Reconstructing Mammalian Phylogenies: A Detailed Comparison of the Cytochrome b and Cytochrome Oxidase Subunit I Mitochondrial Genes
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{"title"=>"Reconstructing mammalian phylogenies: A detailed comparison of the cytochrome b and cytochrome oxidase subunit i mitochondrial genes", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Shanan S.", "last_name"=>"Tobe", "scopus_author_id"=>"16402980800"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew C.", "last_name"=>"Kitchener", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004665755"}, {"first_name"=>"Adrian M.T.", "last_name"=>"Linacre", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701572366"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"21152400", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0014156", "sgr"=>"78649784303", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-78649784303", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"360095048"}, "id"=>"1db76b85-6d6a-38e2-8ba1-6915e5889358", "abstract"=>"The phylogeny and taxonomy of mammalian species were originally based upon shared or derived morphological characteristics. However, genetic analyses have more recently played an increasingly important role in confirming existing or establishing often radically different mammalian groupings and phylogenies. The two most commonly used genetic loci in species identification are the cytochrome oxidase I gene (COI) and the cytochrome b gene (cyt b). For the first time this study provides a detailed comparison of the effectiveness of these two loci in reconstructing the phylogeny of mammals at different levels of the taxonomic hierarchy in order to provide a basis for standardizing methodologies in the future. Interspecific and intraspecific variation is assessed and for the first time, to our knowledge, statistical confidence is applied to sequence comparisons. Comparison of the DNA sequences of 217 mammalian species reveals that cyt b more accurately reconstructs their phylogeny and known relationships between species based on other molecular and morphological analyses at Super Order, Order, Family and generic levels. Cyt b correctly assigned 95.85% of mammal species to Super Order, 94.31% to Order and 98.16% to Family compared to 78.34%, 93.36% and 96.93% respectively for COI. Cyt b also gives better resolution when separating species based on sequence data. Using a Kimura 2-parameter p-distance (x100) threshold of 1.5–2.5, cyt b gives a better resolution for separating species with a lower false positive rate and higher positive predictive value than those of COI.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/reconstructing-mammalian-phylogenies-detailed-comparison-cytochrome-b-cytochrome-oxidase-subunit-i-m", "reader_count"=>182, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Researcher"=>42, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>11, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>38, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>34, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>20, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Researcher"=>42, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>11, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>38, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>34, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>20, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Environmental Science"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>23, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>134, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>134}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>23}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Argentina"=>1, "Hungary"=>1, "United States"=>6, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Malaysia"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Spain"=>1, "India"=>1, "Canada"=>1, "Czech Republic"=>1, "Sweden"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "Chile"=>1, "Germany"=>3}, "group_count"=>1}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407544", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407606", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407644", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407686", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407713", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407739", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407763", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407793", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407821", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407838", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407869", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407903", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407925", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407940", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407959", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/407970", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/408032", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/408076", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/408092", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/408101"], "description"=>"<div><p>The phylogeny and taxonomy of mammalian species were originally based upon shared or derived morphological characteristics. However, genetic analyses have more recently played an increasingly important role in confirming existing or establishing often radically different mammalian groupings and phylogenies. The two most commonly used genetic loci in species identification are the cytochrome oxidase I gene (COI) and the cytochrome <em>b</em> gene (cyt <em>b</em>). For the first time this study provides a detailed comparison of the effectiveness of these two loci in reconstructing the phylogeny of mammals at different levels of the taxonomic hierarchy in order to provide a basis for standardizing methodologies in the future. Interspecific and intraspecific variation is assessed and for the first time, to our knowledge, statistical confidence is applied to sequence comparisons. Comparison of the DNA sequences of 217 mammalian species reveals that cyt <em>b</em> more accurately reconstructs their phylogeny and known relationships between species based on other molecular and morphological analyses at Super Order, Order, Family and generic levels. Cyt <em>b</em> correctly assigned 95.85% of mammal species to Super Order, 94.31% to Order and 98.16% to Family compared to 78.34%, 93.36% and 96.93% respectively for COI. Cyt <em>b</em> also gives better resolution when separating species based on sequence data. Using a Kimura 2-parameter <em>p</em>-distance (x100) threshold of 1.5–2.5, cyt <em>b</em> gives a better resolution for separating species with a lower false positive rate and higher positive predictive value than those of COI.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["reconstructing", "mammalian", "cytochrome", "oxidase", "subunit", "mitochondrial", "genes"], "article_id"=>140504, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Shanan S. Tobe", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Adrian M. T. Linacre"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s013", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s014", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s015", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s016", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s017", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s018", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s019", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.s020"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Reconstructing_Mammalian_Phylogenies_A_Detailed_Comparison_of_the_Cytochrome_b_and_Cytochrome_Oxidase_Subunit_I_Mitochondrial_Genes/140504", "title"=>"Reconstructing Mammalian Phylogenies: A Detailed Comparison of the Cytochrome <em>b</em> and Cytochrome Oxidase Subunit I Mitochondrial Genes", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2010-11-30 00:08:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/815284"], "description"=>"<p>An analysis of the correctly grouped Orders (a and b) and Families (c and d) for COI (a and c) and cyt <i>b</i> (b and d) from the different phylogenetic trees. Only Orders containing n≥6 were included for analysis and all Families were included for n≥2 (n is displayed in parentheses following the name of the Family). Bars indicate the percentage of correctly assigned taxonomic groups and points indicate the percentage of correctly assigned species groups within the larger taxonomic designation. NJ- Neighbor-Joining tree; MP- Maximum Parsimony tree; ME- Minimum Evolution tree; MrBayes- MrBayes Maximum Likelihood; RAxML- RAxML Maximum Likelihood; NJ S- Neighbor-Joining species placement; MP S- Maximum Parsimony species placement; ME S- Minimum Evolution species placement; MrBayes S- MrBayes Maximum Likelihood species placement and; RAxML S - RAxML Maximum Likelihood species placement.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phylogenetic"], "article_id"=>485655, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Shanan S. Tobe", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Adrian M. T. Linacre"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Analysis_and_comparison_of_different_phylogenetic_trees_/485655", "title"=>"Analysis and comparison of different phylogenetic trees.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-30 01:34:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/815425"], "description"=>"<p>Clades have been collapsed based on Order at nodes where all subsequent branches belong to a particular Order. Full versions of these trees can be found in the <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156#pone.0014156.s005\" target=\"_blank\">Figures S3</a> and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156#pone.0014156.s010\" target=\"_blank\">S8</a>. Details of the collapsed orders can be found in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156#pone.0014156.s002\" target=\"_blank\">Text S2</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phylogenetic", "trees", "calculated", "mrbayes", "coi", "cyt"], "article_id"=>485787, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Shanan S. Tobe", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Adrian M. T. Linacre"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maximum_Likelihood_phylogenetic_trees_calculated_using_MrBayes_44__48_for_COI_and_cyt_b_/485787", "title"=>"Maximum Likelihood phylogenetic trees calculated using MrBayes <b>[44]</b>–[<b>48</b>] for COI and cyt <i>b</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-30 01:36:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/815557"], "description"=>"<p>a and b) The <i>R<sub>s</sub></i> values for the first 400 base pairs of the COI (a) and cyt <i>b</i> (b) genes. Sliding windows of identity are shown for blocks of 101 bp (red), 401 bp (purple) and 601 bp (yellow), and are shown as a percentage of completely conserved sequences. Values for entire genes can be found in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156#pone.0014156.s014\" target=\"_blank\">Figure S12</a>. c and d) A histogram of the Kimura 2-parameter <i>p</i>-distances for COI (c) and cyt <i>b</i> (d) for pairwise comparisons within species for domestic cattle (red), domestic dogs (purple), humans (green) and between other mammalian species (blue). e and f) The synonymous differences per synonymous site (<i>d</i><sub>S</sub>) versus the nonsynonymous differences per nonsynonymous site (<i>d</i><sub>N</sub>) for COI (e) and cyt <i>b</i> (f) calculated in pairwise fashion within species for cattle (red), dogs (purple), humans (green) and between other mammalian species (blue). Within-species comparisons are shown in the inlays and are displayed as a mean value with error bars representing maxima and minima. The reference line indicates <i>d</i><sub>S</sub> = <i>d</i><sub>N</sub>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["coi", "cyt"], "article_id"=>485928, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Shanan S. Tobe", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Adrian M. T. Linacre"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_comparison_of_the_COI_and_cyt_b_genes_/485928", "title"=>"A comparison of the COI and cyt <i>b</i> genes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-30 01:38:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/815654"], "description"=>"<p>Only values less than 2.5 are shown and all other comparisons showed values above 2.5. Red shading indicates <1.5, yellow shading indicates 1.5<>2 and green shading indicates 2<>2.5. Species included are: <i>Mus musculus musculus</i> (1); <i>M. m. molossinus</i> (2); <i>M. musculus</i> (3); <i>M. m. domesticus</i> (4); <i>Rattus norvegicus</i> (Wistar) (5); <i>R. norvegicus</i> (BN/SsNHsdMCW) (6); <i>Camelus ferus</i> (7); <i>C. bactrianus</i> (8); <i>Bos indicus</i> (9); <i>B. taurus</i> (10); <i>Muntiacus reevesi micrurus</i> (11); <i>M. reevesi</i> (12); <i>Cervus nippon centralis</i> (13); <i>C. n. yesoensis</i> (14); <i>C. n. yakushimae</i> (15); <i>C. n. taiouanus</i> (16); <i>Eubalaena japonica</i> (17); <i>E. australis</i> (18); <i>Pusa sibirica</i> (19); <i>P. caspica</i> (20); <i>P. hispida</i> (21); <i>Phoca vitulina</i> (22); <i>Phoca largha</i> (23); <i>Ursus thibetanus ussuricus</i> (24); <i>U. thibetanus</i> (25); <i>U. t. thibetanus</i> (26); <i>U. t. formosanus</i> (27); <i>U. t. mupinensis</i> (28); <i>U. maritimus</i> (29); <i>U. arctos</i> (30); <i>Ailurus fulgens</i> (31); <i>A. f. styani</i> (32); <i>Canis lupus chanco</i> (33); <i>C. l. laniger</i> (34); <i>C. l. lupus</i> (35); <i>C. lupus</i> (36); <i>C. familiaris</i> (37); <i>Homo sapiens</i> (38, 39); <i>Gorilla gorilla gorilla</i> (40) and; <i>G. gorilla</i> (41). The colored headings represent different Families.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["kimura", "2-parameter", "coi", "diagonal", "cyt"], "article_id"=>486022, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Shanan S. Tobe", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Adrian M. T. Linacre"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Kimura_2_parameter_p_distance_x100_for_COI_in_the_upper_diagonal_and_cyt_b_in_the_lower_diagonal_/486022", "title"=>"The Kimura 2-parameter <i>p</i>-distance (x100) for COI in the upper diagonal and cyt <i>b</i> in the lower diagonal.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-11-30 01:40:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/815738"], "description"=>"<p>n =  sample size. Standard errors were calculated using 1,000 bootstrap repetitions. 1<sup>st</sup>, 2<sup>nd</sup> and 3<sup>rd</sup> base refer to the position within a codon.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["intra-", "inter-specific", "cyt", "coi"], "article_id"=>486105, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Shanan S. Tobe", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Adrian M. T. Linacre"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_comparison_of_the_intra_and_inter_specific_variation_in_cyt_b_and_COI_genes_/486105", "title"=>"A comparison of the intra- and inter-specific variation in cyt <i>b</i> and COI genes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-11-30 01:41:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/815778"], "description"=>"<p>n total refers to the total number of groups (Orders or Families) present in the trees. n chart refers to only those Orders which were used in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156#pone-0014156-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1</a>. <100% accuracy refers to any grouping which did not correspond to the expected grouping as given by conventional morphological and taxonomic analysis as described in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156#s2\" target=\"_blank\">Materials and Methods</a> section 2.2.1. The MrBayes Maximum Likelihood trees show the most accuracy overall. The Maximum Parsimony trees showed the least accuracy for both genes at both the Order and Family levels.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phylogenetic", "trees", "compiled", "coi", "cyt"], "article_id"=>486143, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Shanan S. Tobe", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Adrian M. T. Linacre"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_direct_comparison_of_the_five_phylogenetic_trees_compiled_for_each_of_COI_and_cyt_b_/486143", "title"=>"A direct comparison of the five phylogenetic trees compiled for each of COI and cyt <i>b</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-11-30 01:42:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/815815"], "description"=>"<p><i>n</i><sub>AB</sub> represents true positives; <i>n</i><sub>aB</sub> represents false positives; <i>n</i><sub>Ab</sub> represents false negatives; <i>n</i><sub>ab</sub> represents true negatives; <i>n</i><sub>A</sub> represents all samples/values from the same species; <i>n</i><sub>a</sub> represents all samples/values from different species; <i>n</i><sub>B</sub> represents total positive samples; <i>n</i><sub>b</sub> represents total negative samples and; <i>n</i> represents the total number of samples/values. Adapted from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156#pone.0014156-Aitken1\" target=\"_blank\">[69]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["two-by-two", "contingency", "k2p", "frequencies", "tabulation", "falling"], "article_id"=>486182, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Shanan S. Tobe", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Adrian M. T. Linacre"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_two_by_two_contingency_table_for_K2P_frequencies_for_the_tabulation_of_the_same_species_A_or_different_species_a_with_a_K2P_value_x_100_falling_below_or_above_B_or_b_a_threshold_/486182", "title"=>"A two-by-two contingency table for K2P frequencies for the tabulation of the same species (A) or different species (a) with a K2P value (x 100) falling below or above (B or b) a threshold.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-11-30 01:43:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/815858"], "description"=>"<p>Thresholds were set at K2P values (x 100%) of 2.5, 2.0 and 1.5% such that the negative predictive value (the probability that a comparison will be from two different species) was 1.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["analyses", "two-by-two", "contingency"], "article_id"=>486225, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Shanan S. Tobe", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Adrian M. T. Linacre"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014156.t004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_the_analyses_from_the_two_by_two_contingency_table_/486225", "title"=>"Results of the analyses from the two-by-two contingency table.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-11-30 01:43:45"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"57", "full-text"=>"58", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"68", "full-text"=>"81", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"60", "full-text"=>"71", "pdf"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"58", "full-text"=>"74", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
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Relative Metric

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