Does Environmental Enrichment Reduce Stress? An Integrated Measure of Corticosterone from Feathers Provides a Novel Perspective
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{"title"=>"Does environmental enrichment reduce stress? An integrated measure of corticosterone from feathers provides a novel perspective", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Graham D.", "last_name"=>"Fairhurst", "scopus_author_id"=>"9638136000"}, {"first_name"=>"Matthew D.", "last_name"=>"Frey", "scopus_author_id"=>"37074491000"}, {"first_name"=>"James F.", "last_name"=>"Reichert", "scopus_author_id"=>"37006860900"}, {"first_name"=>"Izabela", "last_name"=>"Szelest", "scopus_author_id"=>"8566479200"}, {"first_name"=>"Debbie M.", "last_name"=>"Kelly", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403137540"}, {"first_name"=>"Gary R.", "last_name"=>"Bortolotti", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005648561"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"361433580", "sgr"=>"79952594532", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"21412426", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79952594532", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0017663", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"1ae66cda-4f64-30d2-baac-ced9ea79b760", "abstract"=>"Enrichment is widely used as tool for managing fearfulness, undesirable behaviors, and stress in captive animals, and for studying exploration and personality. Inconsistencies in previous studies of physiological and behavioral responses to enrichment led us to hypothesize that enrichment and its removal are stressful environmental changes to which the hormone corticosterone and fearfulness, activity, and exploration behaviors ought to be sensitive. We conducted two experiments with a captive population of wild-caught Clark's nutcrackers (Nucifraga columbiana) to assess responses to short- (10-d) and long-term (3-mo) enrichment, their removal, and the influence of novelty, within the same animal. Variation in an integrated measure of corticosterone from feathers, combined with video recordings of behaviors, suggests that how individuals perceive enrichment and its removal depends on the duration of exposure. Short- and long-term enrichment elicited different physiological responses, with the former acting as a stressor and birds exhibiting acclimation to the latter. Non-novel enrichment evoked the strongest corticosterone responses of all the treatments, suggesting that the second exposure to the same objects acted as a physiological cue, and that acclimation was overridden by negative past experience. Birds showed weak behavioral responses that were not related to corticosterone. By demonstrating that an integrated measure of glucocorticoid physiology varies significantly with changes to enrichment in the absence of agonistic interactions, our study sheds light on potential mechanisms driving physiological and behavioral responses to environmental change.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/environmental-enrichment-reduce-stress-integrated-measure-corticosterone-feathers-provides-novel-per", "reader_count"=>177, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>10, "Researcher"=>21, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>44, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>39, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>24, "Lecturer"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>13}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>10, "Researcher"=>21, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>44, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>39, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>24, "Lecturer"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>13}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>11, "Environmental Science"=>13, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>115, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>3, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>24, "Chemistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>3}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>24}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>115}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>11}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>13}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>3, "Colombia"=>1, "Romania"=>1, "United States"=>4, "Poland"=>1, "South Africa"=>4, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Spain"=>3}, "group_count"=>5}

Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/791400"], "description"=>"<p>Filled circles: experimental birds; open circles: non-enriched controls. See text for explanation of time periods.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["latency", "nutcrackers"], "article_id"=>461768, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Ecology", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Graham D. Fairhurst", "Matthew D. Frey", "James F. Reichert", "Izabela Szelest", "Debbie M. Kelly", "Gary R. Bortolotti"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0017663.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_177_SE_latency_sec_to_feed_LTF_of_nutcrackers_during_experiment_2_/461768", "title"=>"Mean (± SE) latency (sec) to feed (LTF) of nutcrackers during experiment 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 19:54:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/791357"], "description"=>"<p>Filled circles: experimental birds; open circles: non-enriched controls. (A) shows the first four time periods of the experiment; (B) shows the fifth time period (non-novel enrichment) and includes short-term (novel) enrichment for comparison. Note different scales on y-axes. See text for explanation of time periods.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["nutcracker", "cort"], "article_id"=>461729, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Ecology", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Graham D. Fairhurst", "Matthew D. Frey", "James F. Reichert", "Izabela Szelest", "Debbie M. Kelly", "Gary R. Bortolotti"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0017663.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_177_SE_nutcracker_feather_CORT_values_pg_mm_from_experiment_2_/461729", "title"=>"Mean (± SE) nutcracker feather CORT values (pg/mm) from experiment 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 19:54:22"}

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Relative Metric

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