New Basal Iguanodonts from the Cedar Mountain Formation of Utah and the Evolution of Thumb-Spiked Dinosaurs
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{"title"=>"New basal iguanodonts from the cedar mountain formation of utah and the evolution of thumb-spiked dinosaurs", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Andrew T.", "last_name"=>"McDonald", "scopus_author_id"=>"36133552000"}, {"first_name"=>"James I.", "last_name"=>"Kirkland", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102713504"}, {"first_name"=>"Donald D.", "last_name"=>"DeBlieux", "scopus_author_id"=>"8361849800"}, {"first_name"=>"Scott K.", "last_name"=>"Madsen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201510715"}, {"first_name"=>"Jennifer", "last_name"=>"Cavin", "scopus_author_id"=>"14323105800"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew R.C.", "last_name"=>"Milner", "scopus_author_id"=>"16194878800"}, {"first_name"=>"Lukas", "last_name"=>"Panzarin", "scopus_author_id"=>"36651451900"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"360066678", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0014075", "sgr"=>"78649606656", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-78649606656", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"21124919"}, "id"=>"b9b07c00-a1b8-3a2b-9a59-57823ad13169", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Basal iguanodontian dinosaurs were extremely successful animals, found in great abundance and diversity almost worldwide during the Early Cretaceous. In contrast to Europe and Asia, the North American record of Early Cretaceous basal iguanodonts has until recently been limited largely to skulls and skeletons of Tenontosaurus tilletti.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Herein we describe two new basal iguanodonts from the Yellow Cat Member of the Cedar Mountain Formation of eastern Utah, each known from a partial skull and skeleton. Iguanacolossus fortis gen. et sp. nov. and Hippodraco scutodens gen. et sp. nov. are each diagnosed by a single autapomorphy and a unique combination of characters.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Iguanacolossus and Hippodraco add greatly to our knowledge of North American basal iguanodonts and prompt a new comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of basal iguanodont relationships. This analysis indicates that North American Early Cretaceous basal iguanodonts are more basal than their contemporaries in Europe and Asia.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/new-basal-iguanodonts-cedar-mountain-formation-utah-evolution-thumbspiked-dinosaurs", "reader_count"=>65, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>19, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>38}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>38}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>19}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Sweden"=>1, "Argentina"=>1, "Belgium"=>1, "United States"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Chile"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>2}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/819583"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in (A) left lateral and (B) left medial views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>an</i>, angular; <i>cfl</i>, caudal flange; <i>dan</i>, suture between dentary and angular; <i>dsa</i>, suture between dentary and surangular; <i>gl</i>, glenoid; <i>lf</i>, lacrimal facet; <i>lsa</i>, left surangular; <i>mxf</i>, maxillary facet; <i>pop</i>, postorbital process of jugal; <i>q</i>, quadrate; <i>qj</i>, quadratojugal; <i>qjp</i>, quadratojugal process of jugal; <i>rsa</i>, right surangular; <i>sa</i>, surangular; <i>saf</i>, surangular foramen; <i>sas</i>, suture between surangular and angular. Scale bars equal 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mandible", "caudoventral", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>489942, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g023", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Caudal_region_of_the_mandible_and_caudoventral_region_of_the_skull_of_UMNH_VP_20208_/489942", "title"=>"Caudal region of the mandible and caudoventral region of the skull of UMNH VP 20208.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:45:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/817451"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in (A) lateral, (B) medial, (C) rostral, and (D) caudal views. Left quadrate in (E) ventral view. Right quadrate in (F) dorsal view. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>ptw</i>, pterygoid wing; <i>qjn</i>, quadratojugal notch; <i>vb</i>, vertical buttress. Scale bar in A–D equals 10 cm; scale bar in E equals 5 cm; scale bar in F equals 1 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["quadrates", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>487814, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Right_and_left_quadrates_of_UMNH_VP_20205_/487814", "title"=>"Right and left quadrates of UMNH VP 20205.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:10:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/821544"], "description"=>"<p>Right scapula of a basal ornithopod from Andrew's Site, upper Yellow Cat Member, in (A) lateral view. Right scapula of NHMUK R196, a partial of skeleton of <i>Hypsilophodon foxii</i>, in (B) lateral view. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>ac</i>, acromion process; <i>hf</i>, hook-like flange; <i>sb</i>, scapular blade. Scale bar in A equals 10 cm; scale bar in B equals 5 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vp"], "article_id"=>491915, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g038", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_UMNH_VP_20644_/491915", "title"=>"UMNH VP 20644.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:31:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/820015"], "description"=>"<p>Left pterygoid of UMNH VP 20208 in medial view and braincase of UMNH VP 20208 in caudal view. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>bpf</i>, basipterygoid process facet; <i>cap</i>, caudal alar process; <i>ecp</i>, ectopterygoid process; <i>fm</i>, foramen magnum; <i>lpoc</i>, left paroccipital process; <i>lpt</i>, left pterygoid. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology", "evolutionary biology/evolutionary ecology", "evolutionary biology/paleontology"], "article_id"=>490383, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g025", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Skull_of_Hippodraco_scutodens_/490383", "title"=>"Skull of <i>Hippodraco scutodens</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:06:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/821428"], "description"=>"<p>Partial left tibia (A, lateral view) and proximal caudal vertebrae and chevrons (B, right craniolateral view) of an indeterminate large iguanodont from Andrew's Site, upper Yellow Cat Member. Scale bars equal 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vp"], "article_id"=>491799, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g037", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_UMNH_VP_20207_/491799", "title"=>"UMNH VP 20207.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:29:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/817596"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Dentary tooth of UMNH VP 20205 in lingual view. (B) Maxillary tooth of UMNH VP 20205 in labial view. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>acr</i>, accessory ridge; <i>grt</i>, groove for replacement tooth; <i>prr</i>, primary ridge; <i>scr</i>, secondary ridge. Scale bar equals 1 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>487962, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Teeth_of_UMNH_VP_20205_/487962", "title"=>"Teeth of UMNH VP 20205.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:12:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/816890"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Skeletal reconstruction of <i>Iguanacolossus fortis</i>, showing the known elements of UMNH VP 20205 (the right maxilla, right squamosal, right scapula, right ilium, right pubis, and right metatarsals III and IV have been reversed for the purposes of reconstruction). (B) Life restoration of <i>Iguanacolossus fortis</i> by Lukas Panzarin. Scale bar in A equals 1 meter.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["restoration"], "article_id"=>487258, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Reconstruction_and_restoration_of_Iguanacolossus_fortis_/487258", "title"=>"Reconstruction and restoration of <i>Iguanacolossus fortis</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:00:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/818626"], "description"=>"<p>Right ilia of (A) <i>Corythosaurus casuarius</i> (AMNH 5338, paratype); (B) <i>Gilmoreosaurus mongoliensis</i> (AMNH 6551, holotype); and (C) <i>Claosaurus agilis</i> (YPM 1190, holotype, image copyright YPM) in lateral view. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>sap</i>, supraacetabular process. Scale bar in B equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["processes"], "article_id"=>488990, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g017", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Supraacetabular_processes_of_other_iguanodonts_/488990", "title"=>"Supraacetabular processes of other iguanodonts.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:29:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/818501"], "description"=>"<p>Right metatarsals IV (A) and III (B) of UMNH VP 20205 in dorsal view. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>cmf</i>, craniomedial flange. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>488865, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g016", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Metatarsals_of_UMNH_VP_20205_/488865", "title"=>"Metatarsals of UMNH VP 20205.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:27:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/820682"], "description"=>"<p>Left sternal of UMNH VP 20208 in (A) dorsal and (B) ventral views. Right scapula of UMNH VP 20208 in (C) medial and (D) lateral views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>ap</i>, acromion process; <i>clp</i>, caudolateral process; <i>cs</i>, corocoid suture; <i>dr</i>, deltoid ridge; <i>gl</i>, glenoid; <i>sbl</i>, sternal blade; <i>scl</i>, scapular labrum; <i>sgf</i>, supraglenoid fossa. Scale bars equal 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["elements", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>491042, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g030", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pectoral_elements_of_UMNH_VP_20208_/491042", "title"=>"Pectoral elements of UMNH VP 20208.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:17:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/820810"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in (A) caudal and (B) cranial views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>dpc</i>, deltopectoral crest; <i>gtb</i>, greater tuberosity; <i>hh</i>, humeral head; <i>ltb</i>, lesser tuberosity. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["humerus", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>491172, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g031", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Right_humerus_of_UMNH_VP_20208_/491172", "title"=>"Right humerus of UMNH VP 20208.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:19:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/818938"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Skeletal reconstruction of <i>Hippodraco scutodens</i>, showing the known elements of UMNH VP 20208 (the right scapula, right humerus, right femur, and right tibia have been reversed for the purposes of reconstruction). (B) Life restoration of <i>Hippodraco scutodens</i> by Lukas Panzarin. Scale bar in A equals 1 meter.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["restoration"], "article_id"=>489305, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g019", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Reconstruction_and_restoration_of_Hippodraco_scutodens_/489305", "title"=>"Reconstruction and restoration of <i>Hippodraco scutodens</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:35:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/818181"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in (A) lateral, (B) medial, and (C) lateral view with scapular blade held against the detached caudal end of the scapula (caudal end outlined in red). <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>dr</i>, deltoid ridge. Scale bars equal 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["scapula", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>488541, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g013", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Right_scapula_of_UMNH_VP_20205_/488541", "title"=>"Right scapula of UMNH VP 20205.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:22:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/821332"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in dorsal view. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>D</i>, digit; <i>p</i>, phalanx; <i>rf</i>, rock fragments. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pes", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>491696, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g036", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Left_pes_of_UMNH_VP_20208_/491696", "title"=>"Left pes of UMNH VP 20208.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:28:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/818388"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in (A) lateral and (B) medial views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>ct</i>, contact surface for fibular process of tibia. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fibula", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>488754, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g015", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Left_fibula_of_UMNH_VP_20205_/488754", "title"=>"Left fibula of UMNH VP 20205.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:25:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/816991"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in (A) dorsal and (B) right lateral views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>dm</i>, dorsomedial process; <i>md</i>, marginal denticle; <i>vm</i>, ventromedial process. Scale bar equals 5 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["predentary", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>487350, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Partial_predentary_of_UMNH_VP_20205_/487350", "title"=>"Partial predentary of UMNH VP 20205.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:02:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/821214"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in dorsal view. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>bfm</i>, bone fragments and matrix; <i>DII</i>, <i>p1</i>, phalanx 1 of digit II; <i>DIII</i>, <i>p1</i>, phalanx 1 of digit III; <i>dtIII</i>, distal tarsal III; <i>MTII–IV</i>, metatarsals II, III, and IV. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["metatarsus", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>491575, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g035", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Left_metatarsus_of_UMNH_VP_20208_/491575", "title"=>"Left metatarsus of UMNH VP 20208.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:26:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/817121"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in (A) lateral, (B) dorsal, and (C) medial views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>aof</i>, antorbital fossa; <i>ap</i>, ascending process; <i>ecs</i>, ectopterygoid shelf; <i>jp</i>, jugal process; <i>ms</i>, medial shelf; <i>nvf</i>, neurovascular foramin. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["maxilla", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>487484, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Right_maxilla_of_UMNH_VP_20205_/487484", "title"=>"Right maxilla of UMNH VP 20205.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:04:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/820577"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in (A) dorsal, (B) right lateral, and (C) left lateral views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>ot</i>, ossified tendons; <i>scr</i>, sacral ribs. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sacrum", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>490941, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g029", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Partial_sacrum_of_UMNH_VP_20208_/490941", "title"=>"Partial sacrum of UMNH VP 20208.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:15:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/821722"], "description"=>"<p>Measurements are given in centimeters.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["umnh", "vp", "holotype"], "article_id"=>492086, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Measurements_of_UMNH_VP_20208_the_holotype_of_Hippodraco_scutodens_/492086", "title"=>"Measurements of UMNH VP 20208, the holotype of <i>Hippodraco scutodens</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:34:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/818281"], "description"=>"<p>Right ilium of UMNH VP 20205 in (A) lateral and (B) medial views. Right pubis in (C) lateral and (D) medial views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>acm</i>, acetabular margin; <i>hb</i>, horizontal boot of preacetabular process; <i>ls</i>, lateral swelling; <i>obf</i>, obturator foramen; <i>pic</i>, contact surface for pubic peduncle of ischium; <i>pop</i>, postpubic process; <i>prp</i>, prepubic process; <i>srf</i>, sacral rib facet. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["elements", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>488647, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g014", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pelvic_elements_of_UMNH_VP_20205_/488647", "title"=>"Pelvic elements of UMNH VP 20205.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:24:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/816622"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Stratigraphy of Don's Ridge, including the type locality of <i>Iguanacolossus fortis</i> (UMNH VP Locality 1206). (B) Quarry map of UMNH VP Locality 1206.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["taphonomy", "locality"], "article_id"=>486985, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stratigraphy_and_taphonomy_of_the_type_locality_of_Iguanacolossus_fortis_/486985", "title"=>"Stratigraphy and taphonomy of the type locality of <i>Iguanacolossus fortis</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 01:56:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/818036"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Cranial caudal in left lateral, cranial, and caudal views. (B) Cranial to middle caudal in right lateral view. (C) Middle to distal caudal in cranial, caudal, and dorsal views. (D) Middle to distal caudal in left lateral view. (E) Cranial chevron in cranial, caudal, and left lateral views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>ccs</i>, contact surface for associated chevron; <i>hc</i>, haemal canal; <i>poz</i>, postzygapophysis; <i>prz</i>, prezygapophysis; <i>vcs</i>, contact suface for associated vertebra. Scale bars equal 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["caudal", "vertebrae", "chevron", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>488394, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g012", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Representative_caudal_vertebrae_and_chevron_of_UMNH_VP_20205_/488394", "title"=>"Representative caudal vertebrae and chevron of UMNH VP 20205.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:19:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/817302"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in (A) lateral, (B) medial, and (C) caudal views. Left squamosal of <i>Mantellisaurus atherfieldensis</i> (NHMUK R5764, holotype) in (D) caudal view. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>bpoq</i>, base of postquadrate process; <i>cr</i>, caudal ridge of supraoccipital contact; <i>gl</i>, glenoid; <i>ls</i>, lateral shelf; <i>poc</i>, contact surface of squamosal process of postorbital; <i>pp</i>, parietal prong; <i>prq</i>, prequadrate process; <i>soc</i>, contact surface of supraoccipital. Scale bar equals 5 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["squamosal", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>487671, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Right_squamosal_of_UMNH_VP_20205_/487671", "title"=>"Right squamosal of UMNH VP 20205.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:07:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/817784"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Dorsal 1 in cranial, caudal, and left lateral views. (B) Dorsal 2 in dorsal, ventral, and left lateral views. (C) Middle dorsal in left lateral, cranial, and caudal views. (D) Caudal dorsal in right lateral, cranial, and caudal views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>dia</i>, diapophysis; <i>lam</i>, lamina; <i>nc</i>, neural canal; <i>ns</i>, neural spine; <i>par</i>, parapophysis; <i>poz</i>, postzygapophysis; <i>prz</i>, prezygapophysis. Scale bars equal 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dorsal", "vertebrae", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>488151, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g010", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Representative_dorsal_vertebrae_of_UMNH_VP_20205_/488151", "title"=>"Representative dorsal vertebrae of UMNH VP 20205.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:15:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/817903"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in (A) cranial and (B) caudal views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>cp</i>, capitulum; <i>clr</i>, craniolateral ridge; <i>tb</i>, tuberculum. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dorsal", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>488271, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g011", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Right_dorsal_rib_of_UMNH_VP_20205_/488271", "title"=>"Right dorsal rib of UMNH VP 20205.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:17:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/819828"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Left rostral region of the skull of UMNH VP 20208 in lateral view. (B) Left caudodorsal region of the skull in lateral view. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>aof</i>, antorbital fossa; <i>cmp</i>, caudomedial process of squamosal; <i>fp</i>, suture between left frontal and parietal; <i>fpo</i>, suture between left frontal and postorbital; <i>j</i>, jugal; <i>jp</i>, jugal process of maxilla; <i>jpo</i>; jugal process of postorbital; <i>l</i>, lacrimal; <i>lcf</i>, lacrimal facet; <i>lf</i>, left frontal; <i>lna</i>, left nasal; <i>lp</i>, lacrimal process of maxilla; <i>lpf</i>, suture between lacrimal and left prefrontal; <i>lprf</i>, left prefrontal; <i>mx</i>, maxilla; <i>mxf</i>, maxillary facet; <i>naf</i>, suture between left nasal and frontal; <i>npf</i>, suture between left nasal and prefrontal; <i>nuc</i>, nuchal crest; <i>p</i>, parietal; <i>pff</i>, suture between left prefrontal and frontal; <i>pl</i>, suture between premaxilla and lacrimal; <i>po</i>, postorbital; <i>poq</i>, postquadrate process; <i>posq</i>, caudal-most point on overlapping contact between postorbital and squamosal; <i>pp</i>, suture between premaxilla and left prefrontal; <i>prm</i>, suture between premaxilla and maxilla; <i>prn</i>, suture between premaxilla and left nasal; <i>prq</i>, prequadrate process; <i>q</i>, quadrate; <i>rna</i>, right nasal; <i>rprf</i>, right prefrontal; <i>sgc</i>, sagittal crest; <i>sq</i>, squamosal; <i>sqp</i>, squamosal process of postorbital; <i>vlp</i>, ventrolateral process of left premaxilla. Scale bars equal 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology", "evolutionary biology/evolutionary ecology", "evolutionary biology/paleontology"], "article_id"=>490193, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g024", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Skull_of_Hippodraco_scutodens_/490193", "title"=>"Skull of <i>Hippodraco scutodens</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:03:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/821633"], "description"=>"<p>Reduced consensus tree of 11,850 MPTs of 358 steps each, following ordering of 22 multistate characters and safe taxonomic reduction of “<i>Camptosaurus</i>” <i>valdensis</i> and <i>Draconyx loureiroi</i>. The new taxa <i>Iguanacolossus fortis</i> and <i>Hippodraco scutodens</i> are highlighted. Numbers below and to the left of some nodes correspond to the following clade names: 1, Ornithopoda; 2, Iguanodontia; 3, Rhabdodontidae; 4, Dryomorpha; 5, Dryosauridae; 6, Ankylopollexia; 7, Styracosterna; 8, Hadrosauriformes; 9, Hadrosauroidea.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["relationships"], "article_id"=>492003, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g039", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_relationships_of_Iguanacolossus_fortis_and_Hippodraco_scutodens_/492003", "title"=>"Phylogenetic relationships of <i>Iguanacolossus fortis</i> and <i>Hippodraco scutodens</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:33:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/819061"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Skull of UMNH VP 20208, holotype of <i>Hippodraco scutodens</i>, in left lateral view. (B) Tracing of the skull of UMNH VP 20208 in left lateral view. Bones are white, matrix is grey, and empty spaces are black. Sutures and bone outlines are represented by solid black lines, ambiguous sutures by red dashed lines, and surficial features of the bones by green dashed lines. (C) Skull of UMNH VP 20208 in left medial view. (D) Tracing of the skull of UMNH VP 20208 in left medial view. Bones are white, matrix is grey, and empty spaces are black. Sutures and bone outlines are represented by solid black lines, ambiguous sutures by red dashed lines. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>an</i>, angular; <i>aof</i>, antorbital fossa; <i>bc</i>, braincase; <i>bf</i>, bone fragment; <i>d</i>, dentary; <i>dlsd</i>, dorsolateral shelf of dentary; <i>dt</i>, dentary tooth; <i>fm</i>, foramen magnum; <i>itf</i>, infratemporal fenestra; <i>j</i>, jugal; <i>l</i>, lacrimal; <i>ld</i>, left dentary; <i>lf</i>, left frontal; <i>lj</i>, left jugal; <i>lmx</i>, left maxilla; <i>lna</i>, left nasal; <i>lpo</i>, left postorbital; <i>lpoc</i>, left paroccipital process; <i>lprf</i>, left prefrontal; <i>lpt</i>, left pterygoid; <i>lq</i>, left quadrate; <i>lsa</i>, left surangular; <i>mx</i>, maxilla; <i>orb</i>, orbit; <i>p</i>, parietal; <i>pmx</i>, premaxilla; <i>q</i>, quadrate; <i>qj</i>, quadratojugal; <i>rf</i>, right frontal; <i>rna</i>, right nasal; <i>rpo</i>, right postorbital; <i>rprf</i>, right prefrontal; <i>rsa</i>, right surangular; <i>sq</i>, squamosal. Scale bars equal 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology", "evolutionary biology/evolutionary ecology", "evolutionary biology/paleontology"], "article_id"=>489428, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g020", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Skull_of_Hippodraco_scutodens_/489428", "title"=>"Skull of <i>Hippodraco scutodens</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:37:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/819187"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in left lateral view. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>489558, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g021", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Reconstruction_of_the_skull_of_UMNH_VP_20208_/489558", "title"=>"Reconstruction of the skull of UMNH VP 20208.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:39:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/821756"], "description"=>"<p>Measurements are given in centimeters.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["umnh", "vp", "holotype"], "article_id"=>492119, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Measurements_of_UMNH_VP_20205_the_holotype_of_Iguanacolossus_fortis_/492119", "title"=>"Measurements of UMNH VP 20205, the holotype of <i>Iguanacolossus fortis</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:35:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/819325"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in (A) lateral, (B) dorsolateral, and (C) medial views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>adt</i>, active dentary teeth; <i>cp</i>, coronoid process; <i>dan</i>, suture between dentary and angular; <i>dls</i>, dorsolateral shelf; <i>dsa</i>, suture between dentary and surangular; <i>prr</i>, primary ridge; <i>rsa</i>, right surangular. Scale bars equal 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dentary", "teeth", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>489689, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g022", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Left_dentary_and_dentary_teeth_of_UMNH_VP_20208_/489689", "title"=>"Left dentary and dentary teeth of UMNH VP 20208.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:41:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/820992"], "description"=>"<p>Right femur of UMNH VP 20208 in (A) medial view. Right tibia in (B) cranial and (C) caudal views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>af</i>, facet for the astragalus; <i>fh</i>, femoral head; <i>ftr</i>, fourth trochanter; <i>gtr</i>, greater trochanter; <i>icl</i>, insertion site of <i>M. caudifemoralis longus</i>; <i>lm</i>, lateral malleolus; <i>ltr</i>, lesser trochanter; <i>mm</i>, medial malleolus. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tibia", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>491354, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g033", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Femur_and_tibia_of_UMNH_VP_20208_/491354", "title"=>"Femur and tibia of UMNH VP 20208.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:22:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/816765"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Stratigraphy of Andrew's Site, including the type locality of <i>Hippodraco scutodens</i> (UMNH VP Locality 1207). (B) Quarry map of UMNH VP Locality 1207.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["taphonomy", "locality"], "article_id"=>487133, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stratigraphy_and_taphonomy_of_the_type_locality_of_Hippodraco_scutodens_/487133", "title"=>"Stratigraphy and taphonomy of the type locality of <i>Hippodraco scutodens</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 01:58:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/818817"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in (A) craniolateral, (B) caudomedial, and (C) lateral views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>ls</i>, lateral swelling. Scale bar in C equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ilium"], "article_id"=>489184, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g018", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Left_ilium_of_Cedrorestes_crichtoni_DMNH_47994_holotype_/489184", "title"=>"Left ilium of <i>Cedrorestes crichtoni</i> (DMNH 47994, holotype).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:33:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/820234"], "description"=>"<p>Cranial cervical vertebra of UMNH VP 20208 in (A) cranial, (B) caudal, and (C) right lateral views. (D) Two articulated cervical centra in ventral view. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>poz</i>, postzygapophysis; <i>vk</i>, ventral keel. Scale bar equals 5 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vertebrae", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>490595, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g026", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cervical_vertebrae_of_UMNH_VP_20208_/490595", "title"=>"Cervical vertebrae of UMNH VP 20208.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:09:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/817678"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in left lateral view. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>ns</i>, neural spine; <i>poz</i>, postzygapophysis. Scale bar equals 5 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neural", "arch", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>488040, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Axial_neural_arch_of_UMNH_VP_20205_/488040", "title"=>"Axial neural arch of UMNH VP 20205.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 02:14:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407349", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407354", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407364", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407377"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Basal iguanodontian dinosaurs were extremely successful animals, found in great abundance and diversity almost worldwide during the Early Cretaceous. In contrast to Europe and Asia, the North American record of Early Cretaceous basal iguanodonts has until recently been limited largely to skulls and skeletons of <em>Tenontosaurus tilletti</em>.</p><h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>Herein we describe two new basal iguanodonts from the Yellow Cat Member of the Cedar Mountain Formation of eastern Utah, each known from a partial skull and skeleton. <em>Iguanacolossus fortis</em> gen. et sp. nov. and <em>Hippodraco scutodens</em> gen. et sp. nov. are each diagnosed by a single autapomorphy and a unique combination of characters.</p><h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p><em>Iguanacolossus</em> and <em>Hippodraco</em> add greatly to our knowledge of North American basal iguanodonts and prompt a new comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of basal iguanodont relationships. This analysis indicates that North American Early Cretaceous basal iguanodonts are more basal than their contemporaries in Europe and Asia.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["basal", "iguanodonts", "cedar", "utah", "thumb-spiked", "dinosaurs"], "article_id"=>140477, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>15, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/New_Basal_Iguanodonts_from_the_Cedar_Mountain_Formation_of_Utah_and_the_Evolution_of_Thumb_Spiked_Dinosaurs/140477", "title"=>"New Basal Iguanodonts from the Cedar Mountain Formation of Utah and the Evolution of Thumb-Spiked Dinosaurs", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:07:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/820508"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in (A) cranial and (B) caudal views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>cp</i>, capitulum; <i>clr</i>, craniolateral ridge; <i>tb</i>, tuberculum. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dorsal", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>490871, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g028", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Left_dorsal_rib_of_UMNH_VP_20208_/490871", "title"=>"Left dorsal rib of UMNH VP 20208.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:14:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/821113"], "description"=>"<p>Left astragalus of UMNH VP 20208 in (A) proximal, (B) medial, (C) lateral, (D) cranial, and (E) caudal views. Left calcaneum in (F) lateral, (G) medial, and (H) proximal views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>ap</i>, ascending process; <i>ff</i>, facet for fibula; <i>flm</i>, facet for lateral malleolus; <i>fmm</i>, facet for medial malleolus; <i>ft</i>, facet for tibia. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["elements", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>491476, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g034", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Tarsal_elements_of_UMNH_VP_20208_/491476", "title"=>"Tarsal elements of UMNH VP 20208.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:24:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/820891"], "description"=>"<p>Shown in (A) lateral, (B) medial, (C) cranial, and (D) dorsal views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>ip</i>, iliac peduncle; <i>obp</i>, obturator process; <i>pp</i>, pubic peduncle. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ischium", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>491258, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g032", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Left_ischium_of_UMNH_VP_20208_/491258", "title"=>"Left ischium of UMNH VP 20208.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:20:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/820384"], "description"=>"<p>Middle dorsal vertebra of UMNH VP 20208 in (A) left lateral, (B) cranial, and (C) caudal views. Caudal dorsal vertebra in (D) oblique caudolateral and (E) oblique craniodorsal views. <i>Abbreviations</i>: <i>dia</i>, diapophysis; <i>lam</i>, lamina; <i>par</i>, parapophysis; <i>poz</i>, postzygapophysis; <i>prz</i>, prezygapophysis. Scale bar equals 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vertebrae", "umnh", "vp"], "article_id"=>490749, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Andrew T. McDonald", "James I. Kirkland", "Donald D. DeBlieux", "Scott K. Madsen", "Jennifer Cavin", "Andrew R. C. Milner", "Lukas Panzarin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014075.g027", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dorsal_vertebrae_of_UMNH_VP_20208_/490749", "title"=>"Dorsal vertebrae of UMNH VP 20208.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-22 00:12:29"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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