Land Use, Macroalgae, and a Tumor-Forming Disease in Marine Turtles
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{"title"=>"Land Use, Macroalgae, and a tumor-forming disease in Marine Turtles", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Kyle S.", "last_name"=>"van Houtan", "scopus_author_id"=>"12238876700"}, {"first_name"=>"Stacy K.", "last_name"=>"Hargrove", "scopus_author_id"=>"36623588900"}, {"first_name"=>"George H.", "last_name"=>"Balazs", "scopus_author_id"=>"14824768100"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77958525871", "sgr"=>"77958525871", "pui"=>"359839250", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"20927370", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0012900"}, "id"=>"1257ecfa-98d5-3fe7-96fc-03dc07e5e04d", "abstract"=>"Wildlife diseases are an increasing concern for endangered species conservation, but their occurrence, causes, and human influences are often unknown. We analyzed 3,939 records of stranded Hawaiian green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas) over 28 years to understand fibropapillomatosis, a tumor-forming disease linked to a herpesvirus. Turtle size is a consistent risk factor and size-standardized models revealed considerable spatial and temporal variability. The disease peaked in some areas in the 1990s, in some regions rates remained constant, and elsewhere rates increased. Land use, onshore of where the turtles feed, may play a role. Elevated disease rates were clustered in watersheds with high nitrogen-footprints; an index of natural and anthropogenic factors that affect coastal eutrophication. Further analysis shows strong epidemiological links between disease rates, nitrogen-footprints, and invasive macroalgae and points to foraging ecology. These turtles now forage on invasive macroalgae, which can dominate nutrient rich waters and sequester environmental N in the amino acid arginine. Arginine is known to regulate immune activity, promote herpesviruses, and contribute to tumor formation. Our results have implications for understanding diseases in aquatic organisms, eutrophication, herpesviruses, and tumor formation.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/land-macroalgae-tumorforming-disease-marine-turtles", "reader_count"=>172, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>10, "Researcher"=>36, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>30, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>34, "Other"=>14, "Student > Bachelor"=>26, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>10, "Researcher"=>36, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>30, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>34, "Other"=>14, "Student > Bachelor"=>26, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>35, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>111, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>111}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>35}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Argentina"=>1, "United States"=>4, "Brazil"=>8, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Mexico"=>2, "Jersey"=>1, "France"=>1, "Portugal"=>3}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/827441"], "description"=>"<p><i>A</i>, GWR predicted disease rates and Nitrogen-footprints grouped by island. Oahu points are clustered (87%, 48/55) in quadrants II and III, on Maui points are clustered in quadrants I and II (94%, 15/16), and Hawaii points are clustered in quadrant III (82%, 9/11). <i>B</i>, Disease and Nitrogen-footprints are elevated where macroalgae is chronic and widespread, seen as most points are in quadrant II (88%, 35/40). Green turtles now consume nonnative macroalgae which likely sequester environmental N as arginine. Arginine is known to regulate herpesviruses and contribute to tumor formation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["macroalgae", "chronically", "watersheds", "rates", "nitrogen-footprint"], "article_id"=>497809, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Kyle Van Houtan", "Stacy K. Hargrove", "George H. Balazs"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012900.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Invasive_macroalgae_are_chronically_widespread_in_watersheds_where_disease_rates_and_Nitrogen_footprint_values_are_elevated_/497809", "title"=>"Invasive macroalgae are chronically widespread in watersheds where disease rates and Nitrogen-footprint values are elevated.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-09-29 02:10:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/827268"], "description"=>"<p>All islands series (yellow plot) indicates the disease peaked - at this scale - in the mid 1990s and gradually declined thereafter. <i>A</i>, Oahu series (pink plot) is similar to the all islands trend, but regions within differ dramatically. Some Oahu regions (Waianae and South Shore) continue to increase today. Similar results are obtained for <i>B</i>, Maui and <i>C</i>, Hawaii. Trend line is the highest ranked quadratic model fit. Grouping data in space and time will likely mask important information related to the cause and impact of this disease.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["standardized", "rates", "variability"], "article_id"=>497637, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Kyle Van Houtan", "Stacy K. Hargrove", "George H. Balazs"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012900.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Time_series_of_standardized_disease_rates_show_significant_regional_variability_and_suggest_a_local_cause_/497637", "title"=>"Time series of standardized disease rates show significant regional variability and suggest a local cause.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-09-29 02:07:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/827117"], "description"=>"<p>Evidence suggests that this disease, characterized by external epithelial tumor masses (white arrows), is caused by a herpesvirus. Photo: Lacey Price/Marine Photobank, taken April 2008.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["turtle", "fibropapillomatosis", "seafloor", "pupukea"], "article_id"=>497479, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Kyle Van Houtan", "Stacy K. Hargrove", "George H. Balazs"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012900.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hawaiian_green_turtle_Chelonia_mydas_with_fibropapillomatosis_FP_on_the_seafloor_in_Pupukea_Marine_Life_Conservation_District_North_Shore_Oahu_/497479", "title"=>"Hawaiian green turtle (<i>Chelonia mydas</i>) with fibropapillomatosis (FP) on the seafloor in Pupukea Marine Life Conservation District, North Shore, Oahu.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-09-29 02:04:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/827354"], "description"=>"<p>Left panels plot the standardized disease rates in watersheds on all islands. Right panels display the Nitrogen-footprint index, or the combined influence of local factors that generate, deliver and retain N in coastal waters (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0012900#s2\" target=\"_blank\">Methods</a>). Geographically weighted regression (GWR) demonstrates that disease rates in watersheds increase with local and proximate eutrophication (<i>r</i><sup>2</sup> = 0.72). Central Oahu and Maui with widespread pineapple and sugar agriculture have high disease rates. Less impacted areas in Oahu and Hawaii have lower disease rates. Island regions are: Oahu (a) North Shore, (b) Kahuku, (c) Kaneohe, (d) Waianae, (e) South Shore, (f) Maunalua, (g) Waimanalo; Maui (h) West Maui, (i) North Maui, (j) South Maui; Hawaii (k) Kona, (l) Hilo. Grey lines are watershed boundaries, black lines are hydrographic regions used in the time series (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0012900#pone-0012900-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 3</a>), and filled grey polygons are watersheds lacking turtle data. Scale bar is 10km for each island, inset map at top right displays the main Hawaiian Islands. Both panel series use the color ramp at bottom right.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["analyses", "rates", "highest", "watersheds", "impacts"], "article_id"=>497719, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Kyle Van Houtan", "Stacy K. Hargrove", "George H. Balazs"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012900.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_analyses_reveal_that_disease_rates_are_highest_in_watersheds_where_human_land_use_impacts_are_greatest_/497719", "title"=>"Spatial analyses reveal that disease rates are highest in watersheds where human land use impacts are greatest.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-09-29 02:08:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/411962", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/411970", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/411975", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/411982"], "description"=>"<div><p>Wildlife diseases are an increasing concern for endangered species conservation, but their occurrence, causes, and human influences are often unknown. We analyzed 3,939 records of stranded Hawaiian green sea turtles (<em>Chelonia mydas</em>) over 28 years to understand fibropapillomatosis, a tumor-forming disease linked to a herpesvirus. Turtle size is a consistent risk factor and size-standardized models revealed considerable spatial and temporal variability. The disease peaked in some areas in the 1990s, in some regions rates remained constant, and elsewhere rates increased. Land use, onshore of where the turtles feed, may play a role. Elevated disease rates were clustered in watersheds with high nitrogen-footprints; an index of natural and anthropogenic factors that affect coastal eutrophication. Further analysis shows strong epidemiological links between disease rates, nitrogen-footprints, and invasive macroalgae and points to foraging ecology. These turtles now forage on invasive macroalgae, which can dominate nutrient rich waters and sequester environmental N in the amino acid arginine. Arginine is known to regulate immune activity, promote herpesviruses, and contribute to tumor formation. Our results have implications for understanding diseases in aquatic organisms, eutrophication, herpesviruses, and tumor formation.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tumor-forming", "turtles"], "article_id"=>141381, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Kyle S. Van Houtan", "Stacy K. Hargrove", "George H. Balazs"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012900.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012900.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012900.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012900.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Land_Use_Macroalgae_and_a_Tumor_Forming_Disease_in_Marine_Turtles/141381", "title"=>"Land Use, Macroalgae, and a Tumor-Forming Disease in Marine Turtles", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2010-09-29 00:23:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/827195"], "description"=>"<p>The left panel series plots demographic data of the population during five equal time periods in six size classes (<40, 40–51, 52–63, 64–75, 76–87, >88 cm) plotted as the mean value. The fitted log-normal distribution (blue line) shows a pulse of new individuals into the population (1987–1992) and a subsequent shift to a population with more juveniles and subadults (classes 2–4). The right panels show the raw incidence proportions of the disease through time. In four of five time periods, infection rates peak in the fourth size class, corresponding to the time each size class spends in nearshore ecosystems in the main Hawaiian Islands. Red line is the quadratic fit for all periods (bars are s. e.), listed number is the size at peak rate.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology/community ecology and biodiversity", "ecology/global change ecology", "ecology/marine and freshwater ecology", "ecology/population ecology", "infectious diseases/epidemiology and control of infectious diseases"], "article_id"=>497557, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Kyle Van Houtan", "Stacy K. Hargrove", "George H. Balazs"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012900.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Turtle_size_is_a_consistent_risk_factor_through_time_/497557", "title"=>"Turtle size is a consistent risk factor through time.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-09-29 02:05:57"}

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