Sub-Second Dopamine Detection in Human Striatum
Publication Date
August 04, 2011
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Kenneth T. Kishida, Stefan G. Sandberg, Terry Lohrenz, Youssef G. Comair, et al
Volume
6
Issue
8
Pages
e23291
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023291
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0023291
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21829726
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3150430
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21829726
Web of Science
000293561200063
Scopus
79961161831
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/subsecond-dopamine-detection-human-striatum
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Sub-second dopamine detection in human striatum", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Kenneth T.", "last_name"=>"Kishida", "scopus_author_id"=>"8573193100"}, {"first_name"=>"Stefan G.", "last_name"=>"Sandberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"35230938300"}, {"first_name"=>"Terry", "last_name"=>"Lohrenz", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506984553"}, {"first_name"=>"Youssef G.", "last_name"=>"Comair", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003771735"}, {"first_name"=>"Ignacio", "last_name"=>"Sáez", "scopus_author_id"=>"26536626500"}, {"first_name"=>"Paul E M", "last_name"=>"Phillips", "scopus_author_id"=>"34971885400"}, {"first_name"=>"P. Read", "last_name"=>"Montague", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004572764"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"362284918", "sgr"=>"79961161831", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"21829726", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79961161831", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0023291", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"95950459-5192-3d2d-b401-e7c184a6c1fd", "abstract"=>"Fast-scan cyclic voltammetry at carbon fiber microelectrodes allows rapid (sub-second) measurements of dopamine release in behaving animals. Herein, we report the modification of existing technology and demonstrate the feasibility of making sub-second measurements of dopamine release in the caudate nucleus of a human subject during brain surgery. First, we describe the modification of our electrodes that allow for measurements to be made in a human brain. Next, we demonstrate in vitro and in vivo, that our modified electrodes can measure stimulated dopamine release in a rat brain equivalently to previously determined rodent electrodes. Finally, we demonstrate acute measurements of dopamine release in the caudate of a human patient during DBS electrode implantation surgery. The data generated are highly amenable for future work investigating the relationship between dopamine levels and important decision variables in human decision-making tasks.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/subsecond-dopamine-detection-human-striatum", "reader_count"=>107, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>12, "Researcher"=>31, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>34, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>12, "Researcher"=>31, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>34, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>30, "Chemistry"=>14, "Computer Science"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Engineering"=>10, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>7, "Neuroscience"=>8, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>24}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>7}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>24}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>8}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>10}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>14}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>8}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>30}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Sweden"=>1, "Hungary"=>1, "Belgium"=>1, "United States"=>4, "Japan"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Italy"=>1, "France"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79961161831"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79961161831?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=79961161831&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=79961161831&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79961161831", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:79961161831", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-79961161831", "dc:title"=>"Sub-second dopamine detection in human striatum", "dc:creator"=>"Kishida K.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"6", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"8", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2011-08-10", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"2011", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0023291", "citedby-count"=>"48", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University", "affiliation-city"=>"Blacksburg", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"21829726", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e23291", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0023291", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"68", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"316"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"47", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"236"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"82", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"233"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"44", "xml_views"=>"16", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"63", "xml_views"=>"45", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"20", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"17", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"21", "html_views"=>"131"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/748798"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>a</b>) Human electrode assembly comprised of protective tube with reference electrode at the tip (1), large-gauge fused silica capillary (2), small-gauge fused silica (3) and carbon fiber (4). (<b>b</b>) Average change in peak oxidative current in rat striatum following electrical stimulation (60 Hz, 120 pulses, 300 µA) of dopamine axon pathway <i>in vivo</i> recorded at conventional voltammetric electrodes or human electrode assembly (referenced to Ag/AgCl or stainless steel respectively; r<sup>2</sup> = 0.934, p<0.0001, n = 3). The inset shows the average electrochemical signature at the maximum response (r<sup>2</sup> = 0.887, p<0.0001). (<b>c</b>) Linear responses (vertical axis: peak oxidative currents for dopamine) of sterilized electrode responses to known concentrations of dopamine (62.5, 125, 250, 500 and 1000 nM) before (r<sup>2</sup>>0.987, p<0.001) and after (r<sup>2</sup>>0.997, p<0.0001) implantation in brain tissue. Data are mean ± SEM, n = 3. (<b>d</b>) Electrode sensitivity and (<b>e</b>) root-mean-square (RMS) noise is unchanged by gas sterilization with ethylene oxide (p>0.75 and p>0.65, paired t-test). Data are expressed as mean ± SEM, n = 7. (<b>f</b>) Voltammetric signals measured at electrode implanted in the patient's right caudate: (<b>left</b>) sub-second changes and (<b>right</b>) changes over several seconds. Changes in electrochemical current are measured at the peak oxidation potential for dopamine (+0.65–0.75 V). Insets show cyclic voltammograms from the patient's brain (black trace) compared to a standard reference cyclic voltammogram for dopamine (dashed red trace; r<sup>2</sup> = 0.75 (left) and r<sup>2</sup> = 0.765 (right), p<0.0001 for both). These cyclic voltammograms were measured at the time points indicated by the black arrowheads in the lower panels. The lower panels show two-dimensional plots with electrochemical current (nA, pseudo color, see color bar to the right) plotted against time (horizontal-axis) and applied potential (vertical-axis).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["carbon", "microelectrode", "dopamine"], "article_id"=>419168, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Kenneth T. Kishida", "Stefan G. Sandberg", "Terry Lohrenz", "Youssef G. Comair", "Ignacio Sáez", "Paul E. M. Phillips", "P. Read Montague"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023291.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Human_compatible_carbon_fiber_microelectrode_can_detect_dopamine_in_human_striatum_/419168", "title"=>"Human-compatible carbon fiber microelectrode can detect dopamine in human striatum.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-08-04 02:32:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377214", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/377280"], "description"=>"<div><p>Fast-scan cyclic voltammetry at carbon fiber microelectrodes allows rapid (sub-second) measurements of dopamine release in behaving animals. Herein, we report the modification of existing technology and demonstrate the feasibility of making sub-second measurements of dopamine release in the caudate nucleus of a human subject during brain surgery. First, we describe the modification of our electrodes that allow for measurements to be made in a human brain. Next, we demonstrate <em>in vitro</em> and <em>in vivo</em>, that our modified electrodes can measure stimulated dopamine release in a rat brain equivalently to previously determined rodent electrodes. Finally, we demonstrate acute measurements of dopamine release in the caudate of a human patient during DBS electrode implantation surgery. The data generated are highly amenable for future work investigating the relationship between dopamine levels and important decision variables in human decision-making tasks.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sub-second", "dopamine", "detection", "striatum"], "article_id"=>134531, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Kenneth T. Kishida", "Stefan G. Sandberg", "Terry Lohrenz", "Youssef G. Comair", "Ignacio Sáez", "Paul E. M. Phillips", "P. Read Montague"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023291.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023291.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Sub_Second_Dopamine_Detection_in_Human_Striatum/134531", "title"=>"Sub-Second Dopamine Detection in Human Striatum", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-08-04 01:15:31"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"month"=>"8", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"38", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"22", "unique-ip"=>"40", "figure"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"5"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"24", "unique-ip"=>"39", "pdf"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"18", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"35", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"16", "unique-ip"=>"43", "figure"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"7"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"15", "unique-ip"=>"19", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"11", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"23", "unique-ip"=>"24", "pdf"=>"13", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"19", "figure"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"13", "unique-ip"=>"19", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"10", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"27", "unique-ip"=>"24", "pdf"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"8", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2011-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2011-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[304, 568, 702, 818, 927, 1027, 1118, 1206, 1285, 1357, 1427, 1500, 1564, 1636, 1705, 1773, 1840, 1909, 1974, 2039, 2106, 2170, 2234, 2296, 2358, 2423, 2484, 2546, 2606, 2673, 2734, 2795, 2857, 2921, 2984, 3046, 3100]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[298, 559, 690, 805, 916, 1018, 1115, 1201, 1283, 1356, 1425, 1498, 1565, 1635, 1703, 1767, 1835, 1902, 1962, 2027, 2089, 2150, 2210, 2265]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Behavior", "average_usage"=>[321, 534, 647, 753, 850, 938, 1018, 1091, 1168, 1231, 1299, 1357, 1420, 1473, 1538, 1604, 1670, 1737, 1800, 1864, 1928, 1985, 2051, 2102, 2169, 2240, 2298, 2361, 2435, 2484, 2550, 2606, 2651, 2718, 2792, 2830, 2875]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Neuroscience", "average_usage"=>[306, 540, 664, 768, 864, 959, 1036, 1121, 1199, 1277, 1341, 1411, 1477, 1543, 1609, 1675, 1739, 1802, 1868, 1933, 1995, 2050, 2107, 2164, 2220, 2277, 2327, 2374, 2436, 2488, 2542, 2594, 2650, 2705, 2769, 2817, 2859]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology/Electronics", "average_usage"=>[311, 499, 618, 728, 790, 847, 891, 946, 1013, 1066, 1115, 1170, 1208, 1251, 1295, 1343, 1384, 1435, 1481, 1538, 1589, 1662, 1700, 1751, 1785, 1823, 1855, 1914, 1973, 2009, 2066, 2111, 2156, 2191, 2225, 2279, 2324, 2391]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[301, 559, 686, 796, 908, 1013, 1103, 1196, 1281, 1355, 1431, 1507, 1579, 1648, 1711, 1778, 1841, 1910, 1967, 2034, 2087, 2141, 2202, 2261, 2320, 2386, 2444, 2502, 2566, 2632, 2691, 2755, 2812, 2873, 2929, 2997, 3047]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[296, 554, 686, 802, 910, 1014, 1104, 1195, 1277, 1349, 1419, 1483, 1551, 1620, 1690, 1757, 1820, 1888, 1957, 2017, 2081, 2140, 2202, 2259]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Surgical and invasive medical procedures", "average_usage"=>[259, 536, 669, 792, 927, 1032, 1110, 1201, 1283, 1355, 1434, 1511, 1593, 1655, 1737, 1785, 1848, 1901, 1964, 2033, 2078, 2126, 2160, 2213, 2286, 2363, 2409, 2456, 2515, 2555, 2626, 2683, 2743, 2811, 2875, 2939, 3006]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Materials science", "average_usage"=>[284, 516, 629, 726, 835, 925, 1006, 1080, 1148, 1224, 1288, 1355, 1434, 1501, 1563, 1633, 1716, 1767, 1833, 1890, 1949, 2016, 2072, 2132, 2181, 2232, 2293, 2341, 2413, 2480, 2546, 2615, 2678, 2736, 2796, 2869, 2929]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts