Temperature and Malaria Trends in Highland East Africa
Publication Date
September 15, 2011
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
David I. Stern, Peter W. Gething, Caroline W. Kabaria, William H. Temperley, et al
Volume
6
Issue
9
Pages
e24524
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024524
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0024524
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21935416
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3174181
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21935416
Web of Science
000295041700037
Scopus
80052841824
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/temperature-malaria-trends-highland-east-africa
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Temperature and malaria trends in highland East Africa", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"David I.", "last_name"=>"Stern", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202386508"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter W.", "last_name"=>"Gething", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193559189"}, {"first_name"=>"Caroline W.", "last_name"=>"Kabaria", "scopus_author_id"=>"25653969300"}, {"first_name"=>"William H.", "last_name"=>"Temperley", "scopus_author_id"=>"35622843100"}, {"first_name"=>"Abdisalan M.", "last_name"=>"Noor", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103299616"}, {"first_name"=>"Emelda A.", "last_name"=>"Okiro", "scopus_author_id"=>"10640311700"}, {"first_name"=>"G.", "last_name"=>"Dennis Shanks", "scopus_author_id"=>"35279304300"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert W.", "last_name"=>"Snow", "scopus_author_id"=>"56771582900"}, {"first_name"=>"Simon I.", "last_name"=>"Hay", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101875313"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-80052841824", "pui"=>"362567458", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0024524", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"80052841824", "pmid"=>"21935416"}, "id"=>"5a3792a8-04bb-3f9f-be6f-3b776f6a2c78", "abstract"=>"There has been considerable debate on the existence of trends in climate in the highlands of East Africa and hypotheses about their potential effect on the trends in malaria in the region. We apply a new robust trend test to mean temperature time series data from three editions of the University of East Anglia's Climatic Research Unit database (CRU TS) for several relevant locations. We find significant trends in the data extracted from newer editions of the database but not in the older version for periods ending in 1996. The trends in the newer data are even more significant when post-1996 data are added to the samples. We also test for trends in the data from the Kericho meteorological station prepared by Omumbo et al. We find no significant trend in the 1979-1995 period but a highly significant trend in the full 1979-2009 sample. However, although the malaria cases observed at Kericho, Kenya rose during a period of resurgent epidemics (1994-2002) they have since returned to a low level. A large assembly of parasite rate surveys from the region, stratified by altitude, show that this decrease in malaria prevalence is not limited to Kericho.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/temperature-malaria-trends-highland-east-africa", "reader_count"=>79, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>17, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>4, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>17, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>4, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>25, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>4, "Computer Science"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2, "Energy"=>1, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>10, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>5, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>12, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>12}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>5}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>10}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Energy"=>{"Energy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>25}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>5}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Pakistan"=>1, "United States"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "Germany"=>2, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/735030"], "description"=>"<p>Temperature series for Kericho: CRU TS 1.0 vs. CRU TS 2.1.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cru", "ts"], "article_id"=>405379, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["David I. Stern", "Peter W. Gething", "Caroline W. Kabaria", "William H. Temperley", "Abdisalan M. Noor", "Emelda A. Okiro", "G. Dennis Shanks", "Robert W. Snow", "Simon I. Hay"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024524.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Temperature_series_for_Kericho_CRU_TS_1_0_vs_CRU_TS_2_1_/405379", "title"=>"Temperature series for Kericho: CRU TS 1.0 vs. CRU TS 2.1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 14:43:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/735480"], "description"=>"<p>Note: Significant t-statistics are marked in bold. <i>t<sub>DAN</sub></i> test is for significance of the trend and <i>J</i> is a test for a unit root in the residuals of the trend regression. The change in temperature is the trend coefficient multiplied by the length of the sample period.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["unadjusted", "cru"], "article_id"=>405830, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["David I. Stern", "Peter W. Gething", "Caroline W. Kabaria", "William H. Temperley", "Abdisalan M. Noor", "Emelda A. Okiro", "G. Dennis Shanks", "Robert W. Snow", "Simon I. Hay"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024524.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Vogelsang_Trend_Tests_for_Unadjusted_CRU_Temperature_Series_/405830", "title"=>"Vogelsang Trend Tests for Unadjusted CRU Temperature Series.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 14:46:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/735386"], "description"=>"<p>Note: Significant <i>t<sub>DAN</sub></i> statistics marked in bold. <i>t<sub>DAN</sub></i> is a test for significance of the trend and is a test for a unit root in the residuals of the trend regression. The change in temperature is the trend coefficient multiplied by the length of the sample period.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["omumbo", "kericho"], "article_id"=>405735, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["David I. Stern", "Peter W. Gething", "Caroline W. Kabaria", "William H. Temperley", "Abdisalan M. Noor", "Emelda A. Okiro", "G. Dennis Shanks", "Robert W. Snow", "Simon I. Hay"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024524.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_t_DAN_Trend_Tests_for_Omumbo_et_al_Kericho_Temperature_Series_/405735", "title"=>"<i>t<sub>DAN</sub></i> Trend Tests for Omumbo <i>et al</i>. Kericho Temperature Series.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 14:45:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/735211"], "description"=>"<p>Monthly malaria cases at Kericho Unilever Tea Kenya Ltd Hospital.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["malaria", "cases", "kericho", "unilever", "kenya", "ltd"], "article_id"=>405552, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["David I. Stern", "Peter W. Gething", "Caroline W. Kabaria", "William H. Temperley", "Abdisalan M. Noor", "Emelda A. Okiro", "G. Dennis Shanks", "Robert W. Snow", "Simon I. Hay"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024524.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Monthly_malaria_cases_at_Kericho_Unilever_Tea_Kenya_Ltd_Hospital_/405552", "title"=>"Monthly malaria cases at Kericho Unilever Tea Kenya Ltd Hospital.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 14:44:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/735520"], "description"=>"<p>Note: Significant t-statistics are marked in bold. <i>t<sub>DAN</sub></i> test is for significance of the trend and <i>J</i> is a test for a unit root in the residuals of the trend regression.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["malaria"], "article_id"=>405872, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["David I. Stern", "Peter W. Gething", "Caroline W. Kabaria", "William H. Temperley", "Abdisalan M. Noor", "Emelda A. Okiro", "G. Dennis Shanks", "Robert W. Snow", "Simon I. Hay"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024524.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Robust_Trend_Tests_for_Malaria_Series_/405872", "title"=>"Robust Trend Tests for Malaria Series.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 14:46:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/735435"], "description"=>"<p>Note: Significant t-statistics are marked in bold. <i>t<sub>DAN</sub></i> test is for significance of the trend and <i>J</i> is a test for a unit root in the residuals of the trend regression. The change in temperature is the trend coefficient multiplied by the length of the sample period.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["deseasonalized", "cru"], "article_id"=>405782, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["David I. Stern", "Peter W. Gething", "Caroline W. Kabaria", "William H. Temperley", "Abdisalan M. Noor", "Emelda A. Okiro", "G. Dennis Shanks", "Robert W. Snow", "Simon I. Hay"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024524.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Vogelsang_Trend_Tests_for_Deseasonalized_CRU_Temperature_Series_/405782", "title"=>"Vogelsang Trend Tests for Deseasonalized CRU Temperature Series.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 14:45:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/734859"], "description"=>"<p>Sites at which monthly temperature data were analyzed are shown in red. Countries for which <i>P. falciparum</i> parasite rate data were analyzed are labeled. The map extent exactly matches the area defined by Patz <i>et al</i>. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0024524#pone.0024524-Smith1\" target=\"_blank\">[19]</a> across which CRU TS 2.1 and 3.0 data were tested: 4°S, 4°N, 28°E, 38°E.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["public health and epidemiology", "Infectious diseases"], "article_id"=>405209, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["David I. Stern", "Peter W. Gething", "Caroline W. Kabaria", "William H. Temperley", "Abdisalan M. Noor", "Emelda A. Okiro", "G. Dennis Shanks", "Robert W. Snow", "Simon I. Hay"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024524.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Location_map_/405209", "title"=>"Location map.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 14:42:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/735312"], "description"=>"<p>Time series plots summarizing available community <i>P. falciparum</i> parasite rate survey data for (top) Kenya, (middle) Tanzania and (bottom) the combined region of Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda. Data are stratified into low and high altitude regions and summarized by the median (dots) and interquartile range (bars) of surveys available in each year. Smoothed lines show the LOWESS-smoothed moving average. <i>Pf</i>PR<sub>2-10</sub>: <i>Plasmodium falciparum</i> parasite rate in the age-standardized two-up-to-ten year old age range (Smith <i>et al</i>. 2007).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasite", "african"], "article_id"=>405660, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["David I. Stern", "Peter W. Gething", "Caroline W. Kabaria", "William H. Temperley", "Abdisalan M. Noor", "Emelda A. Okiro", "G. Dennis Shanks", "Robert W. Snow", "Simon I. Hay"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024524.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Plasmodium_falciparum_parasite_rate_survey_data_by_year_for_five_East_African_countries_/405660", "title"=>"<i>Plasmodium falciparum</i> parasite rate survey data by year for five East African countries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 14:45:16"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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