Regulation of Pacing Strategy during Athletic Competition
Publication Date
January 20, 2011
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Jos J. De Koning, Carl Foster, Arjan Bakkum, Sil Kloppenburg, et al
Volume
6
Issue
1
Pages
e15863
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0015863
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0015863
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21283744
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3024328
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21283744
Web of Science
000286522200016
Scopus
79251616334
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/regulation-pacing-strategy-during-athletic-competition
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Regulation of pacing strategy during athletic competition", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Jos J.", "last_name"=>"de Koning", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101842984"}, {"first_name"=>"Carl", "last_name"=>"Foster", "scopus_author_id"=>"55234307300"}, {"first_name"=>"Arjan", "last_name"=>"Bakkum", "scopus_author_id"=>"37460951300"}, {"first_name"=>"Sil", "last_name"=>"Kloppenburg", "scopus_author_id"=>"37461455200"}, {"first_name"=>"Christian", "last_name"=>"Thiel", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006568819"}, {"first_name"=>"Trent", "last_name"=>"Joseph", "scopus_author_id"=>"23469442900"}, {"first_name"=>"Jacob", "last_name"=>"Cohen", "scopus_author_id"=>"37076511600"}, {"first_name"=>"John P.", "last_name"=>"Porcari", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701545041"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79251616334", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0015863", "sgr"=>"79251616334", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"21283744", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"361190671"}, "id"=>"aa8cd8a9-6f13-38e8-86d7-70b0d97857c0", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Athletic competition has been a source of interest to the scientific community for many years, as a surrogate of the limits of human ambulatory ability. One of the remarkable things about athletic competition is the observation that some athletes suddenly reduce their pace in the mid-portion of the race and drop back from their competitors. Alternatively, other athletes will perform great accelerations in mid-race (surges) or during the closing stages of the race (the endspurt). This observation fits well with recent evidence that muscular power output is regulated in an anticipatory way, designed to prevent unreasonably large homeostatic disturbances. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we demonstrate that a simple index, the product of the momentary Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) and the fraction of race distance remaining, the Hazard Score, defines the likelihood that athletes will change their velocity during simulated competitions; and may effectively represent the language used to allow anticipatory regulation of muscle power output. CONCLUSIONS: These data support the concept that the muscular power output during high intensity exercise performance is actively regulated in an anticipatory manner that accounts for both the momentary sensations the athlete is experiencing as well as the relative amount of a competition to be completed.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/regulation-pacing-strategy-during-athletic-competition", "reader_count"=>163, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Researcher"=>17, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>36, "Student > Postgraduate"=>13, "Student > Master"=>37, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>19, "Lecturer"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>6, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Researcher"=>17, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>36, "Student > Postgraduate"=>13, "Student > Master"=>37, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>19, "Lecturer"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>6, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Engineering"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>11, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13, "Design"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>116, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Psychology"=>5, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Computer Science"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>11}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>116}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>5}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Belgium"=>1, "United States"=>3, "Brazil"=>1, "South Africa"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>4, "Italy"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/804990"], "description"=>"<p>Velocity of the winner (bold) and the runners successively 5 places further back (e.g., 5<sup>th</sup>, 10<sup>th</sup>, 15<sup>th</sup>) from the Beijing Olympic men's 10 km race.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["runners", "successively", "places", "further", "beijing", "olympic", "10", "km"], "article_id"=>475351, "categories"=>["Physiology"], "users"=>["Jos J. de Koning", "Carl Foster", "Arjan Bakkum", "Sil Kloppenburg", "Christian Thiel", "Trent Joseph", "Jacob Cohen", "John P. Porcari"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0015863.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Velocity_of_the_winner_bold_and_the_runners_successively_5_places_further_back_e_g_5_th_10_th_15_th_from_the_Beijing_Olympic_men_s_10_km_race_/475351", "title"=>"Velocity of the winner (bold) and the runners successively 5 places further back (e.g., 5<sup>th</sup>, 10<sup>th</sup>, 15<sup>th</sup>) from the Beijing Olympic men's 10 km race.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 21:09:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/805073"], "description"=>"<p>The pace during the first 4 km was set and could be varied after this point. The predictor of the slowdown at 4 km during a run at a ‘bad day’ (broken line) is the high Hazard Score in the 3–4 km interval, which reflects larger homeostatic disturbances.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["10", "km", "races"], "article_id"=>475436, "categories"=>["Physiology"], "users"=>["Jos J. de Koning", "Carl Foster", "Arjan Bakkum", "Sil Kloppenburg", "Christian Thiel", "Trent Joseph", "Jacob Cohen", "John P. Porcari"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0015863.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Example_of_a_subject_running_two_10_km_races_on_a_treadmill_/475436", "title"=>"Example of a subject running two 10 km races on a treadmill.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 21:10:22"}

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