Brown Adipose Tissue in Morbidly Obese Subjects
Publication Date
February 24, 2011
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Guy H. E. J. Vijgen, Nicole D. Bouvy, G. J. Jaap Teule, Boudewijn Brans, et al
Volume
6
Issue
2
Pages
e17247
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0017247
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0017247
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21390318
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3044745
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21390318
Web of Science
000287761700041
Scopus
79952089254
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/brown-adipose-tissue-morbidly-obese-subjects-4
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Brown adipose tissue in morbidly obese subjects", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Guy H E J", "last_name"=>"Vijgen", "scopus_author_id"=>"36835916100"}, {"first_name"=>"Nicole D.", "last_name"=>"Bouvy", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602874685"}, {"first_name"=>"G. J Jaap", "last_name"=>"Teule", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005043876"}, {"first_name"=>"Boudewijn", "last_name"=>"Brans", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003503266"}, {"first_name"=>"Patrick", "last_name"=>"Schrauwen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003942896"}, {"first_name"=>"Wouter D.", "last_name"=>"van Marken Lichtenbelt", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003941872"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"21390318", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79952089254", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0017247", "sgr"=>"79952089254", "pui"=>"361341372"}, "id"=>"d358761d-9618-3128-b897-6b72da848be0", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Cold-stimulated adaptive thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT) to increase energy expenditure is suggested as a possible therapeutic target for the treatment of obesity. We have recently shown high prevalence of BAT in adult humans, which was inversely related to body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%), suggesting that obesity is associated with lower BAT activity. Here, we examined BAT activity in morbidly obese subjects and its role in cold-induced thermogenesis (CIT) after applying a personalized cooling protocol. We hypothesize that morbidly obese subjects show reduced BAT activity upon cold exposure.\\n\\nMETHODS AND FINDINGS: After applying a personalized cooling protocol for maximal non-shivering conditions, BAT activity was determined using positron-emission tomography and computed tomography (PET-CT). Cold-induced BAT activity was detected in three out of 15 morbidly obese subjects. Combined with results from lean to morbidly obese subjects (n = 39) from previous study, the collective data show a highly significant correlation between BAT activity and body composition (P<0.001), respectively explaining 64% and 60% of the variance in BMI (r = 0.8; P<0.001) and BF% (r = 0.75; P<0.001). Obese individuals demonstrate a blunted CIT combined with low BAT activity. Only in BAT-positive subjects (n = 26) mean energy expenditure was increased significantly upon cold exposure (51.5±6.7 J/s versus 44.0±5.1 J/s, P = 0.001), and the increase was significantly higher compared to BAT-negative subjects (+15.5±8.9% versus +3.6±8.9%, P = 0.001), indicating a role for BAT in CIT in humans.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: This study shows that in an extremely large range of body compositions, BAT activity is highly correlated with BMI and BF%. BAT-positive subjects showed higher CIT, indicating that BAT is also in humans involved in adaptive thermogenesis. Increasing BAT activity could be a therapeutic target in (morbid) obesity.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/brown-adipose-tissue-morbidly-obese-subjects-4", "reader_count"=>126, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Researcher"=>26, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>27, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>23, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>19, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Researcher"=>26, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>27, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>23, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>19, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>49, "Philosophy"=>2, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Chemistry"=>4, "Energy"=>1, "Engineering"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>9, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>30, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>5, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Psychology"=>3, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>30}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>5}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>5}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>4}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Energy"=>{"Energy"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>49}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>3}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>9}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "United States"=>2, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Switzerland"=>1, "Spain"=>2}, "group_count"=>7}

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/796116"], "description"=>"<p>The black dots indicate the current study group, the open dots indicate previously performed measurements. Cold-induced thermogenesis (CIT), denoted in percentages, is significantly increased in 26 BAT-positive (BAT+) compared to 13 BAT-negative (BAT-) subjects (C). *: P<0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["adipose"], "article_id"=>466489, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Biochemistry", "Physiology", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Guy H. E. J. Vijgen", "Nicole D. Bouvy", "G. J. Jaap Teule", "Boudewijn Brans", "Patrick Schrauwen", "Wouter D. van Marken Lichtenbelt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0017247.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Brown_adipose_tissue_activity_in_relation_to_body_mass_index_A_and_body_fat_percentage_B_/466489", "title"=>"Brown adipose tissue activity in relation to body mass index (A) and body fat percentage (B).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 20:21:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/796253"], "description"=>"<p>Energy expenditure, body core temperature, mean skin temperature and core-skin temperature gradient in thermoneutral conditions (TN) and during mild cold (Cold) in morbidly obese subjects.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["core-skin", "gradient", "thermoneutral", "conditions", "morbidly", "obese"], "article_id"=>466619, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Biochemistry", "Physiology", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Guy H. E. J. Vijgen", "Nicole D. Bouvy", "G. J. Jaap Teule", "Boudewijn Brans", "Patrick Schrauwen", "Wouter D. van Marken Lichtenbelt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0017247.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Energy_expenditure_body_core_temperature_mean_skin_temperature_and_core_skin_temperature_gradient_in_thermoneutral_conditions_TN_and_during_mild_cold_Cold_in_morbidly_obese_subjects_/466619", "title"=>"Energy expenditure, body core temperature, mean skin temperature and core-skin temperature gradient in thermoneutral conditions (TN) and during mild cold (Cold) in morbidly obese subjects.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 20:22:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/795976"], "description"=>"<p>Three female subjects showed BAT activity in the supraclavicular area, highlighted by a red rectangle (A). Combined PET- and CT-imaging shows FDG-uptake in supraclavicular adipose tissue (this was the morbidly obese subject that showed the most BAT activity) (B).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["morbidly", "obese"], "article_id"=>466342, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Biochemistry", "Physiology", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Guy H. E. J. Vijgen", "Nicole D. Bouvy", "G. J. Jaap Teule", "Boudewijn Brans", "Patrick Schrauwen", "Wouter D. van Marken Lichtenbelt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0017247.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_PET_images_of_fifteen_morbidly_obese_subjects_/466342", "title"=>"PET-images of fifteen morbidly obese subjects.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 20:20:34"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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