The History of Makassan Trepang Fishing and Trade
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{"title"=>"The history of Makassan trepang fishing and trade", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Kathleen Schwerdtner", "last_name"=>"Máñez", "scopus_author_id"=>"36085010800"}, {"first_name"=>"Sebastian C.A.", "last_name"=>"Ferse", "scopus_author_id"=>"26323608200"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77955398997", "sgr"=>"77955398997", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0011346", "pmid"=>"20613871", "pui"=>"359307723"}, "id"=>"da7efc9e-2925-375e-999a-3deb373eeba8", "abstract"=>"The Malayan term trepang describes a variety of edible holothurians commonly known as sea cucumbers. Although found in temperate and tropical marine waters all over the world, the centre of species diversity and abundance are the shallow coastal waters of Island Southeast Asia. For at least 300 years, trepang has been a highly priced commodity in the Chinese market. Originally, its fishing and trade was a specialized business, centred on the town of Makassar in South Sulawesi (Indonesia). The rise of trepang fishing in the 17(th) century added valuable export merchandize to the rich shallow seas surrounding the islands of Southeast Asia. This enabled local communities to become part of large trading networks and greatly supported their economic development. In this article, we follow Makassan trepang fishing and trading from its beginning until the industrialization of the fishery and worldwide depletion of sea cucumbers in the 20(th) century. Thereby, we identify a number of characteristics which trepang fishing shares with the exploitation of other marine resources, including (1) a strong influence of international markets, (2) the role of patron-client relationships which heavily influence the resource selection, and (3) the roving-bandit-syndrome, where fishermen exploit local stocks of valuable resources until they are depleted, and then move to another area. We suggest that understanding the similarities and differences between historical and recent exploitation of marine resources is an important step towards effective management solutions.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/history-makassan-trepang-fishing-trade", "reader_count"=>77, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>15, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>15, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>21, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28, "Arts and Humanities"=>7, "Chemistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>12, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>12}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>21}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>7}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Ireland"=>1, "Australia"=>3, "Germany"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/842559"], "description"=>"<p>The roman numbers refer to passages in the text.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["trepang"], "article_id"=>513020, "categories"=>["Marine Biology"], "users"=>["Kathleen Schwerdtner Máñez", "Sebastian C. A. Ferse"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0011346.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_Indonesia_showing_important_trepang_collection_areas_/513020", "title"=>"Map of Indonesia, showing important trepang collection areas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-06-29 00:50:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/419637", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/419644", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/419649"], "description"=>"<div><p>The Malayan term <em>trepang</em> describes a variety of edible holothurians commonly known as sea cucumbers. Although found in temperate and tropical marine waters all over the world, the centre of species diversity and abundance are the shallow coastal waters of Island Southeast Asia. For at least 300 years, trepang has been a highly priced commodity in the Chinese market. Originally, its fishing and trade was a specialized business, centred on the town of Makassar in South Sulawesi (Indonesia). The rise of trepang fishing in the 17<sup>th</sup> century added valuable export merchandize to the rich shallow seas surrounding the islands of Southeast Asia. This enabled local communities to become part of large trading networks and greatly supported their economic development. In this article, we follow Makassan trepang fishing and trading from its beginning until the industrialization of the fishery and worldwide depletion of sea cucumbers in the 20<sup>th</sup> century. Thereby, we identify a number of characteristics which trepang fishing shares with the exploitation of other marine resources, including (1) a strong influence of international markets, (2) the role of patron-client relationships which heavily influence the resource selection, and (3) the roving-bandit-syndrome, where fishermen exploit local stocks of valuable resources until they are depleted, and then move to another area. We suggest that understanding the similarities and differences between historical and recent exploitation of marine resources is an important step towards effective management solutions.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["makassan", "trepang"], "article_id"=>142860, "categories"=>["Marine Biology"], "users"=>["Kathleen Schwerdtner Máñez", "Sebastian C. A. Ferse"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0011346.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0011346.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0011346.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>22, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_History_of_Makassan_Trepang_Fishing_and_Trade/142860", "title"=>"The History of Makassan Trepang Fishing and Trade", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2010-06-29 00:47:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/842659"], "description"=>"a<p>In the source, the weight is given in <i>pikul</i>, which in the early 19<sup>th</sup> century equalled 61.511 kg <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0011346#pone.0011346-Kelly1\" target=\"_blank\">[36]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["trepang", "exports", "makassar"], "article_id"=>513113, "categories"=>["Marine Biology"], "users"=>["Kathleen Schwerdtner Máñez", "Sebastian C. A. Ferse"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0011346.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>11, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Annual_trepang_exports_from_Makassar_1717_8211_1917_/513113", "title"=>"Annual trepang exports from Makassar 1717–1917.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-06-29 00:51:53"}

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