Named Entity Recognition for Bacterial Type IV Secretion Systems
Events
Loading … Spinner

CiteULike | Further Information

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Named Entity Recognition for Bacterial Type IV Secretion Systems", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Sophia", "last_name"=>"Ananiadou"}, {"first_name"=>"Dan", "last_name"=>"Sullivan"}, {"first_name"=>"William", "last_name"=>"Black"}, {"first_name"=>"Gina-Anne", "last_name"=>"Levow"}, {"first_name"=>"Joseph J.", "last_name"=>"Gillespie"}, {"first_name"=>"Chunhong", "last_name"=>"Mao"}, {"first_name"=>"Sampo", "last_name"=>"Pyysalo"}, {"first_name"=>"BalaKrishna", "last_name"=>"Kolluru"}, {"first_name"=>"Junichi", "last_name"=>"Tsujii"}, {"first_name"=>"Bruno", "last_name"=>"Sobral"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"1932-6203", "isbn"=>"9780470688243", "pmid"=>"21468321", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0014780"}, "id"=>"dac6d082-6780-3b87-801f-82e0469cd004", "abstract"=>"Research on specialized biological systems is often hampered by a lack of consistent terminology, especially across species. In bacterial Type IV secretion systems genes within one set of orthologs may have over a dozen different names. Classifying research publications based on biological processes, cellular components, molecular functions, and microorganism species should improve the precision and recall of literature searches allowing researchers to keep up with the exponentially growing literature, through resources such as the Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC, patricbrc.org). We developed named entity recognition (NER) tools for four entities related to Type IV secretion systems: 1) bacteria names, 2) biological processes, 3) molecular functions, and 4) cellular components. These four entities are important to pathogenesis and virulence research but have received less attention than other entities, e.g., genes and proteins. Based on an annotated corpus, large domain terminological resources, and machine learning techniques, we developed recognizers for these entities. High accuracy rates (>80%) are achieved for bacteria, biological processes, and molecular function. Contrastive experiments highlighted the effectiveness of alternate recognition strategies; results of term extraction on contrasting document sets demonstrated the utility of these classes for identifying T4SS-related documents.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/named-entity-recognition-bacterial-type-iv-secretion-systems", "reader_count"=>42, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>17, "Philosophy"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Chemistry"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>15, "Linguistics"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>17}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>15}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>2}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>1, "Austria"=>1, "United States"=>2, "China"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79953183370"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79953183370?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=79953183370&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=79953183370&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79953183370", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:79953183370", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-79953183370", "dc:title"=>"Named entity recognition for bacterial type IV secretion systems", "dc:creator"=>"Ananiadou S.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"6", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"3", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2011-04-04", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"2011", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0014780", "citedby-count"=>"9", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Manchester", "affiliation-city"=>"Manchester", "affiliation-country"=>"United Kingdom"}], "pubmed-id"=>"21468321", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e14780", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0014780", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"240"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"71", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"226"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"129"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"159"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"116"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"110"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"160"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"141"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"2"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"2"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"0"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/394490", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/394499"], "description"=>"<div><p>Research on specialized biological systems is often hampered by a lack of consistent terminology, especially across species. In bacterial Type IV secretion systems genes within one set of orthologs may have over a dozen different names. Classifying research publications based on biological processes, cellular components, molecular functions, and microorganism species should improve the precision and recall of literature searches allowing researchers to keep up with the exponentially growing literature, through resources such as the Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC, patricbrc.org). We developed named entity recognition (NER) tools for four entities related to Type IV secretion systems: 1) bacteria names, 2) biological processes, 3) molecular functions, and 4) cellular components. These four entities are important to pathogenesis and virulence research but have received less attention than other entities, e.g., genes and proteins. Based on an annotated corpus, large domain terminological resources, and machine learning techniques, we developed recognizers for these entities. High accuracy rates (>80%) are achieved for bacteria, biological processes, and molecular function. Contrastive experiments highlighted the effectiveness of alternate recognition strategies; results of term extraction on contrasting document sets demonstrated the utility of these classes for identifying T4SS-related documents.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["named", "bacterial", "iv", "secretion", "systems"], "article_id"=>137920, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Microbiology", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sophia Ananiadou", "Dan Sullivan", "William Black", "Gina-Anne Levow", "Joseph J. Gillespie", "Chunhong Mao", "Sampo Pyysalo", "BalaKrishna Kolluru", "Junichi Tsujii", "Bruno Sobral"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014780.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014780.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>39, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Named_Entity_Recognition_for_Bacterial_Type_IV_Secretion_Systems/137920", "title"=>"Named Entity Recognition for Bacterial Type IV Secretion Systems", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-03-29 02:12:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/788134"], "description"=>"<p>All GO-related categories include terms extracted across the full Gene Ontology and for only the T4SS branches.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dictionaries", "extracted", "domain-specific", "resources"], "article_id"=>458498, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cancer", "Infectious Diseases", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sophia Ananiadou", "Dan Sullivan", "William Black", "Gina-Anne Levow", "Joseph J. Gillespie", "Chunhong Mao", "Sampo Pyysalo", "BalaKrishna Kolluru", "Junichi Tsujii", "Bruno Sobral"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014780.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Statistics_for_dictionaries_extracted_from_domain_specific_resources_for_each_of_the_entity_classes_/458498", "title"=>"Statistics for dictionaries extracted from domain-specific resources for each of the entity classes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-03-29 02:21:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/788208"], "description"=>"<p>Corpus statistics for T4SS concepts: Bacteria, Cellular Component (Cell. Comp.), Biological Process (Bio. Process.), Molecular Function (Molecular.Fn.).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["t4ss", "cellular", "molecular"], "article_id"=>458571, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cancer", "Infectious Diseases", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sophia Ananiadou", "Dan Sullivan", "William Black", "Gina-Anne Levow", "Joseph J. Gillespie", "Chunhong Mao", "Sampo Pyysalo", "BalaKrishna Kolluru", "Junichi Tsujii", "Bruno Sobral"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014780.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Corpus_statistics_for_T4SS_concepts_Bacteria_Cellular_Component_Cell_Comp_Biological_Process_Bio_Process_Molecular_Function_Molecular_Fn_/458571", "title"=>"Corpus statistics for T4SS concepts: Bacteria, Cellular Component (Cell. Comp.), Biological Process (Bio. Process.), Molecular Function (Molecular.Fn.).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-03-29 02:22:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/787941"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Model of the VirB/VirD P-T4SS encoded on the pTi plasmid of <i>Agrobacterium tumefaciens</i>. LPS  =  lipopolysaccharide, OM  =  outer membrane, M  =  murein layer, IM  =  inner membrane, C  =  cytoplasm. (B) Description of the VirB/VirD proteins. (C) Diversity encompassed by the major groups of T4SSs. P, P-T4SS: top  =  <i>Rickettsia prowazekii</i> (<i>rvh</i>) <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014780#pone.0014780-Gillespie1\" target=\"_blank\">[31]</a>,<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014780#pone.0014780-Gillespie2\" target=\"_blank\">[45]</a> bottom  =  <i>Helicobacter pylori</i> (<i>cag</i> pathogenicity island, <i>cag</i>-PAI) <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014780#pone.0014780-Kutter1\" target=\"_blank\">[46]</a>. Genes with homology to <i>vir</i> genes are colored accordingly. <i>cag</i>-PAI genes colored gray are not known to form the T4SS scaffold, while genes colored white are involved in T4SS function but have no clear homology to <i>vir</i> genes. F, F-T4SS: top  =  <i>Escherichia coli</i> (<i>tra</i>/<i>trb</i> of F plasmid), bottom  =  <i>Neisseria gonorrhoeae</i> (<i>tra</i>/<i>trb</i> of gonococcal genetic island). Capital letters depict <i>tra</i> genes while lower case letters depict <i>trb</i> genes, with remaining genes given their full names. I, I-T4SS: top  =  <i>tra</i>/<i>trb</i> of the IncI plasmid R64, bottom  =  <i>Legionella pneumophila</i> (<i>dot</i>/<i>icm</i>) <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014780#pone.0014780-Segal1\" target=\"_blank\">[47]</a>. Capital letters depict <i>icm</i> and <i>tra</i> genes while lower case letters depict <i>dot</i> and <i>trb</i> genes. GI, GI-T4SS: top  =  <i>Haemophilus influenzae</i> (<i>tfc</i>), bottom  =  <i>Salmonella enterica</i> Typhi (<i>tfc</i>). NOTE: Genes of F-, I- and GI-T4SSs with homology to <i>vir</i> genes are colored accordingly.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["iv", "secretion"], "article_id"=>458309, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cancer", "Infectious Diseases", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sophia Ananiadou", "Dan Sullivan", "William Black", "Gina-Anne Levow", "Joseph J. Gillespie", "Chunhong Mao", "Sampo Pyysalo", "BalaKrishna Kolluru", "Junichi Tsujii", "Bruno Sobral"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014780.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>231, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Complexity_of_Type_IV_secretion_system_T4SS_architecture_and_nomenclature_/458309", "title"=>"Complexity of Type IV secretion system (T4SS) architecture and nomenclature.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-03-29 02:18:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/788175"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations are as follows: P = precision, R = recall, and F = F-measure, the harmonic mean of precision and recall. The number of distinct terms added by corpus enrichment is given in parentheses.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["classes", "contrasting", "dictionary-based", "corpus"], "article_id"=>458536, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cancer", "Infectious Diseases", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sophia Ananiadou", "Dan Sullivan", "William Black", "Gina-Anne Levow", "Joseph J. Gillespie", "Chunhong Mao", "Sampo Pyysalo", "BalaKrishna Kolluru", "Junichi Tsujii", "Bruno Sobral"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014780.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Entity_Recognition_across_classes_contrasting_dictionary_based_dictionary_based_with_corpus_enrichment_and_machine_learning_strategies_/458536", "title"=>"Entity Recognition across classes contrasting dictionary-based, dictionary-based with corpus enrichment, and machine learning strategies.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-03-29 02:22:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/788060"], "description"=>"<p>Different classes of entity mention variability (Typographical, Morphological, Syntactic, Reduction, and Abbreviation) across different entity classes (Bacteria, Cellular component, Biological process, and Molecular function). The graph indicates the percentage reduction in unique strings contributed by each class of normalization process.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Infectious diseases", "microbiology", "computational biology/literature analysis", "microbiology/cellular microbiology and pathogenesis", "infectious diseases/bacterial infections", "computational biology/bio-ontology"], "article_id"=>458411, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cancer", "Infectious Diseases", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sophia Ananiadou", "Dan Sullivan", "William Black", "Gina-Anne Levow", "Joseph J. Gillespie", "Chunhong Mao", "Sampo Pyysalo", "BalaKrishna Kolluru", "Junichi Tsujii", "Bruno Sobral"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014780.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_the_effect_of_normalization_/458411", "title"=>"Comparison of the effect of normalization.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-03-29 02:20:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/788256"], "description"=>"<p>Impact of normalization of entity mentions expressed by reduction in number of unique strings, broken down by entity class.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["normalization", "mentions"], "article_id"=>458615, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cancer", "Infectious Diseases", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sophia Ananiadou", "Dan Sullivan", "William Black", "Gina-Anne Levow", "Joseph J. Gillespie", "Chunhong Mao", "Sampo Pyysalo", "BalaKrishna Kolluru", "Junichi Tsujii", "Bruno Sobral"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014780.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Impact_of_normalization_of_entity_mentions_expressed_by_reduction_in_number_of_unique_strings_broken_down_by_entity_class_/458615", "title"=>"Impact of normalization of entity mentions expressed by reduction in number of unique strings, broken down by entity class.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-03-29 02:23:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/788289"], "description"=>"<p>Numbers are scaled by corpus size for each class.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cellular", "molecular", "classes"], "article_id"=>458653, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cancer", "Infectious Diseases", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sophia Ananiadou", "Dan Sullivan", "William Black", "Gina-Anne Levow", "Joseph J. Gillespie", "Chunhong Mao", "Sampo Pyysalo", "BalaKrishna Kolluru", "Junichi Tsujii", "Bruno Sobral"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014780.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Number_of_terms_in_each_class_for_Bacteria_Cellular_Component_Biological_Process_and_Molecular_Function_classes_for_T4SS_near_miss_and_general_documents_/458653", "title"=>"Number of terms in each class for Bacteria, Cellular Component, Biological Process, and Molecular Function classes for T4SS, near-miss, and general documents.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-03-29 02:24:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/788336"], "description"=>"<p>Typological breakdown of entity mention variability in typographical, morphological, syntactic, reduction, and abbreviation classes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["breakdown", "variability", "abbreviation"], "article_id"=>458693, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cancer", "Infectious Diseases", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sophia Ananiadou", "Dan Sullivan", "William Black", "Gina-Anne Levow", "Joseph J. Gillespie", "Chunhong Mao", "Sampo Pyysalo", "BalaKrishna Kolluru", "Junichi Tsujii", "Bruno Sobral"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014780.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>11, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Typological_breakdown_of_entity_mention_variability_in_typographical_morphological_syntactic_reduction_and_abbreviation_classes_/458693", "title"=>"Typological breakdown of entity mention variability in typographical, morphological, syntactic, reduction, and abbreviation classes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-03-29 02:24:53"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"7", "full-text"=>"25", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"15", "unique-ip"=>"28", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"23", "unique-ip"=>"25", "pdf"=>"14", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"10", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"5", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"6", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"5", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"6", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"8", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"7", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2011-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2011-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[304, 568, 702, 818, 927, 1027, 1118, 1206, 1285, 1357, 1427, 1500, 1564, 1636, 1705, 1773, 1840, 1909, 1974, 2039, 2106, 2170, 2234, 2296, 2358, 2423, 2484, 2546, 2606, 2673, 2734, 2795, 2857, 2921, 2984, 3046, 3100]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Computational biology", "average_usage"=>[348, 636, 778, 900, 1011, 1120, 1220, 1303, 1392, 1471, 1554, 1628, 1704, 1776, 1855, 1934, 2016, 2084, 2149, 2232, 2303, 2379, 2465, 2539, 2593, 2657, 2722, 2786, 2856, 2918, 2989, 3057, 3124, 3185, 3234, 3300, 3343]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Microbiology", "average_usage"=>[313, 585, 721, 833, 946, 1049, 1147, 1230, 1307, 1383, 1462, 1528, 1592, 1667, 1726, 1794, 1857, 1918, 1993, 2070, 2137, 2194, 2258, 2314, 2370, 2432, 2497, 2555, 2619, 2676, 2741, 2801, 2861, 2914, 2971, 3017, 3072]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Neuroscience", "average_usage"=>[306, 540, 664, 768, 864, 959, 1036, 1121, 1199, 1277, 1341, 1411, 1477, 1543, 1609, 1675, 1739, 1802, 1868, 1933, 1995, 2050, 2107, 2164, 2220, 2277, 2327, 2374, 2436, 2488, 2542, 2594, 2650, 2705, 2769, 2817, 2859]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Organisms", "average_usage"=>[316, 571, 699, 812, 915, 1008, 1095, 1180, 1255, 1319, 1393, 1461, 1528, 1595, 1662, 1729, 1802, 1868, 1937, 1997, 2062, 2130, 2192, 2254, 2324, 2386, 2450, 2510, 2579, 2642, 2716, 2778, 2842, 2908, 2979, 3042, 3095]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Computer and information sciences/Artificial intelligence", "average_usage"=>[353, 505, 649, 752, 848, 929, 1030, 1123, 1199, 1282, 1341, 1408, 1527, 1576, 1669, 1728, 1823, 1899, 1971, 2019, 2096, 2162, 2210, 2245, 2283, 2330, 2394, 2440, 2473, 2506, 2571, 2643, 2686, 2752, 2811, 2862, 2908]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[340, 584, 708, 809, 915, 1005, 1089, 1174, 1254, 1334, 1408, 1478, 1563, 1648, 1716, 1791, 1847, 1915, 1979, 2044, 2105, 2163, 2218, 2297, 2382, 2436, 2493, 2553, 2618, 2682, 2741, 2786, 2847, 2937, 2989, 3039, 3102]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Linguistics", "average_usage"=>[300, 545, 642, 749, 828, 922, 982, 1067, 1129, 1185, 1252, 1315, 1376, 1428, 1494, 1543, 1615, 1689, 1779, 1843, 1869, 1921, 2006, 2092, 2145, 2210, 2271, 2320, 2378, 2437, 2510, 2588, 2709, 2752, 2787, 2885, 2955]}]}
Loading … Spinner

Net::HTTPTooManyRequests

Source
Scopus
Time
2019-08-27 19:05:11 UTC
Target URL
https://api.elsevier.com/content/search/index:SCOPUS?query=DOI(10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0014780)
Trace

/app/models/concerns/networkable.rb:21:in `get_result'
/app/models/source.rb:165:in `get_data'
/app/models/retrieval_status.rb:47:in `perform_get_data'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:52:in `block (2 levels) in perform'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:51:in `block in perform'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:35:in `each'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:35:in `perform'