Activation of Akt by the Bacterial Inositol Phosphatase, SopB, is Wortmannin Insensitive
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Activation of Akt by the bacterial inositol phosphatase, Sopb, is wortmannin insensitive", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Kendal G.", "last_name"=>"Cooper", "scopus_author_id"=>"56218970400"}, {"first_name"=>"Seth", "last_name"=>"Winfree", "scopus_author_id"=>"6504628773"}, {"first_name"=>"Preeti", "last_name"=>"Malik-Kale", "scopus_author_id"=>"15843764200"}, {"first_name"=>"Carrie", "last_name"=>"Jolly", "scopus_author_id"=>"57196512344"}, {"first_name"=>"Robin", "last_name"=>"Ireland", "scopus_author_id"=>"57197633302"}, {"first_name"=>"Leigh A.", "last_name"=>"Knodler", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701796126"}, {"first_name"=>"Olivia", "last_name"=>"Steele-Mortimer", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701776503"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"21779406", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0022260", "sgr"=>"79960336358", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79960336358", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"362137060"}, "id"=>"aa239da0-4e71-3fb6-8b5b-be6423918e61", "abstract"=>"Salmonella enterica uses effector proteins translocated by a Type III Secretion System to invade epithelial cells. One of the invasion-associated effectors, SopB, is an inositol phosphatase that mediates sustained activation of the pro-survival kinase Akt in infected cells. Canonical activation of Akt involves membrane translocation and phosphorylation and is dependent on phosphatidyl inositide 3 kinase (PI3K). Here we have investigated these two distinct processes in Salmonella infected HeLa cells. Firstly, we found that SopB-dependent membrane translocation and phosphorylation of Akt are insensitive to the PI3K inhibitor wortmannin. Similarly, depletion of the PI3K regulatory subunits p85α and p85ß by RNAi had no inhibitory effect on SopB-dependent Akt phosphorylation. Nevertheless, SopB-dependent phosphorylation does depend on the Akt kinases, PDK1 and rictor-mTOR. Membrane translocation assays revealed a dependence on SopB for Akt recruitment to Salmonella ruffles and suggest that this is mediated by phosphoinositide (3,4) P(2) rather than phosphoinositide (3,4,5) P(3). Altogether these data demonstrate that Salmonella activates Akt via a wortmannin insensitive mechanism that is likely a class I PI3K-independent process that incorporates some essential elements of the canonical pathway.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/activation-akt-bacterial-inositol-phosphatase-sopb-wortmannin-insensitive", "reader_count"=>38, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>20, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemistry"=>3, "Computer Science"=>3, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>3}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>20}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79960336358"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79960336358?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=79960336358&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=79960336358&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79960336358", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:79960336358", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-79960336358", "dc:title"=>"Activation of Akt by the bacterial inositol phosphatase, Sopb, is wortmannin insensitive", "dc:creator"=>"Cooper K.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"6", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"7", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2011-07-19", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"2011", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0022260", "citedby-count"=>"21", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Utah", "affiliation-city"=>"Salt Lake City", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"National Institutes of Health, Bethesda", "affiliation-city"=>"Bethesda", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"21779406", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e22260", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0022260", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"69", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"2"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"3"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/756967"], "description"=>"<p>HeLa cells were pretreated with PI3K/Akt inhibitors for 30 min and then infected with <i>Salmonella</i> for 30 min (A) or treated with EGF (50 ng/ml) for 2 min (B). Monolayers were then solubilized in sample buffer and processed for immunoblotting using antibodies to detect phospho Akt (Ser473) and total Akt. Inhibitors used were; Wortmanin (WTM:100 nM), LY294002 (LY29: 50 µM), SH-6 (20 µM, 10 µM), TCN (20 µM, 10 µM), Akti-1/2 (0.1 µM, 0.05 µM) and AIX (10 µM, 5 µM). The graphs below each panel show the quantification of Akt phosphorylation estimated by densitometry. Shown are the means ± SD from three independent experiments (* <i>P</i><0.05, significantly different from untreated).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["inhibitors", "differentially", "egf-induced", "akt", "phosphorylation", "epithelial"], "article_id"=>427328, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Kendal G. Cooper", "Seth Winfree", "Preeti Malik-Kale", "Carrie Jolly", "Robin Ireland", "Leigh A. Knodler", "Olivia Steele-Mortimer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022260.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_PI3K_Akt_inhibitors_differentially_affect_Salmonella_induced_and_EGF_induced_Akt_phosphorylation_in_epithelial_cells_/427328", "title"=>"PI3K/Akt inhibitors differentially affect <i>Salmonella</i>-induced and EGF-induced Akt phosphorylation in epithelial cells.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-07-14 02:02:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/756880"], "description"=>"<p>HeLa cells were transfected with siRNAs, specific for p85α and p85ß, for 72 hr then either treated with EGF or infected with <i>Salmonella</i> WT. For siRNA control siRNA specific for AKT3 was used (cont.). Monolayers were then solubilized in sample buffer and processed for immunoblotting using antibodies to detect phospho Akt (Ser473), total Akt or p85α. (A) Representative immunoblot showing p85α knockdown efficiacy and effect on Akt phosphorylation in infected or EGF treated cells. (B) Quantification of Akt phosphorylation estimated by densitometry. Shown are the means ± SD from three independent experiments.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["PI3K", "subunits", "sopb-mediated", "akt"], "article_id"=>427244, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Kendal G. Cooper", "Seth Winfree", "Preeti Malik-Kale", "Carrie Jolly", "Robin Ireland", "Leigh A. Knodler", "Olivia Steele-Mortimer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022260.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_class_I_PI3K_regulatory_subunits_p85_945_and_p85_223_are_not_required_for_SopB_mediated_Akt_phosphorylation_/427244", "title"=>"The class I PI3K regulatory subunits p85α and p85ß are not required for SopB-mediated Akt phosphorylation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-07-14 02:00:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/756784"], "description"=>"<p>(A) HeLa cells were infected with <i>Salmonella</i>, either WT or the indicated mutants, for 20 min. Monolayers were then solubilized in sample buffer and processed for immunoblotting using rabbit polyclonal antibodies to detect phospho Akt (Ser473) and total Akt. Cytochalasin D (cyto D: 1 µg/ml) treated cells were incubated with drug prior to and throughout the infection. (B) HeLa cells were transfected with plasmid expressing 6His-SopB or 6His-SopB C460S for 18 hr. Monolayers were solubilized and processed for immunoblotting using antibodies against SopB, phospho Akt (Ser473) and total Akt. Where indicated, LY294002 (LY: 50 µM) or wortmannin (W:100 nM) were added for 40 min prior to sample collection. (C & D) HeLa cells were treated with EGF (50 ng/ml) for 2 min or infected with <i>Salmonella</i> for 30 min then solubilized and processed for immunoblotting (C) or ELISA (D). To compare the activities of SopB and IpgD the Δ<i>sopB</i> strain was complemented with plasmids pACDE or pACipgDE, respectively. Where indicated cells were pretreated with either LY294002 (LY29: 50 µM) or wortmannin (WTM: 100 nM) for 30 min preceding infection and inhibitor was maintained in the media for all subsequent incubations. Immunoblots are representative from three independent experiments. ELISA data represent means ± SD from three independent experiments (* <i>P</i><0.05, significantly different from untreated).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["akt", "phosphorylation", "epithelial", "cells", "wortmannin"], "article_id"=>427145, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Kendal G. Cooper", "Seth Winfree", "Preeti Malik-Kale", "Carrie Jolly", "Robin Ireland", "Leigh A. Knodler", "Olivia Steele-Mortimer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022260.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_SopB_8211_dependent_Akt_phosphorylation_in_epithelial_cells_is_wortmannin_insensitive_/427145", "title"=>"SopB–dependent Akt phosphorylation in epithelial cells is wortmannin insensitive.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-07-14 01:59:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/757220"], "description"=>"<p>HeLa cells were transfected with plasmids encoding epitope-tagged proteins as indicated. After 20 hr they were infected with <i>Salmonella</i> for 30 min, then fixed and processed for immunofluorescence microscopy. GFP-HA-Akt transfected cells were stained for <i>Salmonella</i> LPS (Cy5) and phospho Akt Ser473 (AF568: A–C), Myc (AF568: D–F) or 3×FLAG (AF568: J–L). Cells expressing PDK1-Myc (G–I) were stained for LPS (Cy5), Myc (AF488) and actin filaments (phalloidin-AF568) to reveal the ruffles.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["regulators", "accumulate", "induced"], "article_id"=>427587, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Kendal G. Cooper", "Seth Winfree", "Preeti Malik-Kale", "Carrie Jolly", "Robin Ireland", "Leigh A. Knodler", "Olivia Steele-Mortimer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022260.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Akt_regulators_accumulate_in_Salmonella_induced_ruffles_/427587", "title"=>"Akt regulators accumulate in <i>Salmonella</i> induced ruffles.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-07-14 02:06:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/757537"], "description"=>"<p>HeLa cells transfected with plasmids encoding EGFP-fusions to full length Akt (EGFP-mAkt) or isolated PH domains as indicated were infected with <i>Salmonella</i> for 30 min, then fixed and processed for immunofluorescence microscopy. Cells were stained for plasma membrane (Cy5-WGA) and <i>Salmonella</i> LPS (AF568). (A) Representative images to show EGFP-mAkt accumulation in ruffles induced by <i>Salmonella</i> WT, the Δ<i>sopB</i> mutant or Δ<i>sopB</i> complemented <i>in trans</i> with <i>sopB</i> (pACDE). Orthogonal sections show WGA (grayscale) and EGFP-Akt (grayscale converted to a heatmap using the “FIRE” look up table of ImageJ) corresponding to the red lines on the projections. (B) Analysis of GFP fusion enrichment in membrane ruffles. Shown is combined data from three independent experiments. Each dot represents one ruffle. P values were obtained by ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc analysis (* <i>P</i><0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ph", "lipid-binding", "probes"], "article_id"=>427906, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Kendal G. Cooper", "Seth Winfree", "Preeti Malik-Kale", "Carrie Jolly", "Robin Ireland", "Leigh A. Knodler", "Olivia Steele-Mortimer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022260.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Enrichment_of_PH_domain_lipid_binding_probes_in_Salmonella_induced_ruffles_/427906", "title"=>"Enrichment of PH domain lipid-binding probes in <i>Salmonella</i>-induced ruffles.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-07-14 02:11:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/757054"], "description"=>"<p>A and B. HeLa cells were transfected with the indicated SMART pool siRNA for 48 hr then infected with <i>Salmonella</i> WT or Δ<i>sopB</i>. For siRNA control SMART pool siRNA specific for AKT3 was used (cont.). After 30 min, monolayers were solubilized and processed for immunoblotting. Antibodies were used to detect phospho-Akt (Ser473 or Thr308), total Akt, PDK1, raptor, rictor or actin. Gray bars underneath the individual panels highlight the efficiency of each siRNA knockdown.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pdk1", "rictor", "akt"], "article_id"=>427421, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Kendal G. Cooper", "Seth Winfree", "Preeti Malik-Kale", "Carrie Jolly", "Robin Ireland", "Leigh A. Knodler", "Olivia Steele-Mortimer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022260.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Both_PDK1_and_rictor_are_required_for_Salmonella_induced_Akt_phosphorylation_/427421", "title"=>"Both PDK1 and rictor are required for <i>Salmonella</i>-induced Akt phosphorylation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-07-14 02:03:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/380933", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/380951"], "description"=>"<div><p><em>Salmonella enterica</em> uses effector proteins translocated by a Type III Secretion System to invade epithelial cells. One of the invasion-associated effectors, SopB, is an inositol phosphatase that mediates sustained activation of the pro-survival kinase Akt in infected cells. Canonical activation of Akt involves membrane translocation and phosphorylation and is dependent on phosphatidyl inositide 3 kinase (PI3K). Here we have investigated these two distinct processes in <em>Salmonella</em> infected HeLa cells. Firstly, we found that SopB-dependent membrane translocation and phosphorylation of Akt are insensitive to the PI3K inhibitor wortmannin. Similarly, depletion of the PI3K regulatory subunits p85α and p85ß by RNAi had no inhibitory effect on SopB-dependent Akt phosphorylation. Nevertheless, SopB-dependent phosphorylation does depend on the Akt kinases, PDK1 and rictor-mTOR. Membrane translocation assays revealed a dependence on SopB for Akt recruitment to <em>Salmonella</em> ruffles and suggest that this is mediated by phosphoinositide (3,4) P<sub>2</sub> rather than phosphoinositide (3,4,5) P<sub>3</sub>. Altogether these data demonstrate that <em>Salmonella</em> activates Akt via a wortmannin insensitive mechanism that is likely a class I PI3K-independent process that incorporates some essential elements of the canonical pathway.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["activation", "akt", "bacterial", "inositol", "wortmannin", "insensitive"], "article_id"=>135257, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Kendal G. Cooper", "Seth Winfree", "Preeti Malik-Kale", "Carrie Jolly", "Robin Ireland", "Leigh A. Knodler", "Olivia Steele-Mortimer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022260.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022260.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Activation_of_Akt_by_the_Bacterial_Inositol_Phosphatase_SopB_is_Wortmannin_Insensitive/135257", "title"=>"Activation of Akt by the Bacterial Inositol Phosphatase, SopB, is Wortmannin Insensitive", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-07-14 01:27:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/757385"], "description"=>"<p>HeLa cells expressing EGFP-mAkt were infected with <i>Salmonella</i> for 20 min then fixed and processed for immunofluorescence microscopy. Cells were doubly stained for plasma membrane (Cy5-WGA) and phospho Akt Ser473 (AF568). (A) Representative images with ruffles outlined to show phospho Akt in ruffles induced by WT <i>Salmonella</i>. In comparison, phospho Akt levels are much lower in ruffles induced by the Δ<i>sopB</i> mutant, unless the mutant is complemented <i>in trans</i> with <i>sopB</i> (pACDE). (B) Semi-quantitative analysis of phospho Akt (Ser473) levels (<i>R</i><sub>pAkt/Akt</sub>) in membrane ruffles. Where indicated, cells were pretreated with wortmannin (WTM: 100 nM) or LY294002 (LY29: 50 µM) for 30 min prior to infection and maintained throughout. Data are the means ± SD from three independent experiments (* <i>P</i><0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phospho", "akt", "ruffles", "wortmannin"], "article_id"=>427756, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Kendal G. Cooper", "Seth Winfree", "Preeti Malik-Kale", "Carrie Jolly", "Robin Ireland", "Leigh A. Knodler", "Olivia Steele-Mortimer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022260.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Accumulation_of_phospho_Akt_in_Salmonella_induced_ruffles_is_wortmannin_insensitive_/427756", "title"=>"Accumulation of phospho Akt in <i>Salmonella</i>-induced ruffles is wortmannin insensitive.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-07-14 02:09:16"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"17", "unique-ip"=>"21", "pdf"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"41", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"25", "unique-ip"=>"44", "figure"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"39", "unique-ip"=>"33", "pdf"=>"26", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"27", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"23", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"16", "unique-ip"=>"22", "figure"=>"20", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"24", "unique-ip"=>"27", "pdf"=>"15", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"25", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"10", "unique-ip"=>"28", "figure"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"19", "unique-ip"=>"21", "pdf"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"13", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"14", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"25", "unique-ip"=>"31", "pdf"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"15", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"17", "unique-ip"=>"19", "figure"=>"24", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"24", "unique-ip"=>"24", "pdf"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"13", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"15", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2011-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2011-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[298, 559, 690, 805, 916, 1018, 1115, 1201, 1283, 1356, 1425, 1498, 1565, 1635, 1703, 1767, 1835, 1902, 1962, 2027, 2089, 2150, 2210, 2265]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Biochemistry", "average_usage"=>[290, 559, 698, 813, 927, 1028, 1121, 1206, 1289, 1360, 1433, 1501, 1569, 1637, 1707, 1774, 1841, 1911, 1974, 2038, 2103, 2161, 2219, 2280, 2345, 2406, 2466, 2529, 2592, 2654, 2713, 2772, 2835, 2893, 2954, 3020, 3071]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Cell biology", "average_usage"=>[289, 559, 699, 817, 931, 1031, 1127, 1214, 1297, 1370, 1444, 1515, 1584, 1656, 1726, 1797, 1862, 1930, 1996, 2061, 2125, 2190, 2250, 2311, 2373, 2435, 2496, 2563, 2630, 2692, 2760, 2824, 2898, 2960, 3019, 3089, 3143]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Genetics", "average_usage"=>[308, 576, 718, 839, 960, 1061, 1156, 1249, 1331, 1408, 1484, 1558, 1625, 1698, 1767, 1842, 1912, 1990, 2058, 2128, 2183, 2259, 2317, 2378, 2436, 2488, 2552, 2627, 2692, 2759, 2820, 2881, 2940, 3001, 3061, 3117, 3164]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[296, 554, 686, 802, 910, 1014, 1104, 1195, 1277, 1349, 1419, 1483, 1551, 1620, 1690, 1757, 1820, 1888, 1957, 2017, 2081, 2140, 2202, 2259]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts