How Do Honeybees Attract Nestmates Using Waggle Dances in Dark and Noisy Hives?
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{"title"=>"How do honeybees attract nestmates using waggle dances in dark and noisy hives?", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Yuji", "last_name"=>"Hasegawa", "scopus_author_id"=>"57199730193"}, {"first_name"=>"Hidetoshi", "last_name"=>"Ikeno", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003566847"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"361783682", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0019619", "sgr"=>"79956072022", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79956072022", "pmid"=>"21603608"}, "id"=>"02d93a76-4df0-3c95-a4b3-f1dde978dbac", "abstract"=>"It is well known that honeybees share information related to food sources with nestmates using a dance language that is representative of symbolic communication among non-primates. Some honeybee species engage in visually apparent behavior, walking in a figure-eight pattern inside their dark hives. It has been suggested that sounds play an important role in this dance language, even though a variety of wing vibration sounds are produced by honeybee behaviors in hives. It has been shown that dances emit sounds primarily at about 250-300 Hz, which is in the same frequency range as honeybees' flight sounds. Thus the exact mechanism whereby honeybees attract nestmates using waggle dances in such a dark and noisy hive is as yet unclear. In this study, we used a flight simulator in which honeybees were attached to a torque meter in order to analyze the component of bees' orienting response caused only by sounds, and not by odor or by vibrations sensed by their legs. We showed using single sound localization that honeybees preferred sounds around 265 Hz. Furthermore, according to sound discrimination tests using sounds of the same frequency, honeybees preferred rhythmic sounds. Our results demonstrate that frequency and rhythmic components play a complementary role in localizing dance sounds. Dance sounds were presumably developed to share information in a dark and noisy environment.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/honeybees-attract-nestmates-using-waggle-dances-dark-noisy-hives", "reader_count"=>36, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Engineering"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>18, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Psychology"=>1, "Computer Science"=>3, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>18}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Brazil"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Germany"=>3, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/775040"], "description"=>"<p>The time traces of a honeybee's orientation in response to flight sounds (A), dance sounds (B), and white noise (C) are shown. Each loudspeaker (#1, #2, #3, #4) produced a single sound source according to the honeybee's orientation. In dance or flight sound localization, honeybees tended to orient from −0.5π to 0.5π during their flights when the #2 or #3 loudspeakers produced dance or flight sounds. Honeybees did not orient in any particular direction when white noise was produced.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["patterns", "localization"], "article_id"=>445415, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Yuji Hasegawa", "Hidetoshi Ikeno"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019619.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Temporal_patterns_of_a_honeybee_s_localization_toward_a_single_sound_source_/445415", "title"=>"Temporal patterns of a honeybee's localization toward a single sound source.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 18:25:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/775137"], "description"=>"<p>The time traces of a honeybee's orientation in response to flight and dance sounds are shown. Each loudspeaker (#1, #2, #3, #4) produced flight and dance sounds according to the honeybee's orientation. The time series variation was divided into two phases. The initial phase lasted for up to 10 seconds. During this phase the honeybee did not orient in any particular direction. After 10 seconds, it tended to orient from −0.5π to 0.5π, when the #2 or #3 loudspeakers produced dance sounds.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["patterns", "localization"], "article_id"=>445510, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Yuji Hasegawa", "Hidetoshi Ikeno"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019619.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Temporal_patterns_of_a_honeybee_s_localization_toward_two_sound_sources_/445510", "title"=>"Temporal patterns of a honeybee's localization toward two sound sources.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 18:25:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/775094"], "description"=>"<p>The left column indicates the types of sounds: dance sounds (DS), flight sounds (FS), and white noise (WN). Nine honeybees were tested in this experiment. The error bars indicate standard deviations. The grey areas show the mean performance indices (PI) for a 22-sec flight period. PI was calculated for these periods as a ratio of (t1−t2)/(t1+t2), where t1 indicates the duration during which the honeybee orients towards the current sound source and t2 indicates the duration during which the honeybee turns away from it. The starting position of a sound source was shifted randomly. Since PI's are 0.12±0.17 and 0.25±0.38 for dance (DS) and flight (FS) sounds, respectively, their non-zero hypotheses are significant with P<0.01. In contrast, since PI is 0.01±0.18 for white noise (WN), the non-zero hypothesis is not significant with P>0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["localization"], "article_id"=>445468, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Yuji Hasegawa", "Hidetoshi Ikeno"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019619.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Honeybees_localization_toward_a_single_sound_source_/445468", "title"=>"Honeybees' localization toward a single sound source.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 18:25:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/774990"], "description"=>"<p>The graphs demonstrate localization using either a single sound source (A) or two sound sources (B). The vertical axes show the state of each loudspeaker's switches (ON or OFF). The numbers on the right side of the graph indicate the loudspeaker number. The directions of each sound source were set negatively proportional to the voltage output of the torque meter attached to the honeybee's thorax. Whether a loudspeaker was turned on or off and which sound source it produced was decided by the directions of the sound source.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sequences", "directions"], "article_id"=>445368, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Yuji Hasegawa", "Hidetoshi Ikeno"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019619.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Control_sequences_between_a_honeybee_s_directions_and_the_loudspeakers_/445368", "title"=>"Control sequences between a honeybee's directions and the loudspeakers.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 18:25:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/774944"], "description"=>"<p>A honeybee is tethered to a torque sensor that converts the bee's yaw torque into voltage. Based on this voltage, a computer controls the operating state of four loudspeakers and the position of a random dot pattern (horizontal [H] × vertical [V]  = 10×10 pixels) on a monitor. The loudspeakers and the monitor are located in front of the honeybee. The loudspeakers are placed at 60° (#1), 15° (#2), −15° (#3) and −60° (#4), respectively. The display size of the monitor is 640×480 pixels (H × V), which yields a 120×90 degree (H × V) view angle from the point of view of the tethered honeybee.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["setup"], "article_id"=>445317, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Yuji Hasegawa", "Hidetoshi Ikeno"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019619.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_setup_of_sound_source_localization_/445317", "title"=>"Experimental setup of sound source localization.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 18:24:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/775175"], "description"=>"<p>The numbers to the right of the grey bars indicate the number of honeybees tested. The error bars indicate standard deviations. The left column indicates the types of dance sounds: DS-org is the original dance sound, while DS-rnd and DS-n (n = 40–960, interval time [msec]) are synthetic dance sounds. The intervals in DS-rnd were randomly set between 40 msec and 960 msec. The mean interval length in DS-org was about 480 msec. The grey areas show the mean performance indices (PI) the 22-sec flight periods. PI is calculated for the periods as a ratio of (t1−t2)/(t1+t2), where t1 indicates the duration during which the honeybee orients towards the current dance sounds and t2 indicates the period during which the honeybee orients towards the flight sounds. Starting positions of sound sources were shifted randomly. Since PI's are 0.25±0.22, 0.30±0.27, 0.29±0.25, and 0.23±0.34 for dance sounds DS-org, DS-240, DS-480 and DS-960, respectively, their non-zero hypotheses are significant with P<0.01 (DS-org, DS-240 and DS-480) and P<0.05 (DS-960). On the other hand, since PI's are −0.03±0.25, −0.09±0.19 and −0.07±0.20 for dance sounds DS-rnd, DS-40, and DS-80, respectively, the non-zero hypothesis is not significant with p>0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["components"], "article_id"=>445554, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Yuji Hasegawa", "Hidetoshi Ikeno"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019619.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_effect_of_dance_sound_components_on_sound_source_discrimination_/445554", "title"=>"The effect of dance sound components on sound source discrimination.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 18:26:06"}

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Relative Metric

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