An Epidemiologic Review of Enteropathogens in Gaborone, Botswana: Shifting Patterns of Resistance in an HIV Endemic Region
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{"title"=>"An epidemiologic review of enteropathogens in Gaborone, Botswana: Shifting patterns of resistance in an HIV endemic region", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Jack S.", "last_name"=>"Rowe", "scopus_author_id"=>"16032384800"}, {"first_name"=>"Samir S.", "last_name"=>"Shah", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403888647"}, {"first_name"=>"Stephen", "last_name"=>"Motlhagodi", "scopus_author_id"=>"36441361800"}, {"first_name"=>"Margaret", "last_name"=>"Bafana", "scopus_author_id"=>"28367454800"}, {"first_name"=>"Ephraim", "last_name"=>"Tawanana", "scopus_author_id"=>"36442039600"}, {"first_name"=>"Hong T.", "last_name"=>"Truong", "scopus_author_id"=>"36441960000"}, {"first_name"=>"Sarah M.", "last_name"=>"Wood", "scopus_author_id"=>"21744180700"}, {"first_name"=>"Nicola M.", "last_name"=>"Zetola", "scopus_author_id"=>"15062018200"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew P.", "last_name"=>"Steenhoff", "scopus_author_id"=>"55942320400"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"359289619", "sgr"=>"77956193965", "pmid"=>"20543877", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77956193965", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0010924", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"97cf06d7-e5a0-3f4f-8ab3-e27930863a51", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of diarrheal disease in Botswana, an HIV endemic region, is largely unknown. Our primary objective was to characterize the prevalent bacterial and parasitic enteropathogens in Gaborone, Botswana. Secondary objectives included determining corresponding antimicrobial resistance patterns and the value of stool white and red blood cells for predicting bacterial and parasitic enteropathogens.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A retrospective cross-sectional study examined laboratory records of stool specimens analyzed by the Botswana National Health Laboratory in Gaborone, Botswana from February 2003 through July 2008. In 4485 specimens the median subject age was 23 [interquartile range 1.6-34] years. Overall, 14.4% (644 of 4485) of samples yielded a pathogen. Bacteria alone were isolated in 8.2% (367 of 4485), parasites alone in 5.6% (253 of 4485) and both in 0.5% (24 of 4485) of samples. The most common bacterial pathogens were Shigella spp. and Salmonella spp., isolated from 4.0% (180 of 4485) and 3.9% (175 of 4485) of specimens, respectively. Escherichia coli (22 of 4485) and Campylobacter spp. (22 of 4485) each accounted for 0.5% of pathogens. Comparing antimicrobial resistance among Shigella spp. and Salmonella spp. between two periods, February 2003 to February 2004 and July 2006 to July 2008, revealed an increase in ampicillin resistance among Shigella spp. from 43% to 83% (p<0.001). Among Salmonella spp., resistance to chloramphenicol decreased from 56% to 6% (p<0.001). The absence of stool white and red blood cells correlated with a high specificity and negative predictive value.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Most gastroenteritis stools were culture and microscopy negative suggesting that viral pathogens were the majority etiologic agents in this Botswana cohort. Shigella spp. and Salmonella spp. were the most common bacteria; Isospora spp. and Cryptosporidium spp. were the most common parasites. Resistance to commonly used antimicrobials is high and should be closely monitored.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/epidemiologic-review-enteropathogens-gaborone-botswana-shifting-patterns-resistance-hiv-endemic-regi", "reader_count"=>42, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>19, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9, "Social Sciences"=>4, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>19}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "Kenya"=>1, "Australia"=>1}, "group_count"=>7}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/846741"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: WBC, white blood cells; RBC, red blood cells; WBC or RBC were counted as present if laboratory records indicated scanty, few, moderate, or many cells upon microscopic evaluation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wbc", "rbc"], "article_id"=>517184, "categories"=>["Virology", "Engineering", "Medicine", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jack S. Rowe", "Samir S. Shah", "Stephen Motlhagodi", "Margaret Bafana", "Ephraim Tawanana", "Hong T. Truong", "Sarah M. Wood", "Nicola M. Zetola", "Andrew P. Steenhoff"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010924.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Association_of_WBC_and_RBC_with_the_presence_of_bacteria_or_parasites_/517184", "title"=>"Association of WBC and RBC with the presence of bacteria or parasites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 01:08:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/846788"], "description"=>"<p># Number (and %) of organisms resistant.</p><p>*p-values calculated using two-tailed Fisher Exact Test.</p><p>†This section includes all bacterial isolates (<i>Salmonella spp.</i>and <i>Shigella spp.</i>as well as the few isolates of <i>Campylobacter spp.</i> and <i>E.coli</i>). This summary section may be a useful guide to empiric therapy of dysentery in Southern Botswana.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["antibiotic", "bacterial"], "article_id"=>517240, "categories"=>["Virology", "Engineering", "Medicine", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jack S. Rowe", "Samir S. Shah", "Stephen Motlhagodi", "Margaret Bafana", "Ephraim Tawanana", "Hong T. Truong", "Sarah M. Wood", "Nicola M. Zetola", "Andrew P. Steenhoff"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010924.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_antibiotic_resistance_among_Salmonella_spp_Shigella_spp_and_all_bacterial_isolates_/517240", "title"=>"Comparison of antibiotic resistance among <i>Salmonella</i> spp., <i>Shigella</i> spp., and all bacterial isolates.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 01:09:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/846835"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: mo, month(s); yr, year(s); spp, species.</p><p>*values listed as number (percent of specimens in age group).</p><p>**not all columns sum to 100% due to co-infection with multiple pathogens among some specimens.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pathogens"], "article_id"=>517283, "categories"=>["Virology", "Engineering", "Medicine", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jack S. Rowe", "Samir S. Shah", "Stephen Motlhagodi", "Margaret Bafana", "Ephraim Tawanana", "Hong T. Truong", "Sarah M. Wood", "Nicola M. Zetola", "Andrew P. Steenhoff"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010924.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Proportion_of_pathogens_by_age_group_/517283", "title"=>"Proportion of pathogens by age group<sup>*</sup>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 01:09:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/846917"], "description"=>"<p>*values listed as number (percent of specimens in gender or age group).</p><p>**data on sex missing for 25 samples positive for bacteria, 19 samples positive for parasites, 1 sample positive for both bacteria and parasites, and 315 samples with no pathogen identified.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["characteristics", "included", "stool"], "article_id"=>517365, "categories"=>["Virology", "Engineering", "Medicine", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jack S. Rowe", "Samir S. Shah", "Stephen Motlhagodi", "Margaret Bafana", "Ephraim Tawanana", "Hong T. Truong", "Sarah M. Wood", "Nicola M. Zetola", "Andrew P. Steenhoff"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010924.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Demographic_Characteristics_of_Included_Stool_Specimens_/517365", "title"=>"Demographic Characteristics of Included Stool Specimens<sup>*</sup>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 01:09:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/846871"], "description"=>"<p># Number (and %) of specimens in selected study period.</p><p>*p-values calculated using two-tailed Fisher Exact Test.</p><p>**not all columns sum to 100% due to co-infection with multiple pathogens among some specimens.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pathogen", "proportions"], "article_id"=>517325, "categories"=>["Virology", "Engineering", "Medicine", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jack S. Rowe", "Samir S. Shah", "Stephen Motlhagodi", "Margaret Bafana", "Ephraim Tawanana", "Hong T. Truong", "Sarah M. Wood", "Nicola M. Zetola", "Andrew P. Steenhoff"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010924.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_pathogen_proportions_between_selected_study_periods_/517325", "title"=>"Comparison of pathogen proportions between selected study periods.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 01:09:32"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"30", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"27", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"28", "unique-ip"=>"30", "pdf"=>"13", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"15", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"15", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"19", "unique-ip"=>"16", "pdf"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"18", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"16", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"36", "unique-ip"=>"24", "pdf"=>"21", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"11", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"12", "unique-ip"=>"12", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"13", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"17", "unique-ip"=>"16", "pdf"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"10", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
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  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"15", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"14", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"6", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"8", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"3", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"4", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"11", "pdf"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"7", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
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Relative Metric

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