Grasshopper Community Response to Climatic Change: Variation Along an Elevational Gradient
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{"title"=>"Grasshopper community response to climatic change: Variation along an elevational gradient", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"César R.", "last_name"=>"Nufio", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506705337"}, {"first_name"=>"Chris R.", "last_name"=>"McGuire", "scopus_author_id"=>"36768539800"}, {"first_name"=>"M. Deane", "last_name"=>"Bowers", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202688293"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert P.", "last_name"=>"Guralnick", "scopus_author_id"=>"24176866500"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77958572860", "sgr"=>"77958572860", "pui"=>"359839186", "isbn"=>"ISSN 1932-6203", "pmid"=>"20886093", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0012977"}, "id"=>"9d843d06-8b72-3222-a432-c868c4be90b0", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: The impacts of climate change on phenological responses of species and communities are well-documented; however, many such studies are correlational and so less effective at assessing the causal links between changes in climate and changes in phenology. Using grasshopper communities found along an elevational gradient, we present an ideal system along the Front Range of Colorado USA that provides a mechanistic link between climate and phenology.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This study utilizes past (1959-1960) and present (2006-2008) surveys of grasshopper communities and daily temperature records to quantify the relationship between amount and timing of warming across years and elevations, and grasshopper timing to adulthood. Grasshopper communities were surveyed at four sites, Chautauqua Mesa (1752 m), A1 (2195 m), B1 (2591 m), and C1 (3048 m), located in prairie, lower montane, upper montane, and subalpine life zones, respectively. Changes to earlier first appearance of adults depended on the degree to which a site warmed. The lowest site showed little warming and little phenological advancement. The next highest site (A1) warmed a small, but significant, amount and grasshopper species there showed inconsistent phenological advancements. The two highest sites warmed the most, and at these sites grasshoppers showed significant phenological advancements. At these sites, late-developing species showed the greatest advancements, a pattern that correlated with an increase in rate of late-season warming. The number of growing degree days (GDDs) associated with the time to adulthood for a species was unchanged across the past and present surveys, suggesting that phenological advancement depended on when a set number of GDDs is reached during a season.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: Our analyses provide clear evidence that variation in amount and timing of warming over the growing season explains the vast majority of phenological variation in this system. Our results move past simple correlation and provide a stronger process-oriented and predictive framework for understanding community level phenological responses to climate change.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/grasshopper-community-response-climatic-change-variation-along-elevational-gradient-6", "reader_count"=>78, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>13, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>24, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>13, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>24, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>7, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>50, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>50}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>7}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>5, "Brazil"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>2, "Indonesia"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/828646"], "description"=>"<p>Ten-year mean temperatures from March through August across the survey sites for the years during Alexander's original survey (1955–1964) and the years including and prior to the resurvey (1999–2008). NS =  Not Significant, * P = 0.01, ** P = 0.001, *** P = 0.0002.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["warming"], "article_id"=>499012, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["César R. Nufio", "Chris R. McGuire", "M. Deane Bowers", "Robert P. Guralnick"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012977.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Seasonal_warming_at_the_four_survey_sites_/499012", "title"=>"Seasonal warming at the four survey sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 23:21:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/829025"], "description"=>"<p>The degree to which early and late species show a phenological advancement may depend on the timing of warming and not necessarily the amount of warming. In year 2, relative to year 1, warming “ramps-up” early in the season, allowing both the early taxon (requiring 100 GDDs) and the late taxon (requiring 500 GDDs) to experience a significant phenological advancement. In year 3, however, the advancement occurs later in the season, leading to only the later species experiencing a significant advancement.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["descriptive", "midseason"], "article_id"=>499397, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["César R. Nufio", "Chris R. McGuire", "M. Deane Bowers", "Robert P. Guralnick"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012977.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_descriptive_model_showing_the_effects_of_midseason_warming_/499397", "title"=>"A descriptive model showing the effects of midseason warming.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 23:23:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/828887"], "description"=>"<p>Growing degree day (GDD) values associated with different grasshopper species at each of the four survey sites during Alexander's original survey (1959–1960) and the current resurvey (2006–2008). Note that original estimates of GDD values for A1 include data from1959 and that due to the much lower number of GDDs required by species at C1, the figure scales differ.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology/community ecology and biodiversity", "ecology/ecosystem ecology", "ecology/global change ecology"], "article_id"=>499252, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["César R. Nufio", "Chris R. McGuire", "M. Deane Bowers", "Robert P. Guralnick"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012977.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Thermal_energy_required_by_species_to_reach_adulthood_/499252", "title"=>"Thermal energy required by species to reach adulthood.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 23:22:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/829146"], "description"=>"<p>*for A1, species abundance data only reflects the 1959 collection.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["individuals", "surveys", "abundance"], "article_id"=>499514, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["César R. Nufio", "Chris R. McGuire", "M. Deane Bowers", "Robert P. Guralnick"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012977.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_average_number_of_individuals_collected_of_each_species_at_each_site_during_the_1959_8211_1960_surveys_and_the_relative_increase_or_decrease_in_abundance_during_the_recent_surveys_/499514", "title"=>"The average number of individuals collected of each species at each site during the 1959–1960 surveys and the relative increase or decrease in abundance during the recent surveys.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 23:23:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/829181"], "description"=>"<p>*for A1, only GDD values for 1959 are provided.</p>+<p>Only GDDs for 1960 available and provided.</p><p>Time to first appearance of adults during 2006 to 2008 at the four resurvey sites compared to the first day of adult appearance in 1959–1960. Species are arranged within sites from those that reach adulthood earlier to later in the season. Negative numbers reflect advancements in the days to adulthood, while positive numbers reflect a relative delay in timing to adulthood. Bolded numbers reflect periods that exceed at least a sampling week between the previous and current surveys. The number of growing degree days (GDDs) required by the species during the 1959 to 1960 survey are also shown.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phenological", "advancements"], "article_id"=>499547, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["César R. Nufio", "Chris R. McGuire", "M. Deane Bowers", "Robert P. Guralnick"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012977.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Grasshopper_communities_phenological_advancements_and_GDDs_/499547", "title"=>"Grasshopper communities, phenological advancements and GDDs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 23:24:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/828728"], "description"=>"<p>The running difference in GDDs is calculated as the accumulated GDDs for a given day on a particular year in the new survey (2006, 2007, 2008) minus the mean GDDs accumulated on the same date during the 1959–1960 surveys.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["seasonal", "differentials", "50", "years"], "article_id"=>499093, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["César R. Nufio", "Chris R. McGuire", "M. Deane Bowers", "Robert P. Guralnick"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012977.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Recent_seasonal_growing_degree_day_GDD_differentials_relative_to_50_years_prior_/499093", "title"=>"Recent seasonal growing degree day (GDD) differentials relative to 50 years prior.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 23:21:44"}

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Relative Metric

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