Adapting to Regional Enforcement: Fishing Down the Governance Index
Publication Date
September 17, 2010
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Henrik Österblom, U. Rashid Sumaila, Örjan Bodin, Jonas Hentati Sundberg, et al
Volume
5
Issue
9
Pages
e12832
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012832
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0012832
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20877460
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2941461
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/20877460
Web of Science
000281960800022
Scopus
77958605768
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/adapting-regional-enforcement-fishing-down-governance-index
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

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CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/830123"], "description"=>"<p>Suspected IUU vessels of known location and flag states during the third period (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0012832#pone-0012832-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1</a>). Belize (BZ), China (CN), Georgia (GE), Equatorial Guinea (GQ), Cambodia (KH), Democratic People's Republic of Korea (KP), Panama (PA), Russia (RU), Sierra Leone (SL), Togo (TG).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["locations", "states"], "article_id"=>500493, "categories"=>["Marine Biology"], "users"=>["Henrik Österblom", "U. Rashid Sumaila", "Örjan Bodin", "Jonas Hentati Sundberg", "Anthony J. Press"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012832.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changing_fishing_locations_and_flag_states_2005_8211_2009_/500493", "title"=>"Changing fishing locations and flag states 2005–2009.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-09-17 00:08:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/413022", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/413031"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing is a problem for marine resource managers, leading to depletion of fish stocks and negative impacts on marine ecosystems. These problems are particularly evident in regions with weak governance. Countries responsible for sustainable natural resource management in the Southern Ocean have actively worked to reduce IUU fishing in the region over a period of 15 years, leading to a sequence of three distinct peaks of IUU fishing.</p><h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>We reviewed existing public records relating to IUU fishing in the Southern Ocean between 1995–2009 and related this information to the governance capacity of flag states responsible for IUU vessels. IUU operators used a number of methods to adapt to enforcement actions, resulting in reduced risks of detection, apprehension and sanctioning. They changed fishing locations, vessel names and flag states, and ports for offloading IUU catches. There was a significant decrease in the proportion of IUU vessels flagged to CCAMLR countries, and a significant decrease in the average governance index of flag states. Despite a decreasing trend of IUU fishing, further actions are hampered by the regional scope of CCAMLR and the governance capacity of responsible states.</p><h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p>This is the first study of long-term change in the <em>modus operandi</em> of IUU fishing operators, illustrating that IUU operators can adapt to enforcement actions and that such dynamics may lead to new problems elsewhere, where countries have a limited capacity. This outsourcing of problems may have similarities to natural resource extraction in other sectors and in other regions. IUU fishing is the result of a number of factors, and effectively addressing this major challenge to sustainable marine resource extraction will likely require a stronger focus on governance. Highly mobile resource extractors with substantial funds are able to adapt to changing regulations by exploit", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["adapting", "governance"], "article_id"=>141589, "categories"=>["Marine Biology"], "users"=>["Henrik Österblom", "U. Rashid Sumaila", "Örjan Bodin", "Jonas Hentati Sundberg", "Anthony J. Press"], "doi"=>[nil, nil], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>13, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Adapting_to_Regional_Enforcement_Fishing_Down_the_Governance_Index/141589", "title"=>"Adapting to Regional Enforcement: Fishing Down the Governance Index", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2010-09-17 00:26:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/829906"], "description"=>"<p>Suspected IUU vessels of known location and flag states during the first period (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0012832#pone-0012832-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1</a>). Argentina (AR), Belize (BZ), Chile (CL), Republic of Korea (KR), Panama (PA), Portugal (PL), Seychelles (SC), South Africa (ZA). Thin line: one record, medium line: two records, thick line: three or more records.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["locations", "states"], "article_id"=>500276, "categories"=>["Marine Biology"], "users"=>["Henrik Österblom", "U. Rashid Sumaila", "Örjan Bodin", "Jonas Hentati Sundberg", "Anthony J. Press"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012832.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changing_fishing_locations_and_flag_states_1995_8211_1999_/500276", "title"=>"Changing fishing locations and flag states 1995–1999.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-09-17 00:04:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/830209"], "description"=>"<p>Changes over time in a) The proportion of suspected offshore IUU activities with vessels flagged to CCAMLR contracting parties (CP), y = e∧(306.8677−0.1541*yr) and b) Flag state governance capacity. Solid symbols = Average, combined governance index for Government Effectiveness, Regulatory Quality, Rule of Law and Control of Corruption, of flag states for all suspected IUU activities, y = 240.82−0.12 * yr. Open symbols = Governance indexes for Stability/No violence, of flag states for suspected offshore IUU activities, y = 125.51−0.062 * yr. The number of suspected IUU activities recorded each year is indicated in the graph.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ccamlr", "iuu"], "article_id"=>500581, "categories"=>["Marine Biology"], "users"=>["Henrik Österblom", "U. Rashid Sumaila", "Örjan Bodin", "Jonas Hentati Sundberg", "Anthony J. Press"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012832.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_capacity_of_CCAMLR_to_address_IUU_fishing_/500581", "title"=>"The capacity of CCAMLR to address IUU fishing.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-09-17 00:09:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/829850"], "description"=>"<p>Estimated levels of IUU fishing in the CCAMLR area between 1995–2008 <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0012832#pone.0012832-SCCCAMLR1\" target=\"_blank\">[50]</a> during three distinct phases.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["periods", "iuu"], "article_id"=>500214, "categories"=>["Marine Biology"], "users"=>["Henrik Österblom", "U. Rashid Sumaila", "Örjan Bodin", "Jonas Hentati Sundberg", "Anthony J. Press"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012832.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Three_periods_of_IUU_fishing_in_the_Southern_Ocean_/500214", "title"=>"Three periods of IUU fishing in the Southern Ocean.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-09-17 00:03:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/830010"], "description"=>"<p>Suspected IUU vessels of known location and flag states during the second period (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0012832#pone-0012832-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1</a>). Netherlands Antilles (AN), Belize (BZ), Georgia (GE), Ghana (GH), Equatorial Guinea (GQ), Honduras (HN), Russia (RU), Seychelles (SC), Sao Tome and Principle (ST), Togo (TG), United Kingdom (UK), Uruguay (UY), Saint Vincent and Grenadines (VC).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["locations", "states"], "article_id"=>500383, "categories"=>["Marine Biology"], "users"=>["Henrik Österblom", "U. Rashid Sumaila", "Örjan Bodin", "Jonas Hentati Sundberg", "Anthony J. Press"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012832.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changing_fishing_locations_and_flag_states_2000_8211_2004_/500383", "title"=>"Changing fishing locations and flag states 2000–2004.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-09-17 00:06:23"}

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Relative Metric

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