Contemporary Evolutionary Divergence for a Protected Species following Assisted Colonization
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{"title"=>"Contemporary evolutionary divergence for a protected species following assisted colonization", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Michael L.", "last_name"=>"Collyer", "scopus_author_id"=>"57074630100"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeffrey S.", "last_name"=>"Heilveil", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506290445"}, {"first_name"=>"Craig A.", "last_name"=>"Stockwell", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003721039"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-80052319939", "sgr"=>"80052319939", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0022310", "pmid"=>"21909348", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"362471932"}, "id"=>"58b4fec0-0c21-3a38-af11-047dd70e10b0", "abstract"=>"Contemporary evolution following assisted colonization may increase the probability of persistence for refuge populations established as a bet-hedge for protected species. Such refuge populations are considered \"genetic replicates\" that might be used for future re-colonization in the event of a catastrophe in the native site. Although maladaptive evolutionary divergence of captive populations is well recognized, evolutionary divergence of wild refuge populations may also occur on contemporary time scales. Thus, refuge populations may lose their \"value\" as true genetic replicates of the native population. Here, we show contemporary evolutionary divergence in body shape in an approximately 30-year old refuge population of the protected White Sands pupfish (Cyprinodon tularosa) resulting in a body-shape mismatch with its native environment.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/contemporary-evolutionary-divergence-protected-species-following-assisted-colonization", "reader_count"=>63, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>19, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>19, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>8, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>49, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>49}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>8}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Sweden"=>1, "United States"=>3, "Finland"=>1, "Brazil"=>2, "Mexico"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/740112"], "description"=>"<p>Landmarks are described in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0022310#pone.0022310-Collyer1\" target=\"_blank\">[11]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["configuration"], "article_id"=>410491, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Ecology", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael L. Collyer", "Jeffrey S. Heilveil", "Craig A. Stockwell"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022310.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Landmark_configuration_used_for_shape_analysis_/410491", "title"=>"Landmark configuration used for shape analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-08-31 00:08:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/740265"], "description"=>"<p>Complete motifs for loci with compound microsatellites available from the authors upon request.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conditions", "loci"], "article_id"=>410646, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Ecology", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael L. Collyer", "Jeffrey S. Heilveil", "Craig A. Stockwell"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022310.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Primer_information_and_running_conditions_for_loci_used_to_examine_population_structure_in_Cyprinodon_Tularosa_/410646", "title"=>"Primer information and running conditions for loci used to examine population structure in <i>Cyprinodon Tularosa</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-08-31 00:10:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/740222"], "description"=>"<p>All information is the same as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0022310#pone-0022310-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1</a>, except that the first PC represents 50.9% of the total variation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics and genomics", "ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "mathematics"], "article_id"=>410597, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Ecology", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael L. Collyer", "Jeffrey S. Heilveil", "Craig A. Stockwell"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022310.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Graphical_representation_of_shape_variation_for_female_C_tularosa_/410597", "title"=>"Graphical representation of shape variation for female <i>C. tularosa</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-08-31 00:09:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/740157"], "description"=>"<p>Values are shape means on the first principal component (PC) of among-group shape variation (representing 69.9% of among-group variation). Groups are the different source populations raised in either low or high salinity. Circles represent native crosses and squares represent hybrids. Solid symbols represent mesocosms that used Salt Creek females for the cross; open symbols represent mesocosms that used Malpais Spring females. Lines indicate reaction norms of shape change for the same population type introduce to high and low salinity environments. Deformation grids are scaled 3×, and are presented to facilitate an understanding of shape differences.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics and genomics", "ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "mathematics"], "article_id"=>410534, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Ecology", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael L. Collyer", "Jeffrey S. Heilveil", "Craig A. Stockwell"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022310.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Graphical_representation_of_shape_variation_for_male_C_tularosa_/410534", "title"=>"Graphical representation of shape variation for male <i>C. tularosa</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-08-31 00:08:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/373402", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/373432", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/373458", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/373505"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Contemporary evolution following assisted colonization may increase the probability of persistence for refuge populations established as a bet-hedge for protected species. Such refuge populations are considered “genetic replicates” that might be used for future re-colonization in the event of a catastrophe in the native site. Although maladaptive evolutionary divergence of captive populations is well recognized, evolutionary divergence of wild refuge populations may also occur on contemporary time scales. Thus, refuge populations may lose their “value” as true genetic replicates of the native population. Here, we show contemporary evolutionary divergence in body shape in an approximately 30-year old refuge population of the protected White Sands pupfish (<em>Cyprinodon tularosa</em>) resulting in a body-shape mismatch with its native environment.</p> <h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>Geometric morphometic data were collected from <em>C. tularosa</em> cultures raised in experimental mesocosms. Cultures were initiated with fish from the two native populations, plus hybrids, in high or low salinity treatments representing the salinities of the two native habitats. We found that body shape was heritable and that shape variation due to phenotypic plasticity was small compared to shape variation due to population source. <em>C. tularosa</em> from the high salinity population retained slender body shapes and fish from the low salinity population retained deep body shapes, irrespective of mesocosm salinity. These data suggest that the observed divergence of a recently established pupfish population was not explained by plasticity. An analysis of microsatellite variation indicated that no significant genetic drift occurred in the refuge population, further supporting the adaptive nature of changes in body shape. These lines of evidence suggest that body shape divergence of the refuge population reflects a case of contemporary evolution (over a 30-year period).</p> <h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p>These results suggest assisted colonization can introduce novel, and/or relaxed selection, and lead to unintended evolutionary divergence.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["evolutionary", "divergence", "protected", "assisted", "colonization"], "article_id"=>133738, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Ecology", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael L. Collyer", "Jeffrey S. Heilveil", "Craig A. Stockwell"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022310.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022310.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022310.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022310.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Contemporary_Evolutionary_Divergence_for_a_Protected_Species_following_Assisted_Colonization/133738", "title"=>"Contemporary Evolutionary Divergence for a Protected Species following Assisted Colonization", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-08-31 01:02:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/740291"], "description"=>"<p>Model terms include salinity (S), population without respect to hybrid distinction (P) or with respect to hybrid distinction (i.e, maternal effects, P+ME), plus interactions. All models use specimen size as a covariate. AIC* indicates that the AIC is modified for multivariate shape data (see Supporting Information). Bolded values indicate that models are potentially equally viable <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0022310#pone.0022310-Burnham1\" target=\"_blank\">[36]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["models", "pool-adjusted"], "article_id"=>410667, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Ecology", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael L. Collyer", "Jeffrey S. Heilveil", "Craig A. Stockwell"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022310.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_different_models_of_pool_adjusted_shape_variation_/410667", "title"=>"Comparison of different models of pool-adjusted shape variation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-08-31 00:11:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/740325"], "description"=>"<p><i>Sums of squares</i> are calculated as the trace of the sum of squares and cross-products matrix for the associated effect. <i>P</i>-values were determined from empirical distributions of random <i>Sums of Squares</i> statistics (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0022310#pone.0022310.s004\" target=\"_blank\">Appendix S1</a> in the Supporting Information for more details).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["manova", "univariate", "multivariate", "males"], "article_id"=>410698, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Ecology", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael L. Collyer", "Jeffrey S. Heilveil", "Craig A. Stockwell"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022310.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_ANOVA_and_MANOVA_statistics_for_univariate_shape_PC_1_and_multivariate_shape_PCs_1_8211_22_data_respectively_for_both_males_and_females_/410698", "title"=>"ANOVA and MANOVA statistics for univariate shape (PC 1) and multivariate shape (PCs 1–22) data, respectively, for both males and females.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-08-31 00:11:38"}

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Relative Metric

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