Ambient Temperature Influences Australian Native Stingless Bee (Trigona carbonaria) Preference for Warm Nectar
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{"title"=>"Ambient temperature influences Australian native stingless bee (Trigona carbonaria) preference for warm nectar", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Melanie", "last_name"=>"Norgate", "scopus_author_id"=>"7801550903"}, {"first_name"=>"Skye", "last_name"=>"Boyd-Gerny", "scopus_author_id"=>"36547340600"}, {"first_name"=>"Vera", "last_name"=>"Simonov", "scopus_author_id"=>"36549374500"}, {"first_name"=>"Marcello G.P.", "last_name"=>"Rosa", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202546619"}, {"first_name"=>"Tim A.", "last_name"=>"Heard", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005004723"}, {"first_name"=>"Adrian G.", "last_name"=>"Dyer", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101810697"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"77957809537", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0012000", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"20711250", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77957809537", "pui"=>"359742864"}, "id"=>"ee68ed88-baee-31ac-815d-c9cca1492a1a", "abstract"=>"The interaction between flowers and insect pollinators is an important aspect of the reproductive mechanisms of many plant species. Several laboratory and field studies indicate that raising flower temperature above ambient can be an advantage in attracting pollinators. Here we demonstrate that this preference for warmer flowers is, in fact, context-dependent. Using an Australian native bee as a model, we demonstrate for the first time a significant shift in behaviour when the ambient temperature reaches 34 degrees C, at which point bees prefer ambient temperature nectar over warmer nectar. We then use thermal imaging techniques to show warmer nectar maintains the flight temperature of bees during the period of rest on flowers at lower ambient temperatures but the behavioural switch is associated with the body temperature rising above that maintained during flight. These findings suggest that flower-pollinator interactions are dependent upon ambient temperature and may therefore alter in different thermal environments.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/ambient-temperature-influences-australian-native-stingless-bee-trigona-carbonaria-preference-warm-ne", "reader_count"=>78, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>23, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>19, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>23, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>19, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>55, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Engineering"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>9, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Psychology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>9}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>4}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>55}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"New Zealand"=>1, "Colombia"=>1, "Brazil"=>5, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Australia"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/836380"], "description"=>"<p>The preference for a feeder that is at ambient temperature compared with a feeder that is 6°C warmer is dependent upon the ambient temperature (mean +/− s.d.). *Preference for the ambient feeder is significantly lower than expected by chance (one sample t-test, P&lt;0.001), but the preferences do not differ significantly different from each other [one way ANOVA, F(2,33)  = 1.527, P = 0.232]. **Preference for the ambient feeder is significantly higher than expected from chance (one sample t-test, t = 2.635, DF = 11, P = 0.023).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["preferences", "ambient"], "article_id"=>506742, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Melanie Norgate", "Skye Boyd-Gerny", "Vera Simonov", "Marcello G. P. Rosa", "Tim A. Heard", "Adrian G. Dyer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012000.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Sucrose_temperature_preferences_of_i_Trigona_carbonaria_i_across_a_range_of_ambient_temperatures_/506742", "title"=>"Sucrose temperature preferences of <i>Trigona carbonaria</i> across a range of ambient temperatures.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 00:02:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/836507"], "description"=>"<p>The consistency in crop contents between the two feeders indicates that the bees completely imbibe warm sucrose in the range 38–39°C. Also shown is an anaesthetised bee.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["contents", "bees", "visiting"], "article_id"=>506872, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Melanie Norgate", "Skye Boyd-Gerny", "Vera Simonov", "Marcello G. P. Rosa", "Tim A. Heard", "Adrian G. Dyer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012000.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Typical_crop_contents_of_i_Trigona_carbonaria_i_bees_after_visiting_either_a_cool_or_warm_feeder_/506872", "title"=>"Typical crop contents of <i>Trigona carbonaria</i> bees after visiting either a cool or warm feeder.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 00:02:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/836622"], "description"=>"<p>Rest  =  not flying for at least 5 min, Fly  =  flying, Drink (amb)  =  imbibing sucrose from ambient feeder, and Drink (warm)  =  imbibing from warm feeder. Measurements were made with independent bees from the same colony considering three different ambient temperatures (23°C, top row; 30°C, middle row; or 34°C, bottom row). The body temperature of bees that were either resting or drinking from an ambient feeder were close to ambient temperature for all three tested ambient temperatures. However, whilst at the two lower ambient temperatures flying bees were hotter than the ambient temperature, at an ambient temperature of 34°C flying bees were close to the ambient temperature. All bees drinking from a feeder that was warmer than ambient showed a body temperature that was higher than ambient, and for an ambient temperature of 34°C this leads to a bee having a temperature that is well above the temperature bees attain during flight. Temperature scale shows temperature of bee relative to the background ambient temperature. Arrows show bee position in frame, and bee temperatures that are different from ambient are marked separately.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["infrared", "images", "bees", "participating"], "article_id"=>506986, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Melanie Norgate", "Skye Boyd-Gerny", "Vera Simonov", "Marcello G. P. Rosa", "Tim A. Heard", "Adrian G. Dyer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012000.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Thermal_infrared_images_of_i_Trigona_carbonaria_i_bees_immediately_after_participating_in_one_of_four_activities_/506986", "title"=>"Thermal infrared images of <i>Trigona carbonaria</i> bees immediately after participating in one of four activities:", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 00:03:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/836740"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Composite image of a bee immediately after completing a flight (T = 0) and at 5 s intervals whilst the temperature of the bee cools until close to the ambient temperature. (B) Plots of Trigona mean (+/− s.d.) bee body temperature versus time starting immediately after completing one of four different activities [not flying for at least 5 min (resting), flying, drinking from a feeder that is warmer than the ambient temperature, and drinking from an ambient temperature feeder] at ambient temperatures of (B) 23°C, (C) 30°C and (D) 34°C. At an ambient temperature of 30°C the data for bee relative temperature is consistent with that observed at 23°C: at both 23°C (B) and 30°C (C) ambient temperatures a flying bee attains a temperature that is hotter than that of a resting bee, and drinking from a warm feeder allows bees to maintain these higher temperatures. At an ambient temperature of 34°C (D), drinking from a warm feeder raises bee temperature to well above what is maintained during active flight. This suggests that drinking warm nectar may be an advantage at lower ambient temperatures when it allows bees to maintain a flight temperature during the time it takes them to imbibe nectar, but at higher ambient temperatures the warmer nectar may cause the body temperature to exceed the flight range and no longer provide a benefit. For B–D at T = 0, plots with the same number of stars within a figure are not significantly different (P&gt;0.05); plots with a different number of stars are significantly different (P&lt;0.01; Mann Whitney U test).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["imaging", "varies"], "article_id"=>507110, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Melanie Norgate", "Skye Boyd-Gerny", "Vera Simonov", "Marcello G. P. Rosa", "Tim A. Heard", "Adrian G. Dyer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012000.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Thermal_imaging_data_showing_how_the_temperature_of_a_i_Trigona_carbonaria_i_bee_varies_with_time_/507110", "title"=>"Thermal imaging data showing how the temperature of a <i>Trigona carbonaria</i> bee varies with time.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 00:04:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/836836"], "description"=>"<p>Temperatures used in this study (± s.d.).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology/behavioral ecology", "ecology/plant-environment interactions", "neuroscience/animal cognition"], "article_id"=>507207, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Melanie Norgate", "Skye Boyd-Gerny", "Vera Simonov", "Marcello G. P. Rosa", "Tim A. Heard", "Adrian G. Dyer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012000.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Temperatures_used_in_this_study_s_d_/507207", "title"=>"Temperatures used in this study (± s.d.).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 00:04:36"}

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Relative Metric

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