Alphacoronaviruses in New World Bats: Prevalence, Persistence, Phylogeny, and Potential for Interaction with Humans
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{"title"=>"Alphacoronaviruses in new World bats: Prevalence, persistence, phylogeny, and potential for interaction with humans", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Christina", "last_name"=>"Osborne", "scopus_author_id"=>"41361595300"}, {"first_name"=>"Paul M.", "last_name"=>"Cryan", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602326788"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas J.", "last_name"=>"O'Shea", "scopus_author_id"=>"7007139282"}, {"first_name"=>"Lauren M.", "last_name"=>"Oko", "scopus_author_id"=>"14422579000"}, {"first_name"=>"Christina", "last_name"=>"Ndaluka", "scopus_author_id"=>"26428371900"}, {"first_name"=>"Charles H.", "last_name"=>"Calisher", "scopus_author_id"=>"7007011672"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew D.", "last_name"=>"Berglund", "scopus_author_id"=>"41360962300"}, {"first_name"=>"Mead L.", "last_name"=>"Klavetter", "scopus_author_id"=>"16637231900"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard A.", "last_name"=>"Bowen", "scopus_author_id"=>"24598913600"}, {"first_name"=>"Kathryn V.", "last_name"=>"Holmes", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201657724"}, {"first_name"=>"Samuel R.", "last_name"=>"Dominguez", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005494651"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79955931805", "pui"=>"361758722", "pmid"=>"21589915", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0019156", "sgr"=>"79955931805"}, "id"=>"991271b4-e93b-3ec9-bc45-9a43df2bc162", "abstract"=>"Bats are reservoirs for many different coronaviruses (CoVs) as well as many other important zoonotic viruses. We sampled feces and/or anal swabs of 1,044 insectivorous bats of 2 families and 17 species from 21 different locations within Colorado from 2007 to 2009. We detected alphacoronavirus RNA in bats of 4 species: big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus), 10% prevalence; long-legged bats (Myotis volans), 8% prevalence; little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus), 3% prevalence; and western long-eared bats (Myotis evotis), 2% prevalence. Overall, juvenile bats were twice as likely to be positive for CoV RNA as adult bats. At two of the rural sampling sites, CoV RNAs were detected in big brown and long-legged bats during the three sequential summers of this study. CoV RNA was detected in big brown bats in all five of the urban maternity roosts sampled throughout each of the periods tested. Individually tagged big brown bats that were positive for CoV RNA and later sampled again all became CoV RNA negative. Nucleotide sequences in the RdRp gene fell into 3 main clusters, all distinct from those of Old World bats. Similar nucleotide sequences were found in amplicons from gene 1b and the spike gene in both a big-brown and a long-legged bat, indicating that a CoV may be capable of infecting bats of different genera. These data suggest that ongoing evolution of CoVs in bats creates the possibility of a continued threat for emergence into hosts of other species. Alphacoronavirus RNA was detected at a high prevalence in big brown bats in roosts in close proximity to human habitations (10%) and known to have direct contact with people (19%), suggesting that significant potential opportunities exist for cross-species transmission of these viruses. Further CoV surveillance studies in bats throughout the Americas are warranted.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/alphacoronaviruses-new-world-bats-prevalence-persistence-phylogeny-potential-interaction-humans", "reader_count"=>64, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>42, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>42}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "China"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "South Africa"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/775573"], "description"=>"<p>All five of the positive bats were adult female big brown bats.</p><p>NS = not sampled, + = positive or CoV RNA, − = negative for CoV RNA.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cov", "rna", "16", "individually", "tagged", "bats", "captured", "sampled", "dates"], "article_id"=>445923, "categories"=>["Infectious Diseases", "Microbiology", "Virology", "Ecology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Christina Osborne", "Paul M. Cryan", "Thomas J. O'Shea", "Lauren M. Oko", "Christina Ndaluka", "Charles H. Calisher", "Andrew D. Berglund", "Mead L. Klavetter", "Richard A. Bowen", "Kathryn V. Holmes", "Samuel R. Dominguez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019156.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Detection_of_CoV_RNA_in_16_individually_tagged_big_brown_bats_that_were_captured_and_sampled_on_multiple_dates_during_the_summer_of_2008_/445923", "title"=>"Detection of CoV RNA in 16 individually tagged big brown bats that were captured and sampled on multiple dates during the summer of 2008.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-05-12 01:38:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/775312"], "description"=>"<p>Phylogenetic analysis of an approximate 4000 nucleotide sequence (2 segments) of the RdRp gene of RM-Bat-CoV-15/2006/ML (<i>Myotis lucifugus</i>) and RM-Bat-CoV 61/2007/EF (<i>Eptesicus fuscus</i>) compared to other known coronaviruses. Phylogenetic trees were constructed by the neighbor-joining method using MEGA version 4.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rdrp"], "article_id"=>445676, "categories"=>["Infectious Diseases", "Microbiology", "Virology", "Ecology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Christina Osborne", "Paul M. Cryan", "Thomas J. O'Shea", "Lauren M. Oko", "Christina Ndaluka", "Charles H. Calisher", "Andrew D. Berglund", "Mead L. Klavetter", "Richard A. Bowen", "Kathryn V. Holmes", "Samuel R. Dominguez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019156.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_analysis_of_the_RdRp_gene_/445676", "title"=>"Phylogenetic analysis of the RdRp gene.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-05-12 01:34:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/775064"], "description"=>"<p>Circles (#1–21) represent sites where live bats were captured and fecal or swab samples were taken; closed circles represent sites where bats tested positive for CoV RNA and open circles are those from which all samples tested negative. Shaded counties (A–K) were those from which intestines of bats submitted to public health departments were sampled for CoV RNA. Counties from which intestinal samples were negative for CoV are shown in gray and counties with at least one CoV-positive intestinal sample are shown in black.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["colorado", "sites", "bats", "sampled", "cov"], "article_id"=>445417, "categories"=>["Infectious Diseases", "Microbiology", "Virology", "Ecology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Christina Osborne", "Paul M. Cryan", "Thomas J. O'Shea", "Lauren M. Oko", "Christina Ndaluka", "Charles H. Calisher", "Andrew D. Berglund", "Mead L. Klavetter", "Richard A. Bowen", "Kathryn V. Holmes", "Samuel R. Dominguez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019156.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_Colorado_showing_sites_where_bats_were_sampled_for_the_presence_of_CoV_RNA_/445417", "title"=>"Map of Colorado showing sites where bats were sampled for the presence of CoV RNA.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-05-12 01:30:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/775617"], "description"=>"<p>*All bats at rural sites #1–16, all bats sampled during 2007 at urban sites #17–21, and all bats sampled from the CDPHE were tested for CoV RNA using the conserved coronavirus primer set. All bats from the genera <i>Myotis</i> and <i>Eptesiscus</i> were also screened with alphacoronavirus primer sets specific for these genera. Bats at urban sites #17–21 collected during 2008–09 were screened only with the species specific primer sets.</p>+<p>CDPHE = samples obtained from the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment submitted from Arapahoe (1), Boulder (17), Denver (1), Douglas (1), El Paso (6), Jefferson (13), Larimer (1), Montezuma(1), Pueblo (10) , Routt (1), Weld (1), and unknown (8) counties. Bold type indicates CoV positive bat species. Subsequent tables show subsets of data from animals presented in this table.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bats", "cov", "rna"], "article_id"=>445978, "categories"=>["Infectious Diseases", "Microbiology", "Virology", "Ecology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Christina Osborne", "Paul M. Cryan", "Thomas J. O'Shea", "Lauren M. Oko", "Christina Ndaluka", "Charles H. Calisher", "Andrew D. Berglund", "Mead L. Klavetter", "Richard A. Bowen", "Kathryn V. Holmes", "Samuel R. Dominguez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019156.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>38, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Prevalence_of_bats_of_various_species_that_were_positive_for_CoV_RNA_at_different_sites_/445978", "title"=>"Prevalence of bats of various species that were positive<sup>*</sup> for CoV RNA at different sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-05-12 01:39:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/389099", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/389141", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/389172"], "description"=>"<div><p>Bats are reservoirs for many different coronaviruses (CoVs) as well as many other important zoonotic viruses. We sampled feces and/or anal swabs of 1,044 insectivorous bats of 2 families and 17 species from 21 different locations within Colorado from 2007 to 2009. We detected alphacoronavirus RNA in bats of 4 species: big brown bats (<em>Eptesicus fuscus</em>), 10% prevalence; long-legged bats (<em>Myotis volans</em>), 8% prevalence; little brown bats (<em>Myotis lucifugus</em>), 3% prevalence; and western long-eared bats (<em>Myotis evotis</em>), 2% prevalence. Overall, juvenile bats were twice as likely to be positive for CoV RNA as adult bats. At two of the rural sampling sites, CoV RNAs were detected in big brown and long-legged bats during the three sequential summers of this study. CoV RNA was detected in big brown bats in all five of the urban maternity roosts sampled throughout each of the periods tested. Individually tagged big brown bats that were positive for CoV RNA and later sampled again all became CoV RNA negative. Nucleotide sequences in the RdRp gene fell into 3 main clusters, all distinct from those of Old World bats. Similar nucleotide sequences were found in amplicons from gene 1b and the spike gene in both a big-brown and a long-legged bat, indicating that a CoV may be capable of infecting bats of different genera. These data suggest that ongoing evolution of CoVs in bats creates the possibility of a continued threat for emergence into hosts of other species. Alphacoronavirus RNA was detected at a high prevalence in big brown bats in roosts in close proximity to human habitations (10%) and known to have direct contact with people (19%), suggesting that significant potential opportunities exist for cross-species transmission of these viruses. Further CoV surveillance studies in bats throughout the Americas are warranted.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["alphacoronaviruses", "humans"], "article_id"=>136821, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cancer", "Ecology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Christina Osborne", "Paul M. Cryan", "Thomas J. O'Shea", "Lauren M. Oko", "Christina Ndaluka", "Charles H. Calisher", "Andrew D. Berglund", "Mead L. Klavetter", "Richard A. Bowen", "Kathryn V. Holmes", "Samuel R. Dominguez"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019156.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019156.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019156.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>19, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Alphacoronaviruses_in_New_World_Bats_Prevalence_Persistence_Phylogeny_and_Potential_for_Interaction_with_Humans/136821", "title"=>"Alphacoronaviruses in New World Bats: Prevalence, Persistence, Phylogeny, and Potential for Interaction with Humans", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-05-12 01:53:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/775208"], "description"=>"<p>Phylogenetic analysis of an 1100 nucleotide segment of the S2 region of the spike gene of RM-Bat-CoV 453/2007/EF (<i>Eptesicus fuscus</i>) compared to other known alphacoronaviruses. Phylogenetic trees were constructed by the neighbor-joining method using MEGA version 4.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spike"], "article_id"=>445571, "categories"=>["Infectious Diseases", "Microbiology", "Virology", "Ecology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Christina Osborne", "Paul M. Cryan", "Thomas J. O'Shea", "Lauren M. Oko", "Christina Ndaluka", "Charles H. Calisher", "Andrew D. Berglund", "Mead L. Klavetter", "Richard A. Bowen", "Kathryn V. Holmes", "Samuel R. Dominguez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019156.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_Analysis_of_the_spike_gene_/445571", "title"=>"Phylogenetic Analysis of the spike gene.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-05-12 01:32:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/775519"], "description"=>"<p>*Fisher's exact test, comparisons between percent positive at indicated site between the two years sampled.</p>a<p>comparison between 2007 and 2008, other comparisons not significant.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["coronavirus", "rna", "long-legged", "bats", "fecal", "anal", "swab", "samples"], "article_id"=>445872, "categories"=>["Infectious Diseases", "Microbiology", "Virology", "Ecology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Christina Osborne", "Paul M. Cryan", "Thomas J. O'Shea", "Lauren M. Oko", "Christina Ndaluka", "Charles H. Calisher", "Andrew D. Berglund", "Mead L. Klavetter", "Richard A. Bowen", "Kathryn V. Holmes", "Samuel R. Dominguez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019156.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Prevalence_of_coronavirus_RNA_in_long_legged_bats_site_4_or_big_brown_bats_sites_5_17_8211_21_in_fecal_and_or_anal_swab_samples_by_site_of_collection_and_date_/445872", "title"=>"Prevalence of coronavirus RNA in long-legged bats (site #4) or big brown bats (sites #5, 17–21) in fecal and/or anal swab samples by site of collection and date.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-05-12 01:37:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/775429"], "description"=>"<p>*Fisher's exact test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bats", "coronavirus", "rna", "fecal", "anal", "swab", "samples"], "article_id"=>445779, "categories"=>["Infectious Diseases", "Microbiology", "Virology", "Ecology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Christina Osborne", "Paul M. Cryan", "Thomas J. O'Shea", "Lauren M. Oko", "Christina Ndaluka", "Charles H. Calisher", "Andrew D. Berglund", "Mead L. Klavetter", "Richard A. Bowen", "Kathryn V. Holmes", "Samuel R. Dominguez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019156.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percent_of_bats_positive_for_coronavirus_RNA_in_fecal_and_or_anal_swab_samples_by_age_and_sex_N_8202_8202_999_/445779", "title"=>"Percent of bats positive for coronavirus RNA in fecal and/or anal swab samples by age and sex (N = 999).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-05-12 01:36:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/775471"], "description"=>"<p>Results are shown as percent nucleotide identity. The sizes of the amplicons studies are shown in parenthesis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["coronavirus", "rna", "rdrp"], "article_id"=>445833, "categories"=>["Infectious Diseases", "Microbiology", "Virology", "Ecology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Christina Osborne", "Paul M. Cryan", "Thomas J. O'Shea", "Lauren M. Oko", "Christina Ndaluka", "Charles H. Calisher", "Andrew D. Berglund", "Mead L. Klavetter", "Richard A. Bowen", "Kathryn V. Holmes", "Samuel R. Dominguez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019156.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Nucleotide_Sequence_Comparison_of_New_World_Bat_Coronavirus_RNA_in_the_RdRp_region_/445833", "title"=>"Nucleotide Sequence Comparison of New World Bat Coronavirus RNA in the RdRp region.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-05-12 01:37:13"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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