The Genetic Structure of the Swedish Population
Publication Date
August 04, 2011
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Keith Humphreys, Alexander Grankvist, Monica Leu, Per Hall, et al
Volume
6
Issue
8
Pages
e22547
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022547
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0022547
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21829632
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3150368
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21829632
Web of Science
000293561200022
Scopus
79961163100
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/genetic-structure-swedish-population-2
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The genetic structure of the Swedish population", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Keith", "last_name"=>"Humphreys", "scopus_author_id"=>"56454931700"}, {"first_name"=>"Alexander", "last_name"=>"Grankvist", "scopus_author_id"=>"45861104700"}, {"first_name"=>"Monica", "last_name"=>"Leu", "scopus_author_id"=>"23028256000"}, {"first_name"=>"Per", "last_name"=>"Hall", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403694791"}, {"first_name"=>"Jianjun", "last_name"=>"Liu", "scopus_author_id"=>"49061307100"}, {"first_name"=>"Samuli", "last_name"=>"Ripatti", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603009457"}, {"first_name"=>"Karola", "last_name"=>"Rehnström", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507963198"}, {"first_name"=>"Leif", "last_name"=>"Groop", "scopus_author_id"=>"21634758500"}, {"first_name"=>"Lars", "last_name"=>"Klareskog", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101784599"}, {"first_name"=>"Bo", "last_name"=>"Ding", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103132025"}, {"first_name"=>"Henrik", "last_name"=>"Grönberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"34975062600"}, {"first_name"=>"Jianfeng", "last_name"=>"Xu", "scopus_author_id"=>"7408558142"}, {"first_name"=>"Nancy L.", "last_name"=>"Pedersen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202300001"}, {"first_name"=>"Paul", "last_name"=>"Lichtenstein", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005398112"}, {"first_name"=>"Morten", "last_name"=>"Mattingsdal", "scopus_author_id"=>"24778395000"}, {"first_name"=>"Ole A.", "last_name"=>"Andreassen", "scopus_author_id"=>"56600076200"}, {"first_name"=>"Colm", "last_name"=>"O'Dushlaine", "scopus_author_id"=>"8964590300"}, {"first_name"=>"Shaun M.", "last_name"=>"Purcell", "scopus_author_id"=>"56425536500"}, {"first_name"=>"Pamela", "last_name"=>"Sklar", "scopus_author_id"=>"21741293500"}, {"first_name"=>"Patrick F.", "last_name"=>"Sullivan", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402033718"}, {"first_name"=>"Christina M.", "last_name"=>"Hultman", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004101287"}, {"first_name"=>"Juni", "last_name"=>"Palmgren", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004426601"}, {"first_name"=>"Patrik K.E.", "last_name"=>"Magnusson", "scopus_author_id"=>"56386917800"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79961163100", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0022547", "sgr"=>"79961163100", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"21829632", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"362284958"}, "id"=>"9d05dbb3-2786-3f38-aca2-36710256c4e1", "abstract"=>"Patterns of genetic diversity have previously been shown to mirror geography on a global scale and within continents and individual countries. Using genome-wide SNP data on 5174 Swedes with extensive geographical coverage, we analyzed the genetic structure of the Swedish population. We observed strong differences between the far northern counties and the remaining counties. The population of Dalarna county, in north middle Sweden, which borders southern Norway, also appears to differ markedly from other counties, possibly due to this county having more individuals with remote Finnish or Norwegian ancestry than other counties. An analysis of genetic differentiation (based on pairwise F(st)) indicated that the population of Sweden's southernmost counties are genetically closer to the HapMap CEU samples of Northern European ancestry than to the populations of Sweden's northernmost counties. In a comparison of extended homozygous segments, we detected a clear divide between southern and northern Sweden with small differences between the southern counties and considerably more segments in northern Sweden. Both the increased degree of homozygosity in the north and the large genetic differences between the south and the north may have arisen due to a small population in the north and the vast geographical distances between towns and villages in the north, in contrast to the more densely settled southern parts of Sweden. Our findings have implications for future genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with respect to the matching of cases and controls and the need for within-county matching. We have shown that genetic differences within a single country may be substantial, even when viewed on a European scale. Thus, population stratification needs to be accounted for, even within a country like Sweden, which is often perceived to be relatively homogenous and a favourable resource for genetic mapping, otherwise inferences based on genetic data may lead to false conclusions.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/genetic-structure-swedish-population-2", "reader_count"=>47, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Mathematics"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>26, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>26}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Sweden"=>1, "United States"=>2, "Norway"=>1, "Denmark"=>1, "Italy"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79961163100"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79961163100?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=79961163100&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=79961163100&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79961163100", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:79961163100", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-79961163100", "dc:title"=>"The genetic structure of the Swedish population", "dc:creator"=>"Humphreys K.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"6", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"8", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2011-08-10", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"2011", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0022547", "citedby-count"=>"45", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Karolinska Institutet", "affiliation-city"=>"Stockholm", "affiliation-country"=>"Sweden"}], "pubmed-id"=>"21829632", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e22547", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0022547", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"160", "xml_views"=>"9", "html_views"=>"815"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"254"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"145"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"159"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"16", "html_views"=>"138"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"64", "xml_views"=>"45", "html_views"=>"145"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"20", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"16", "html_views"=>"172"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"21", "html_views"=>"125"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"177"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"126"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"153"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"190"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"164"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"191"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"222"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"210"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"168"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"207"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"195"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"248"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"257"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"188"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"130"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"160"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"166"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"220"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"203"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"180"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"250"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"266"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"170"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"178"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"177"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"187"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"138"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"186"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"217"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"189"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"211"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"146"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"190"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"104"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"188"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"140"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"151"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"115"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"142"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"165"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"127"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"125"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"132"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"122"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"120"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"116"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"122"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"113"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"124"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"107"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"201"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"174"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"223"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"305"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"318"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"349"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"459"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"423"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"331"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"281"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"329"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"423"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"347"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"333"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"333"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"346"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"213"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"119"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"119"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"9", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"120"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"122"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"128"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"106"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"125"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"98"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"86"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"131"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"6"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377262", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377814", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377763", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377719", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377672", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377602", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377574", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377537", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377499", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377458", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377421", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377382", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377342", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377314", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377856"], "description"=>"<div><p>Patterns of genetic diversity have previously been shown to mirror geography on a global scale and within continents and individual countries. Using genome-wide SNP data on 5174 Swedes with extensive geographical coverage, we analyzed the genetic structure of the Swedish population. We observed strong differences between the far northern counties and the remaining counties. The population of <em>Dalarna county</em>, in north middle Sweden, which borders southern Norway, also appears to differ markedly from other counties, possibly due to this county having more individuals with remote Finnish or Norwegian ancestry than other counties. An analysis of genetic differentiation (based on pairwise F<sub>st</sub>) indicated that the population of Sweden's southernmost counties are genetically closer to the HapMap CEU samples of Northern European ancestry than to the populations of Sweden's northernmost counties. In a comparison of extended homozygous segments, we detected a clear divide between southern and northern Sweden with small differences between the southern counties and considerably more segments in northern Sweden. Both the increased degree of homozygosity in the north and the large genetic differences between the south and the north may have arisen due to a small population in the north and the vast geographical distances between towns and villages in the north, in contrast to the more densely settled southern parts of Sweden. Our findings have implications for future genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with respect to the matching of cases and controls and the need for within-county matching. We have shown that genetic differences within a single country may be substantial, even when viewed on a European scale. Thus, population stratification needs to be accounted for, even within a country like Sweden, which is often perceived to be relatively homogenous and a favourable resource for genetic mapping, otherwise inferences based on genetic data may lead to false conclusions.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["swedish"], "article_id"=>134535, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Keith Humphreys", "Alexander Grankvist", "Monica Leu", "Per Hall", "Jianjun Liu", "Samuli Ripatti", "Karola Rehnström", "Leif Groop", "Lars Klareskog", "Bo Ding", "Henrik Grönberg", "Jianfeng Xu", "Nancy L. Pedersen", "Paul Lichtenstein", "Morten Mattingsdal", "Ole A. Andreassen", "Colm O'Dushlaine", "Shaun M. Purcell", "Pamela Sklar", "Patrick F. Sullivan", "Christina M. Hultman", "Juni Palmgren", "Patrik K. E. Magnusson"], "doi"=>[nil, nil, nil, nil, nil, nil, nil, nil, nil, nil, nil, nil, nil, nil, nil], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Genetic_Structure_of_the_Swedish_Population/134535", "title"=>"The Genetic Structure of the Swedish Population", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-08-04 01:15:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/748174"], "description"=>"<p>The histograms show the high density in the main cluster of the plot. The principal components are based on the analysis with 374 samples removed, due to suspected Finnish ancestry and 76 samples removed due to other criteria (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0022547#s3\" target=\"_blank\">methods and results</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["corresponding"], "article_id"=>418526, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Keith Humphreys", "Alexander Grankvist", "Monica Leu", "Per Hall", "Jianjun Liu", "Samuli Ripatti", "Karola Rehnström", "Leif Groop", "Lars Klareskog", "Bo Ding", "Henrik Grönberg", "Jianfeng Xu", "Nancy L. Pedersen", "Paul Lichtenstein", "Morten Mattingsdal", "Ole A. Andreassen", "Colm O'Dushlaine", "Shaun M. Purcell", "Pamela Sklar", "Patrick F. Sullivan", "Christina M. Hultman", "Juni Palmgren", "Patrik K. E. Magnusson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022547.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Plot_of_principal_component_1_vs_principal_component_2_with_corresponding_histograms_/418526", "title"=>"Plot of principal component 1 vs. principal component 2 with corresponding histograms.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-08-04 02:22:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/748268"], "description"=>"<p>The smallest (large negative) value is represented by dark-brown and the largest positive by yellow. Each sample's location was determined by the best estimate, with birthplace being the first pick (see methods). A small random component was added to each sample's location.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["components"], "article_id"=>418622, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Keith Humphreys", "Alexander Grankvist", "Monica Leu", "Per Hall", "Jianjun Liu", "Samuli Ripatti", "Karola Rehnström", "Leif Groop", "Lars Klareskog", "Bo Ding", "Henrik Grönberg", "Jianfeng Xu", "Nancy L. Pedersen", "Paul Lichtenstein", "Morten Mattingsdal", "Ole A. Andreassen", "Colm O'Dushlaine", "Shaun M. Purcell", "Pamela Sklar", "Patrick F. Sullivan", "Christina M. Hultman", "Juni Palmgren", "Patrik K. E. Magnusson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022547.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_plot_of_principal_components_1_and_2_/418622", "title"=>"Map plot of principal components 1 and 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-08-04 02:23:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/748361"], "description"=>"<p>A national area is comprised of one or more counties. Names of counties are displayed directly on the map while the national areas have been given different colors.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["areas"], "article_id"=>418715, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Keith Humphreys", "Alexander Grankvist", "Monica Leu", "Per Hall", "Jianjun Liu", "Samuli Ripatti", "Karola Rehnström", "Leif Groop", "Lars Klareskog", "Bo Ding", "Henrik Grönberg", "Jianfeng Xu", "Nancy L. Pedersen", "Paul Lichtenstein", "Morten Mattingsdal", "Ole A. Andreassen", "Colm O'Dushlaine", "Shaun M. Purcell", "Pamela Sklar", "Patrick F. Sullivan", "Christina M. Hultman", "Juni Palmgren", "Patrik K. E. Magnusson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022547.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Counties_and_national_areas_of_Sweden_/418715", "title"=>"Counties and national areas of Sweden.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-08-04 02:25:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/748479"], "description"=>"<p>Heat map with hierarchical clustering of counties based on F<sub>st</sub>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hierarchical", "clustering", "counties"], "article_id"=>418821, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Keith Humphreys", "Alexander Grankvist", "Monica Leu", "Per Hall", "Jianjun Liu", "Samuli Ripatti", "Karola Rehnström", "Leif Groop", "Lars Klareskog", "Bo Ding", "Henrik Grönberg", "Jianfeng Xu", "Nancy L. Pedersen", "Paul Lichtenstein", "Morten Mattingsdal", "Ole A. Andreassen", "Colm O'Dushlaine", "Shaun M. Purcell", "Pamela Sklar", "Patrick F. Sullivan", "Christina M. Hultman", "Juni Palmgren", "Patrik K. E. Magnusson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022547.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Heat_map_with_hierarchical_clustering_of_counties_based_on_F_st_/418821", "title"=>"Heat map with hierarchical clustering of counties based on F<sub>st</sub>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-08-04 02:27:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/748565"], "description"=>"<p>Bar chart of estimates of regression coefficients, with standard error bars. Model uses <i>Stockholm county</i> as baseline and adjusts for source study. Dark gray bars p<10<sup>−5</sup>, light gray bars p<0.05, white bars p> = 0.05 (with p values adjusted for the multiple testing of 20 counties). Counties are sorted south to north.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["homozygous", "segments"], "article_id"=>418913, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Keith Humphreys", "Alexander Grankvist", "Monica Leu", "Per Hall", "Jianjun Liu", "Samuli Ripatti", "Karola Rehnström", "Leif Groop", "Lars Klareskog", "Bo Ding", "Henrik Grönberg", "Jianfeng Xu", "Nancy L. Pedersen", "Paul Lichtenstein", "Morten Mattingsdal", "Ole A. Andreassen", "Colm O'Dushlaine", "Shaun M. Purcell", "Pamela Sklar", "Patrick F. Sullivan", "Christina M. Hultman", "Juni Palmgren", "Patrik K. E. Magnusson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022547.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Poisson_model_of_the_mean_number_of_homozygous_segments_in_each_county_/418913", "title"=>"Poisson model of the mean number of homozygous segments in each county.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-08-04 02:28:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/748655"], "description"=>"<p>*SNPs that were not removed due to any other criterion than the one listed.</p><p>**The number of SNPs in the largest study (SCZ-SW). All other numbers refer to this number and not the number of SNPs available in each study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["snp"], "article_id"=>419005, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Keith Humphreys", "Alexander Grankvist", "Monica Leu", "Per Hall", "Jianjun Liu", "Samuli Ripatti", "Karola Rehnström", "Leif Groop", "Lars Klareskog", "Bo Ding", "Henrik Grönberg", "Jianfeng Xu", "Nancy L. Pedersen", "Paul Lichtenstein", "Morten Mattingsdal", "Ole A. Andreassen", "Colm O'Dushlaine", "Shaun M. Purcell", "Pamela Sklar", "Patrick F. Sullivan", "Christina M. Hultman", "Juni Palmgren", "Patrik K. E. Magnusson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022547.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_SNP_QC_/419005", "title"=>"Summary of SNP QC.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-08-04 02:30:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/748710"], "description"=>"<p>National areas are sorted south-north with the southern ones at the top of the table. F<sub>st</sub> values above the diagonal, λs below. Comparisons with F<sub>st</sub>>0.0008 or E(λ)>1.8 have been made bold.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stratified", "500", "cases", "controls"], "article_id"=>419056, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Keith Humphreys", "Alexander Grankvist", "Monica Leu", "Per Hall", "Jianjun Liu", "Samuli Ripatti", "Karola Rehnström", "Leif Groop", "Lars Klareskog", "Bo Ding", "Henrik Grönberg", "Jianfeng Xu", "Nancy L. Pedersen", "Paul Lichtenstein", "Morten Mattingsdal", "Ole A. Andreassen", "Colm O'Dushlaine", "Shaun M. Purcell", "Pamela Sklar", "Patrick F. Sullivan", "Christina M. Hultman", "Juni Palmgren", "Patrik K. E. Magnusson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022547.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_F_st_values_and_955_s_for_a_fully_stratified_study_of_500_cases_and_500_controls_between_national_areas_/419056", "title"=>"F<sub>st</sub> values and λs for a fully stratified study of 500 cases and 500 controls between national areas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-08-04 02:30:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/748773"], "description"=>"<p>*Numbers refer to the post-QC number of samples from each study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["included"], "article_id"=>419121, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Keith Humphreys", "Alexander Grankvist", "Monica Leu", "Per Hall", "Jianjun Liu", "Samuli Ripatti", "Karola Rehnström", "Leif Groop", "Lars Klareskog", "Bo Ding", "Henrik Grönberg", "Jianfeng Xu", "Nancy L. Pedersen", "Paul Lichtenstein", "Morten Mattingsdal", "Ole A. Andreassen", "Colm O'Dushlaine", "Shaun M. Purcell", "Pamela Sklar", "Patrick F. Sullivan", "Christina M. Hultman", "Juni Palmgren", "Patrik K. E. Magnusson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022547.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Description_of_included_control_samples_/419121", "title"=>"Description of included control samples.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-08-04 02:32:01"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"month"=>"8", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"42", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"22", "unique-ip"=>"48", "figure"=>"46", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"12"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"50", "unique-ip"=>"44", "pdf"=>"21", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"19", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"21", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"22", "figure"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"24", "unique-ip"=>"24", "pdf"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"14", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"15", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"27", "unique-ip"=>"26", "pdf"=>"17", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"17", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"29", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"20", "unique-ip"=>"24", "figure"=>"20", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"26"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"22", "unique-ip"=>"26", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"9", "figure"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"10", "unique-ip"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"10", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"24", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"19", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"13", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"50", "full-text"=>"55", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"20", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"49", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"16", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"14", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"68", "full-text"=>"81", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"49", "full-text"=>"48", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"48", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"63", "full-text"=>"66", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"71", "full-text"=>"72", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"76", "full-text"=>"82", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"72", "full-text"=>"80", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"90", "full-text"=>"132", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"15", "supp-data"=>"17", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"78", "full-text"=>"81", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"132", "full-text"=>"147", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"97", "full-text"=>"108", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"100", "full-text"=>"112", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2011-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2011-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Geology", "average_usage"=>[440, 745, 856, 958, 1073, 1177, 1279, 1377, 1467, 1527, 1581, 1656, 1740, 1856, 1934, 1993, 2105, 2182, 2267, 2336, 2421, 2467, 2490, 2548, 2621, 2701, 2785, 2890, 2994, 3069, 3140, 3220, 3295, 3345, 3398, 3464, 3557, 3626]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences", "average_usage"=>[331, 535, 647, 744, 844, 946, 1026, 1107, 1176, 1235, 1292, 1362, 1432, 1501, 1565, 1632, 1688, 1764, 1827, 1880, 1949, 2007, 2080, 2146, 2214, 2260, 2337, 2405, 2464, 2520, 2575, 2661, 2717, 2785, 2835, 2892, 2961]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Biogeography", "average_usage"=>[319, 496, 598, 728, 830, 919, 1009, 1088, 1137, 1214, 1289, 1363, 1430, 1507, 1573, 1652, 1718, 1783, 1841, 1916, 1990, 2064, 2144, 2212, 2278, 2339, 2409, 2494, 2577, 2651, 2738, 2806, 2854, 2931, 3000, 3047, 3100]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places", "average_usage"=>[346, 621, 752, 863, 972, 1071, 1187, 1286, 1369, 1443, 1516, 1582, 1659, 1736, 1816, 1899, 1967, 2041, 2119, 2193, 2260, 2330, 2389, 2455, 2510, 2567, 2625, 2698, 2787, 2836, 2908, 2966, 3019, 3080, 3130, 3180, 3244]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Geographical locations", "average_usage"=>[349, 607, 734, 834, 925, 1022, 1116, 1209, 1272, 1340, 1414, 1481, 1562, 1654, 1718, 1792, 1862, 1939, 1999, 2047, 2102, 2155, 2208, 2273, 2334, 2392, 2456, 2533, 2588, 2640, 2688, 2769, 2813, 2872, 2941, 3011, 3083]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[340, 584, 708, 809, 915, 1005, 1089, 1174, 1254, 1334, 1408, 1478, 1563, 1648, 1716, 1791, 1847, 1915, 1979, 2044, 2105, 2163, 2218, 2297, 2382, 2436, 2493, 2553, 2618, 2682, 2741, 2786, 2847, 2937, 2989, 3039, 3102]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts