The “Far-West” of Anopheles gambiae Molecular Forms
Publication Date
February 15, 2011
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Beniamino Caputo, Federica Santolamazza, José L. Vicente, Davis C. Nwakanma, et al
Volume
6
Issue
2
Pages
e16415
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016415
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0016415
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21347223
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3039643
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21347223
Web of Science
000287369200003
Scopus
79951922996
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/farwest-anopheles-gambiae-molecular-forms
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/399429", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/399438", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/399441", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/399446", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/399453"], "description"=>"<div><p>The main Afrotropical malaria vector, <em>Anopheles gambiae</em> sensu stricto, is undergoing a process of sympatric ecological diversification leading to at least two incipient species (the M and S molecular forms) showing heterogeneous levels of divergence across the genome. The physically unlinked centromeric regions on all three chromosomes of these closely related taxa contain fixed nucleotide differences which have been found in nearly complete linkage disequilibrium in geographic areas of no or low M-S hybridization. Assays diagnostic for SNP and structural differences between M and S forms in the three centromeric regions were applied in samples from the western extreme of their range of sympatry, the only area where high frequencies of putative M/S hybrids have been reported. The results reveal a level of admixture not observed in the rest of the range. In particular, we found: i) heterozygous genotypes at each marker, although at frequencies lower than expected under panmixia; ii) virtually all possible genotypic combinations between markers on different chromosomes, although genetic association was nevertheless detected; iii) discordant M and S genotypes at two X-linked markers near the centromere, suggestive of introgression and inter-locus recombination. These results could be indicative either of a secondary contact zone between M and S, or of the maintenance of ancestral polymorphisms. This issue and the perspectives opened by these results in the study of the M and S incipient speciation process are discussed.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["molecular", "forms"], "article_id"=>138898, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Microbiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Beniamino Caputo", "Federica Santolamazza", "José L. Vicente", "Davis C. Nwakanma", "Musa Jawara", "Katinka Palsson", "Thomas Jaenson", "Bradley J. White", "Emiliano Mancini", "Vincenzo Petrarca", "David J. Conway", "Nora J. Besansky", "João Pinto", "Alessandra della Torre"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016415.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016415.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016415.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016415.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016415.s005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Far_West_of_Anopheles_gambiae_Molecular_Forms/138898", "title"=>"The “Far-West” of <em>Anopheles gambiae</em> Molecular Forms", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-02-15 02:28:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/798189"], "description"=>"<p>[Footnote: MB = Mandina Ba; SR = Sare Samba Sowe; WE = Wellingara; A = Antula district of Bissau City].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sites", "gambia", "guinea"], "article_id"=>468544, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Microbiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Beniamino Caputo", "Federica Santolamazza", "José L. Vicente", "Davis C. Nwakanma", "Musa Jawara", "Katinka Palsson", "Thomas Jaenson", "Bradley J. White", "Emiliano Mancini", "Vincenzo Petrarca", "David J. Conway", "Nora J. Besansky", "João Pinto", "Alessandra della Torre"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016415.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_the_four_collection_sites_in_the_Gambia_and_Guinea_Bissau_/468544", "title"=>"Map of the four collection sites in the Gambia and Guinea Bissau.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-02-15 02:22:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/798312"], "description"=>"<p>[Footnote: The vertical boxes in the plot include the data from the 1st to the 3rd quartile; the horizontal lines in the boxes are the median; the whiskers are drawn from the minimum to the maximum values. CNPs  =  Copy Number Proportions of IGS-SNPs at site 581 (white box) and 690 (grey box). Sample sizes: SINE-X<sup>MM</sup> = 31, SINE-X<sup>MS</sup> = 47, SINE-X<sup>SS</sup> = 55].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cnps", "igs", "molecular", "form-specific", "sites"], "article_id"=>468665, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Microbiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Beniamino Caputo", "Federica Santolamazza", "José L. Vicente", "Davis C. Nwakanma", "Musa Jawara", "Katinka Palsson", "Thomas Jaenson", "Bradley J. White", "Emiliano Mancini", "Vincenzo Petrarca", "David J. Conway", "Nora J. Besansky", "João Pinto", "Alessandra della Torre"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016415.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Box_plots_of_CNPs_values_at_the_IGS_Anopheles_gambiae_molecular_form_specific_sites_in_SINE_X_genotypes_/468665", "title"=>"Box-plots of CNPs values at the IGS <i>Anopheles gambiae</i> molecular form-specific sites in SINE-X-genotypes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-02-15 02:24:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/798460"], "description"=>"<p>\n <i>Footnotes:</i></p><p>MB = Mandina Ba; SR = Sare Samba Sowe; WE = Wellingara; A = Antula district of Bissau City; N = sample size.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["diploid", "genotypes", "samples", "gambia", "guinea"], "article_id"=>468813, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Microbiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Beniamino Caputo", "Federica Santolamazza", "José L. Vicente", "Davis C. Nwakanma", "Musa Jawara", "Katinka Palsson", "Thomas Jaenson", "Bradley J. White", "Emiliano Mancini", "Vincenzo Petrarca", "David J. Conway", "Nora J. Besansky", "João Pinto", "Alessandra della Torre"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016415.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequencies_of_diploid_SINE_X_3L_genotypes_in_Anopheles_gambiae_adult_female_samples_collected_in_The_Gambia_and_in_Guinea_Bissau_/468813", "title"=>"Frequencies of diploid SINE-X/3L genotypes in <i>Anopheles gambiae</i> adult female samples collected in The Gambia and in Guinea Bissau.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-02-15 02:26:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/798508"], "description"=>"<p>\n <i>Footnotes:</i></p><p>MB = Mandina Ba; SR = Sare Samba Sowe; WE = Wellingara; A = Antula district of Bissau City; N = sample size; F<sub>is</sub> = inbreeding coefficient; Exp.Heter. = heterozygote frequencies as expected by Hardy Weinberg (HW) equilibrium; P = significance of deviation from HW equilibrium; n.s. =  not significant.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["3l", "genotypes", "samples", "gambia", "guinea"], "article_id"=>468861, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Microbiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Beniamino Caputo", "Federica Santolamazza", "José L. Vicente", "Davis C. Nwakanma", "Musa Jawara", "Katinka Palsson", "Thomas Jaenson", "Bradley J. White", "Emiliano Mancini", "Vincenzo Petrarca", "David J. Conway", "Nora J. Besansky", "João Pinto", "Alessandra della Torre"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016415.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequencies_of_3L_genotypes_in_Anopheles_gambiae_adult_female_samples_collected_in_The_Gambia_and_in_Guinea_Bissau_/468861", "title"=>"Frequencies of 3L genotypes in <i>Anopheles gambiae</i> adult female samples collected in The Gambia and in Guinea Bissau.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-02-15 02:27:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/798568"], "description"=>"<p>\n <i>Footnotes:</i></p><p>MB = Mandina Ba; SR = Sare Samba Sowe; WE = Wellingara; A = Antula district of Bissau City; N = sample size; F<sub>is</sub> = inbreeding coefficient; Exp.Heter. = heterozygote frequencies as expected by Hardy Weinberg (HW) equilibrium; P = significance of deviation from HW equilibrium.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sine-x", "genotypes", "samples", "gambia", "guinea"], "article_id"=>468919, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Microbiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Beniamino Caputo", "Federica Santolamazza", "José L. Vicente", "Davis C. Nwakanma", "Musa Jawara", "Katinka Palsson", "Thomas Jaenson", "Bradley J. White", "Emiliano Mancini", "Vincenzo Petrarca", "David J. Conway", "Nora J. Besansky", "João Pinto", "Alessandra della Torre"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016415.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequencies_of_SINE_X_genotypes_in_Anopheles_gambiae_adult_female_samples_collected_in_The_Gambia_and_in_Guinea_Bissau_/468919", "title"=>"Frequencies of SINE-X genotypes in <i>Anopheles gambiae</i> adult female samples collected in The Gambia and in Guinea Bissau.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-02-15 02:28:39"}

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Relative Metric

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