Control of Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Reactivation Induced by Multiple Signals
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{"title"=>"Control of Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated herpesvirus reactivation induced by multiple signals", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Fuqu", "last_name"=>"Yu", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402822797"}, {"first_name"=>"Ibrahim", "last_name"=>"Al-Shyoukh", "scopus_author_id"=>"23569362100"}, {"first_name"=>"Jiaying", "last_name"=>"Feng", "scopus_author_id"=>"35409057000"}, {"first_name"=>"Xudong", "last_name"=>"Li", "scopus_author_id"=>"26663682900"}, {"first_name"=>"Chia Wei", "last_name"=>"Liao", "scopus_author_id"=>"54583991400"}, {"first_name"=>"Chih Ming", "last_name"=>"Ho", "scopus_author_id"=>"56879645600"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeff S.", "last_name"=>"Shamma", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005188389"}, {"first_name"=>"Ren", "last_name"=>"Sun", "scopus_author_id"=>"7401619603"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"79959593989", "pmid"=>"21904595", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pui"=>"362022029", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79959593989", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0020998"}, "id"=>"4ad9c86c-0ead-3b5d-905b-37b88f2ce731", "abstract"=>"The ability to control cellular functions can bring about many developments in basic biological research and its applications. The presence of multiple signals, internal as well as externally imposed, introduces several challenges for controlling cellular functions. Additionally the lack of clear understanding of the cellular signaling network limits our ability to infer the responses to a number of signals. This work investigates the control of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus reactivation upon treatment with a combination of multiple signals. We utilize mathematical model-based as well as experiment-based approaches to achieve the desired goals of maximizing virus reactivation. The results show that appropriately selected control signals can induce virus lytic gene expression about ten folds higher than a single drug; these results were validated by comparing the results of the two approaches, and experimentally using multiple assays. Additionally, we have quantitatively analyzed potential interactions between the used combinations of drugs. Some of these interactions were consistent with existing literature, and new interactions emerged and warrant further studies. The work presents a general method that can be used to quantitatively and systematically study multi-signal induced responses. It enables optimization of combinations to achieve desired responses. It also allows identifying critical nodes mediating the multi-signal induced responses. The concept and the approach used in this work will be directly applicable to other diseases such as AIDS and cancer.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/control-kaposis-sarcomaassociated-herpesvirus-reactivation-induced-multiple-signals", "reader_count"=>9, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Hong Kong"=>1, "United States"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/761093"], "description"=>"<p>The figure shows the experimental validation results of the optimal drug combination for KSHV reactivation determined via the cross entropy algorithm. (A) Western blots showing KSHV lytic protein K8 expression 8 hr or 12 hr after drug treatment. The results were quantified as indicated in the <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#s4\" target=\"_blank\">material and methods</a> section. (B) RT-Q-PCR showing the level of KSHV lytic transcripts ORF50 and PAN 4 hr or 8 hr after drug treatment. (C) Q-PCR of virion DNA copy-numbers measured 48 hours after treatment.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["validation"], "article_id"=>431463, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Mathematics", "Molecular Biology", "Virology", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Fuqu Yu", "Ibrahim Al-Shyoukh", "Jiaying Feng", "Xudong Li", "Chia Wei Liao", "Chih-Ming Ho", "Jeff S. Shamma", "Ren Sun"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_validation_of_results_/431463", "title"=>"Experimental validation of results.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:08:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/760911"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Shown are the five drugs that are used in the drug combinations and the mechanisms by which they induce KSHV reactivation. The diagram also illustrates the known crosstalk among these five drugs. : Synergistic effect; : Inhibitory effect. Representative known interactions among different molecules: a. Proteasome inhibitor prevents the activation of NF-kB <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#pone.0020998-Adams1\" target=\"_blank\">[43]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#pone.0020998-Adams2\" target=\"_blank\">[44]</a>. b. PKC activates NF-kB in T and B lymphocytes <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#pone.0020998-Krappmann1\" target=\"_blank\">[45]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#pone.0020998-Williams1\" target=\"_blank\">[46]</a>. c. NF-kB inhibits herpesvirus reactivation <i>in vitro</i> and <i>in vivo </i><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#pone.0020998-Brown1\" target=\"_blank\">[13]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#pone.0020998-Krug1\" target=\"_blank\">[47]</a>. d. Glucocorticoids such as Dexamethasone inhibit NF-kB activity through induction of IkB <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#pone.0020998-Auphan1\" target=\"_blank\">[48]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#pone.0020998-Ayroldi1\" target=\"_blank\">[49]</a>. e. Dexamethasone and cAMP may synergistically regulate the expression of a subset of genes in lymphocytes <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#pone.0020998-Dowd1\" target=\"_blank\">[40]</a>. f. PKA pathway and PKC pathway can synergize <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#pone.0020998-Rabbi1\" target=\"_blank\">[50]</a> or antagonize <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#pone.0020998-HermannKleiter1\" target=\"_blank\">[51]</a> each other in different circumstances. (B) Shown are the KSHV reactivation rates upon treatment with the five drugs individually (Blue: Bortezomib, Red: db-cAMP, Green: Prostratin, Purple: Valproate, Cyan: Dexamethasone). The nine concentrations used are nine two-fold dilutions of the following maximum concentrations for the drugs Bortezomib 320(nM), db-cAMP 8(mM), Prostratin 80(uM), Valproate 6(mM), Dexamethasone 400(nM). The concentrations are also the nine concentrations (Conc. I) in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#pone-0020998-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["kshv", "reactivation", "cellular"], "article_id"=>431272, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Mathematics", "Molecular Biology", "Virology", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Fuqu Yu", "Ibrahim Al-Shyoukh", "Jiaying Feng", "Xudong Li", "Chia Wei Liao", "Chih-Ming Ho", "Jeff S. Shamma", "Ren Sun"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Single_drug_effects_of_KSHV_reactivation_and_related_cellular_signaling_/431272", "title"=>"Single-drug effects of KSHV reactivation and related cellular signaling.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:07:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/761449"], "description"=>"<p>Conc. I indicates the concentration used for the model-based KSHV reactivation modeling and for the experiment-based optimization. Conc. II indicates the set of refined concentrations used in the second part of the experiment-based optimization. These concentrations were used in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#pone-0020998-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figures 1</a> and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#pone-0020998-g003\" target=\"_blank\">3</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["concentrations"], "article_id"=>431819, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Mathematics", "Molecular Biology", "Virology", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Fuqu Yu", "Ibrahim Al-Shyoukh", "Jiaying Feng", "Xudong Li", "Chia Wei Liao", "Chih-Ming Ho", "Jeff S. Shamma", "Ren Sun"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Table_of_drug_concentrations_used_in_this_study_/431819", "title"=>"Table of drug concentrations used in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:10:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/760975"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Shown is the correlation between the measured reactivation (x-axis) and the predicted reactivation (trained outputs) (y-axis) using 588 out of 600 total input-output points (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998#s4\" target=\"_blank\">methods</a> section - Neural network model). The circles represent individual data points. The dotted diagonal line represents a perfect fit between the measured and predicted reactivation rates. (B) The measured and predicted reactivation rates of 48 new randomly selected drug combinations. The x-axis shows the measured reactivation rates, and the y-axis showed the predicted reactivation rates using the predictive reactivation model.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["modeling", "reactivation"], "article_id"=>431345, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Mathematics", "Molecular Biology", "Virology", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Fuqu Yu", "Ibrahim Al-Shyoukh", "Jiaying Feng", "Xudong Li", "Chia Wei Liao", "Chih-Ming Ho", "Jeff S. Shamma", "Ren Sun"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Predictive_modeling_of_reactivation_rates_/431345", "title"=>"Predictive modeling of reactivation rates.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:08:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/761223"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Plot of the regression coefficients of the different regressors used in linear regression. (B) Plot of the percentage of variance explained as a function of the number of Partial Least Squares components used in Partial Least Squares Regression. (C) Plot of the lowest residual sum of squares for models of regressors. (D) Plot of the regressor coefficients of the best model using 10 regressors. The regressors are shown as well.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["predictive", "reactivation"], "article_id"=>431595, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Mathematics", "Molecular Biology", "Virology", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Fuqu Yu", "Ibrahim Al-Shyoukh", "Jiaying Feng", "Xudong Li", "Chia Wei Liao", "Chih-Ming Ho", "Jeff S. Shamma", "Ren Sun"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dimensionality_reduction_of_the_predictive_reactivation_model_/431595", "title"=>"Dimensionality reduction of the predictive reactivation model.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:09:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/761160"], "description"=>"<p>Figure showing plots of the KSHV reactivation rates as a function of drugs db-cAMP and Prostratin, for various concentrations of drug Bortezomib. The colors are solely a function of the reactivation levels in each panel. (A) Drugs Valproate and Dexamethasone are fixed at zero. (B) Drugs Valproate and Dexamethasone are fixed at 6 mM and 210.5 nM.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["maps", "kshv"], "article_id"=>431530, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Mathematics", "Molecular Biology", "Virology", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Fuqu Yu", "Ibrahim Al-Shyoukh", "Jiaying Feng", "Xudong Li", "Chia Wei Liao", "Chih-Ming Ho", "Jeff S. Shamma", "Ren Sun"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Multi_drug_response_maps_of_KSHV_reactivation_/431530", "title"=>"Multi-drug response maps of KSHV reactivation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:09:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/761369"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Plot of the maximum achievable reactivation rates using combinations of two, three, four, and five drugs as predicted by the mathematical KSHV reactivation model. (B) A summary of the predicted interactions between the applied drugs and their effects of these interactions on KSHV reactivation. : Synergistic effect; : Inhibitory effect.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["combinatorial", "drugs", "reactivation", "cellular"], "article_id"=>431736, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Mathematics", "Molecular Biology", "Virology", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Fuqu Yu", "Ibrahim Al-Shyoukh", "Jiaying Feng", "Xudong Li", "Chia Wei Liao", "Chih-Ming Ho", "Jeff S. Shamma", "Ren Sun"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Evaluation_of_combinatorial_effects_of_drugs_on_reactivation_and_cellular_signaling_/431736", "title"=>"Evaluation of combinatorial effects of drugs on reactivation and cellular signaling.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:10:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/761022"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Distribution of the concentrations of the five drugs in the 50 drug combinations that lead to the highest KSHV reactivation rates simulated by the predictive reactivation model (blue bars). The drug concentration ranges in the optimal drug concentrations generated by the experiment-based cross entropy procedure are shaded in red. The bottom right figure shows a histogram of the reactivation rate of the top performing 50 samples. (B) Representative KSHV reactivation outputs for five-drug combinations. The results of the 1st (top graph) and 12th (middle graph) iterations in the first set of optimization iterations, and the 3rd (bottom graph) iteration in the second set of optimization iterations with smaller concentration ranges are shown. The x-axis represents the different drug combinations used in each iteration; the y-axis shows relative percentage of GFP-positive cells in the total cell population. The highest percentage of GFP-positive cells in individual iterations is set as 1.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["combinations", "kshv"], "article_id"=>431393, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Mathematics", "Molecular Biology", "Virology", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Fuqu Yu", "Ibrahim Al-Shyoukh", "Jiaying Feng", "Xudong Li", "Chia Wei Liao", "Chih-Ming Ho", "Jeff S. Shamma", "Ren Sun"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020998.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characterization_of_the_effect_of_drug_combinations_on_KSHV_reactivation_/431393", "title"=>"Characterization of the effect of drug combinations on KSHV reactivation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 17:08:20"}

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