Predicting Decisions in Human Social Interactions Using Real-Time fMRI and Pattern Classification
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Predicting decisions in human social interactions using real-time fMRI and pattern classification", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Maurice", "last_name"=>"Hollmann", "scopus_author_id"=>"22634165800"}, {"first_name"=>"Jochem W.", "last_name"=>"Rieger", "scopus_author_id"=>"12798625100"}, {"first_name"=>"Sebastian", "last_name"=>"Baecke", "scopus_author_id"=>"24330870600"}, {"first_name"=>"Ralf", "last_name"=>"Lützkendorf", "scopus_author_id"=>"34971599300"}, {"first_name"=>"Charles", "last_name"=>"Müller", "scopus_author_id"=>"55728095200"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniela", "last_name"=>"Adolf", "scopus_author_id"=>"26643755600"}, {"first_name"=>"Johannes", "last_name"=>"Bernarding", "scopus_author_id"=>"55317497400"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-80053905545", "pui"=>"362721143", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0025304", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)", "sgr"=>"80053905545", "pmid"=>"22003388"}, "id"=>"40399294-2d87-3c8d-b765-450b6c2d8120", "abstract"=>"Negotiation and trade typically require a mutual interaction while simultaneously resting in uncertainty which decision the partner ultimately will make at the end of the process. Assessing already during the negotiation in which direction one's counterpart tends would provide a tremendous advantage. Recently, neuroimaging techniques combined with multivariate pattern classification of the acquired data have made it possible to discriminate subjective states of mind on the basis of their neuronal activation signature. However, to enable an online-assessment of the participant's mind state both approaches need to be extended to a real-time technique. By combining real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and online pattern classification techniques, we show that it is possible to predict human behavior during social interaction before the interacting partner communicates a specific decision. Average accuracy reached approximately 70% when we predicted online the decisions of volunteers playing the ultimatum game, a well-known paradigm in economic game theory. Our results demonstrate the successful online analysis of complex emotional and cognitive states using real-time fMRI, which will enable a major breakthrough for social fMRI by providing information about mental states of partners already during the mutual interaction. Interestingly, an additional whole brain classification across subjects confirmed the online results: anterior insula, ventral striatum, and lateral orbitofrontal cortex, known to act in emotional self-regulation and reward processing for adjustment of behavior, appeared to be strong determinants of later overt behavior in the ultimatum game. Using whole brain classification we were also able to discriminate between brain processes related to subjective emotional and motivational states and brain processes related to the evaluation of objective financial incentives.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/predicting-decisions-human-social-interactions-using-realtime-fmri-pattern-classification-4", "reader_count"=>132, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Researcher"=>34, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>34, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Other"=>6, "Student > Master"=>19, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>4, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Researcher"=>34, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>34, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Other"=>6, "Student > Master"=>19, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>4, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>15, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Computer Science"=>17, "Decision Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>4, "Engineering"=>4, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>6, "Neuroscience"=>16, "Psychology"=>57, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>57}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>4}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>16}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>15}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>17}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>6, "Japan"=>3, "Ireland"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>4, "Italy"=>1, "Chile"=>1, "France"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Germany"=>3}, "group_count"=>7}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/80053905545"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/80053905545?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=80053905545&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=80053905545&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/80053905545", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:80053905545", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-80053905545", "dc:title"=>"Predicting decisions in human social interactions using real-time fMRI and pattern classification", "dc:creator"=>"Hollmann M.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"6", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"10", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2011-10-07", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"7 October 2011", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0025304", "citedby-count"=>"29", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Max Planck Institut für Kognitions- und Neurowissenschaften", "affiliation-city"=>"Leipzig", "affiliation-country"=>"Germany"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg", "affiliation-city"=>"Magdeburg", "affiliation-country"=>"Germany"}], "pubmed-id"=>"22003388", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e25304", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0025304", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"105", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"846"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"179"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"17", "html_views"=>"162"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"62", "xml_views"=>"41", "html_views"=>"158"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"58", "xml_views"=>"16", "html_views"=>"181"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"153"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"9", "html_views"=>"127"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"144"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"126"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"116"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"123"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"146"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"164"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"97"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"97"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"409", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"86"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/728242"], "description"=>"<p>MNI coordinates of discriminating volumes found with linear SVM in the offline procedure. Weight values were thresholded at P<0.05 and minimum cluster volume was 300 mm<sup>3</sup>. STS: superior temporal sulcus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["discriminative", "decisions", "offline"], "article_id"=>398592, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Maurice Hollmann", "Jochem W. Rieger", "Sebastian Baecke", "Ralf Lützkendorf", "Charles Müller", "Daniela Adolf", "Johannes Bernarding"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>29, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Volumes_discriminative_for_decisions_in_the_offline_classification_/398592", "title"=>"Volumes discriminative for decisions in the offline classification.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-10-07 02:23:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727992"], "description"=>"<p>Means and standard deviations plotted were calculated over the seven volunteers tested in online analysis. The labels on the x-axis depict the split rate: (proposer: responder).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["posterior", "probabilities", "accepting", "assigned", "rvm", "offers"], "article_id"=>398338, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Maurice Hollmann", "Jochem W. Rieger", "Sebastian Baecke", "Ralf Lützkendorf", "Charles Müller", "Daniela Adolf", "Johannes Bernarding"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_posterior_probabilities_for_accepting_an_offer_assigned_by_the_RVM_to_single_offers_in_the_UG_/398338", "title"=>"Mean posterior probabilities for accepting an offer assigned by the RVM to single offers in the UG.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-07 02:18:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/728279"], "description"=>"<p>MNI coordinates of discriminating volumes for classification between offers 70∶30 vs. 80∶20 and 50∶50 vs. 65∶35. Weight values were thresholded at p<0.05. Minimum cluster volume was 300 mm<sup>3</sup>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["volumes", "offline", "classification"], "article_id"=>398627, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Maurice Hollmann", "Jochem W. Rieger", "Sebastian Baecke", "Ralf Lützkendorf", "Charles Müller", "Daniela Adolf", "Johannes Bernarding"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Discriminating_volumes_found_in_the_offline_classification_of_offers_/398627", "title"=>"Discriminating volumes found in the offline classification of offers.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-10-07 02:23:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/728316"], "description"=>"<p>MNI coordinates for the centre points of the regions used for the computation of the t-values. The ROI volume is in mm<sup>3</sup>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Real-time"], "article_id"=>398678, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Maurice Hollmann", "Jochem W. Rieger", "Sebastian Baecke", "Ralf Lützkendorf", "Charles Müller", "Daniela Adolf", "Johannes Bernarding"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Regions_of_interest_used_in_the_real_time_classification_/398678", "title"=>"Regions of interest used in the real-time classification.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-10-07 02:24:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727892"], "description"=>"<p>The number of additional correct predictions using individual data acquired during the experiment in a sliding window of six trials are shown. Each window includes 42 single predictions (6 trials times 7 subjects).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neurological disorders", "radiology and medical imaging"], "article_id"=>398247, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Maurice Hollmann", "Jochem W. Rieger", "Sebastian Baecke", "Ralf Lützkendorf", "Charles Müller", "Daniela Adolf", "Johannes Bernarding"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Improvement_of_online_prediction_due_to_continuous_retraining_/398247", "title"=>"Improvement of online prediction due to continuous retraining.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-07 02:17:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727766"], "description"=>"<p>The arrows mark the empirical guessing levels.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rvm", "classifier", "ultimatum"], "article_id"=>398122, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Maurice Hollmann", "Jochem W. Rieger", "Sebastian Baecke", "Ralf Lützkendorf", "Charles Müller", "Daniela Adolf", "Johannes Bernarding"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Real_time_prediction_accuracy_of_the_RVM_classifier_in_the_ultimatum_game_/398122", "title"=>"Real-time prediction accuracy of the RVM classifier in the ultimatum game.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-07 02:15:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/367338", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/367370", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/367414", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/367440"], "description"=>"<div><p>Negotiation and trade typically require a mutual interaction while simultaneously resting in uncertainty which decision the partner ultimately will make at the end of the process. Assessing already during the negotiation in which direction one's counterpart tends would provide a tremendous advantage. Recently, neuroimaging techniques combined with multivariate pattern classification of the acquired data have made it possible to discriminate subjective states of mind on the basis of their neuronal activation signature. However, to enable an online-assessment of the participant's mind state both approaches need to be extended to a real-time technique. By combining real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and online pattern classification techniques, we show that it is possible to predict human behavior during social interaction <em>before</em> the interacting partner communicates a specific decision. Average accuracy reached approximately 70% when we predicted online the decisions of volunteers playing the ultimatum game, a well-known paradigm in economic game theory. Our results demonstrate the successful online analysis of complex emotional and cognitive states using real-time fMRI, which will enable a major breakthrough for social fMRI by providing information about mental states of partners already during the mutual interaction. Interestingly, an additional whole brain classification across subjects confirmed the online results: anterior insula, ventral striatum, and lateral orbitofrontal cortex, known to act in emotional self-regulation and reward processing for adjustment of behavior, appeared to be strong determinants of later overt behavior in the ultimatum game. Using whole brain classification we were also able to discriminate between brain processes related to subjective emotional and motivational states and brain processes related to the evaluation of objective financial incentives.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["predicting", "decisions", "interactions", "Real-time", "fmri", "classification"], "article_id"=>132578, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Maurice Hollmann", "Jochem W. Rieger", "Sebastian Baecke", "Ralf Lützkendorf", "Charles Müller", "Daniela Adolf", "Johannes Bernarding"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Predicting_Decisions_in_Human_Social_Interactions_Using_Real_Time_fMRI_and_Pattern_Classification/132578", "title"=>"Predicting Decisions in Human Social Interactions Using Real-Time fMRI and Pattern Classification", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-10-07 00:42:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727590"], "description"=>"<p>Three distinct brain regions were used for classifying the volunteers' decisions: anterior insula (AI), lateral prefrontal cortex (LPFC) and occipital cortex (OC). See <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304#pone-0025304-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a> for MNI coordinates and volumes of the ROIs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["regions", "classification", "projected", "anatomical"], "article_id"=>397939, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Maurice Hollmann", "Jochem W. Rieger", "Sebastian Baecke", "Ralf Lützkendorf", "Charles Müller", "Daniela Adolf", "Johannes Bernarding"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_regions_of_interest_ROIs_used_for_online_classification_projected_onto_anatomical_data_of_one_participant_/397939", "title"=>"The regions of interest (ROIs) used for online classification projected onto anatomical data of one participant.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-07 02:12:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/728102"], "description"=>"<p>Differences were calculated between 1<sup>st</sup> to 2<sup>nd</sup> and 3<sup>rd</sup> to 5<sup>th</sup> scan after the offer and averaged over the seven participants. Bold signal in AI (slope linear fit 0.062, p<0.05) and LPFC (slope linear fit 0.11, p<0.05). In contrast, signal decreases in OC when the likelihood of acceptance decreases (slope linear fit −0.16, p<0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fmri", "differences", "rois", "ug", "rejection", "types"], "article_id"=>398451, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Maurice Hollmann", "Jochem W. Rieger", "Sebastian Baecke", "Ralf Lützkendorf", "Charles Müller", "Daniela Adolf", "Johannes Bernarding"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_fMRI_signal_differences_in_the_ROIs_used_in_the_online_UG_to_predict_acceptance_vs_rejection_for_the_five_types_of_offers_/398451", "title"=>"Mean fMRI signal differences in the ROIs used in the online UG to predict acceptance vs. rejection for the five types of offers.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-07 02:20:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727337"], "description"=>"<p><b>(a)</b> Each trial started by displaying the amount to be split (3 euros) for 2 s. <b>(b)</b> Subsequently, the offer was shown to the volunteer, who then had 12 s to make up his mind. This time was required for BOLD activity to build up and to subsequently use it to predict the upcoming decision. The classification result was indicated to the experimenter 1–2 s <i>before</i> the response screen <b>(c)</b> was shown to the participant. During the response phase (4 s), participants pressed one of the buttons to convey their decision. After the response, the payoff (split sum as proposed when the offer was accepted or no money for both players when offer was rejected) in the current trial was presented for 4 s <b>(d)</b>. The outcome of a rejected offer is shown.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ultimatum", "cumulative"], "article_id"=>397686, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Maurice Hollmann", "Jochem W. Rieger", "Sebastian Baecke", "Ralf Lützkendorf", "Charles Müller", "Daniela Adolf", "Johannes Bernarding"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Single_trial_design_in_the_ultimatum_game_with_cumulative_event_times_/397686", "title"=>"Single trial design in the ultimatum game with cumulative event times.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-07 02:08:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727661"], "description"=>"<p>Values are calculated as rate of accepted offers over seven volunteers. Labels on the x-axis show the split rate: (proposer: responder).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rates", "offers", "ultimatum"], "article_id"=>398012, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Maurice Hollmann", "Jochem W. Rieger", "Sebastian Baecke", "Ralf Lützkendorf", "Charles Müller", "Daniela Adolf", "Johannes Bernarding"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Overall_percentage_of_acceptance_rates_of_the_offers_in_the_ultimatum_game_/398012", "title"=>"Overall percentage of acceptance rates of the offers in the ultimatum game.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-07 02:13:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727434"], "description"=>"<p>The components highlighted in gray depict the vendor-specific measurement system (Siemens Trio with SYNGO Version VA25A). Initially, the original MR data are fourier-transformed and motion-corrected by the vendor image processing unit (Image PC). The reconstructed data are then transferred to the host computer (External PC). There the data are processed using custom software (rtExplorer). This software performs pre-processing, statistics, online classification, and documentation of the classification results. The participants' responses are processed in the stimulus PC and transferred to the external PC for evaluation of the classification and for retraining the classifier during the ongoing session.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neurological disorders", "radiology and medical imaging"], "article_id"=>397790, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Maurice Hollmann", "Jochem W. Rieger", "Sebastian Baecke", "Ralf Lützkendorf", "Charles Müller", "Daniela Adolf", "Johannes Bernarding"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025304.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schema_of_information_flow_in_the_experimental_setup_/397790", "title"=>"Schema of information flow in the experimental setup.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-07 02:09:50"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"29", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"18", "unique-ip"=>"31", "figure"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"53", "unique-ip"=>"50", "pdf"=>"27", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"21", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"17", "unique-ip"=>"23", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"16", "unique-ip"=>"14", "pdf"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"24", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"19", "unique-ip"=>"23", "figure"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"26", "unique-ip"=>"26", "pdf"=>"15", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"13", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"16", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"14", "unique-ip"=>"15", "pdf"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"5", "unique-ip"=>"6", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"21", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2011-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2011-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[304, 568, 702, 818, 927, 1027, 1118, 1206, 1285, 1357, 1427, 1500, 1564, 1636, 1705, 1773, 1840, 1909, 1974, 2039, 2106, 2170, 2234, 2296, 2358, 2423, 2484, 2546, 2606, 2673, 2734, 2795, 2857, 2921, 2984, 3046, 3100]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[298, 559, 690, 805, 916, 1018, 1115, 1201, 1283, 1356, 1425, 1498, 1565, 1635, 1703, 1767, 1835, 1902, 1962, 2027, 2089, 2150, 2210, 2265]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Behavior", "average_usage"=>[321, 534, 647, 753, 850, 938, 1018, 1091, 1168, 1231, 1299, 1357, 1420, 1473, 1538, 1604, 1670, 1737, 1800, 1864, 1928, 1985, 2051, 2102, 2169, 2240, 2298, 2361, 2435, 2484, 2550, 2606, 2651, 2718, 2792, 2830, 2875]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Neuroscience", "average_usage"=>[306, 540, 664, 768, 864, 959, 1036, 1121, 1199, 1277, 1341, 1411, 1477, 1543, 1609, 1675, 1739, 1802, 1868, 1933, 1995, 2050, 2107, 2164, 2220, 2277, 2327, 2374, 2436, 2488, 2542, 2594, 2650, 2705, 2769, 2817, 2859]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Computer and information sciences/Data acquisition", "average_usage"=>[382, 528, 630, 774, 851, 919, 1016, 1111, 1186, 1247, 1308, 1346, 1393, 1447, 1487, 1533, 1589, 1646, 1712, 1784, 1872, 1950, 2014, 2095, 2162, 2213, 2278, 2330, 2395, 2454, 2532, 2615, 2660, 2729, 2824, 2908, 2995, 3063]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[301, 559, 686, 796, 908, 1013, 1103, 1196, 1281, 1355, 1431, 1507, 1579, 1648, 1711, 1778, 1841, 1910, 1967, 2034, 2087, 2141, 2202, 2261, 2320, 2386, 2444, 2502, 2566, 2632, 2691, 2755, 2812, 2873, 2929, 2997, 3047]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences", "average_usage"=>[303, 547, 667, 770, 875, 974, 1062, 1140, 1210, 1276, 1344, 1408, 1473, 1534, 1602, 1665, 1732, 1800, 1863, 1920, 1984, 2048, 2099, 2161, 2222, 2285, 2341, 2404, 2473, 2528, 2595, 2650, 2713, 2772, 2835, 2886, 2938]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Mathematics", "average_usage"=>[347, 582, 700, 805, 909, 997, 1061, 1147, 1220, 1282, 1350, 1411, 1471, 1532, 1600, 1665, 1726, 1790, 1868, 1927, 1986, 2048, 2105, 2166, 2229, 2288, 2347, 2407, 2463, 2525, 2589, 2650, 2704, 2755, 2806, 2854, 2896]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts