Eu-Social Science: The Role of Internet Social Networks in the Collection of Bee Biodiversity Data
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{"title"=>"Eu-Social Science: The Role of Internet Social Networks in the Collection of Bee Biodiversity Data", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Richard", "last_name"=>"Stafford", "scopus_author_id"=>"14007374300"}, {"first_name"=>"Adam G.", "last_name"=>"Hart", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201706141"}, {"first_name"=>"Laura", "last_name"=>"Collins", "scopus_author_id"=>"57198068684"}, {"first_name"=>"Claire L.", "last_name"=>"Kirkhope", "scopus_author_id"=>"26648901800"}, {"first_name"=>"Rachel L.", "last_name"=>"Williams", "scopus_author_id"=>"55495840800"}, {"first_name"=>"Samuel G.", "last_name"=>"Rees", "scopus_author_id"=>"37079589200"}, {"first_name"=>"Jane R.", "last_name"=>"Lloyd", "scopus_author_id"=>"37079333900"}, {"first_name"=>"Anne E.", "last_name"=>"Goodenough", "scopus_author_id"=>"24467758300"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"361020024", "sgr"=>"78650744918", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"21179423", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-78650744918", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0014381", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"258386f0-0459-3c0c-9c5e-b27b08f624e9", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Monitoring change in species diversity, community composition and phenology is vital to assess the impacts of anthropogenic activity and natural change. However, monitoring by trained scientists is time consuming and expensive.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Using social networks, we assess whether it is possible to obtain accurate data on bee distribution across the UK from photographic records submitted by untrained members of the public, and if these data are in sufficient quantity for ecological studies. We used Flickr and Facebook as social networks and Flickr for the storage of photographs and associated data on date, time and location linked to them. Within six weeks, the number of pictures uploaded to the Flickr BeeID group exceeded 200. Geographic coverage was excellent; the distribution of photographs covered most of the British Isles, from the south coast of England to the Highlands of Scotland. However, only 59% of photographs were properly uploaded according to instructions, with vital information such as 'tags' or location information missing from the remainder. Nevertheless, this incorporation of information on location of photographs was much higher than general usage on Flickr (∼13%), indicating the need for dedicated projects to collect spatial ecological data. Furthermore, we found identification of bees is not possible from all photographs, especially those excluding lower abdomen detail. This suggests that giving details regarding specific anatomical features to include on photographs would be useful to maximise success.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The study demonstrates the power of social network sites to generate public interest in a project and details the advantages of using a group within an existing popular social network site over a traditional (specifically-designed) web-based or paper-based submission process. Some advantages include the ability to network with other individuals or groups with similar interests, and thus increasing the size of the dataset and participation in the project.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/eusocial-science-role-internet-social-networks-collection-bee-biodiversity-data-12", "reader_count"=>119, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Librarian"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Researcher"=>31, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>27, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Other"=>9, "Student > Master"=>12, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Librarian"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Researcher"=>31, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>27, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Other"=>9, "Student > Master"=>12, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>44, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>9, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>22, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Design"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>19}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>19}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>22}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>2}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>44}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>9}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Argentina"=>1, "United States"=>6, "Finland"=>1, "Brazil"=>2, "Serbia and Montenegro"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>8, "Italy"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Germany"=>2, "Spain"=>2}, "group_count"=>11}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/811723"], "description"=>"<p>The number of each species of bee uploaded, correctly tagged and located on the Flickr map (through geotagging or incorporated GPS data) until 30<sup>th</sup> June 2010.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tagged", "located", "Flickr", "geotagging", "incorporated", "gps", "june"], "article_id"=>482077, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Richard Stafford", "Adam G. Hart", "Laura Collins", "Claire L. Kirkhope", "Rachel L. Williams", "Samuel G. Rees", "Jane R. Lloyd", "Anne E. Goodenough"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014381.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_number_of_each_species_of_bee_uploaded_correctly_tagged_and_located_on_the_Flickr_map_through_geotagging_or_incorporated_GPS_data_until_30_th_June_2010_/482077", "title"=>"The number of each species of bee uploaded, correctly tagged and located on the Flickr map (through geotagging or incorporated GPS data) until 30<sup>th</sup> June 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-12-17 00:34:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/811674"], "description"=>"<p>*<a href=\"http://scratchpads.eu/is\" target=\"_blank\">http://scratchpads.eu/is</a> a resource for developing websites for biodiversity projects with integrated support for connecting to social network APIs and therefore reducing setup time and costs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["disadvantages", "methods", "incorporation", "networks"], "article_id"=>482035, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Richard Stafford", "Adam G. Hart", "Laura Collins", "Claire L. Kirkhope", "Rachel L. Williams", "Samuel G. Rees", "Jane R. Lloyd", "Anne E. Goodenough"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014381.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Advantages_and_disadvantages_of_different_methods_for_the_incorporation_of_social_networks_within_citizen_science_projects_/482035", "title"=>"Advantages and disadvantages of different methods for the incorporation of social networks within citizen science projects.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-12-17 00:33:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/405128"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Monitoring change in species diversity, community composition and phenology is vital to assess the impacts of anthropogenic activity and natural change. However, monitoring by trained scientists is time consuming and expensive.</p><h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>Using social networks, we assess whether it is possible to obtain accurate data on bee distribution across the UK from photographic records submitted by untrained members of the public, and if these data are in sufficient quantity for ecological studies. We used Flickr and Facebook as social networks and Flickr for the storage of photographs and associated data on date, time and location linked to them. Within six weeks, the number of pictures uploaded to the Flickr BeeID group exceeded 200. Geographic coverage was excellent; the distribution of photographs covered most of the British Isles, from the south coast of England to the Highlands of Scotland. However, only 59% of photographs were properly uploaded according to instructions, with vital information such as ‘tags’ or location information missing from the remainder. Nevertheless, this incorporation of information on location of photographs was much higher than general usage on Flickr (∼13%), indicating the need for dedicated projects to collect spatial ecological data. Furthermore, we found identification of bees is not possible from all photographs, especially those excluding lower abdomen detail. This suggests that giving details regarding specific anatomical features to include on photographs would be useful to maximise success.</p><h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p>The study demonstrates the power of social network sites to generate public interest in a project and details the advantages of using a group within an existing popular social network site over a traditional (specifically-designed) web-based or paper-based submission process. Some advantages include the ability to network with other individuals or groups with similar interests, and thus increasing the size of the dataset and participation in the project.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["eu-social", "internet", "networks", "biodiversity"], "article_id"=>140060, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Richard Stafford", "Adam G. Hart", "Laura Collins", "Claire L. Kirkhope", "Rachel L. Williams", "Samuel G. Rees", "Jane R. Lloyd", "Anne E. Goodenough"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014381", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>11, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Eu_Social_Science_The_Role_of_Internet_Social_Networks_in_the_Collection_of_Bee_Biodiversity_Data/140060", "title"=>"Eu-Social Science: The Role of Internet Social Networks in the Collection of Bee Biodiversity Data", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-12-17 00:01:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/811533"], "description"=>"<p>(a) Distribution of the buff tailed bumblebee (<i>Bombus terrestris</i>) – showing similar patterns to those previously reported (i.e. scarce is Scotland). (b) Distribution of the buff tailed bumblebee (<i>Bombus lapidarius</i>) indicating its coverage over a wide latitude, even though only 7 photographs were added to the Flickr map. In this case, both the southern and northern most pictures had GPS information attached to the photograph, indicating a high confidence of it being found throughout this range.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["patterns", "bees", "generated", "searching", "Flickr"], "article_id"=>481890, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Richard Stafford", "Adam G. Hart", "Laura Collins", "Claire L. Kirkhope", "Rachel L. Williams", "Samuel G. Rees", "Jane R. Lloyd", "Anne E. Goodenough"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014381.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_patterns_of_species_of_bees_generated_from_searching_by_tag_see_Table_1_for_tags_using_the_Flickr_map_/481890", "title"=>"Distribution patterns of species of bees generated from searching by tag (see <b>Table 1</b> for tags) using the Flickr map.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-12-17 00:31:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/811632"], "description"=>"1<p>Links to key social network sites where information is collected or disseminated are given. Simple ‘fan’ pages on social networks such as Facebook, which just link to other sites are not included.</p>2<p>iSpot is a social network component of OPAL.</p>3<p>The Flickr site is a collection of photographs of bees, and is not related to the main project aims of setting up bee colonies.</p>4<p>Links to many social networks for the purposes of disseminating the project, through individual participants status updates, are given.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["web-based", "biodiversity", "projects", "details", "networks"], "article_id"=>481991, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Richard Stafford", "Adam G. Hart", "Laura Collins", "Claire L. Kirkhope", "Rachel L. Williams", "Samuel G. Rees", "Jane R. Lloyd", "Anne E. Goodenough"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014381.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Examples_of_both_general_and_bee_related_web_based_citizen_science_or_biodiversity_sites_A_brief_description_of_the_projects_is_given_as_are_details_regarding_of_the_use_of_social_networks_data_collection_/481991", "title"=>"Examples of both general, and bee related, web-based citizen science or biodiversity sites. A brief description of the projects is given, as are details regarding of the use of social networks data collection.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-12-17 00:33:11"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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