Successive Cambia: A Developmental Oddity or an Adaptive Structure?
Publication Date
January 31, 2011
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Elisabeth M. R. Robert, Nele Schmitz, Ilse Boeren, Tess Driessens, et al
Volume
6
Issue
1
Pages
e16558
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016558
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0016558
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21304983
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3031581
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21304983
Web of Science
000286834300086
Scopus
79551633313
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/successive-cambia-developmental-oddity-adaptive-structure
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Successive cambia: A developmental oddity or an adaptive structure?", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Elisabeth M.R.", "last_name"=>"Robert", "scopus_author_id"=>"23091972400"}, {"first_name"=>"Nele", "last_name"=>"Schmitz", "scopus_author_id"=>"15124413700"}, {"first_name"=>"Ilse", "last_name"=>"Boeren", "scopus_author_id"=>"12763261700"}, {"first_name"=>"Tess", "last_name"=>"Driessens", "scopus_author_id"=>"36611423000"}, {"first_name"=>"Kristof", "last_name"=>"Herremans", "scopus_author_id"=>"38061222500"}, {"first_name"=>"Johan", "last_name"=>"De Mey", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101918495"}, {"first_name"=>"Elke", "last_name"=>"Van de Casteele", "scopus_author_id"=>"6505934108"}, {"first_name"=>"Hans", "last_name"=>"Beeckman", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602855866"}, {"first_name"=>"Nico", "last_name"=>"Koedam", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003384572"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"361218359", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0016558", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79551633313", "pmid"=>"21304983", "sgr"=>"79551633313"}, "id"=>"9178be2a-763c-3ec1-bd54-346334a0c9cd", "abstract"=>"Secondary growth by successive cambia is a rare phenomenon in woody plant species. Only few plant species, within different phylogenetic clades, have secondary growth by more than one vascular cambium. Often, these successive cambia are organised concentrically. In the mangrove genus Avicennia however, the successive cambia seem to have a more complex organisation. This study aimed (i) at understanding the development of successive cambia by giving a three-dimensional description of the hydraulic architecture of Avicennia and (ii) at unveiling the possible adaptive nature of growth by successive cambia through a study of the ecological distribution of plant species with concentric internal phloem.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/successive-cambia-developmental-oddity-adaptive-structure", "reader_count"=>55, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>6, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>40, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>40}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>6}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Argentina"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>2, "Mexico"=>1, "Portugal"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/802025"], "description"=>"<p>(a) Ratio of ending to branched phloem in function of the biogeographical mangrove regions; (b) Degree of branching of the transport network of <i>Avicennia marina</i> in function of the study site (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0016558#pone-0016558-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>); (c–d) Ratio of phloem surface area to wood surface area in function of the mangrove species (c) and in function of the study site (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0016558#pone-0016558-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>) for <i>A. marina</i> (d). Lines: medians. Different letters indicate significant differences.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spatial"], "article_id"=>472388, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Elisabeth M. R. Robert", "Nele Schmitz", "Ilse Boeren", "Tess Driessens", "Kristof Herremans", "Johan De Mey", "Elke Van de Casteele", "Hans Beeckman", "Nico Koedam"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016558.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_of_the_spatial_network_of_the_transport_system_in_Avicennia_/472388", "title"=>"Characteristics of the spatial network of the transport system in <i>Avicennia</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-01-31 00:39:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/802477"], "description"=>"<p>Absolute numbers with percentage between brackets.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["woody", "concentric", "phloem", "saline", "environments", "non-saline", "categorized", "shrubs"], "article_id"=>472829, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Elisabeth M. R. Robert", "Nele Schmitz", "Ilse Boeren", "Tess Driessens", "Kristof Herremans", "Johan De Mey", "Elke Van de Casteele", "Hans Beeckman", "Nico Koedam"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016558.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Table_showing_the_number_of_woody_species_with_concentric_internal_phloem_Table_S1_that_occur_in_periodically_dry_and_or_saline_environments_stress_and_in_wet_non_saline_environments_no_stress_categorized_by_habit_lianas_shrubs_and_trees_/472829", "title"=>"Table showing the number of woody species with concentric internal phloem (Table S1) that occur in (periodically) dry and/or saline environments (stress) and in wet, non-saline environments (no stress) categorized by habit (lianas, shrubs and trees).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-01-31 00:47:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/802517"], "description"=>"<p>Soil water for nutrient and salinity analyses was taken at about 25 cm depth. Inundation classes are defined according to Tomlinson <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0016558#pone.0016558-Tomlinson1\" target=\"_blank\">[44]</a>.</p><p>P (soluble reactive phosphor), LAI (Leaf Area Index),</p><p>* (no data records).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["characteristics", "sites", "gazi", "kenya"], "article_id"=>472878, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Elisabeth M. R. Robert", "Nele Schmitz", "Ilse Boeren", "Tess Driessens", "Kristof Herremans", "Johan De Mey", "Elke Van de Casteele", "Hans Beeckman", "Nico Koedam"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016558.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stand_characteristics_of_Avicennia_marina_study_sites_in_Gazi_Bay_Kenya_3_/472878", "title"=>"Stand characteristics of <i>Avicennia marina</i> study sites in Gazi Bay, Kenya [3].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-01-31 00:47:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/802332"], "description"=>"<p>(a) Model of the <i>fishnet stockings</i>: multiple non-continuous cambial sheets give rise to the reticulate transport system. (b) Model of the <i>broken cylinders</i>: complete cambium shields have the ability to break at certain locations and can eventually line up in a later state of the development of the transport structure. Only one cambial layer is shown in both visualisations.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["successive", "cambia"], "article_id"=>472697, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Elisabeth M. R. Robert", "Nele Schmitz", "Ilse Boeren", "Tess Driessens", "Kristof Herremans", "Johan De Mey", "Elke Van de Casteele", "Hans Beeckman", "Nico Koedam"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016558.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Nature_of_the_successive_cambia_in_Avicennia_two_models_/472697", "title"=>"Nature of the successive cambia in <i>Avicennia</i>: two models.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-01-31 00:44:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/802393"], "description"=>"<p>The flow chart is showing the organisms involved (black boxes, capital text) and the results of the study of successive cambia and concentric internal phloem in these organisms (white boxes, normal text) establishing that internal phloem could offer advantages in ecological stressful conditions (grey box with black frame). In this way, the wood anatomical features of <i>Avicennia</i> can help in explaining its broad distribution compared to other mangrove genera.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "overview"], "article_id"=>472760, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Elisabeth M. R. Robert", "Nele Schmitz", "Ilse Boeren", "Tess Driessens", "Kristof Herremans", "Johan De Mey", "Elke Van de Casteele", "Hans Beeckman", "Nico Koedam"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016558.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_From_wood_anatomy_to_ecology_overview_of_the_study_/472760", "title"=>"From wood anatomy to ecology: overview of the study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-01-31 00:46:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/801882"], "description"=>"<p>Schematic view of a stem disc from (a) a tree with only one cambium, (b) a tree with successive cambia organised in concentric cylinders, giving rise to a stem disc with concentric circles of xylem tissue, phloem tissue and cambium circles and (c) <i>Avicennia</i>, having a reticulate organisation of its cambia and transport structure. The spatial structure of <i>Avicennia</i> is depicted by smoothed surface images after three-dimensional reconstruction in Reconstruct <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0016558#pone.0016558-Fiala1\" target=\"_blank\">[42]</a> (d,e). Only a small part of the xylem tissue has been visualised. It can be seen that <i>Avicennia</i> had a complex network of xylem patches that fused at certain heights of the tree and joined different patches at other parts of the stem. The connections between xylem patches changed rapidly with vertical distance. This is shown by the white arrowheads in the four serial micro-CT-scan images of an outside zone of an <i>Avicennia marina</i> stem disc, produced by a SkyScan 1172 scanner (g-k). Each section is 150 µm apart from the previous. On the micro-CT-images (g-k) the wide light grey bands are xylem tissue while the dark small strings are phloem tissue. The complexity of the internal structure can be expressed by the sum of the locations of free ending and branched phloem tissue (f) per stem disc surface area.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["xylem", "phloem"], "article_id"=>472243, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Elisabeth M. R. Robert", "Nele Schmitz", "Ilse Boeren", "Tess Driessens", "Kristof Herremans", "Johan De Mey", "Elke Van de Casteele", "Hans Beeckman", "Nico Koedam"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016558.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_structure_of_the_xylem_and_phloem_tissue_in_Avicennia_in_comparison_to_other_trees_/472243", "title"=>"Spatial structure of the xylem and phloem tissue in <i>Avicennia</i> in comparison to other trees.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-01-31 00:37:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/802179"], "description"=>"<p>Data are from one <i>Avicennia marina</i> tree from Gazi Bay (Kenya). Lines: medians; W: main root of the same tree; W*: main root of another <i>A. marina</i> tree from a different study site in the same mangrove forest.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["branching"], "article_id"=>472548, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Elisabeth M. R. Robert", "Nele Schmitz", "Ilse Boeren", "Tess Driessens", "Kristof Herremans", "Johan De Mey", "Elke Van de Casteele", "Hans Beeckman", "Nico Koedam"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016558.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Degree_of_branching_of_the_internal_transport_structure_of_Avicennia_in_function_of_tree_height_/472548", "title"=>"Degree of branching of the internal transport structure of <i>Avicennia</i> in function of tree height.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-01-31 00:42:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/400704"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Secondary growth by successive cambia is a rare phenomenon in woody plant species. Only few plant species, within different phylogenetic clades, have secondary growth by more than one vascular cambium. Often, these successive cambia are organised concentrically. In the mangrove genus <em>Avicennia</em> however, the successive cambia seem to have a more complex organisation. This study aimed (i) at understanding the development of successive cambia by giving a three-dimensional description of the hydraulic architecture of <em>Avicennia</em> and (ii) at unveiling the possible adaptive nature of growth by successive cambia through a study of the ecological distribution of plant species with concentric internal phloem.</p> <h3>Results</h3><p><em>Avicennia</em> had a complex network of non-cylindrical wood patches, the complexity of which increased with more stressful ecological conditions. As internal phloem has been suggested to play a role in water storage and embolism repair, the spatial organisation of <em>Avicennia</em> wood could provide advantages in the ecologically stressful conditions species of this mangrove genus are growing in. Furthermore, we could observe that 84.9% of the woody shrub and tree species with concentric internal phloem occurred in either dry or saline environments strengthening the hypothesis that successive cambia provide the necessary advantages for survival in harsh environmental conditions.</p> <h3>Conclusions</h3><p>Successive cambia are an ecologically important characteristic, which seems strongly related with water-limited environments.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["successive", "oddity", "adaptive"], "article_id"=>139154, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Elisabeth M. R. Robert", "Nele Schmitz", "Ilse Boeren", "Tess Driessens", "Kristof Herremans", "Johan De Mey", "Elke Van de Casteele", "Hans Beeckman", "Nico Koedam"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016558", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Successive_Cambia_A_Developmental_Oddity_or_an_Adaptive_Structure_/139154", "title"=>"Successive Cambia: A Developmental Oddity or an Adaptive Structure?", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-01-31 02:32:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/802563"], "description"=>"<p>Samples were selected from the xylarium of the Royal Museum of Central Africa in Tervuren (Belgium) or collected in the field (Gazi Bay – Kenya).</p><p>* (root sample),</p><p>** (root sample and samples at different heights).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["samples", "ct-analysis", "micro-ct-"], "article_id"=>472927, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Elisabeth M. R. Robert", "Nele Schmitz", "Ilse Boeren", "Tess Driessens", "Kristof Herremans", "Johan De Mey", "Elke Van de Casteele", "Hans Beeckman", "Nico Koedam"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016558.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Overview_of_the_Avicennia_samples_used_for_the_CT_analysis_and_micro_CT_analysis_/472927", "title"=>"Overview of the <i>Avicennia</i> samples used for the CT-analysis and micro-CT- analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-01-31 00:48:47"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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