Impact of Interspecific Hybridization between Crops and Weedy Relatives on the Evolution of Flowering Time in Weedy Phenotypes
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{"title"=>"Impact of interspecific hybridization between crops and weedy relatives on the evolution of flowering time in weedy phenotypes", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Corinne", "last_name"=>"Vacher", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003490300"}, {"first_name"=>"Tanya M.", "last_name"=>"Kossler", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506929239"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael E.", "last_name"=>"Hochberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202565734"}, {"first_name"=>"Arthur E.", "last_name"=>"Weis", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004423578"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"361237945", "sgr"=>"79751499599", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79751499599", "pmid"=>"21304909", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0014649"}, "id"=>"63521ed8-43f3-348a-b765-51a13a78dcfe", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Like conventional crops, some GM cultivars may readily hybridize with their wild or weedy relatives. The progressive introgression of transgenes into wild or weedy populations thus appears inevitable, and we are now faced with the challenge of determining the possible evolutionary effects of these transgenes. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the impact of interspecific hybridization between transgenic plants and weedy relatives on the evolution of the weedy phenotype.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Experimental populations of weedy birdseed rape (Brassica rapa) and transgenic rapeseed (B. napus) were grown under glasshouse conditions. Hybridization opportunities with transgenic plants and phenotypic traits (including phenological, morphological and reproductive traits) were measured for each weedy individual. We show that weedy individuals that flowered later and for longer periods were more likely to receive transgenic pollen from crops and weed × crop hybrids. Because stem diameter is correlated with flowering time, plants with wider stems were also more likely to be pollinated by transgenic plants. We also show that the weedy plants with the highest probability of hybridization had the lowest fecundity.\\n\\nCONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Our results suggest that weeds flowering late and for long periods are less fit because they have a higher probability of hybridizing with crops or weed × crop hybrids. This may result in counter-selection against this subset of weed phenotypes, and a shorter earlier flowering period. It is noteworthy that this potential evolution in flowering time does not depend on the presence of the transgene in the crop. Evolution in flowering time may even be counter-balanced by positive selection acting on the transgene if the latter was positively associated with maternal genes promoting late flowering and long flowering periods. Unfortunately, we could not verify this association in the present experiment.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/impact-interspecific-hybridization-between-crops-weedy-relatives-evolution-flowering-time-weedy-phen", "reader_count"=>36, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>27}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>27}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "France"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/800612"], "description"=>"<p>−2 residual log likelihood  = 1240.8.</p><p>Akaike's information criterion  = 1244.8.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["linear", "transgenic", "pollen", "received", "plants", "filled"], "article_id"=>470978, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Corinne Vacher", "Tanya M. Kossler", "Michael E. Hochberg", "Arthur E. Weis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014649.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mixed_linear_model_for_the_effects_of_transgenic_type_and_expected_proportion_of_pollen_received_from_transgenic_plants_PPR_on_the_total_number_of_filled_seeds_/470978", "title"=>"Mixed linear model for the effects of transgenic type and expected proportion of pollen received from transgenic plants (<i>PPR</i>) on the total number of filled seeds.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 20:46:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/800723"], "description"=>"<p>Phenotypic traits studied in weedy mother plants (M) and their offspring (O).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["studied", "weedy", "plants", "offspring"], "article_id"=>471093, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Corinne Vacher", "Tanya M. Kossler", "Michael E. Hochberg", "Arthur E. Weis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014649.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phenotypic_traits_studied_in_weedy_mother_plants_M_and_their_offspring_O_/471093", "title"=>"Phenotypic traits studied in weedy mother plants (M) and their offspring (O).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 20:46:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/800655"], "description"=>"<p><b>A.</b> The mean <i>PPR</i> for the transgenic type treatments. <b>B.</b> The influence of weedy traits. “Slopes” are the coefficients for the effect of each trait on <i>PPR</i>. The “overall” slope indicates the effect across all transgenic types. The within-type slopes were obtained from the mixed linear model presented in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014649#pone-0014649-t003\" target=\"_blank\">Table 3</a>, they indicate the relationships for crop, F1 and backcross migrants. Coefficients that do not include zero in their 95% confidence interval are shown in bold typeface.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phenological", "pollen", "received", "transgenic", "plants", "weedy", "populations", "crop-weed"], "article_id"=>471017, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Corinne Vacher", "Tanya M. Kossler", "Michael E. Hochberg", "Arthur E. Weis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014649.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_phenological_traits_on_the_expected_proportion_of_pollen_received_from_transgenic_plants_PPR_of_weedy_B_rapa_in_mixed_populations_including_transgenic_B_napus_crop_and_crop_weed_hybrids_/471017", "title"=>"Effects of phenological traits on the expected proportion of pollen received from transgenic plants (<i>PPR</i>) of weedy <i>B. rapa</i> in mixed populations including transgenic <i>B. napus</i> crop and crop-weed hybrids.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 20:46:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/800582"], "description"=>"<p><b>A.</b> Mean seed production for the transgenic type treatments. <b>B.</b> The influence of <i>PPR</i>. “Slopes” are the coefficients for the effect of each trait on seed production. The “overall” slope indicates the effect across all transgenic types. The within-type slopes were obtained from the mixed linera model presented in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014649#pone-0014649-t005\" target=\"_blank\">Table 5</a>, they indicate the relationships for crop, F1 and backcross plants. Coefficients that do not include zero in their 95% confidence interval are in shown in bold typeface.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pollen", "received", "transgenic", "plants", "filled", "seeds", "produced", "weedy", "populations", "crop-weed"], "article_id"=>470938, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Corinne Vacher", "Tanya M. Kossler", "Michael E. Hochberg", "Arthur E. Weis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014649.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_the_expected_proportion_of_pollen_received_from_transgenic_plants_PPR_on_the_total_number_of_filled_seeds_produced_by_weedy_B_rapa_in_mixed_populations_including_transgenic_B_napus_crop_and_crop_weed_hybrids_/470938", "title"=>"Effect of the expected proportion of pollen received from transgenic plants (<i>PPR</i>) on the total number of filled seeds produced by weedy <i>B. rapa</i> in mixed populations including transgenic <i>B. napus</i> crop and crop-weed hybrids.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 20:45:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/800432"], "description"=>"<p>Phenology of weedy plants (WT; <i>hatched bars</i>) and their <i>Bt</i>-transgenic relatives (CR, F1 or BC; <i>white bars</i>). For each combination, three mixed populations of 30 plants were monitored. Bars represent are the mean numbers of opened flowers per population for each day of observation, with standard errors. WT: weedy plants of <i>B. rapa</i>; CR: <i>Bt</i>-crop plants of <i>B. napus</i>; F1: F1 hybrids between WT and CR; BC: <i>Bt</i>-plants from the backcross of F1 on WT. Arrows indicate the date at which 50% of the flowers had been produced.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["transgenic", "weedy"], "article_id"=>470795, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Corinne Vacher", "Tanya M. Kossler", "Michael E. Hochberg", "Arthur E. Weis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014649.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phenology_of_transgenic_and_weedy_plants_/470795", "title"=>"Phenology of transgenic and weedy plants.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 20:45:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/800689"], "description"=>"<p>−2 residual log likelihood  = −35.1.</p><p>Akaike's information criterion  = −31.1.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["linear", "transgenic", "weedy", "phenological", "pollen", "received", "plants"], "article_id"=>471052, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Corinne Vacher", "Tanya M. Kossler", "Michael E. Hochberg", "Arthur E. Weis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014649.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mixed_linear_model_for_the_effects_of_transgenic_type_and_weedy_plant_phenological_traits_on_the_expected_proportion_of_pollen_received_from_transgenic_plants_PPR_/471052", "title"=>"Mixed linear model for the effects of transgenic type and weedy plant phenological traits on the expected proportion of pollen received from transgenic plants (<i>PPR</i>).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 20:46:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/800505"], "description"=>"<p>Total number of filled seeds (<i>TNS</i>) produced by weedy individuals as a function of the expected proportion of pollen (<i>PPR</i>) received from transgenic plants (CR: <i>Bt</i>-crop plants of <i>B. napus</i>; F1: F1 hybrids between weedy plants and CR; BC: <i>Bt</i>-plants from the backcross of F1 on weedy plants). The grey line corresponds to the regression line across all transgenic types (<i>TNS</i>  = −303.15 <i>PPR</i> +272.69); its slope is the overall slope given in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014649#pone-0014649-t005\" target=\"_blank\">Table 5</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fecundity"], "article_id"=>470879, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Corinne Vacher", "Tanya M. Kossler", "Michael E. Hochberg", "Arthur E. Weis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014649.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Decrease_in_fecundity_with_PPR_/470879", "title"=>"Decrease in fecundity with <i>PPR</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 20:45:37"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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