A Neural Correlate of the Processing of Multi-Second Time Intervals in Primate Prefrontal Cortex
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{"title"=>"A neural correlate of the processing of multi-second time intervals in primate prefrontal cortex", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Naosugi", "last_name"=>"Yumoto", "scopus_author_id"=>"39062539500"}, {"first_name"=>"Xiaofeng", "last_name"=>"Lu", "scopus_author_id"=>"55687442400"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas R.", "last_name"=>"Henry", "scopus_author_id"=>"35434346000"}, {"first_name"=>"Shigehiro", "last_name"=>"Miyachi", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004557432"}, {"first_name"=>"Atsushi", "last_name"=>"Nambu", "scopus_author_id"=>"16146090000"}, {"first_name"=>"Tomoki", "last_name"=>"Fukai", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006520778"}, {"first_name"=>"Masahiko", "last_name"=>"Takada", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402485321"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"79955678936", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0019168", "pui"=>"361717717", "pmid"=>"21556372", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79955678936", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"59204f61-f8e3-37d0-8403-f12b46ec3b7e", "abstract"=>"Several areas of the brain are known to participate in temporal processing. Neurons in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) are thought to contribute to perception of time intervals. However, it remains unclear whether the PFC itself can generate time intervals independently of external stimuli. Here we describe a group of PFC neurons in area 9 that became active when monkeys recognized a particular elapsed time within the range of 1-7 seconds. Another group of area 9 neurons became active only when subjects reproduced a specific interval without external cues. Both types of neurons were individually tuned to recognize or reproduce particular intervals. Moreover, the injection of muscimol, a GABA agonist, into this area bilaterally resulted in an increase in the error rate during time interval reproduction. These results suggest that area 9 may process multi-second intervals not only in perceptual recognition, but also in internal generation of time intervals.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/neural-correlate-processing-multisecond-time-intervals-primate-prefrontal-cortex", "reader_count"=>51, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>2, "Unspecified"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>25, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>6, "Psychology"=>14, "Computer Science"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>6}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>14}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>25}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "France"=>2, "Portugal"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/390996", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/391062"], "description"=>"<div><p>Several areas of the brain are known to participate in temporal processing. Neurons in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) are thought to contribute to perception of time intervals. However, it remains unclear whether the PFC itself can generate time intervals independently of external stimuli. Here we describe a group of PFC neurons in area 9 that became active when monkeys recognized a particular elapsed time within the range of 1–7 seconds. Another group of area 9 neurons became active only when subjects reproduced a specific interval without external cues. Both types of neurons were individually tuned to recognize or reproduce particular intervals. Moreover, the injection of muscimol, a GABA agonist, into this area bilaterally resulted in an increase in the error rate during time interval reproduction. These results suggest that area 9 may process multi-second intervals not only in perceptual recognition, but also in internal generation of time intervals.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neural", "correlate", "multi-second", "intervals", "primate", "prefrontal", "cortex"], "article_id"=>137232, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Naosugi Yumoto", "XiaoFeng Lu", "Thomas R. Henry", "Shigehiro Miyachi", "Atsushi Nambu", "Tomoki Fukai", "Masahiko Takada"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019168.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019168.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/A_Neural_Correlate_of_the_Processing_of_Multi_Second_Time_Intervals___in_Primate_Prefrontal_Cortex/137232", "title"=>"A Neural Correlate of the Processing of Multi-Second Time Intervals\n in Primate Prefrontal Cortex", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-04-27 02:00:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/779785"], "description"=>"<p>Activity of individual DR neurons specific for 2 s (A), 4 s (B), or 7 s\n (C) in monkey J. Shown in histogram and raster format is spike discharge\n during the duration presentation period and the early interim period of\n each time task. Note the time-specific activity that is seen during the\n 1-s period after cue offset. Activity of individual IG neurons specific\n for 2 s (D), 4 s (E), or 7 s (F) in monkey J. Shown is the spike\n discharge rate during the interval response period of each time\n task.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interval-generating-related"], "article_id"=>450158, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Naosugi Yumoto", "XiaoFeng Lu", "Thomas R. Henry", "Shigehiro Miyachi", "Atsushi Nambu", "Tomoki Fukai", "Masahiko Takada"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019168.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Duration_recognizing_and_interval_generating_related____activity_/450158", "title"=>"Duration-recognizing- and interval-generating-related\n activity.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-04-27 00:02:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/779674"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Behavioral task schema. The monkeys were trained to prepare for and then\n observe the presentation of a time interval of visual stimuli, and after a\n variable interim period, then to reproduce this presented interval with a\n button press, as described in materials and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0019168#s2\" target=\"_blank\">methods</a>. (B) Sites of single unit recordings and muscimol\n injections. Each dot indicates an electrode track where cellular activity\n was recorded in relation to the behavioral task. The size of the dot is\n proportional to the number of task-related cells in area 9. Red crosses\n denote sites of muscimol injection, which was performed to analyze effects\n on performance of the behavioral task. iAS, inferior limb of the arcuate\n sulcus; PS, principal sulcus; sAS, superior limb of the arcuate sulcus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["schema"], "article_id"=>450044, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Naosugi Yumoto", "XiaoFeng Lu", "Thomas R. Henry", "Shigehiro Miyachi", "Atsushi Nambu", "Tomoki Fukai", "Masahiko Takada"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019168.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Task_schema_and_recording_sites_/450044", "title"=>"Task schema and recording sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-04-27 00:00:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/779932"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Change in the error rate for all of the 2-s, 4-s, and 7-s tasks.\n (B–D) Comparison of the frequency of interval responses between\n the pre- and the post-injections in the 2-s (B), 4-s (C), and 7-s (D)\n tasks. CRR, correct response range (reproduction accuracy\n within±15% of the target interval).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["muscimol", "injections", "time", "reproduction"], "article_id"=>450298, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Naosugi Yumoto", "XiaoFeng Lu", "Thomas R. Henry", "Shigehiro Miyachi", "Atsushi Nambu", "Tomoki Fukai", "Masahiko Takada"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019168.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_muscimol_injections_into_area_9_on_the_accuracy_of_time____reproduction_in_monkey_J_/450298", "title"=>"Effect of muscimol injections into area 9 on the accuracy of time\n reproduction in monkey J.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-04-27 00:04:58"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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