p>Description of the variables in this analysis, with numbers of published papers and positive and negative cases in plantations relative to natural forests, mean and its range of plantation age and soil depth for this meta-analysis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["variables", "numbers", "published", "papers", "cases", "plantations", "plantation"], "article_id"=>518025, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Chengzhang Liao", "Yiqi Luo", "Changming Fang", "Bo Li"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010867.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Description_of_the_variables_in_this_analysis_with_numbers_of_published_papers_and_positive_and_negative_cases_in_plantations_relative_to_natural_forests_mean_and_its_range_of_plantation_age_and_soil_depth_for_this_meta_analysis_/518025", "title"=>"Description of the variables in this analysis, with numbers of published papers and positive and negative cases in plantations relative to natural forests, mean and its range of plantation age and soil depth for this meta-analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-05-27 02:13:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/847348"], "description"=>"<p>Bars represented mean±95% confidence interval (CI).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["changes", "variables", "fluxes", "nutrients", "plantations"], "article_id"=>517803, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Chengzhang Liao", "Yiqi Luo", "Changming Fang", "Bo Li"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010867.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percent_changes_of_variables_related_to_ecosystem_C_fluxes_and_pools_and_soil_nutrients_in_plantations_relative_to_natural_forests_/517803", "title"=>"Percent changes of variables related to ecosystem C fluxes and pools, and soil nutrients in plantations relative to natural forests.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-05-27 02:10:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/847512"], "description"=>"<p>Values near each bar indicated the number of cases synthesized.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pools", "aboveground", "biomass", "litter", "belowground", "forests", "plantations", "geographic"], "article_id"=>517966, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Chengzhang Liao", "Yiqi Luo", "Changming Fang", "Bo Li"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010867.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percent_change_of_ecosystem_C_pools_in_aboveground_biomass_a_and_litter_mass_b_belowground_biomass_c_and_soil_C_stock_d_from_natural_forests_to_plantations_in_different_geographic_regions_/517966", "title"=>"Percent change of ecosystem C pools in aboveground biomass (a) and litter mass (b), belowground biomass (c), and soil C stock (d) from natural forests to plantations in different geographic regions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-05-27 02:12:46"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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