Energy Efficiency Analysis: Biomass-to-Wheel Efficiency Related with Biofuels Production, Fuel Distribution, and Powertrain Systems
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{"title"=>"Energy efficiency analysis: Biomass-to-wheel efficiency related with biofuels production, fuel distribution, and powertrain systems", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Wei Dong", "last_name"=>"Huang", "scopus_author_id"=>"57199042629"}, {"first_name"=>"Y. H.Percival", "last_name"=>"Zhang", "scopus_author_id"=>"34876090400"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"21765941", "sgr"=>"79960204207", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0022113", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79960204207", "pui"=>"362129026", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"79a99bd0-50ba-3169-b639-8f93969043f6", "abstract"=>"Background: Energy efficiency analysis for different biomass-utilization scenarios would help make more informed decisions for developing future biomass-based transportation systems. Diverse biofuels produced from biomass include cellulosic ethanol, butanol, fatty acid ethyl esters, methane, hydrogen, methanol, dimethyether, Fischer-Tropsch diesel, and bioelectricity; the respective powertrain systems include internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles based on gasoline or diesel ICEs, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, sugar fuel cell vehicles (SFCV), and battery electric vehicles (BEV). Methodology/Principal Findings: We conducted a simple, straightforward, and transparent biomass-to-wheel (BTW) analysis including three separate conversion elements - biomass-to-fuel conversion, fuel transport and distribution, and respective powertrain systems. BTW efficiency is a ratio of the kinetic energy of an automobile's wheels to the chemical energy of delivered biomass just before entering biorefineries. Up to 13 scenarios were analyzed and compared to a base line case - corn ethanol/ICE. This analysis suggests that BEV, whose electricity is generated from stationary fuel cells, and SFCV, based on a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle with an on-board sugar-to-hydrogen bioreformer, would have the highest BTW efficiencies, nearly four times that of ethanol-ICE. Significance: In the long term, a small fraction of the annual US biomass (e.g., 7.1%, or 700 million tons of biomass) would be sufficient to meet 100% of light-duty passenger vehicle fuel needs (i.e., 150 billion gallons of gasoline/ethanol per year), through up to four-fold enhanced BTW efficiencies by using SFCV or BEV. SFCV would have several advantages over BEV: much higher energy storage densities, faster refilling rates, better safety, and less environmental burdens. © 2011 Huang, Zhang.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/energy-efficiency-analysis-biomasstowheel-efficiency-related-biofuels-production-fuel-distribution-p", "reader_count"=>95, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Researcher"=>22, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Researcher"=>22, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>29, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Chemistry"=>8, "Computer Science"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>3, "Energy"=>4, "Engineering"=>20, "Environmental Science"=>14, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Materials Science"=>2, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>14}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>20}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>8}, "Energy"=>{"Energy"=>4}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>29}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"China"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "Philippines"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Italy"=>1, "India"=>2}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/756958"], "description"=>"<p>Solid lines represent the scenarios that we analyzed; the dotted lines represent possible scenarios that we did not analyze.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fuels", "biomass", "respective"], "article_id"=>427334, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Wei-Dong Huang", "Y-H Percival Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022113.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scenarios_of_the_production_of_fuels_from_biomass_and_their_respective_fuel_power_train_systems_/427334", "title"=>"Scenarios of the production of fuels from biomass and their respective fuel power train systems.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 16:46:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/756769"], "description"=>"<p>The current energy efficiency analysis focuses on the delivered biomass-to-wheel efficiency related with conversion, transportation and power train systems.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pathways", "biofuels", "lignocellulosic"], "article_id"=>427144, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Wei-Dong Huang", "Y-H Percival Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022113.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Different_pathways_for_biofuels_production_from_lignocellulosic_biomass_/427144", "title"=>"Different pathways for biofuels production from lignocellulosic biomass.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 16:45:21"}
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Relative Metric

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