Photounbinding of Calmodulin from a Family of CaM Binding Peptides
Publication Date
November 18, 2010
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Klaus G. Neumüller, Kareem Elsayad, Johannes M. Reisecker, M. Neal Waxham, et al
Volume
5
Issue
11
Pages
e14050
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014050
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0014050
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21124984
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2987815
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21124984
Web of Science
000284356900013
Scopus
78649506583
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/photounbinding-calmodulin-family-cam-binding-peptides
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Photounbinding of calmodulin from a family of CaM binding peptides", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Klaus G.", "last_name"=>"Neumüller", "scopus_author_id"=>"36982068600"}, {"first_name"=>"Kareem", "last_name"=>"Elsayad", "scopus_author_id"=>"35748543300"}, {"first_name"=>"Johannes M.", "last_name"=>"Reisecker", "scopus_author_id"=>"36648070300"}, {"first_name"=>"M. Neal", "last_name"=>"Waxham", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003698423"}, {"first_name"=>"Katrin G.", "last_name"=>"Heinze", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005260940"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"360051136", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0014050", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-78649506583", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"21124984", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "sgr"=>"78649506583"}, "id"=>"461b8fd2-8114-3c76-8794-c07524cc15e0", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that fluorescently labeled antibodies can be dissociated from their antigen by illumination with laser light. The mechanism responsible for the photounbinding effect, however, remains elusive. Here, we give important insights into the mechanism of photounbinding and show that the effect is not restricted to antibody/antigen binding. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We present studies of the photounbinding of labeled calmodulin (CaM) from a set of CaM-binding peptides with different affinities to CaM after one- and two-photon excitation. We found that the photounbinding effect becomes stronger with increasing binding affinity. Our observation that photounbinding can be influenced by using free radical scavengers, that it does not occur with either unlabeled protein or non-fluorescent quencher dyes, and that it becomes evident shortly after or with photobleaching suggest that photounbinding and photobleaching are closely linked. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The experimental results exclude surface effects, or heating by laser irradiation as potential causes of photounbinding. Our data suggest that free radicals formed through photobleaching may cause a conformational change of the CaM which lowers their binding affinity with the peptide or its respective binding partner.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/photounbinding-calmodulin-family-cam-binding-peptides", "reader_count"=>20, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Other"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Other"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Engineering"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Chemistry"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>4}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Czech Republic"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/817829"], "description"=>"<p>Data is shown for peptides CKII(290–312) (grey symbols), CKII(292–312) (green symbols), CKII(293–312) (blue symbols), and CKII(294–312) (red symbols); The plot shows that the rebinding fraction is not directly proportional to the loss of fluorescence, but is suppressed at lower laser powers. The solid black line is a least-square fitted power-law to the CKII(293–312) peptide data (blue symbols) and given by: <i>r</i>/(1–<i>f</i>) = 0.04 <i>P </i><sup>0.6</sup>, where <i>P</i> is the laser power.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rebinding", "fluorescence-loss", "ration"], "article_id"=>488192, "categories"=>["Biophysics", "Biochemistry"], "users"=>["Klaus G. Neumüller", "Kareem Elsayad", "Johannes M. Reisecker", "M. Neal Waxham", "Katrin G. Heinze"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014050.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Plot_of_the_rebinding_to_fluorescence_loss_ration_r_1_f_as_a_function_of_laser_power_for_a_single_line_scan_/488192", "title"=>"Plot of the rebinding to fluorescence-loss ration [<i>r</i>/(1−<i>f</i>)] as a function of laser power for a single line scan.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-18 02:16:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/818085"], "description"=>"<p>*: high affinity peptide used for unspecific background determination as described in <b>supporting <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014050#pone.0014050.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Material S1</a></b>. This peptide cannot bind to the crosslinker (Assay CaM/CKII) due to the absence of an N-terminal Cys residue.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["synthesized", "peptides", "taken"], "article_id"=>488450, "categories"=>["Biophysics", "Biochemistry"], "users"=>["Klaus G. Neumüller", "Kareem Elsayad", "Johannes M. Reisecker", "M. Neal Waxham", "Katrin G. Heinze"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014050.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_synthesized_peptides_used_K_d_taken_from_12_/488450", "title"=>"Summary of synthesized peptides used; K<sub>d</sub> taken from [12].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-11-18 02:20:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407589"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Recent studies have shown that fluorescently labeled antibodies can be dissociated from their antigen by illumination with laser light. The mechanism responsible for the photounbinding effect, however, remains elusive. Here, we give important insights into the mechanism of photounbinding and show that the effect is not restricted to antibody/antigen binding.</p><h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>We present studies of the photounbinding of labeled calmodulin (CaM) from a set of CaM-binding peptides with different affinities to CaM after one- and two-photon excitation. We found that the photounbinding effect becomes stronger with increasing binding affinity. Our observation that photounbinding can be influenced by using free radical scavengers, that it does not occur with either unlabeled protein or non-fluorescent quencher dyes, and that it becomes evident shortly <em>after</em> or <em>with</em> photobleaching suggest that photounbinding and photobleaching are closely linked.</p><h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p>The experimental results exclude surface effects, or heating by laser irradiation as potential causes of photounbinding. Our data suggest that free radicals formed through photobleaching may cause a conformational change of the CaM which lowers their binding affinity with the peptide or its respective binding partner.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["photounbinding", "calmodulin", "cam", "binding", "peptides"], "article_id"=>140518, "categories"=>["Biophysics", "Biochemistry"], "users"=>["Klaus G. Neumüller", "Kareem Elsayad", "Johannes M. Reisecker", "M. Neal Waxham", "Katrin G. Heinze"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014050", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>44, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Photounbinding_of_Calmodulin_from_a_Family_of_CaM_Binding_Peptides/140518", "title"=>"Photounbinding of Calmodulin from a Family of CaM Binding Peptides", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-11-18 00:08:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/817581"], "description"=>"<p>A: laser power and intensity used to illuminate the corresponding patches in B: ‘bleaching’ pattern (CaM-A488 fluorescence, scale bar: 20 µm), and C: rebinding pattern (CaM-A647 fluorescence).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cam-a488", "peptide", "488", "nm"], "article_id"=>487943, "categories"=>["Biophysics", "Biochemistry"], "users"=>["Klaus G. Neumüller", "Kareem Elsayad", "Johannes M. Reisecker", "M. Neal Waxham", "Katrin G. Heinze"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014050.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Unbinding_of_CaM_A488_and_CKII_290_312_peptide_by_488_nm_laser_light_/487943", "title"=>"Unbinding of CaM-A488 and CKII(290-312) peptide by 488 nm laser light.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-18 02:12:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/817897"], "description"=>"<p>A: Ph-488 fluorescence after illumination at 488 nm (1PE) and 20 µW (62.0 nJ/µm<sup>2</sup>) (bleached patch is indicated in yellow); B: rebinding of Ph-647 within the previously illuminated area; C: photounbinding in a human fibrosarcoma cell, three squares were bleached (2PE, 800 nm) with different laser intensities left: 14 mW (flux  = 10.7 mJ/µm<sup>2</sup>); top: 20 mW (15.4 mJ/µm<sup>2</sup>); right: 24 mW (18.4 mJ/µm<sup>2</sup>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["labeled", "phalloidin", "actin"], "article_id"=>488264, "categories"=>["Biophysics", "Biochemistry"], "users"=>["Klaus G. Neumüller", "Kareem Elsayad", "Johannes M. Reisecker", "M. Neal Waxham", "Katrin G. Heinze"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014050.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Photounbinding_of_labeled_phalloidin_from_actin_filaments_/488264", "title"=>"Photounbinding of labeled phalloidin from actin filaments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-18 02:17:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/817502"], "description"=>"<p>CKII peptides were attached to a glass surface via an SM(PEG)8 crosslinker followed by CaM-A488 incubation. After light illumination to induce photounbinding of the CKII peptide/CaM-488 complexes, the surface was re-incubated with CaM-A647 to visualize free binding sites in the previously illuminated regions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["photounbinding", "assay"], "article_id"=>487869, "categories"=>["Biophysics", "Biochemistry"], "users"=>["Klaus G. Neumüller", "Kareem Elsayad", "Johannes M. Reisecker", "M. Neal Waxham", "Katrin G. Heinze"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014050.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_of_the_photounbinding_assay_and_sample_preparation_/487869", "title"=>"Schematic of the photounbinding assay and sample preparation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-18 02:11:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/818038"], "description"=>"<p><i>k<sub>a</sub></i>,: Excitation rate; <i>k<sub>d</sub></i>: total (radiative & non-radiative) decay rate of the fluorophore from the excited- to the ground- singlet state; <i>k<sub>isc</sub></i>: intersystem crossing rate; <i>k<sub>bs</sub></i>* & <i>k<sub>bt</sub></i>*: Bleaching rates of the excited singlet & triplet states into excited bleached (dark) states via radicalization of a surrounding molecule (X→X* or X'→X'*).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["diagram", "radicals", "bleaching", "generic", "flourophore"], "article_id"=>488402, "categories"=>["Biophysics", "Biochemistry"], "users"=>["Klaus G. Neumüller", "Kareem Elsayad", "Johannes M. Reisecker", "M. Neal Waxham", "Katrin G. Heinze"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014050.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Jablonski_energy_diagram_for_the_formation_of_radicals_through_bleaching_of_a_generic_flourophore_S_/488402", "title"=>"Jablonski energy diagram for the formation of radicals through bleaching of a generic flourophore (S).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-18 02:20:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/817653"], "description"=>"<p>A: Illuminated patch of CaM-A647 and CKII(290–312) by 633 nm laser light; laser power: 190 µW (flux  = 589 nJ/µm<sup>2</sup>), scale bar  = 10 µm. B: rebinding pattern (CaM-A488 fluorescence). C: illumination of unlabeled CaM and CKII(290–312) peptide by 488 nm laser light within the indicated patch (yellow dashed line); laser power: 370 µW (flux  = 1.15 µJ/µm<sup>2</sup>), green dots: fluorescent beads to allow proper focusing. D: no rebinding of A647 was observed after laser illumination within the corresponding patch.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["occurs", "unlabeled"], "article_id"=>488024, "categories"=>["Biophysics", "Biochemistry"], "users"=>["Klaus G. Neumüller", "Kareem Elsayad", "Johannes M. Reisecker", "M. Neal Waxham", "Katrin G. Heinze"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014050.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Photounbinding_occurs_for_labeled_but_not_for_unlabeled_CaM_/488024", "title"=>"Photounbinding occurs for labeled, but not for unlabeled CaM.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-18 02:13:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/817757"], "description"=>"<p>Remaining Fluorescence (A) and corresponding rebinding (B) at various laser powers for peptides CKII(290–312) (grey symbols), CKII(292–312) (green symbols), CKII(293–312) (blue symbols), and CKII(294–312) (red symbols). A: single exponential (solid line) and double exponential (dotted line) fits to the unbinding data. B: single rising-exponential fits to the rebinding data. C: summary of maximal photounbinding values for all tested peptides after 1PE laser illumination (λ<sub>exc</sub> = 488 nm; P = 3.6 mW) and one scan iteration (solid bars) and two scan iteration (open bars) in comparison. D: photounbinding threshold decreases for the lower affinity peptides (K<sub>d</sub>: 3–570×10<sup>−13</sup> M) the graph shows the relative increase of rebinding when photounbinding laser power is doubled to 7.2 mW. Uncertainties for the rebinding fraction and remaining fluorescence fraction due to variablilty in CKII-CaM coatings and alignment of the coverglasses are less than 15% for each data point, whereas those associated with the laser power are negligible.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dissociation", "molecular"], "article_id"=>488122, "categories"=>["Biophysics", "Biochemistry"], "users"=>["Klaus G. Neumüller", "Kareem Elsayad", "Johannes M. Reisecker", "M. Neal Waxham", "Katrin G. Heinze"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014050.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Photounbinding_is_dependent_on_the_initial_dissociation_constant_of_the_molecular_system_/488122", "title"=>"Photounbinding is dependent on the initial dissociation constant of the molecular system.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-18 02:15:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/817978"], "description"=>"<p>A: Remaining CaM-A488 fluorescence (open symbols) and the corresponding rebinding (solid symbols) after two-photon excitation (Ti:Sa laser λ<sub>exc</sub>: 800 nm) with the addition of 8 mM ascorbic acid (squares) and without (circles). Photobleaching (and photounbinding) is partly prevented by the stabilizer as expected. B: Control study with A488 fluorophores directly covalently bound to the SM-PEG<sub>8</sub> crosslinker via a tripeptide (H-Gly-Gly-Cys-OH). As expected the Alexa 488 fluorescence was stabilized to a comparable extent in presence of ascorbic acid (squares), however no photounbinding was detected. The two data sets have been fitted with a (2 parameter) single exponential function. Uncertainties for the rebinding fraction and remaining fluorescence fraction due to variablilty in CKII-CaM coatings and alignment of the coverglasses are less than 15% for each data point, whereas those associated with the laser power are negligible.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fluorescence", "stabilizer", "ascorbic"], "article_id"=>488346, "categories"=>["Biophysics", "Biochemistry"], "users"=>["Klaus G. Neumüller", "Kareem Elsayad", "Johannes M. Reisecker", "M. Neal Waxham", "Katrin G. Heinze"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014050.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Photounbinding_using_the_chemical_fluorescence_stabilizer_ascorbic_acid_/488346", "title"=>"Photounbinding using the chemical fluorescence stabilizer ascorbic acid.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-18 02:19:06"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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