Sponge Mass Mortalities in a Warming Mediterranean Sea: Are Cyanobacteria-Harboring Species Worse Off?
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{"title"=>"Sponge mass mortalities in a warming mediterranean sea: Are cyanobacteria-harboring species worse off?", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Emma", "last_name"=>"Cebrian", "scopus_author_id"=>"56055750300"}, {"first_name"=>"Maria Jesus", "last_name"=>"Uriz", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004797076"}, {"first_name"=>"Joaquim", "last_name"=>"Garrabou", "scopus_author_id"=>"55938079700"}, {"first_name"=>"Enric", "last_name"=>"Ballesteros", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006048400"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"361862755", "isbn"=>"2009248252", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0020211", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79957847744", "pmid"=>"21673798", "sgr"=>"79957847744"}, "id"=>"72c23845-9251-3f9f-b41a-0c665e28bb60", "abstract"=>"Mass mortality events are increasing dramatically in all coastal marine environments. Determining the underlying causes of mass mortality events has proven difficult in the past because of the lack of prior quantitative data on populations and environmental variables. Four-year surveys of two shallow-water sponge species, Ircinia fasciculata and Sarcotragus spinosulum, were carried out in the western Mediterranean Sea. These surveys provided evidence of two severe sponge die-offs (total mortality ranging from 80 to 95% of specimens) occurring in the summers of 2008 and 2009. These events primarily affected I. fasciculata, which hosts both phototrophic and heterotrophic microsymbionts, while they did not affect S. spinosulum, which harbors only heterotrophic bacteria. We observed a significant positive correlation between the percentage of injured I. fasciculata specimens and exposure time to elevated temperature conditions in all populations, suggesting a key role of temperature in triggering mortality events. A comparative ultrastructural study of injured and healthy I. fasciculata specimens showed that cyanobacteria disappeared from injured specimens, which suggests that cyanobacterial decay could be involved in I. fasciculata mortality. A laboratory experiment confirmed that the cyanobacteria harbored by I. fasciculata displayed a significant reduction in photosynthetic efficiency in the highest temperature treatment. The sponge disease reported here led to a severe decrease in the abundance of the surveyed populations. It represents one of the most dramatic mass mortality events to date in the Mediterranean Sea.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/sponge-mass-mortalities-warming-mediterranean-sea-cyanobacteriaharboring-species-worse", "reader_count"=>123, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>29, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>25, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>29, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>25, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>16, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>93, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>3, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>93}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>16}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Venezuela"=>1, "Sweden"=>1, "United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Israel"=>1, "France"=>3, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>2}, "group_count"=>5}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/769083"], "description"=>"<p>a) First stage of the affectation on <i>I. fasciculata</i> (arrow head) compared with healthy <i>S. spinosulum</i> (arrow), b) small whitish spots on the <i>I. fasciculata</i> surface, c) completely dead <i>I. fasciculata</i> with the skeleton (spongin network) free of cellular material, (d) white bacterial veil on unhealthy <i>Sarcotragus spinosulum</i> surface.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "mathematics"], "article_id"=>439451, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Emma Cebrián", "Maria Jesus Uriz", "Joaquim Garrabou", "Enric Ballesteros"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020211.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Aspects_of_Ircinia_fasciculata_mortality_/439451", "title"=>"Aspects of <i>Ircinia fasciculata</i> mortality.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:52:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/769994"], "description"=>"<p>Bars represent standard errors.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["quantum", "photosynthetic", "electron"], "article_id"=>440364, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Emma Cebrián", "Maria Jesus Uriz", "Joaquim Garrabou", "Enric Ballesteros"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020211.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_effective_quantum_yield_PSII_and_photosynthetic_electron_transfer_ETR_during_the_experiment_for_the_control_8221_8220_medium_8221_and_8220_extreme_8221_treatments_/440364", "title"=>"The effective quantum yield (Φ<sub>PSII</sub>) and photosynthetic electron transfer (ETR) during the experiment for the \"control,” “medium” and “extreme” treatments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:57:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/769831"], "description"=>"<p>Data from SOMLIT (temperature sensors) data series.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["temperatures", "cabrera", "np", "scandola", "rn"], "article_id"=>440201, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Emma Cebrián", "Maria Jesus Uriz", "Joaquim Garrabou", "Enric Ballesteros"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020211.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentage_of_the_summer_period_with_temperatures_above_23_176_C_24_176_C_25_176_C_and_26_176_C_in_Cabrera_NP_a_and_above_23_176_C_24_176_C_and_25_176_C_in_Scandola_RN_b_/440201", "title"=>"Percentage of the summer period with temperatures above 23°C, 24°C, 25°C and 26°C in Cabrera NP (a) and above 23°C, 24°C and 25°C in Scandola RN (b).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:56:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/770066"], "description"=>"<p>*show significant differences p<0.05 and</p><p>**p<0.01.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["one-way", "anova", "comparing", "fluorescence", "variables", "2-", "treatments"], "article_id"=>440423, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Emma Cebrián", "Maria Jesus Uriz", "Joaquim Garrabou", "Enric Ballesteros"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020211.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_1_Results_of_one_way_ANOVA_comparing_initial_and_final_fluorescence_variables_Yield_ETR_for_the_Control_Medium_and_Extreme_temperature_treatments_and_2_results_of_one_way_ANOVA_comparing_different_treatments_fluorescence_variables_Yield_ETR_for_the_initi/440423", "title"=>"1-Results of one-way ANOVA comparing initial and final fluorescence variables (Yield, ETR) for the Control, Medium and Extreme temperature treatments, and 2- results of one-way ANOVA comparing different treatments fluorescence variables (Yield, ETR) for the initial and final time point of the experiment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:57:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/769317"], "description"=>"<p>A) Archeocyte of a subectosomal zone, surrounded by numerous cyanobacteria (c) and some heterotrophic bacteria (h); B) Detail of a healthy cyanobacteria, close to an archeocyte plenty of glycogen rosettes (g); C) “symbiotic” bacterial community, typically found in the sponge; D) collagen layer (co) between endopinacocytes (pi) separating two choanocyte chambers (ch: choanocytes); E) collagen bundles, surrounded by endopinacocytes (pi); F) basal section of a choanocyte, full of heterogeneous phagosomes (ph), which is characteristic of the species (n: nucleus).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ultrastructural", "aspects"], "article_id"=>439686, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Emma Cebrián", "Maria Jesus Uriz", "Joaquim Garrabou", "Enric Ballesteros"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020211.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Several_ultrastructural_aspects_of_a_healthy_Ircinia_fasciculata_/439686", "title"=>"Several ultrastructural aspects of a healthy <i>Ircinia fasciculata</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:53:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/770151"], "description"=>"<p>TX and T max refer to the average mean and maximum temperatures, respectively, obtained for the available period in each study area.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["records", "august", "30", "15", "scandola", "rn", "cabrera"], "article_id"=>440515, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Emma Cebrián", "Maria Jesus Uriz", "Joaquim Garrabou", "Enric Ballesteros"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020211.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Temperature_records_from_1_August_to_30_September_at_15_m_depth_obtained_in_Scandola_RN_and_Cabrera_NP_/440515", "title"=>"Temperature records (from 1 August to 30 September) at 15 m depth obtained in Scandola RN and Cabrera NP.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:58:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/769697"], "description"=>"<p>Bars represent standard errors. Mean concentrations, which were not significantly different in a Tukey test, are joined by horizontal lines. N =  number of specimens sampled.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["densities", "recorded", "cabrera", "np", "scandola", "rn", "monitoring"], "article_id"=>440062, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Emma Cebrián", "Maria Jesus Uriz", "Joaquim Garrabou", "Enric Ballesteros"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020211.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_densities_of_Ircinia_fasciculata_a_and_Sarcotragus_spinosulum_b_recorded_in_Cabrera_NP_circles_C_and_Scandola_RN_triangles_S_during_the_monitoring_period_/440062", "title"=>"Mean densities of <i>Ircinia fasciculata</i> (a) and <i>Sarcotragus spinosulum</i> (b) recorded in Cabrera NP (circles, C) and Scandola RN (triangles, S) during the monitoring period.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:55:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/769590"], "description"=>"<p>Bars represent standard errors. Mean concentrations, which were not significantly different in a Tukey test, are joined by horizontal lines.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["percentages", "injured", "specimens", "recorded", "cabrera", "np", "scandola", "rn", "monitoring"], "article_id"=>439950, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Emma Cebrián", "Maria Jesus Uriz", "Joaquim Garrabou", "Enric Ballesteros"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020211.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_percentages_of_injured_Ircinia_fasciculata_a_and_Sarcotragus_spinosulum_b_specimens_recorded_in_Cabrera_NP_circles_and_Scandola_RN_triangles_during_the_monitoring_period_/439950", "title"=>"Mean percentages of injured <i>Ircinia fasciculata</i> (a) and <i>Sarcotragus spinosulum</i> (b) specimens recorded in Cabrera NP (circles) and Scandola RN (triangles) during the monitoring period.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:55:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/768921"], "description"=>"<p>The western Mediterranean Sea, showing the surveyed localities of <i>Ircinia fasciculata</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mediterranean", "surveyed", "localities"], "article_id"=>439288, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Emma Cebrián", "Maria Jesus Uriz", "Joaquim Garrabou", "Enric Ballesteros"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020211.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_western_Mediterranean_Sea_showing_the_surveyed_localities_of_Ircinia_fasciculata_/439288", "title"=>"The western Mediterranean Sea, showing the surveyed localities of <i>Ircinia fasciculata</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:51:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/769450"], "description"=>"<p>A, B, C) Zone in the vicinity of a pustule (whitish spot): A) cyanobacteria under several degradation stages; B) section of a degenerating choanocyte chamber with multiple phagosomes (ph) and an unknown microorganism (mi); C) closer view of the “rare” microorganism, which divides within cell vacuoles (a) and shows a membrane complex (arrows) and an irregular, dark inner zone; D, E, F). Zone corresponding to a pustule (died whitish spot): D) completely degenerated cells with multiple released vesicles (v); E) Abundant foreign bacteria (fb), similar to the morphotype reported to consume on the skeleton of dead sponges (Vacelet et al. 1994), among completely degenerated sponge cells (sc); F) Close view of this particular bacterium, which is always associated to the collagen bundles (cb).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ultrastructural", "aspects", "unhealthy", "specimens"], "article_id"=>439820, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Emma Cebrián", "Maria Jesus Uriz", "Joaquim Garrabou", "Enric Ballesteros"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020211.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Several_ultrastructural_aspects_of_unhealthy_specimens_of_Ircinia_fasciculata_/439820", "title"=>"Several ultrastructural aspects of unhealthy specimens of <i>Ircinia fasciculata</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:54:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/769920"], "description"=>"<p>Relationship between the percentage of time above a temperature threshold (26°C) from August 1 to September 30 and the percentage of affected <i>I. fasciculata</i> colonies in Cabrera NP.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["august", "september", "30", "affected", "colonies", "cabrera"], "article_id"=>440289, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Emma Cebrián", "Maria Jesus Uriz", "Joaquim Garrabou", "Enric Ballesteros"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020211.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_between_the_percentage_of_time_above_a_temperature_threshold_26_C_from_August_1_to_September_30_and_the_percentage_of_affected_I_fasciculata_colonies_in_Cabrera_NP_/440289", "title"=>"Relationship between the percentage of time above a temperature threshold (26°C) from August 1 to September 30 and the percentage of affected <i>I. fasciculata</i> colonies in Cabrera NP.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:57:10"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"6", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
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  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"14", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"14", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
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  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"13", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"12", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"11", "unique-ip"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
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  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"3", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"5", "unique-ip"=>"8", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"18", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
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